Top high speed bullet trains
. Where there is marked cnsphoto word picture copyright is the China News Network, without the written authorization of the use shall not be reproduced.Chinas bullet train the scientific name is EMU the first letter D, this new type of train driving force on the internal structure of materials and use the latest technology of locomotives. At present, China has acquired more than 200 kilometers per hour EMU integration, traction brake, body material, as well as the core technology networks.Light weight aluminum alloy material speed Confined by all out to resist the pressure of the noise.One of the important highspeed train technology to light, the train is running a ton of traction the weight of each consumes about 12 kilowatts to 300 km when the traction of each consumed about a ton of 1617 kilowatts, so in all countries in the world technology for light weight competition.
In order to reduce weight and improve corrosion resistance, bullet of the entire body using high strength aluminum alloy materials, component parts of the body from stainless steel. Much lower than the weight of alloy steel, high speed trains will help speed weight loss train is closed out, can reduce the noise, and resist high speed trains in a huge gas pressure. In addition, the bullet by the selection of a new type of non metallic materials and composite materials in decoration, are in strict accordance with the implementation of international safety standards to ensure that the case of fire the fire will not spread rapidly.Driving force for the protection of dispersion of 200 km per hour speed regenerative braking technology with reverse transmission.
Bullet train the use of advanced high speed EMU power technology dynamic dispersion. The usual electric locomotives and diesel locomotives, the power plant installed on the locomotive are concentrated, in the locomotive driving force behind the hanging of many there is no passenger compartment device. The EMU is not only a locomotive run time power, some power equipment compartment is also more conducive to improved protection of 200 kilometers per hour, even though there are 12 motor car broke down would not affect the operation.Bullet is also to take regenerative braking technology, from 200 km down to about 90 kilometers, completely rely on the reverse motor rotation, use of the enormous inertia of the train can produce electric power transmission, this stage there is no mechanical wear, is a green, environmentally friendly process, when the train speed dropped to below 90 kilometers, to be implemented in the second phase of the mechanical brake. 200 km of the train braking distance of less than 2000 meters, fully reach the world advanced level.
. Amtrak Acela Express is Amtraks Northeastern train travel route offering Acela scheduled hourly service downtown to downtown during peak commuter hours between New York, Washington, DC, Baltimore, Philadelphia and other intermediate cities, as well as many convenient round trips between New York and Boston.The Acela Express service is distinctive for its faster trips with fewer stops, at seat electrical outlets, conference tables, adjustable lighting, large tray tables, atseat cart Service on selected trains, and in train Cafe. The first class accommodations and services also include complimentary at seat meal service (breakfast, lunch, and dinner selections), complimentary newspaper and beverages, hot towel service, and access to ClubAcela and more.
Amtrak Acela Train Destination Cities:
Boston, MA, Westwood, MA, Providence, RI, New London, CT, New Haven, CT, Stamford, CT, New York, NY, Newark, NJ, Iselin, NJ, Trenton, NJ, Philadelphia, PA, Wilmington, DE, Baltimore, MD, BWI airport, MD, Washington, D.C.Plugs, conference tables, adjustable lighting, large tray tables, Cafe. On select trains: at seat cart service, complimentary newspaper and beverages, hot towel service, access to lounge and more.
The RFP seeks up to 28 next generation high speed trainsets capable of meeting or exceeding current Acela trip times on the existing NEC infrastructure. Aside from faster trains, Amtrak is also looking to boost the passenger capacity of each trainset by 40 percent, or 120 passengers. Just how Amtrak plans to do this is unknown, however.
The Northeast Corridor needs more high speed rail capacity to help move the American economy forward,
Shanghai Maglev China
. It is the first commercially operated high speed magnetic levitation line in the world and only the third Maglev line to be operated. The train line was designed to connect Shanghai Pudong International Airport and the outskirts of central Pudong where passengers could interchange to the Shanghai Metro to continue their trip to the city center.Europeans and Asians currently operate the fastest high speed trains in the world, regularly commuting on trains such as the Shanghai Maglev and Harmony CRH 380A. While these two currently hold all the records, other fast trains, such as the HEMU 400X, Zefiro 380 and Talgo Avril, are close contenders for the crown of worlds fastest trains. Railway technology.com lists the top ten fastest trains currently in service.Shanghai Maglev tops the list with its maximum operational speed of 430km/h and average speed of 251kmph. The Maglev started commercial operations in April 2004.It runs on the 30.5km Shanghai Maglev Line, which is the first commercially operated high speed magnetic levitation line, extending from Longyang Road Station of Metro Line 2 and ending at Shanghai Pudong International Airport.Shanghai Maglev is owned and operated by Shanghai Maglev Transportation Development Co. The train was constructed by a joint venture of Siemens and ThyssenKrupp.
The worlds first commercial high speed magnetically levitated train was implemented in Shanghai China in 2004. The line runs between Shanghais Pudong Airport and the Longyang Lu metro station.This amazing train runs at a top speed of 431 km per hour (270 MPH). The 30 km (18.75 mile) journey takes less than 8 minutes to complete. A one way ticket on the Maglev trains costs RMB 50 (USD $7.00), or RMB 40 ($6.00) for passengers holding proof of an airline ticket purchase.Chinese researchers at the Applied Superconductivity Laboratory of Southwest Jiaotong University claim their fast transportation concept based on magnetic levitation (Maglev) technology could potentially be three times faster than an airplane.Maglev technology was first proposed in the mid 20th century. Nowadays, the Shanghai Maglev Train can reach speeds of over 430 kilometers (260 miles) per hour and is the worlds fastest passenger carrying train.Decreasing the speed limitations imposed by air resistance on regular Maglev trains.Should the project be successful, the workable prototype will set the standard for the future evacuation tube transportation (ETT).
. CRH380A is high speed rolling stock which was developed by the China South Locomotive & Rolling Stock Corporation (CSR). It is one among the four train models designed to be operated at speeds of 380kmph on the newly built Chinese high speed lines.It is being manufactured by CSR Qingdao Sifang Locomotive & Rolling Stock. The train was put into regular operation on the ShanghaiNanjing high speed railway line and ShanghaiHangzhou high speed railway line from October 2010. It was put into daily service along the WuhanGuangzhou highspeed railway in December 2010.It is the world record holder in the fastest train category, hitting a speed of 486.1kmph on the worlds longest high speed line in China.
The proposal to design a high speed train set started in early 2001. In February 2008 the Chinese Ministry of Science and Ministry of Railway signed an agreement on development of innovative high speed trains.It was planned that a new generation high speed train would be developed which could continuously operate at a speed of 350kmph. The project was included in the 11th Five Year Plan. The train sets were built and put into tests by early 2010.The design work was carried out in four main categories schematic drawing, technological planning, structuring and building and experimentation. Based on the analysis, an optimised sub system design was put forward. More than 20 designs were shortlisted and were sent for further optimisation and simulation. Around 1,000 technical tests in 17 specific areas, such as dynamic performance, pantograph, aerodynamic and traction performance, were conducted.
The technology to increase the maximum speed of the train was discovered through research carried out at various universities of China and was fed into the CSRs design.The body is integrally welded with aluminium alloy and is shaped with a fish head like structure in the front. The rotating paraboloid wedge structure cuts down aerodynamic resistance and mean energy consumption throughout the runtime. It also increases the amount of regenerated energy.The new generation high speed electric multiple unit uses the electro pneumatic compound brake mode in which the train will use most of the regenerative braking energy. In the mean time the traction motor will convert the energy into required power by means of a power generator. As a result of this the maximum power of the train increases by 50%, which helps in terms of exceptional energy saving.The train is designed to be completely vibration free. The train bogies are designed to be safe and reliable. They can withstand and run through a critical speed of 550kmph. They are also incorporated with an advanced noise control technology by using new sound absorbing and insulating materials in the construction.
The new generation train set comprises of various lounges and deluxe six seat compartments. It has a separate dining car called the Bistro Bar where snacks and selected meals are served. There are also separate bar counters where passengers can have a drink if they wish to.A VIP sightseeing zone is adjacent to the drivers cab. It has an electronic curtain for which the water fog layer on the glass of the electronic curtain disappears instantly on the pressing of a button and gives a view of the running train from the drivers angle. Each seat in the train is equipped with a display, dashboard, reading lamp and power port. Rotating seats are installed throughout the compartment. Special facilities are provided for disabled people. One disabled toilet per compartment is installed with facilities such as an automatic door with on off button, barrier free wheel car passage, handrail for the disabled and infant care table.
CSR was awarded a contract worth $215.77m by Hong Kong based MTR to supply the CRH380A train sets to operate on the GuangzhouShenzhenHong Kong express rail link which is expected to be functional by 2015. The train sets will be customised according to MTR requirements.CSR has delivered 40 train sets for operations on ShanghaiHangzhou, ShanghaiNanjing and WuhanGuangzhou high speed railways in January 2011. About 67 EMUs are running along the BeijingShanghai high speed railway, of which 21 were delivered in August 2011.
Alstom AGV France
. Automotrice Grande Vitesse is an advanced very high speed train designed and developed by Alstom. It is claimed to be the most economical and ecofriendly railcar in the world. It was showcased at the InnoTrans 2008 exhibition held in Berlin, Germany. The maximum operating speed of the AGV is 360kmph.The AGV is scheduled to enter service with the Italian Rail Network on the Napoli to Milan rail lines on 28 April 2012. It is built in different sizes including sevencar, eight car, ten car, 11 car and 14 car configurations.Alstom designed the worlds first double deck high speed train in the early 1990s to transport an ever growing number of passengers at very high speeds.As part of its ongoing strategy to provide passengers and rail operators with optimal solutions for their transport needs, Alstom has launched the Euroduplex, a new generation of very high speed double deck trains.The aGV is designed for the worlds expanding market in very high speed rail. it allows you to carry out daily operations at 360 km/h in total safety, while providing passengers with a broad new range of onboard amenities.The single deck aGV, along with the double deck tGV duplex, bring operators flexibility and capacity on their national or international itineraries. solidly dependable, the aGV delivers life long superior performance (15% lower energy consumption over competition) while assuring lower train ownership costs from initial investment through operating and maintenance. the aGV combines the well established design philosophy of the tGV and 30 years of technological expertise in very high speed rail with ground breaking innovation. over 560 alstom Very high speed trains currently operate at speeds above 300 km/h thats over 60% of all Vhsts worldwid.The AGV is the very first VHST to be designed from the outset as an internationally interoperable train that meets the needs of all involved operators, passengers (including those with reduced mobility), train drivers, train fleet maintainers and railway infrastructure managers.
Articulated architecture for improved safety and comfort,Distributed power to increase onboard capacity by 20% in comparison with trains with concentrated power, tested under the extreme conditions of the rail speed record,Commercial speed of up to 360km/h,Design combining pure lines and fluid forms.Train lengths are modular (from 1 to 3 train sets) and so is the interior layout,The life cycle cost and electric consumption are 15% lower than competitors,Up to 98% of the AGVs components are recyclable,Circulation inside the AGV is the most generous on the market (while respecting European UIC / STI standards) for optimum interior comfort.
The AGV is the most energy efficient railcar designed adhering to the Technical Specifications for Interoperability standards. It is the worlds first train design to combine articulated carriage architecture with a distributed traction system and synchronous permanent magnet motors. It is built with aluminium alloys to reduce the overall weight by 700kg compared to using steel.The train has a conical front bay to render clear visibility to the driver. Two signalling cabinets are present in the drivers cabin to incorporate all the signalling equipment.The interior design is flexible to provide operators with customised options for interior shapes and colours. Seats, luggage racks and partition walls can be added or detached during the operational life of the train. Each car shares a bogie with a neighbouring car, forming a semi rigid link between the cars.The AGV boasts an electrodynamic braking system (EBS), kinetic energy absorption unit (KEAU) and electrically aided active suspension for providing a smooth travel experience.The EBS comprises energy recovery and rheostatic braking mechanism, which retrieves the electrical energy generated when brakes are applied. The mechanism recovers eight megawatts of electricity and feeds it to the grid network,thus generating energy for reuse.The KEAU protects the driver and passengers in the front most car during collisions. It can absorb 4.5MJ of shock.
Siemens Velaro E AVS 103 spain
. Velaro E, designated as AVE S 103 in Spain, is the fastest series production high speed train in the world. It achieved a whopping speed of about 400kmph during its test trips in Spain.The train possesses an operational speed of 350kmph.The train was ordered by Spanish National Railways Renfe, and operates on the Barcelona Madrid line. It was delivered in July 2005 and began operations in June 2007.The design of the multiple unit train was founded on the latest developments of the successful ICE 3 trainset designed for Deutsche Bahn.The design of Velaro includes a flexible platform which was developed based on the ICE high speed trains platform made by German national railway company Deutsche Bahn. Velaro includes multiple units with two bogies per car. It features advanced technology in aerodynamic profiling, energy management and noise reduction.The trains are available in 200m and 400m lengths, and in eight and 16 car carriage models.The weight of the train ranges between 425t and 667t.The speed is between 250km/h and 403km/h. The trains are equipped with 8,000kW to 16,000kW traction power output.
Velaro Es Spanish version, designated as the AVS103, runs at a speed of 300km/h on the Barcelona Madrid line. The first unit of the variation was delivered in July 2005 and completed its first test run in 2006. It runs at a maximum speed of 403km/h.Velaro RUS is a variant built for Russia. It has a 33cm broadened body and runs at an average speed of 250km/h and a top speed of 290km/h. It can carry up to 600 passengers in a ten car configuration. It underwent certification tests in 2009.Velaro D, designated as DB Class 407 in Germany, was designed for Deutsche Bahn services. It runs at a top speed of 320km/h. It is equipped with fire proof equipment rooms and doors between cars. It uses 20% less energy compared to ICE versions. It has a total of 460 seats in eight coaches. It entered into service in December 2011.CRH3C is a variant of Velaro manufactured for China. The variant is being jointly manufactured by Siemens, CNR Tangshan and CNR Changchun. It is designated as CRH380B (eight car set) or CRH380BL (16 car set) based on the number of cars. It can accommodate up to 600 passengers. The first train was built in April 2008. The train reached a top speed of 457km/h on the Beijing to Tianjin line.Velaro e320 has been developed for Eurostar service connecting London with Paris and Brussels on a high speed line. It is a 400m long, 16 car train. It can achieve a top speed of 320km/h. It will have 894 to 950 seats.
Another Spanish beauty in the countdown, AVS 103, making its Spanish sister seems running slower. It is said that Velaro touched the frightening speed of 400kmph in its test run. The train possesses an operational speed of 350kmph.The train was ordered by Spanish National Railways Renfe, and operates on the Barcelona Madrid line. It was delivered in July 2005 and began operations in June 2007.
Talgo 350 Spain
. Talgo 350 is a very high speed train developed by Patentes Talgo , a Spanish company. It is manufactured by the consortium of Patentes Talgo and Bombardier Transportation.The train entered service with the name RENFE AVE Class 102 high speed trains, on the MadridBarcelona and Madrid Valladolid lines in Spain. It is also known as Pato (which means duck in Spanish) as the trains front part resembles the beak of a duck.The development of Talgo 350 was initiated for the MadridBarcelona highspeed railway line. The prototype development was commenced in 1997. Trial runs of the fully constructed prototype were commenced in 2002.The train achieved a top speed of 365kmph during the trial run. All tests were completed successfully and the train was launched on the MadridZaragozaLleida section of the MadridBarcelona line in February 2005.The maximum speed of the train was initially restricted to 200kmph due to the absence of infrastructure necessary for operation of a train with such high speeds.The top speed of operation was increased to 300kmph with the installation of an ECTS Level 1 system on the lines. The infrastructure on the lines was further upgraded to ECTS Level 2 system, enabling the maximum operational speed to be increased to 330kmph.The T350 train set is designed to be optimally aerodynamic to handle air pressure and air currents at high speeds. It has a high level of redundancy in traction between rail and auxiliary systems. The car body is light in weight, airtight and pressurised so as to comfortably pass through tunnels and crossings.Antioverturning and antivertical hunting technologies are used for coupling the cars.
The centre of gravity is made very low, ensuring consistency for passengers travelling. Independent axles and primary suspensions are provided to rolling assemblies between the cars. The rolling assembly axles are fixed in such a way that they hold the wheels parallel to the track even in curved stretches.The train is designed for 25kV, 50Hz, 4,000kW power lines and standard gauge tracks. The wheel base of the vehicle is 2.65m and its maximum width is 2.96m. The height of the vehicle is fixed at four metres. It has two independent power bogies on either side. Anti lock brake systems are pre installed in the system with four discs per shaft.The maximum commercial speed of the train is fixed to 330kmph with maximum acceleration of 1.2m/s2 in curves. The maximum train length is limited to 200m with 12 passenger cars.The cars are equipped with Talgo Pendular type suspension. The train is provided with natural tilting system. The platform height is fixed very close to the floor for easy access for disabled passengers and children. There is a passageway of 815mm between two consecutive rail cars. An onboard computerised control system is provided in the train for safety and control.Bombardier Transportation supplied 60 rail locomotives for the Talgo 350 trains on the MadridBarcelona line. Timken Company was subcontracted by Bombardier Transportation to supply 480 high tech axle bearing assemblies.The light clusters for the vehicle were supplied by Siemens. ENOTRAC was contracted for conducting a study for management of the trains safety.
E5 Series Japan
. E5 series Shinkansen bullet trains are part of a new generation Japanese high speed train also called Hayabusa which was put into commercial operation in March 2011. The train is operated by East Japan Railway Company.The high speed train runs on Tohoku Shinkansen, a Japanese high speed line connecting Tokyo with Aomori, in Aomori Prefecture. JR East placed an order for a fleet of 59 ten car sets of the E5 series for delivery from March 2011.Though the train could run up to speeds of 400kmph during test runs, its top speed was fixed to 320kmph for passenger and environmental comfort, from 2012.Japans famous bullet train Shinkansen has been impressive since its debut in 1964. Throughout its operational life, it has not recorded any major accidents and stands as a symbol of safety.JR Easts research programme on the E5 series was initiated in 2002 to design a high speed train which could travel with a speed of 360kmph. These train sets were developed based on the former experimental high speed trains, Fastech 360.East Japan Railway released the exterior and interior design of the train in February 2009.The new generation E5 series trains are designed to be more comfortable and faster than ever before. It is designed to be a business and luxury car service. It comes with a premium first class seating area, called GranClass.The train features a long nose which extends 15m to the front. It prevents tunnel boom, the noises produced due to uneven air pressures when the train enters a tunnel at a high speed. It has a full bogie cover which is soft enough to reduce the aerodynamic sound. The mechanical noise produced during the running is absorbed to a large extent by the equipment and sound absorbing materials mounted underneath.The train sets are preinstalled with low noise pantographs fitted with sound insulators on both sides. These new train sets use only one pantograph device, unlike the previous models which use two, therefore helping to reduce the noise levels further.The two very important features in the design of the vehicle are the full active suspension and Body Tilting System. Full active suspension reduces the vibration of the moving bogie. The centrifugal force is nullified using the tilting system installed to the bogies.
The integration of these two systems detects and regulates tilt and lateral movements, thereby balancing the sense of shaking on account of the high speed at curves. These successively enhance the ride quality and comfort even at a speed of 320kmph and curve radius of 4,000m.The state of art braking system installed in the rolling stock intensifies the attachment between the rails and wheels, even at high speeds, and reduces the stop distance marginally.The interiors feature genuine leather seats and wool carpeting. Dark wood and metallic elements were used create a comfortable atmosphere for the passengers.The train has three separate seating classes, namely GranClass, green class and ordinary class. It is configured with ten cars and has a capacity to carry 731 passengers, of which 658 seats are of ordinary class, 55 seats are of Green Class and 18 seats are in GranClass.The seats come with an electric power recline system with seat back, seat pad foot rests, angularly adjustable reading lamp and builtin seat reading lights. It features a foldable dining table and a cocktail tray under the armrest, as well as a power outlet for laptops and mobiles.Separate barrier free toilets compatible with wheelchairs are designed for disabled passengers, and special women only toilets are also included.Automated external defibrillator is installed in the train cars for any emergency situations. Large LED information and guidance panels are established at the entrance of each car, so as to provide information to the passengers.The popular English name bullet train is a literal translation of the Japanese term dangan ressha, a nickname given to the project while it was initially being discussed in the 1930s. The name stuck because of the original 0 Series Shinkansens resemblance to a bullet and its high speed.The Shinkansen name was first formally used in 1940 for a proposed standard gauge passenger and freight line between Tokyo and Shimonoseki that would have used steam and electric locomotives with a top speed of 200 km/h (120 mph). Over the next three years, the Ministry of Railways drew up more ambitious plans to extend the line to Beijing and even Singapore, and build connections to the Trans Siberian Railway and other trunk lines in Asia. These plans were abandoned in 1943 as Japans position in World War II worsened. However, some construction did commence on the line several tunnels on the present day Shinkansen date to the war era project.The Shinkansen has had a significant effect on Japans business, economy, society, environment and culture.The time savings alone from switching from a conventional to a high speed network have been estimated at 400 million hours, an economic impact of
Alstom Euroduplex France
. Euroduplex is the third generation of TGV very high speed trains being manufactured by Alstom. It is claimed to be the only double deck very high speed train which can meet the operational requirements of various European rail networks without any major changes in infrastructure.Euroduplex are suitable to operate on the French, German, Swiss and Luxembourg rail networks. The first set of trains was put into service in December 2011 when the French national railways SNCF inaugurated its Rhine Rhone LGV high speed rail line.The trains are a development over Alstoms TGV Duplex trains. Alstom designed the TGV Duplex train sets in the late 1980s when the need for transporting more passengers was arising.In 1987, Alstom came up with the design of a Duplex train set to increase passenger capacity without increasing the length of the train. Alstom partnered with SNCF to develop the model. The first generation TGV Duplex has a capacity of 510 seats, a 40% increase from that of a single level train. The number of bogies was reduced to 13 from the conventional 16, to decrease the mass of the train. Vibrations and noise were also reduced marginally.The second generation Duplex, called DASYE, includes a new asynchronous drive system derived from the POS system in the single level TGV.Most of the infrastructure of Euroduplex was adopted from the previous generation of trains. Euroduplex has a capacity to transport 1,020 passengers at a safe average speed of 320kmph. Its unique design provides the train with higher return per seat.Euroduplex is designed on an articulated train set model. The power systems are drawn from the previous generation trains.The train sets have fewer bogies than the other models, which reduces the rolling stock maintenance costs for the operators. Reduced noise and vibration provide optimal acoustic comfort. Lower weight and aerodynamic drag enable limited energy consumption.The signalling equipment on the train sets is compatible with networks across various European countries. The traction systems are adaptable to different voltages. Some of the train sets are suitable for use in Spain.The trains are a development over Alstoms TGV Duplex trains. Alstom designed the TGV Duplex train sets in the late 1980s when the need for transporting more passengers was arising.In 1987, Alstom came up with the design of a Duplex train set to increase passenger capacity without increasing the length of the train. Alstom partnered with SNCF to develop the model. The first generation TGV Duplex has a capacity of 510 seats, a 40% increase from that of a single level train. The number of bogies was reduced to 13 from the conventional 16, to decrease the mass of the train. Vibrations and noise were also reduced marginally.The second generation Duplex, called DASYE,includes a new asynchronous drive system derived from the POS system in the single level TGV.
This design makes Euroduplex cheaper to buy and operate, and offers numerous other advantages, Reduced noise and vibration, for an optimal acoustic comfort,Fewer bogies which reduce maintenance costs,Greater strength, enhancing safety in the event of derailment.,Lower weight and aerodynamic drag which limit energy consumption.
TGV Duplex France
. TGV Duplex was manufactured from 19962004. They are operated by SNCF and were manufactured by Alstom and Bombardier. The trains can reach maximum speeds of 300kmph to 320kmph.TGV Duplex is Alstoms first third generation double decker/duplex train. It provides a seating space for 512 passengers in its upper and lower decks. The train is constructed of aluminum to reduce weight.The trains in the TGV Duplex series mainly run on the TGV M
ETR 500 Italy
. Elettro Treno Rapido 500 (ETR 500) is a high speed electric multiple unit, which has been in operation in Italy since 1993. It is manufactured by TREno Veloce Italiano (TREVI), a consortium of Alstom, Bombardier and AnsaldoBreda.Design of the train is based on the specifications of Ferrovie dello Stato Italiane and is currently being operated by Trenitalia on Rete Ferroviaria Italiana tracks.FS put forward the idea of building a completely new high speed rail network in Italy in 1985. The network was planned to be serviced by trains with operational speeds of around 300kmph. Tilting trains, popular during that time, were not an option as they could not be operated at such high speeds. Therefore, the idea for developing a new train was proposed. The TREVI consortium was formed under the supervision of FS.ETR 500, which was manufactured in Vado Ligure and nicknamed Remo, became the first Italian high speed train. The first prototype called ETR 500X was designed in 1988. The train reached a maximum speed of 319kmph during test runs.Another two complete trains based on the prototype were put into trial operations in 1990, they were named ETR 500Y and nicknamed Romolo. Following the successful trial operations of the two prototypes, FS placed an order for 30 mono current train sets. The trains were capable of running on traditional line voltage of 3kV DC, but were drawing large amounts of energy when running at speeds of 350kmph. The maximum speed of the trains was, therefore, fixed at 250kmph.A second generation of train sets was designed to overcome this problem. These trains run at 25kV 50Hz AC power, which allows operation at speeds up to 300kmph. The new generation trains were named Politensione and were built with the flexibility to run at 3kV DC.ETR 500 has different versions depending on the location of operation and refurbishment of the vehicle. ETR 500F is a tricurrent version that can run at 1.5kV and is used on mainstream lines in southern France.ETR 500 Y1 and Y2 were prototypes, while ETR 500P is the multicurrent variant of the second generation of the train set. The trains were employed on the RomeNaples and TorinoNovara high speed lines from 20052006. ETR 500 AV was the internally and externally refurbished train set that went into operation in 2005. They were introduced by Trenitalia on a new high speed service programme along with Eurostar Italia.The ETR 500 Frecciarossa trains, which can can travel at top speeds of 300kmph to 350kmph, were introduced in 2008 by Trenitalia.The ETR 500 was designed to become a next generation high speed train with its infrastructure and characteristics matching the comforts of a highspeed train. The train was designed by an Italian car design firm Pininfarina. Designing the first high speed train during the time presented various challenges for Pininfarina. The design was based on extensive research carried out to build a highly technological, stylistic and aerodynamic prototype. The research mainly focused on the designing of a structure with a low drag coefficient.The outlining of the matrix was supervised in its tiniest detail limiting the aerodynamic resistance while moving at high speeds. The high pressures on the front doors and lags on the side doors were optimally minimised.Special measurement techniques were adopted for the design, including a computer controlled traversing gear and a 14 bore probe that measures speed and pressure produced due to aerodynamics. Different locomotive shapes were tested based on these results. The result was a thoroughly capable locomotive meeting all the operational requirements and a 700 passenger capacity. The trains run on a 1435mm gauge with a power output of 8,800kW.
THSR 700T Taiwan
. Taiwan High Speed Rail is a high speed rail line that runs approximately 345 km (214 mi) along the west coast of Taiwan, from the national capital Taipei to the southern city of Kaohsiung. With construction managed by a private company, Taiwan High Speed Rail Corporation , which also operates the line, the total cost of the project was US$18 billion. At the time it was built, this was one of the worlds largest privately funded rail construction schemes. The system is based primarily on Japans Shinkansen technology.The line opened for service on January 5, 2007, with trains running at a top speed of 300 km/h (186 mph) from Taipei to Zuoying in as little as 96 minutes, reaching almost 90% of Taiwans population. Most intermediate stations on the line lie outside the cities served; however, a variety of transfer options, such as free shuttle buses, conventional rail, and metros have been constructed to facilitate transport connections.Ridership initially fell short of forecasts, but grew from fewer than 40,000 passengers per day in the first few months of operation to over 129,000 passengers per day in June 2013. The system carried its first 100 million passengers by August 2010 and over 200 million passengers had taken this system by December 2012. In the initial years of operation, THSRC accumulated debt due to high depreciation charges and interest, largely due to the financial structure set up for the private company. In 2009, THSRC negotiated with the government to change the method of depreciation form depending on concessions on rights to ridership. At the same time, the government also started to help refinance THSRCs loans to assist the company so it could remain operational and profitable.Each train consists of 1 Business Car and 11 Standard Cars (including reserved seats and nonreserved seats). Since July 2010, nonreserved seats are available in cars 10 through 12 (some trains available in cars 9 through 12). Car 7 of each train is fitted with 4 wheelchair accessible chairs and a disabled friendly restroom. Passengers can call THSRs Customer Service Hot Line at (Taiwan) 40663000 or visit any THSR station ticket window to reserve these seats. By August 2012, implementation of 4G WiMAX on board trains is expected to provide smooth wireless broadband services, making THSR the first highspeed ground transportation system equipped with this service.In 2012, THSRC rated highly in the CommonWealth Magazine
. Eurostar stands a successful competitor of all airlines because it is the perfect train which connects London and Paris travelling under the English Channel. Eurostar makes a passengers journey more comfortable and enjoyable by providing excellent catering services and satiating the unique needs of modern traveler. The famous destination of Eurostar is St. Pancras International station which is considered to be the most happening and romantic place of London with Victorian Charm. It transports its passengers to Europes favorite cities and ensures that the journey is most comfortable and relaxed. The most amazing thing is that a Eurostar ticket holder usually receives discounts in places like famous museums, galleries etc. In a nutshell Eurostar simply make ones life heavenly.Eurostar is the highspeed passenger train from London to Paris & Brussels via the Channel Tunnel, taking as little as 2 hours 15 minutes for the 495 km (307 miles) to Paris or 1 hour 55 minutes for the 373 km (232 miles) to Brussels. Eurostar trains travel up to 186 mph, leaving London St Pancras station almost every hour for the Gare du Nord in central Paris and for Brussels Midi (also known as Brussel Zuid) every 23 hours. Eurostar trains are run by Eurostar International Limited, a company owned 55% by SNCF French Railways, 5% by SNCB Belgian Railways & 40% by London & Continental Railways, a company owned by the UK government. Eurostar carries passengers, not cars, so dont confuse Eurostar with Eurotunnel, the company which owns the Channel Tunnel whose car carrying trains shuttle road vehicles across the Channel. Eurostar first started running in 1994. This page explains all you need to know about travel by Eurostar.The arrival of the e320 trains, built by German company Siemens, could see London to Paris journey times reduced to just over two hours from the existing 2 hours and 15 minutes. But the speed limit on the UK stretch of the current line is 186mph matching the top speed of the existing trains though for much of the journey between the Channel and London they travel slower.Eurostar said there was nothing
KTX 2 South Korea
. Manufactured by the famous Hyundai Rotem, KTX 2 came into service in 2010, the train connects Seoul Station to Busan via Daejeon and Daegunnects. This train is considered to be the first commercial high speed train in South Korea. Owing to its high speed and kilometer coverage 160,000 people approx uses KTX on daily basis. There are 935 seats per vehicle along with general compartment and special compartment. Thus this train is not meant for only luxurious people but easily accessible to all. The train gives special attention towards passengers security and thus the passengers compartments are fitted with fire detectors.The KTX Sancheon is a South Korean high speed train built by Hyundai Rotem in the second half of the 2000s and operated by Korail since March 2009. With a top speed of 305 km/h (190 mph), the KTX Sancheon is the first commercial high speed train developed in South Korea.Like the HSR 350x, the KTXII consists of two traction heads, that is the power cars at both ends, and an articulated set of trailers for passengers in between but the number of intermediate cars is eight, and no intermediate car is powered. Two sets can be coupled together with automatic couplers of the Scharfenberg type. The couplers and the surrounding structure form an integral unit, the so called front ends, which were supplied by German industrial company Voith. The vehicles received a new exterior front shape, designed by French design studio MBD Design. The aerodynamic shape was inspired by the cherry salmon, an indigenous fish.Like for the HSR350x, the carbody of intermediate cars is made of aluminum. Unlike the HSR350x, the vehicle lacks bogie shrouding. Compared to the KTXI, window thickness was increased from 29 to 38 mm (1.1 to 1.5 in) by adding a fourth layer, to improve sound insulation and pressurization. The total width of passenger cars was increased from 2,904 to 2,970 mm (114.3 to 116.9 in).The KTXIIs traction motors, converters, traction control and braking system are domestic developments resulting from the HSR350x programme. The traction motors are asynchronous induction motors like those of the HSR350x, rather than synchronous motors as on the KTXI. Final drive gearboxes were supplied by Voith. The power electronics in the converters use newly available IGBTs, supplied by American semiconductor manufacturer IXYS Corporation, rather than the originally foreseen but unreliable IGCTs of the HSR350x. Each traction converter consists of two parallel switched four quadrant converters, which function as rectifier modules by converting single phase alternating current from one main transformer winding each to direct current , a 2,800 V DC intermediate circuit, and one inverter module converting the DC supply to the three phase AC supply for traction motors. Each converter supplies the motors on two axles of a bogie, providing for individual bogie control. All auxiliary power is supplied by separate 1 MW auxiliary units, one per traction head, consisting of two pairs of parallel switched IGBTbased converter modules acting as rectifiers between one main transformer winding and the 670 V DC head end power. The VVVF inverters for the motor and converter cooling fans and the air compressor, the constant voltage constant frequency inverters for the cab air conditioning, the battery charge, the on board AC supply and the oil pumps are connected to the head end power within the auxiliary unit. The pantograph, supplied by Austrian company Melecs MWW, is a standard type certified for 350 km/h and also used on Deutsche Bahns ICE S experimental and test train, the Siemens Velaro highspeed train family, and the China Railways CRH2.
The trains are essentially modified TGV sets,and can operate at up to 300 kilometres per hour (186 mph) on high speed lines, and 160 kilometres per hour (99 mph) in the Channel Tunnel.It is possible to exceed the 300kilometre per hour speed limit, but only with special permission from the safety authorities in the respective country.Speed limits in the Channel Tunnel are dictated by air resistance, energy dissipation and the need to fit in with other, slower trains. The trains were designed with Channel Tunnel safety in mind, and consist of two independent half sets each with its own power car. In the event of a serious fire on board while travelling through the tunnel, passengers would be transferred into the undamaged half of the train, which would then be detached and driven out of the tunnel to safety.If the undamaged part were the rear half of the train, this would be driven by the Chef du Train, who is a fully authorised driver and occupies the rear driving cab while the train travels through the tunnel for this purpose. As 27 of the 31 Inter Capital sets are sufficient to operate the service, four are currently used by SNCF for domestic TGV services one of these regularly operates a Paris
Germans Transrapid TR 09
. A monorail technically which uses maglev technology and connects Sanghai to Pudong International Airport. It is the advanced design of TR08 with huge development and luxury and a latest invention which has maximum speed with minimum power consumption and least maintenance requirement. It has implemented a special measure to reduce the interior noise level in the train. It has excellent chair coach with utmost luxury and comfort a transrapid system does not allow any direct competition. It is so very well equipped with modern technologies that it can make passenger connections even in geographically challenged surrounding.Transrapid is a German high speed monorail train using magnetic levitation based on a 1934 patent. Planning for the Transrapid system started in 1969 with a test facility for the system in Emsland, Germany completed in 1987. In 1991, technical readiness for application was approved by the Deutsche Bundesbahn in cooperation with renowned universities.The super speed Transrapid maglev system has no wheels, no axles, no gear transmissions, no steel rails, and no overhead electrical pantographs. The maglev vehicles do not roll on wheels rather, they hover above the track guideway, using the attractive magnetic force between two linear arrays of electromagnetic coils one side of the coil on the vehicle, the other side in the track guideway, which function together as a magnetic dipole. During levitation and travelling operation, the Transrapid maglev vehicle floats on a frictionless magnetic cushion with no physical contact whatsoever with the track guideway. Onboard vehicle electronic systems measure the dipole gap distance 100,000 times per second to guarantee the clearance between the coils attached to the underside of the guideway and the magnetic portion of the vehicle wrapped around the guideway edges. With this precise, constantly updated electronic control, the dipole gap remains nominally constant at 10 millimetres. When levitated, the maglev vehicle has about 15 centimetres of clearance above the guideway surface.The Transrapid maglev system uses a synchronous longstator linear motor for both propulsion and braking. It works like a rotating electric motor whose stator is unrolled along the underside of the guideway, so that instead of producing torque it produces a linear force along its length. The electromagnets in the maglev vehicle that lift it also work as the equivalent of the excitation portion of this linear electric motor. Since the magnetic travelling field only works in one direction, if there were to be several maglev trains on a given track section, they would all travel in the same direction thereby reducing the possibility of collision between moving trains.
Compared to classical railway lines, Transrapid allows higher speeds and gradients with lower wear and tear and even lower energy consumption and maintenance needs. The Transrapid track is more flexible, and therefore more easily adapted to specific geographical circumstances than a classical train system. Cargo is restricted to a maximum payload of 15 tonnes (14.8 long tons; 16.5 short tons) per car. Transrapids allows maximum speeds of 550 km/h (342 mph), placing it between conventional High Speed Trains (200
Tashkent Samarkand Uzbekistan
. The Tashkent to Samarkand high speed rail line is a 344 kilometre (214 mi) high speed rail connection between Tashkent and Samarkand the two largest Uzbek cities. The route passes through four provinces: Tashkent, Sirdaryo, Jizzakh and Samarqand in Uzbekistan. Trains operate seven days a week under the brand Afrosiyob.Construction began on the line on March 11, 2011, with completion planned for later that year at a cost of roughly $70 million.The line includes both new and rebuilt trackage, as well as adding modern signaling systems to the route.In addition to building trackage capable of supporting high speed service, some track of lower standards was built to the cities of Bukhara and Khiva as part of the project.The 344 kilometres (214 mi) high speed line is capable of speeds up to 250 km/h (160 mph), with a total travel time between Tashkent and Samarkand of about two hours.The line was planned to open for commercial operation in September 2011,but suffered from delays.
Two trainsets for operation on the line were ordered in November 2009 from Talgo at a cost of38 million.The cost of the purchase was split between operator Ozbekiston Temir Yollari and a loan from the Fund for Reconstruction and Development of Uzbekistan. The first trainset, a Talgo 250, was delivered to Tashkent on July 22, 2011, with a second following in September. Each trainset consists of two power cars, eight passenger cars with a capacity of 257 people and a dining car. The train carried out its first trip from Tashkent to Samarkand on August 26, 2011.Commercial service started on October 8, 2011 twice a week under the brand Afrosiyob. Initially, total travel time was still more than two and half hours but services were upgraded to five times a week in January 2012, and daily services started one month later.The passenger capacity of an electric train is 257 people. The train consists of two locomotives and 9 comfortable nonsmoking passenger carriages (2 VIP class carriages, 2 Business class carriages, 4 Economy class carriages and 1 dining carriage
Forever Young Naturally Beauty
Essential Toothcare Confidence boosting
. Porcelain veneers and crowns and realignment work can be an expensive but natural way to improve self-confidence if your smile lets you down at work and in social situations. Ask your dentist about cosmetic procedures.
. Lata Mangeshkar, as most know, is the daughter of Pandit Deenanath Mangeshkar, (a theatre actor and classical singer) and Shevanti (Shudhamati). Born on 28th September 1929, Lata was not her original name. She was born as Hema but rechristened later
Precautions while using Garden Tools
Keep tools safe and tidy
. Gardening tools that are left lying around can be a major safety hazard see Safety in the Garden . Apart from people and animals getting hurt, the tools themselves are likely to suffer.Ideally you should have a specific place to store each piece of
. Crazy Animals Every year?the northern Indian city of Bikaner, Rajasthan, holds what looks to be a pretty unique state of affairs with camels ? a full fledged Camel Festival! Thousands of excited tourists and local people cheer this man and beast aff
Forever Young Naturally Exercise
Building Energy Alertness at the wheel
. Inhaling cinnamon is associated with improved alertness while driving, suggests research at a university in West Virginia. Place 2 drops of essential oil on a handkerchief and keep handy during journeys.
Benefits of Lychees
Kwai Mai Pink lychee
. Kwai Mai Pink is additionally referred to as Bosworth 3. The fruit is of fine to superior quality, and its also a normal producer. Its not an industrial cultivar because the fruit is comparatively little, and contains a pink covering. Inspite of the
Success Tips For Students
Control Their Calendars
. Successful students dont rely on parents or teachers to tell them when assignments are due or when test dates are approaching. They mark special dates in their calendars and keep track of commitments and schedules.Successful students dont put others
Benefits of Guava
. The amount of vitamin C in a guava is more than twice the 60 milligrams of the FDA daily value, which is good news for skin healing because it contributes to generation of collagen, the substance that gives skin its firmness. Include more vitamin Cri
Smallest Things in the World
This dainty species of deer
. The Pudu, the worlds smallest deer, is currently in danger of extinction, and without it, the world would suffer a serious loss of cuteness.
Highest Paid Female Gamers
Livia Liefje Teernstra
. Livia Teernstra assumes the name Liefje when she enters the virtual world of the games. She left her fellow gamers with surprise with her stunning performance in a competition held in New Zealand where she played Quake and Unreal Tournament. She then
Ideal for Cooking
A Bunch Of Paleo Smoothie Ingredient Suggestions
. This page has a large list of paleo ingredients that go great in smoothies. Try a bunch of combinations and find your favorites.
Major Wars Of 20th Century
The Dervish State vs Ethiopia Britain and Italy
. Years 1899 1920 Battle deaths 6,000 The Dervish state was an early 20th century Somali Sunni Islamic state that was established by Muhammad Abdullah Hassan, a religious leader who gathered Somali soldiers from across the Horn of Africa and united t
Benefits of Kiwi Fruits
. Two kiwifruit deliver 30 mg of magnesium, which improves nerve and muscle function while boosting your energy level. Drinking kiwi juice has also shown to be beneficial for a healthy immune system. Kiwi juice stimulates white blood cells into action
Funny Things To Do This Winter
. Have your own tea party right at home. You can get fancy and use nice china and put out little sandwiches and treats. This is also a fun activity you can do with the kids, substituting hot chocolate for tea if you want.
World Most Beautiful Temples
Gangotri in the Indian Himalayas
. Situated at a staggering altitude of 3142 meters or over 10000 feet above sea level, folded in the wraps of the splendid hills of Garhwal Himalayas in India is situated one of the most significant temples of Hinduism Gangotri.What makes it so speci
Online Marketing Trends
Advertising will become more expensive
. Competition in the online marketing world has increased dramatically over the course of the past few years. 2016 will see it increase even more. As the basic laws of economics suggest, an increase in demand is often accompanied by an increase in pric
Benefits of Endives
Helps Lose Extra Pounds
. Considerably low in calories, endives are beneficial for people with excessive body weight. So, make sure that you include raw endives in your weight loss diet to make the most of your workout efforts. Drinking endive juice can also help you in your
Tips to get ready for Foreign Trip
Get fed fast
. To have dinner waiting in your hotel room when you arrive, call and order room service from the road. It can save a hungry half hour, says Barbara Talbott, an executive with Four Seasons Hotels in Toronto who flies about 20 times a year.
Stylish Holiday and Christmas Decorating Ideas
. Add a pop of color to a corner with a retroinspired palette that boasts an exotic side. Delicate balls in chartreuse, lavender, and pink are scattered across the branches making an attentionworthy display. Rather than leaning on garland for texture,
Xmas Celebration Ideas
. The world is one big melting pot, and thats never made more clear than during the holidays. If you find yourself saying, Merry Chr er, happy, uh, holidays
Toys Your Child Will Want This Holiday Season
Risk Star Wars Edition Game
. Another item every Star Wars fan has to have, Risk: Star Wars Edition Game by Hasbro is a Star Wars themed board game featuring three theaters of combat. With two ways to play (2 players or 2 teams), the game is always a lot of fun.
Get your money handling under control
. Whether you are dating or have been married for 20 years, we can all get better at how we handle money in our relationships. Money is a tool. In our marriages, we have to be on the same page about how it is used. It is critical that you set guideline
Makeover Tips For Eyes
Do you need eye cream
. Theres a reason why eyes get special treatment! Skin beneath the eyes lacks a fatty layer and has fewer oil glands and support than in the rest of the face. After cleansing, apply product with a gentle patting motion using the pad of your fourth fing
What to Eat in Orissa
. Pitha is a type of cake, dimsum or bread common in Bangladesh and India, especially the eastern states of Assam, Odisha, West Bengal, Bihar, Jharkhand, and the northeastern region. Pithas are typically made of rice flour, although there are some type
Most Crowded Places on Earth
Extra Terrestrial Location
. Ironically enough, the International Space Station is also on our list of the 25 most remote places in the world. Until the zombie apocalypse forces us to colonize the moon though, the ISS is the uncontested winner of this category. And in case you w
Engage in mentally stimulating activities
. Mental stimulation refers to the ways our brains respond to stimuli in the environment. Novel and complex stimuli are health promoting for the brain. New learning translates to neurophysiological growth and to mental stimulation in the same way that
Antioxidant rich foods
. Nuts are a good source of magnesium, which is vital for energy levels. Magnesium can help keep muscles supple and prevent aches and pains, and may also lower the risk of osteoporosis. Almonds, Brazils and peanuts are good for helping to build or main
Natural Healthy Summer Foods
Hamburgers and Hot Dogs
. This all-American duo has always been trouble full of fat, sodium, and cholesterol. The good news is, you can improve nutrition by making a few wise choices. If you grill burgers at home, mix it up. Use one half lean beef and one half ground turke
. The Giant Schnauzer is a working breed of dog developed in the 17th century in Germany. It is the largest of the three breeds of Schnauzer, with the other two breeds being the Standard Schnauzer and the Miniature Schnauzer. Numerous breeds were used
Beauty Skin Care Tips
DONT SWEAT IT
. When your body heats up, sweating helps it keep your core temperature down. Unfortunately, this can irritate skin and cause breakouts. To remedy, look for a body wash that lists salicylic acid or benzoyl peroxide as an ingredient on the label.
Most fuel Efficient Cars in the World
AVOID UPHILL SPEED INCREASES
. When climbing a hill, the engine is already working hard to overcome gravity. Pushing it harder by stepping on the gas is simply a waste of fuel.
100 Places to visit in India
. Located about 70 km from the city of Cochin is Athirapally in Kerala, a gorgeous location, like most of the rest of Kerala. The region is a fantastic riparian region in Kerala. A riparian region refers to the area between land and a river stream. Ath
What to Eat in Kerala
. Pickling is the process of preserving food by anaerobic fermentation in brine or vinegar. The resulting food is called a pickle. This procedure gives the food a salty or sour taste. In South Asia, vinaigrette (vegetable oil and vinegar) is used as th
Weird Places On Earth
Maunsell Sea Forts
. These were designed to protect England from a potential Nazi invasion during WWII. Today, they stand empty, ghosts guarding the coast (except for the occasional sea bird or vandals).
Tips to get ready for Job Interview
. Practice answering interview questions and practice your responses to the typical job interview questions and answers most employers ask. Think of actual examples you can use to describe your skills. Providing evidence of your successes is a great wa
. Males of the bred species can reach 1.5 inches, and females typically grow to about 2.5 inches. One of the most popular aquarium fish, the guppy is a live-bearer, meaning it does not lay eggs but produces live offspring. Although the wild form is occ
Benefits of Kumquat fruit
Treats sore throats
. The kumquat fruit and leaves consist of natural acids as well as sugars, whilst the leaves consist of essential oil. Research has shown that this fruit has got expectorant as well as antitussive qualities, each of which lead to the cure of a sore thr
Change your limits and surprise yourself
. You will feel exhilarated from the discovery that you can do more than you thought you could. So push yourself. When you surprise yourself, it will motivate you to keep going or set your sights higher.
What to Eat in Himachal Pradesh
SPICY LOTUS STEMS
. My grandmother (Nani) used to make the best lotus stem (bhey) ever and it is one of my mothers favorite dishes. Though no none will ever be able to make it as well as my Nani did, this recipe that has been recreated in my mother kitchen comes pretty
Benefits of Avocado
. The avocado oil is added in many cosmetics because of its ability to nourish the skin and make your skin glow. It also aids in treating psoriasis, a skin disease that causes skin redness and irritation.
Baby Friendly Decorations Ideas
Easy diy project
. Its amazing how a fresh detail can totally transform a piece. Anyone feeling like their home workspace is less than inspiring should check out this easy DIY project. Inexpensive gold carpet trim gives this raw wood desktop a finishing edge and simple
. white with the red cross of Saint George (patron saint of England) extending to the edges of the flag and a yellow equal-armed cross of William the Conqueror superimposed on the Saint George cross; the red cross represents the old ties with England a
. In 1854, Congress passed the Kansas Nebraska Act, which repealed the Missouri Compromise, and allowed individual states and territories to decide for themselves whether to allow slavery. The law provoked violent opposition in Kansas and Illinois. And
Best Photo Apps
. Filter effects aren t exactly a new thing, but Paper Camera takes a different approach to the post effects found in the likes of Instagram. What does it do? Well, it displays effects in real time on your camera as you re using it. There are some neat
Rules to play Ildado
. Blackjack is played with an international 52 card deck without jokers. Casinos normally use several decks mixed together called a shoe, both in order to speed up the game with more cards in play you dont have to reshuffle after every single hand and
New Year Wishes
Wishes for my wife close to my heart
. New year wishes messages for my wife Wife according to some people are one of the most difficult personalities in the world but no matter what the are certainly one of the few people whom we do not want to be angry.How many times we are in small argu
Accessories for Girls
. Group of ivory cuffs and bangles, some with henna all clad with old style silver work.Most were added later after the use of them traditionaly for easier wear by non Indians.
Mythological Creatures and Shapeshifters
. Selkies are creatures found in Faroese, Icelandic, Irish, and Scottish mythology. They have the ability to transform themselves from seal to human form. Selkies are able to shapeshift by shedding their seal skin, a risky endeavor because they must re
. Provide the children with bear shaped paper and a variety of different materials to glue onto the bear. After the project is dry, this could be an excellent sensory activity. How does each material feel?
Most Expensive Pieces Of Jewelry In The World
Sotheby s Green Diamond
. It can be hard to believe how much this green diamond ring costs. It has a selling price of $3.08 million. It was first seen at Sothebys auction of magnificent jewels. It is the single largest diamond ring that has been sold in an auction and the gre
Best Valentines Day Gifts
KindNotes LOVE Keepsake Gift Jar
. This unusual gift idea is perfect for Valentines Day. The jar contains 31 love themed messages to be opened each day of the month, or simply any time your loved one needs a little pick me up.
Benefits of Cinnamon
Beats heart disease and atherosclerosis
. Cinnamon is great for the heart. Since the fibre and calcium and help transport bile salts outside the body, the body produces more bile salts for other bodily functions by breaking down cholesterol.
Man Accessories All Time
. The only leather belt you need A simple twist of the buckle switches it from brown to back.
What to Eat in Karnataka
. deep fried vegetable and fruit chips or wafers. The vegetables are usually dried and seasoned with spices, and even butter milk. Common candidates are potato, sweet potato, yam, cassava, ripe jack fruit, banana, plantain, chilli, bitter gourd, variet
Benefits of Lychees
. Litchi keeps the digestion strong, maintains a clean stomach, improves appetite and cures heartburn and burning sensation in the stomach. It also enhances the energy levels in the body and contributes to the well being of the family. The seed of litc
Visa and Passport
. Transit visas valid for up to 15 days and up to two entries are issued to foreign nationals passing through India on their way to another country. The applicant should possess an air ticket for onward journey to a destination beyond India.
Tips for Portfolio Photography
Paper vs Digital
. At this point you need to decide what format you portfolio is presented in. In the past, everything was on paper, but technology has introduced the option of presenting your portfolio on a PDF, JPEGs or through an online medium. Being able to email a
Heena Mehandi Designs
Heena Design 15
. This is apt for occasions like Karva Chauth and engagement parties.On the day of engagement, the whole attention will be on your hands so this pattern will be apt for the day.
Unstable Countries In The World
. Violently gaining its independence in 1993, Eritrea has since fought several more wars both with Yemen and Ethiopia. Today, although there is peace, the country has a long road of recovery ahead of it.
Visa and Passport
Medical and medical attendant visa
. After satisfying themselves, Indian Missions Posts abroad may issue Medical Visa MED valid for one year or the period of treatment, whichever is less, to foreign nationals visiting India for medical treatment in reputed recognized specialized hosp
Benefits of Jackfruits
. Jackfruit is the largest fruit in the world and can weigh up to 36 kg (80 pounds). Its size can be as big as 90 cm (36 inches) long and 50 cm (20 inches) in diameter. Even the smallest of the jackfruits is still big! So if you decide tobuy awhole jac
Innovative Kitchen Tools and Gadgets
Table Setting Diagram Placemat
. Blueprints for people who take dining and cutlery very seriously.
Precautions while using Microwaves
Microwaves produce heat directly in the food
. Though microwaves produce heat directly in the food, they really dont cook food from the inside out. With thick foods like roasts microwaves generally cook only about an inch of the outer layers. The heat is then slowly conducted inward, cooking alon
Surprisingly Scary Short Stories
Surprisingly Scary Short Stories 16
. My daughter wont stop crying and screaming in the middle of the night. I visit her grave and ask her to stop, but it doesnt help.
Best Gurudwaras in India You Must Visit
Gurudwara Sehra Sahib Punjab
. Gurudwara Sehra Sahib is situated in Sultanpur Lodhi City in Punjab. The Gurudwara is named after the incident that took place here. Legend has it that Guru Har Gobind Singh while heading to Dalla for his marriage, stopped by Sultanpur Lodhi for a ni
Most Beautiful Women in Sports
. Hope Solo is the starting goalkeeper for the Seattle Reign and the U.S. Women s National Team, who she has helped guide to gold medals at the 2008 and 2012 Olympic Games. Off the pitch, Solo has appeared in the Body Issue of EPSN The Magazine and app
Forever Young Naturally Exercise
Hand and Foot Mobility Wrist mobilizer
. Place your palms together in front of your chest, thumbs touching your sternum. Bring them down until you feel a stretch behind the wrist and can no longer keep the palms pressed together. Work to keep the finger pairs lengthening upward and the palm
. Widening the eyes generally means interest in someone or something which often invites positive response. Widened eyes with raised eyebrows can indicate shock, but otherwise widening of eyes imply an opening and welcoming expression. In women especia
Most Popular Dragons Of All Time
Petes Dragon Elliot
. How would you like to have an invincible dragon in your house? It really isnt as scary as it sounds, though Elliotts naivety often does causes trouble but at least he isnt as badass as Smaug.Petes Dragon is a 1977 liveaction/animated musical film fro
Love your marriage by first taking care of yourself
. So many of my patients say the reason their marriage fell apart is that they became depressed and disinterested in their partner. If you keep working on you, your marriage will stay fresh and vital. Start today by adding a new wedding vow to your lis
Cardboard Origami Bike
. Astonishing Architecture Israeli inventor Izhar Gafni likes a challenge, so when three different engineers told him it was impossible to make a working bike out of cardboard, he rose to the challenge. Gafni constructed a bike by using the principles
Lazy Girl Nail Art Ideas
. Get an easy gradient by applying a glitter top coat to half the nail.
Beauty Skin Care Tips
. Look for sulfatefree body washes and face cleansers if you have sensitive skin. They can strip too much of your skins sebum away, leaving you feeling dry, flaky, and even itchy, says BettiJo Hirschi, Creator of Bath by BettiJo.
Tips For Men To Look Younger
Eat dark chocolate
. A study of over 19,000 middle aged men and women, published in the European Heart Journal, found those who ate half a bar a week had lower blood pressure. They also had a 39% lower risk of heart attacks and strokes. Just 6 grams a day, equivalent to
Way To Wakeup
Use a glass of water
. Put a glass of water near your alarm clock (make sure to put an alarm clock far enough from your bed, otherwise you can hit the glass of water) and drink the water first thing as you wake up. This will awaken your body sleeping organs.
Sri Lanka Series
. Before the touring Sri Lanka for three Test in July 2008, Tendulkar needed just 177 runs to go past Brian Laras record of Test 11,953 runs. However, he failed in all six innings, scoring a total of just 95 runs. India lost the series and his average
Benefits of Beans
white beans are a good nondairy source of calcium
. white beans are a good nondairy source of calcium, they can help maintain strong bones and fight PMS symptoms. Theyre also rich in quercetin, an anti inflammatory antioxidant that helps prevent and manage arthritis and guard against memory loss. Stor
Forever Young Naturally Eating
Beating Cravings Affirmations
. Repeating motivational phrases helps reset your default. Persevere even if it makes you feel silly. Find a phrase that instills self-confidence and a sense of purpose, such as, “I am in control” or “I love food that’s good for me.” Repeat your phrase
Innovative Products Ideas
The Biolite Camping Stove
. Never run out of battery on your next camping trip. With the Biolite camping stove, you can charge your mobile device by simply burning wood in the stove. Here is a video of Biolite camping stove in action.
Rivers of India
. The Punpun River is a tributary of the Ganges. It originates in Palamu district of Jharkhand and flows through Chatra, Aurangabad, Gaya and Patna districts of the Indian states of Jharkhand and Bihar.
Benefits of Green chillis
It helps dissolve blood clots and aids in digestion
. Capsaicin as a drug has be prescribed to treat wrinkles, heart health and facial twitching. It actually burns calories by increasing your metabolism, as well as curbing your appetite. Capsaicin also releases endorphins in the brain and puts chili eat
. Rauwolfia (E), Indian snake root (E):Sarpagandha is a strong remedy for reducing blood pressure, sedating the nervous system and inducing sleep. Sarpagandha means 'smell of the snake' and it is renowned as an antidote for poisonous snake bites.Nerves
Amazing Staircases Around the World
El Penol Stone
. The La Piedra Del Pe ol in Columbia is a monolithic formation located at the town of Guatap in Antioquia, rising from the bottom of the hydroelectric dam of Pe ol Guatap. Also known as the El Pe ol Stone, or simply as La Piedra, the huge and heavy st
Ideas to increase Website Traffic
. Stand out from your competition are ways to keep and gain new visitors and build brand awareness. Get personal with each customer and always reply back to your audience. Be original from your competition. Be consistent with your site and keep your