Rules to play hot air ballooning

Preflight preparation
1. Before a safe hot air balloon flight can begin, the pilot must check the weather and select a suitable take off point. The current and forecast weather must have sufficient visibility for the pilot to see and avoid obstructions (little or no fog or low clouds) and sufficiently slow winds to allow take off and landing (less than 5 or 10 mph depending on skill and experience of pilot, passengers, and ground crew).

The take off point must be large enough to lay out and inflate the envelope and clear of obstructions such as power lines and poles, trees, and buildings to allow lift off under the predicted wind conditions. Finally, the take off point must be situated such that the predicted winds will move the balloon in the direction of suitable landing sites. Taking off from a location that is directly up wind of a hazard, such as a large body of water, a large metropolitan area, or a large uninterrupted forest, without sufficient fuel to pass over the hazard is not safe. .....

Set up
2. The next step in a hot air balloon flight is unpacking the balloon from its carrying bag, laying it out on the ground, and connecting it to the basket and burner. A fan, often gasoline powered, is used to blow cold (outside) air into the envelope. The cold air partially inflates the balloon to establish its basic shape before the burner flame is aimed into the mouth heating the air inside. A crew member stationed opposite the mouth, holds a rope (crown line) tied to the apex (crown) of the envelope. The crown man role is twofold: one is to prevent the envelope from excessive sway, and two is to prevent the envelope from rising before it is sufficiently buoyant. Once the balloon is upright, pilot and passengers climb into the basket. When the pilot is ready for launch, more heat is directed into the envelope and the balloon lifts off.The crew then pack up inflation equipment and follow the balloon with the retrieve vehicle (also called a chase vehicle). .....
Flight
3. During the flight, the pilots only ability to steer the balloon is the ability to climb or descend into wind currents going different directions. Thus, it is important for the pilot to determine what direction the wind is blowing at altitudes other than the balloons altitude. To do this, the pilot uses a variety of techniques. For example, to determine wind directions beneath the balloon a pilot might simply spit or release a squirt of shaving cream and watch this indicator as it falls to determine where possible turns are (and their speed). Pilots are also looking for other visual clues such as flags on flagpoles, smoke coming from chimneys, etc. To determine wind directions above the balloon, the pilot will obtain a weather forecast prior to the flight which includes upper level wind forecasts. The pilot will also send up a helium pilot balloon, known as a met balloon in the UK and pibal in the USA, prior to launch to get information about what the wind is actually doing. Another way to determine actual wind directions is to watch other hot air balloons, which are the equivalent of a large met balloon. .....
Control
4. The direction of flight depends on the wind, but the altitude of the balloon can be controlled by changing the temperature of the air inside the envelope. The pilot may open one or more burner blast valves to increase the temperature inside the envelope, thereby increasing lift, and thus ascend or slow or stop a descent. The pilot may also open a vent, if the envelope is so equipped, to let hot air escape, decreasing the temperature inside the envelope, thereby decreasing lift, and thus descend or slow or stop an ascent. Unless the pilot intervenes, the air inside the envelope will slowly cool, by seepage or by contact with cooler outside air, and slowly provide less lift. .....
Delayed response
5. One of the tricks involved in flying a balloon is learning to deal with the delayed response. To slow or stop a descent requires the pilot to open a burner blast valve. This sends hot combustion exhaust through the mouth into the envelope where it expands and forces some cooler air out of the mouth. This lightens the total weight of the system and increases its buoyancy, but not immediately. From the time that the burner is lit until the balloon slows or stops its descent can take 30 seconds or more, depending on its rate of descent, how cold it has become, and how powerful the burner. This delay requires a great deal of anticipation on the part of the pilot. .....
Steerage
6. The ability to change direction with altitude is called steerage. In the ideal case, in the northern hemisphere, wind direction turns to the right with an increase in altitude. This is due to the Coriolis effect. Winds spiral clockwise, when seen from above, out of a high pressure system and counter clockwise into a low pressure system. However, air traveling close to the ground will tend to move in more of a straight line from high to low pressure due to drag with the ground. Thus, a pilot may hope to find a turn to the left during the descent to landing. In the southern hemisphere, the direction of the spirals are reversed. In reality, interaction with an uneven terrain may lessen or completely eliminate this phenomenon. .....
Level flight
7. The burner is designed to create enough heat to warm up the balloon quickly. It is most efficient only when wide open. There is no good way to maintain the exact temperature required to maintain equilibrium.

Add to that the fact that when a hot air balloon is not actively being heated, it is cooling off. This means that it is in perfect equilibrium only momentarily. The rest of the time it is either too warm or too cool and so either climbing or descending.

These two facts together mean that under most conditions level flight is anything but. The goal of the pilot is to light the burner at the right interval and for the right duration (a few seconds) to keep the balloon slowly drifting up and down about the desired altitude.

An exception is made when flying close to the ground, as in an approach to a landing. Then the burner may be lit for very short bursts at a much higher frequency, thus sacrificing efficiency for accuracy. .....

Chase
8. While it is certainly possible to enjoy the sport of hot air ballooning without a chase vehicle, returning from the landing site by foot, bicycle, or hitch hiking, many balloonists opt to be followed by their ground crew in some sort of chase vehicle. Crew at the landing site can aid with the landing itself, by catching a drop line and guiding the balloon into a tight space; with extracting the balloon system from a remote location, such as deep in a farmers field; and with packing up all the equipment.

Sometimes, a chase vehicle may be equipped with a trailer, which can provide a lot more room at the cost of being more difficult to maneuver. A pickup truck or van by itself can be a lot more maneuverable but at the cost of squeezing all the equipment, crew, pilot, and passengers into a single vehicle. Many chase vehicles are fitted with a cargo liftgate to aid in loading heavy equipment into the cargo space (the envelope itself can weigh 250 lbs or more).

Communication between the balloon and chase vehicle can be accomplished by two way radio, or even shouting, when they are close enough together. The use of cell phones for this purpose, while the balloon is flying, may violate local telecommunication laws and should therefore be avoided except in an emergency situation. .....

Landing
9. Most pilots try to perform as smooth a landing as possible. This becomes difficult if the air at ground level is moving at more than 5 mph (2.2 m/s) or so. If the balloon is moving at this speed or more when it contacts the ground, the basket (which usually does not have wheels of any kind on the bottom) may drag for a bit or even tip over. Even the presence of ground crew may not help much. The combined weight (for an average passenger carrying system as calculated above) can easily exceed the weight of a large automobile. (It is best not to be on the downwind side of a landing balloon to avoid being pinned between it and a hard place.) Pilots can improve the situation by landing in a spot protected from the wind, such as behind a line of trees or in a small valley.

Once the balloon has landed, the envelope is deflated and detached from the basket. The envelope is then packed into its carrying bag. The burner and the basket may be separated and all components are packed into the retrieve vehicle. .....

Competition
10. In competition, the pilots need to be able to read different wind directions at different altitudes. Balloon competitions are often called races but theyre most often a test of accuracy, not speed. For most competitive balloon flights, the goal is to fly as close as possible to one or more exact points called targets. Once a pilot has directed the balloon as close as possible to a target, a weighted marker with an identifying number written on it is dropped. The distance between a pilots marker and that target determines his or her score. During some competitive flights, pilots will be required to fly to 5 or more targets before landing. To assist with navigation, topographic maps and GPS units are used. Another common form of competition is the Hare and Hound race. The Hare balloon takes off a set amount of time before the Hound balloons and typically flies with multiple altitude changes to make it more difficult for the chasing balloons to match its flight path. After a set amount of flight time, the Hare will land and typically lay out a target cross for the Hounds to drop their weighted markers near. As above, the distance between a pilots marker and the target determines his or her score. .....
Hazards
11. The dangers of the sport include excessive (vertical or horizontal) speed during landing, mid air collisions that may collapse the balloon, and colliding with high voltage power lines. It is the last of these, contact with power lines, that poses the greatest danger. One of the most common causes of serious ballooning accidents in the US is power line strikes. One reason for the high frequency of such incidents is the fact that pilots often attempt to land their balloons on or near roads in order to reduce the amount of off road driving necessary to recover the balloon. However, in most rural areas where balloons fly, roads usually have power lines running along them.

Of the 11 accidents involving fatalities recorded by the NTSB between 1997 and 2007, 4 involved contact with power lines, 3 involved falling after hanging onto the outside of a rising balloon, 3 involved striking an object on landing (boulder, wall, or tree), and 1 involved an equipment failure (an eyebolt). .....

Night flight
12. In the United States, the FAA requires balloons to fly under visual flight rules. If equipped with lights that make it visible to other aircraft, balloons can fly in the dark. However, such flights are usually limited to either dawn patrol flights that begin before sunrise with landings made after there is sufficient light to see any obstacles or to race/record flights that typically go throughout the night and the landing again made during daylight hours. .....
Winter flight
13. The ability to fly hot air balloons in the winter is limited mostly by the ability of the participants to withstand the cold. The balloons themselves fly well in cold air. Because the temperature difference between inside and outside the balloon, not the absolute inside temperature, determines the lift it develops, a much lower internal temperature is sufficient to fly in cold weather.However, if the liquid propane in the fuel tanks is too cold (0 .....
Tethering
14. Sometimes, especially at balloon festivals or other special events, balloons are flown while tied to the ground with ropes (tethers). This enables quick rides to many passengers, instead of long rides drifting with the wind away from the event with one load of passengers. Tethering techniques depend on the balloon manufacturers instructions and wind conditions. Tethers can be attached to the basket, burner support, or the top of the envelope. A night glow is a tethered flight in darkness to enhance visual effects. While typical day flights use the main valve, using an efficient blue flame, at night tethered pilots use the liquid valve whisper burner (cow burner, as it does not startle livestock), creating a spectacular bright orange flame. .....
Winds aloft
15. The winds on the surface are just one of our concerns. We have to think three dimensionally and consider what the wind is doing at altitude as well. This is perhaps the most confusing aspect for our passengers. There is not even a hint of a breeze on the ground and your flight has just been cancelled due to wind, how come? We look at winds at the surface (the wind you can feel) and the winds at 1 to 9,000 feet. We are not going to 9,000 feet, but it tells us if we might encounter issues such as wind shear, turbulence, or strong surface winds later on. Even if there are no winds to speak of at the surface, the winds aloft may drive our decision not to fly. Winds aloft of 18 20 knots or 20 miles per hour can be sufficient to reschedule a flight. .....
Poor visibility
16. How far can we see? Our aircraft are designated by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) as Visual Flight Rules (VFR) certified. That means we must have a certain amount of visibility to fly legally. The visibility must be 1 to 3 miles, depending on where we are flying. If we dont have it, we cant fly. .....
Rain and storms
17. The decision not to fly in rain or storms seems a simple one of course we dont! What isnt so simple is why your flight may be cancelled when no storm or rain actually happens in the area. We must often make our decision based on a forecast. Despite the many advances in weather prediction, forecasting remains an imprecise science. We often refer to forecasts as horoscopes with numbers. Our idea of long range forecasting is 4 hours and we dont place a great deal of faith in them! Forecasts for our flying area are limited to Baltimore Washington International Airport (BWI) and Harrisburg International (MDT). We are practically equal distance between the two and what happens in our flying area may be very different from the forecast both good and bad.

Storms can be significant events to any type of aircraft, but a balloon is perhaps the most weather sensitive aircraft there is. An airplane can turn and run from a storm whereas a balloon is drawn into a storm. The winds will accelerate and head toward a building storm and flow out of a decaying storm. These gust fronts can occur 75 to 100 miles away from the actual storm and create winds that are dangerous to a balloon. Once again, its the wind! If storms are forecast or there are storms within 100 miles we will reschedule flights. .....

Balloon basics
18. The decision not to fly in rain or storms seems a simple one of course we dont! What isnt so simple is why your flight may be cancelled when no storm or rain actually happens in the area. We must often make our decision based on a forecast. Despite the many advances in weather prediction, forecasting remains an imprecise science. We often refer to forecasts as horoscopes with numbers. Our idea of long range forecasting is 4 hours and we dont place a great deal of faith in them! Forecasts for our flying area are limited to Baltimore Washington International Airport (BWI) and Harrisburg International (MDT). We are practically equal distance between the two and what happens in our flying area may be very different from the forecast both good and bad.

Storms can be significant events to any type of aircraft, but a balloon is perhaps the most weather sensitive aircraft there is. An airplane can turn and run from a storm whereas a balloon is drawn into a storm. The winds will accelerate and head toward a building storm and flow out of a decaying storm. These gust fronts can occur 75 to 100 miles away from the actual storm and create winds that are dangerous to a balloon. Once again, its the wind! If storms are forecast or there are storms within 100 miles we will reschedule flights. .....

Balloon fiesta
19. The Albuquerque International Balloon Fiesta is a world renowned attraction and destination for kids of all ages. For more than three decades, the first week in October brings the smell of roasting chiles and the beautiful, magical moving picture show of hot air balloons sailing silently through the crisp fall air.

Guests from all over the world come to Albuquerque to celebrate ballooning. Literally hundreds of balloons will be taking flight from the Balloon Fiesta Park this year. From its modest beginnings in 1972 with 13 balloons launching from a shopping mall parking lot, the Balloon Fiesta has grown to multiple events launching year round at the custom designed, 365 acre Balloon Fiesta Park. Our signature event remains Balloon Fiesta which, with 700 balloons, is the largest ballooning event on earth, the most photographed event on earth, and the largest annual international event held in the United States.

Imagine 54 football fields, all put together. Thats the size of Balloon Fiesta Parks 78 acre launch field! And at this Parks playing field, there are no losing teams and no viewing stands. Guests walk the field and are part of the action.

Hundreds of thousands of smiling, upturned faces, awestruck by the spectacular beauty of hot air balloons filling the big blue New Mexico sky. What you cant hear until you walk our field at nightfall is the thrilling roar of hundreds of burners simultaneously igniting, turning the Park into a huge lighted Christmas tree of colorful balloons. What you cant feel until you join us is the massive joy everywhere around you. .....

Temperature
20. Since hot air balloons fly by changing the temperature inside the balloon with heat, it stands to reason that outside air temperature is going to affect balloon flights, and it does! When the air in the balloon is heated, it becomes hotter and thus less dense than the surrounding outside air. This hotter air is lighter and the balloon will float upward. The more heat, the higher up you go. A balloon will fly when its temperature is around 140 degrees above the outside air temperature (generally). So, the colder it is outside, the less heat it takes to fly and conversely, the hotter it is outside, the more heat it will take to fly. .....
Weather sources we use
21. We use a vast array of sources to arrive at our go, no go decision. Most of our information comes from FAA mandated briefing sites that require a pilots license to access and a log in. You should know that we are required, by Federal Air Regulations, to obtain a complete weather briefing prior to every flight.

Many passengers obtain their own weather information from one of the many sites available on the internet we encourage you to take an active role in your flight but remember, we are looking at very different aviation weather information. Many of the reports available to the general public do not contain the information required for a pilot the FAA only recognizes a weather briefing provided by a Flight Service Station, or one of two Direct User Access Terminals (DUAT). We will be happy to discuss our decision with you but, the pilot in command is the final authority on a flight. .....

Events
22. There are many regular gatherings of balloons and balloonists around the world. Most of these events are held on an annual basis. The festivities provide both a place for balloonists to interact as well as a venue for entertaining spectators. Events range in size from a few balloons and no spectators to hundreds of balloons with hundreds of thousands of spectators. Two such events are the Albuquerque International Balloon Fiesta and the Bristol Balloon Fiesta. .....
Eligibility
23. Open only to legal residents of the 50 United States and the District of Columbia (U.S.) and Canada (excluding Quebec) who are 18 years of age or older at time of entry. Employees, officers and directors of Albuquerque Convention And Visitors Bureau, Simpleview, Miles Media and McKee Wallwork and company (the Sponsor), its parents, subsidiaries, affiliates, advertising and promotion agencies, webmasters/suppliers, and members of the immediate families (spouse, children, parents, siblings) and persons living in the same household (whether or not related) of such employees, officers and directors are not eligible. Void in Quebec and where prohibited. .....
Hot air balloon physics operation
24. If the balloon operator wishes to lower the hot air balloon, he can either stop firing the burner, which causes the hot air in the envelope to cool (decreasing the buoyant force), or he opens a small vent at the top of the balloon envelope (via a control line). This releases some of the hot air, which decreases the buoyant force, which also causes the balloon to descend. To maintain a steady altitude, the balloon operator intermittently fires and turns off the burner once he reaches the approximate altitude he wants. This causes the balloon to ascend and descend (respectively). This is the only way he can maintain an approximately constant altitude, since maintaining a strictly constant altitude by way of maintaining a net zero buoyant force (on the balloon) is practically impossible.

If the balloon operator wishes to move the balloon sideways (in a horizontal direction) he must know, ahead of time, the wind direction, which varies with altitude. So he simply raises or lowers the hot air balloon to the altitude corresponding to the wind direction he wants, which is the direction he wants the balloon to go.

The balloon stays inflated because the heated air inside the envelope creates a pressure greater than the surrounding air. However, since the envelope has an opening at the bottom (above the location of the burner), the expanding hot air is allowed to escape, preventing a large pressure differential from developing. This means that the pressure of the heated air inside the balloon ends up being only slightly greater than the cooler surrounding air pressure.

An efficient hot air balloon is one that minimizes the weight of the balloon components, such as the envelope, and on board equipment (such as the burner and propane fuel tanks). This in turn minimizes the required temperature of the air inside the envelope needed to generate sufficient buoyant force to generate lift. Minimizing the required air temperature means that you minimize the burner energy needed, thereby reducing fuel use. .....

Hot air balloon physics analysis
25. Lets examine the physics of a hot air balloon using a sample calculation.
The heated air inside the envelope is at roughly the same pressure as the outside air. With this in mind we can calculate the density of the heated air at a given temperature, using the Ideal gas law, as follows:
P = ?RT
Where:
P is the absolute pressure of the gas, in Pa
? is the density of the gas, in kg/m3
R is the gas constant, in Joules/kg.K
T is the absolute temperature of the gas, in Kelvins (K)
Now,
Normal atmospheric pressure is approximately 101,300 Pa
The gas constant for dry air is 287 Joules/kg.K
The air inside the envelope is typically heated to an average temperature of about 100 degrees Celsius, which is 373 K
Substituting the above three values into the Ideal gas law equation and solving for ? we get ? = 0.946 kg/m3. This is the density of the heated air inside the envelope. Compare this to normal (ambient) air density which is approximately 1.2 kg/m3.
Next, for an average size balloon with an envelope volume of 2800 m3 we wish to determine the net upward buoyant force generated by the envelope.
The net buoyant force is defined here as the difference in density between the surrounding air and the heated air, multiplied by the envelope volume. Thus,
FB,net = (1.2 0.946)x2800 = 711 kg (1565 lb)
This is the net buoyant force pushing upwards on the heated air inside the envelope. The hot air balloon components (such as envelope, gondola, burner, fuel tanks, and passengers) can at most weigh 711 kg in order for the buoyant force to be able to completely lift the hot air balloon off the ground.
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High visibility
26. A hot air balloon or thermal airship can be seen much farther than any billboard. A sunrise hot air balloon ride with your companys brand takes off before that rush hour traffic hits and is flying high above for everyone to see. .....
Flexibility
27. We can customize hot air balloons to best represent your company. It is more than just changing the color of the balloon and adding your company name. We can even customize the shape of the balloon. Do you need a bottle shape? Maybe some other shape is best suited to represent your brand. Well we can work with you to get you the best branding for your company into the sky. .....
Branding
28. people will see the hot air balloon and your company brand will become etched in their minds. Your companys name and logo will associated with your business products, services, quality and creativity. .....
Versatility
29. you have many options for advertising and branding. You can choose a hot air balloon and have the balloon travel or have a tethered balloon at an event. We now also offer a newer option of thermal airships. These can be steered and maneuvered back and forth over an event for more visibility than your tethered hot air balloon. .....
Excitement buzz
30. when have you ever seen someone run up to a billboard to take a picture with it? Have you seen anyone chase down your magazine ad? We see it all the time with our hot air balloons and thermal airships. People literally chase down your balloon to see what name is on it. That is the kind of attention every company wants for their company. .....
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Veg Burger. This Indianveggie burgerwith potato patties recipe uses soft bun, which is shallow fried in a butter and homemade aloo tikkis for complete burger experience. .....
Intriguing Lost Cities Around the World
Skara Brae Scotland. More a village than a city, this prehistoric set of ruins in Orkney is of a small farming settlement over 5000 years old. It was discovered in 1850 after a wild storm revealed the stone remnants. Excavations (and more storms) showed the village had a .....
Extreme Guinness World Records
Fastest 100m running on all fours. The fastest time to run 100m on all fours is 18.58 seconds and was set by Kenichi Ito of Japan at Setagaya Kuritsu Sogo Undojyo, Tokyo, on Nov. 13, 2008. The record attempt was part of GWR Day 2008. .....
Amazing Natural Places in the World
Los Glaciares. Located in southwest Argentina along the border of Chile, Los Glaciares National Park offers 2,807 square miles of rugged mountains, large lakes and a lot of you guessed it ice; the Patagonia ice field occupies nearly half of the park and represe .....
Gym guide Ideas
Eat a green salad with your last whole food meal before the gym. The same University of Maryland researchers also discovered that consuming a small green salad with a high fat meal prevented the adverse effects on blood vessel dilation, likely by enhancing NO. About two hours before you hit the gym, include a gree .....
Benefits of Nutmeg
Nutmeg butter. Nutmeg butter is obtained from the nut by expression. It is semisolid, reddish brown in colour, and tastes and smells of nutmeg. Approximately 75% (by weight) of nutmeg butter is trimyristin[citation needed], which can be turned into myristic acid, a .....
Fashion Designer Cars in the world
Paul Smith and the Jaguar XType. Paul Smith is perhaps best known in the car world for his work on the classic Mini more on this later.This, thankfully, is his lesserknown creation the Paul Smith Jaguar XType. To us it looks like a roll of wallpaper has been applied liberally to a .....
The Worlds Most Beautiful Buildings
SAGRADA FAMLIA SPAIN. Surely the most extraordinary church on the planet, from the mind of one of historys most eccentric designers: Antoni Gaud. With its tapering towers like the straightened arms of an octopus, construction of Sagrada Famlia began in 1882, though Gauds .....
Amazing US Lakes for Summer Vacation
Lake Tahoe. Best for snow sports: Highaltitude Tahoe (6225 feet) is nirvana for skiing snowboarding and other coldweather sports. Seven major winter resorts ring the shore including Squaw Valley where the 1960 Winter Olympics took place. Hike along snowy forest .....
Fitness Stretching
Supported One Leg Standing Hip Flexor and Knee Extensor Stretch. Knee and Thigh Stretches: "You can also do this stretch by bracing the right foot on a table or beam. Because of the increased possibility of hyperflexing the knee, this is a more advanced stretch; you should do this stretch only if you have very fle .....
Naturally Beautiful
Enhance your complexion. Mix one tablespoon of orange juice and one tablespoon lemon juice in a cup of yogurt to make a paste. Apply it on your face as a mask and keep it on for 15 minutes. Wash it with cold water. This mask will enhance your complexion. .....
Globe Dial
Switzerland. Exit Country Code + 41 + Area Code + The Number The Switzerland country code is 41. The nationality of Switzerland is Swiss.The capital of Switzerland is BernLargest Cities in Switzerland by population: Zurich, Geneva, Basel, Bern, Lausanne, Winte .....
Batsmen Who Slapped Most Sixes in ODI Cricket
Brendon McCullum and New Zealand. The current New Zealand skipper, McCullum has 180 sixes to his credit in 244 matches with 213 innings. McCullum has also hit 526 fours with a strike rate of 90. His average of 30 is highly disappointing. .....
The Rabbit and Tortoise
The Rabbit and Tortoise Step 9. The rabbit slept. The tortoise walked slowly and crossed the rabbit. .....
Benefits of Pumpkins
Digestive System. If your diet is like the average American s, you don t get enough fiber. You should consume between 20 and 35 grams of fiber each day, according to the Harvard School of Public Health, but many people don t get more than 15 grams. Fiber helps you dig .....
Rules to play Yo Yo
Purpose. The test evaluates an individuals ability to repeatedly perform intervals over a prolonged period of time, particularly for athletes from sports such as tennis, team handball, basketball and soccer or similar sports. .....
Tips to succeed in Presentation
Simplify your graphics. People shut off their brains when confronted with complicated drawings and tables. Use very simple graphics and highlight the data points that are important. .....
Benefits of Pineapple
The health benefits of pineapple are numerous. This tasty treat is low in sodium, cholesterol and saturated fat.However, it has generous amounts of Vitamin B6, thiamin, copper, manganese, and dietary fiber, along with trace amounts of other vitamins and minerals. The Nutrition Facts website assig .....
Benefits of Celery
Celery aids digestion. Some say celery tastes like crunchy water, and that is the reason it is so good for your digestive system. The high water content of celery, combined with the insoluble fiber in it, makes it a great tool for easy passage of stool. Note: because celer .....
Benefits of Cantaloupe
Storage Tip. Unripe fruits can be stored on the kitchen counter to ripen; once ripe, they should be kept in the refrigerator. Cantaloupe doesn .....
Simple Mocktails
Orange Lemonade. Ingredients : Serving for Two :2 cups orange Juice 1 tbsp Lemon JuiceSugar syrupSoda Receipe : Mix all the ingredients together with ice cubes, Shake it well and pour it in a glass, top it up with soda, perch the piece of orange on the rim of glass a .....
Amazing Glass Buildings in the World
Basque Health Department Headquarters Bilbao. The beauty of this building may prompt you to think it is an art gallery or museum rather than an office building. But the 13-storey headquarters of the Basque Health Department is one of the iconic buildings in Spain. It was designed by Coll-Barreu .....
Most Influential People in the World
Peter Vesterbacka Game Developer. If you are not addicted to destroying pig infested fortifications with flightless, angry birds then consider yourself lucky, because it is a hard addiction to break. And if you are, blame Peter, hes the mastermind behind the mayhem. .....
Tips to success in MAT Exam
Practice writing the essay. Using the AWA Topics available on mba.com, or purchase GMAT Write ? software designed to help you practice your essay writing skills. GMAT Write will even grade your essay using the same technology that the actual exam uses, so you can keep track of .....
Amazing US Lakes for Summer Vacation
Redfish Lake Idaho. Redfish Lake is located in the heart of the magnificent Sawtooth Mountain Range Idaho. The lake offers excellent canoeing boating kayaking water skiing and fishing. Moreover Redfish Lake offers crystal clear water and fantastic sandy beaches. The sur .....
The Fastest four wheel drive Supercars
MERCEDES BENZ E63 AMG S 4MATIC. Like the M550d xDrive, the E63 AMG isnt a conventional supercar, what with space for five and luggage or even a Labrador, too, if you opt for the estate. But with a twin turbo 5.5 litre V8 kicking out 585hp and Mercs 4Matic four wheel drive system, .....
Precautions while using WhatsApp
Impersonation is rampant Beware. The anonymity provided by the virtual world and fear of being stalked often prompts people to impersonate. A considerable number of Facebook profiles are fakes and people often withhold correct information about themselves or provide wrong ones. Do n .....
Amazing Natural Places in the World
Taktsang Palphug Monastery. Also known as the Tiger s Nest, the Taktsang Palphug Monastery can be found near the city of Paro in Bhutan, the small eastern Himalayan country nestled between India and China. The monastery, which is perched on a cliff at an elevation of over 10,00 .....
Benefits of Beans
Navy beans. Navy beans are small, pea sized beans that are creamy white in color. They are mild flavored beans that are dense and smooth. Like other common beans, navy beans are one of 13,000 species of the family of legumes, or plants that produce edible pods. .....
Weird Fish
Axolotl. Axolotls are like the cute anime pet you never had but always wanted, because you saw it on a deck of Pok?mon cards. Tack onto that the ability to completely regenerate any dangling limb, and youve got yourself a real live Tamigachi! Another cool thi .....
Worlds Biggest Islands
Sakhalin Russia. Sakhalin is a large Russian island in the North Pacific Ocean, lying between 45 .....
Wildlife Sanctuaries and National Parks of India
Pong Dam Sanctuary. ThePong Dam, also known as theBeas Dam, is an earth fillembankment damon theBeas Riverjust upstream ofTalwarain the state ofHimachal Pradesh, India. The purpose of the dam is water storage for irrigation andhydroelectricpower generation.As the second .....
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