Rules to play foosball
To Start a Match
. A coin flip shall precede the start of the match. The team that wins the flip has the choice of table side or first serve. The team that loses the flip has the remaining option and must also pay for the first game, with that expense alternating thereafter. Once a team has chosen either the table side or the first serve, they may not change their decision. In the event of the losers bracket winner beating the winners bracket team in the first match, the second match will be started in the same manner as a regular match with the coin flip, etc. The match officially starts once the ball has been put into play. (BUT violations such as cursing, etc. may be called by the official assigned to judge the match as soon as he and both teams are present at the table.)
. A serve through the serving hole is used to put the ball into play at the start of the match, after a point is scored, or after a ball leaves the table. The server may attempt to influence the roll of the ball, but may not allow any part of either hand to be in the play area once the ball hits the playfield. The play area shall be defined as the area above the playing surface to the height of the side boards of the cabinet. Prior to serving the ball, the server may place either hand in the play area in order to position the ball. However, no part of either hand may be in the play area at the moment the ball is released into play. If the ball hits the playfield while any part of the servers hand is in the playing area, the serve shall be considered illegal. This includes any finger used to push the ball through the serving hole. The ball may not be struck by either team following a serve until it has touched the playfield, at which time the ball is considered to be in play and the time limits start. Spinning the ball shall be allowed in order to influence the serve, however, no point shall be scored by the serving team unless the ball is struck by one of the serving teams figures. The server must not serve the ball until he has the assurance that the opposing team is ready for play to begin. The server can signify that play is about to begin by tapping the ball on the side of the table. If the server has tapped the ball, and the opposing team is holding their handles, the opposing team shall be deemed to be ready for play (unless they have specially stated before the ball hits the playing surface that they are not ready yet). On the first violation of any part of this rule, the ball shall be re served by the original server. Subsequent violations, however, shall result in the ball being put into play by a server of the opposing team. If the ball is incorrectly served, but the server has not violated any part of these rules, the ball is considered in play. In particular, the player may not reach into the play area to re serve the ball.
. Following the first serve of a match, subsequent serves shall be made by the team last scored upon. First serves in subsequent games of a multi game match shall be made by the team which lost the preceding game. If the ball is served by the wrong team, and the violation is discovered before the ball is scored, play shall be stopped and the ball shall be re served by the proper team. Once the ball is scored, no protests shall be allowed, and play shall continue as if no infraction had been committed. If a team receives the serve because the opposing team is being penalized for a rules infraction, and if, after the ball is served, it goes dead or leaves the table and must be re served, it shall be re served by the team who originally served it prior to the infraction.
Ball in Play
. Once a ball is put into play by the server, it shall remain in play until the ball is hit off the table, a dead ball is declared, time out is called, or a point is scored.
Ball Off the Table
. If the ball should leave the playing area and strike the scoring marker, ash trays, top of the side rails, cabinet ends, or any object that is not a part of the table, the ball shall be declared off the table. The ball should be put back into play with a serve by the team which originally served that ball.A ball entering the serving cup and then returning to the playfield is still considered in play.
. A ball shall be declared a dead ball when it has completely stopped its motion and is not within reach of any player figure. If the ball is declared dead between the goal and two man rods, it shall be put back into play by placing the ball in the corner nearest the spot of the dead ball and releasing it into play from rest. The goalie must have the assurance that the opposing team is ready for play to continue before putting the ball back into play in this manner. Furthermore, the goalie must then move the ball from one player figure to another one and then stop the ball for a full second before the motion of a shot or pass may begin. The time limits begin one second after the ball touches the second man. If the ball is declared dead anywhere between the two man rods, it shall be put back into play with a serve by the team that originally served that ball. A ball that is spinning in place is not considered to be a dead ball. A ball that is intentionally made dead in order to advance the ball or reset the time limits shall be given to the opposing team for a re serve (example: the two man placing the ball just out of reach in order to re serve the ball). The penalty for illegally putting the ball back into play is the opponents choice of either continuing play from the current position or re serving the ball. This includes the cases where a player either loses the ball or scores on himself before the ball has been put back into play.
. Each team is allowed two time outs per game during which the players may leave the table. Such time outs shall not exceed 30 seconds. If the ball is in play, time out may be called only by the team in possession of the ball, and then only if the ball is completely stopped. If the ball is not in play, either team may call time out. Rules Clarification August 1996 When calling a time out while the ball was in play, a team is allowed to take a second time out (providing they have one left) as long as they do not begin to put the ball back into play (by moving the ball). During an official time out, a team may not request a time out unless they would have otherwise been allowed to do so had the official time out not been called. Either team may take the full 30 seconds, even if the team that called the time out does not wish to take the full allotment. Either team may switch positions during a time out . A time out called between games shall apply to the following game to be played in counting time outs per game. A player who removes both hands from the handles and turns completely away from the table while the ball is in play shall be considered to have requested a time out. A player can take his hands from the handles to wipe them off before a shot, as long as it doesnt take more than two or three seconds. However the time limits continue to run while the player wipes his hands. The team on defense should not relax if the opponent takes his hand(s) off the rod. Either team member may call time out when either he or his partner has the ball. The time out starts the moment the time out is called. If the team with the ball attempts a shot or pass immediately after requesting a time out, the play shall not count, and the team shall be charged with a distraction rather than a time out. If the team in possession of the ball calls a time out while the ball is in play and moving, that team shall lose possession, and the ball shall be served by the opposing forward. If the team not in possession of the ball calls a time out when the ball is in play, that team shall be charged with a distraction. If a team is not ready to play at the end of the 30 second period, that team shall be charged with another time out. A team calling and/or charged with more than two time outs per game shall be charged with an automatic technical foul. The technical foul shall be shot before the 30 second period is granted. A team charged with a time out shall always be given the full 30 second period, even if they have previously taken two time outs, and either team may switch positions during this time. Once a player begins to put the ball back into play following a time out (by moving the ball), a time out may not be called again until the ball has left the current rod of possession. Penalty for violation of this rule is loss of possession, and the ball shall be served by the opposing forward. The team shall not be charged with a time out. During a time out a player may reach into the play area to spray the rods, wipe the playfield, etc. The ball may be picked up by hand, as long as it is returned to its original position before play is continued. During a time out the player may not move the ball from man to man without the permission of the official, as this can be considered practice. Penalty for violation of this rule is loss of possession and the ball shall be served by the opposing forward. If the official present feels that it would be impossible to be sure of accurately replacing the ball to the exact position it occupied at the time of a time out, they may deny a request to pick up the ball (example: a ball precariously perched on the edge of the goal).
Resuming play after time out
. Following a time out, the ball shall be put back into play by the player who had possession when the time out was called. If the ball was in play when the time out was called, the player [B must have the assurance that the opposing team is ready before moving the ball. The player must then move the ball from one player figure to another one and then stop the ball for a full second before the motion of a shot or pass may begin. The time limit begins one second after the ball touches the second man. If the ball was not in play when the time out was called, the ball shall be put back into play with a serve by the team that originally served that ball. The penalty for illegally putting the ball back into play is the opponents choice of either continuing play from the current position or re serving the ball. This includes the case of a player losing the ball before touching two men.
Official Time out
. An official time out does not count towards the two time outs allowed per team per game. After an official time out, the ball is put back into play as though a regular time out were called. If an official is not present at the start of the match, and a dispute arises during play, either team may request an official. Such a request can be made at any point during the match that the ball is stopped or dead. The first request for an official is considered an official time out. The cost for the official will be split between the two teams. If the defensive team makes a request for an official while the ball is in play and stopped, and the offensive team simultaneously attempts a pass or shot, the request for a time out will be treated as a distraction by the defensive team. Likewise, a request for an official while the ball is in motion will also be considered a distraction. Any team subsequently requesting an official will automatically be charged with a time out. Such a request may only be made during a dead ball. The penalty for requesting another official while the ball is in play is a technical foul. The Head Official will decide whether the request for a new official will be granted. If the request is granted, the team requesting the official must pay the full cost of the new official. The two officials will then judge the match. An official may be replaced only at the discretion of the Head Official. If there are already two officials present, any request for a new official will be denied, and the team will be charged with a technical foul. A team may not switch positions during an official time out, unless they are otherwise entitled to do so. Table Maintenance Any necessary table maintenance, such as changing balls, tightening the men, etc., must be requested before the start of the match. The only time that a player may call a table maintenance time out during a match would be in the case of a sudden alteration to the table, such as a broken man, broken screw, crumbling bumper, bent rod, etc. If a player figure is broken while in contact with the ball, an official time out will be declared while the rod is fixed. Play will resume on the rod where the player figure broke. If the table lighting fails, play shall immediately stop at that point (as though an official time out were called). Routine maintenance, such as spraying the rods, etc., should only be done during time outs and between games. Foreign objects on field of play if an object should fall on the playfield, play shall immediately stop at that point. There should be nothing on the ends of the table that could fall onto the playfield. Medical time out a player or team may request a medical time out. This request must be approved by the Tournament Director, the Head Official, and a member of the officiating staff. They will determine the length of the medical time out, up to a maximum or 60 minutes. A player who is physically unable to continue playing after that time must forfeit the match. If the request for a medical time out is denied, the player will be charged with a time out. The player may also be penalized for delay of game , at the discretion of the official. Medical time outs will typically be granted only for accidental or unexpected injuries incurred during the course of play.
. A ball entering the goal shall count as a point, as long as it was legally scored. A ball which enters the goal but returns to the playing surface and/or leaves the table still counts as a goal. If a point is not counted on the scoring markers and both teams agree that it was previously scored and inadvertently not marked up, the point shall count. If both teams do not agree that a point was scored and not marked up, after another ball is scored, that point shall not be counted. If there is a controversy over whether or not the ball entered the goal, an official should be called. Any team intentionally marking up a point not scored shall not get credit for the point illegally marked up and shall be charged with a technical foul. Further violations of this rule will be grounds for forfeiture of game or match (to be determined by the Head Official).
. At the end of each game, teams must switch sides of the table before play of the next game can begin. A maximum of 60 seconds is allowed between games.Either team can request the full 60 seconds. If both teams acknowledge that they are ready to resume play before the full time is used, play shall continue and the remainder of that 60 seconds is then forfeited. If a team, is not ready to play at the end of the 60 second period, that team shall be charged with delay of game.
Change of Positions
. In any doubles event, each player may play only the two rods normally designated for his position. Once the ball is put into play, the players must play the same position until a point is scored, a team requests a time out, or a technical is called. Either team may switch positions during a time out, between points, between games, or before and/or after a technical foul shot. Once a team has switched positions, they may not switch back until after the ball has been put back into play or another time out has been called. A team is considered to have switched positions once both players are in their respective places facing the table. Illegally switching positions while the ball is in play will be judged a distraction. In any doubles event any player placing their hand on any rod normally designated as one played by their partner while the ball is in play shall be judged as a distraction violations.
Spinning the Rods
. Spinning of the rods is illegal. Spinning is defined as the rotation of any soccer figure more than 360 degrees before or after striking the ball. In calculating the 360 degrees, you do not add the degrees spun prior to striking the ball to the degrees spun after striking the ball. A ball which is advanced by an illegal spin is replayed as follows: If the ball goes in the goal, then it will not be counted as a point and will be put back into play by the goalie as if the ball had been declared a dead ball between the goal and the nearest two man rod. If the ball does not go in the goal, the opposing team will have the option of continuing play from the current position or re serving the ball. Spinning of a rod which does not advance and/or strike the ball does not constitute an illegal spin. If a players spinning rod hits the ball backwards into his own goal, it will count as a goal for the opposing team. Spinning of a rod away from the ball (when there is no possession) is not considered an illegal spin, but may be ruled as a distraction. Rules Clarification August 1996 A ball is considered to have advanced once it is out of reach of the playing figures on that rod whether it went forward or backwards. In the case of the goalie area, a ball is considered advanced once out of reach of the two bar and beyond the goalie area. If an ungrasped rod is spun by the force of a ball hitting a player figure on the rod, the spin will be considered legal (example: a two man shot in singles hitting the three man).
. Any jarring, sliding, or lifting of the table shall be illegal. Whether or not the table jarring is done intentionally is of no consequence. This call must be made by an official. It is not necessary for a player to lose the ball for jarring to be called on his opponent. The penalty for violation of this rule: First offense the opposing team has the option of continuing play from the current position, continuing play from the point of infraction, or re serving the ball. If an illegal jar causes the player to lose possession of the ball from a rod, play may be continued from that rod. Subsequent violations Technical foul. After the technical shot the non offending team continues to have the options listed under First Offense. Touching or coming into contact with your opponents rods in any way shall be penalized exactly like jarring, sliding, or lifting. Jarring of the table may be called even if the ball is not in play. In particular, slamming the rod after the shot may be considered jarring.
. If a player has the ball stopped and set up to shoot or pass, and the ball is unintentionally moved due to jarring by the opponent, the official present will call reset and he will reset all time limits. The player with the ball has the option of setting the ball up again, or ignoring the reset call and playing the ball where it is. Any movement of the ball, no matter how slight, may be considered grounds for a reset (example: a ball rocking in place). A reset is not considered a distraction, and the player with the ball may shoot immediately. The defensive team should not, therefore, relax or look at the official upon hearing the word reset, but rather should stay on defense. A reset call does not count as jarring infraction, however, repeated offenses may be grounds for the official present to call a technical foul on the defensive player causing the reset. A reset violation behind the ball shall not be considered a reset violation. It shall be considered a jarring violation. (Example: if the opposing forward is judged to have reset his opponent when the opponent has the ball on the 3 rod.) An intentional reset by the team in possession of the ball for the purposes of attempting to get a reset call from the official shall not be allowed. The team judged to be in violation of this rule shall lose possession of the ball, the ball to be reserved by the other team. (This is not counted as a reset.) A team is allowed one reset call per game. After that, a team causing two resets during the same point will be charged with a technical foul. If a technical foul is called for excessive resets, the next reset call shall not result in a technical foul. Resets are charged per team and not per player. If the defender intentionally jars the table, this will not be considered a reset, and jarring will be called immediately.
Reaching Into the Playing Area
. It is illegal for a player to reach into the play area while the ball is in play without first having permission from the opposing team, whether he touches the ball or not. However, whenever the opposing team grants a player permission to reach into the playing area, it is legal for the player to do so. A spinning ball is considered in play, even if it is not in reach of a player figure. It is illegal to reach into playing area to stop a spinning ball, even if done for an opponent. A ball which becomes airborne over the table is still in play until it has hit something not a part of the playing area. Do not catch a flying ball over the table. A ball which has gone dead is considered out of play. The ball may be freely touched once permission has been granted by the official, or if no official is present, by the opposing team. There is no penalty for touching the ball after it is dead, regardless of whether or not permission was given to touch the ball. A player may wipe shot marks off any part of the table while the ball is not in play. He does not need to ask permission of the opposing team. The penalty for violation of this rule is as follows: If the player has possession of the ball, and the ball is stopped loss of possession to the opposing team. If the ball is moving in the players goal area behind the two man rod a point is scored for the opposing team, and the ball is re served as if it had gone in the goal. Any other case technical foul.
Alterations to the Table
. Playing area no changes can be made that would affect the interior playing characteristics of the table by any player. This includes changes to the men, playing surface, bumpers, etc. A player cannot wipe sweat or spit or any foreign substance on his hand before wiping ball marks off the table. Wiping rosin on the table is illegal. Any player using a substance on their hands to improve their grip, for example, must make sure that this substance does not get on the ball. If this does occur, and the substance is judged to affect the play of the ball (Example: a ball coated with rosin) that ball and any others in the table similarly affected shall be cleaned immediately and the team judged to have caussed this to occur shall be penalied for delay of game and warned that if this occurs again during the match they will be prohibited from using the substance. Handles in regard to the use of substances to improve grip, if a player uses a substance that, upon switching tables sides, has left a deposit on the handles, he must immediately clean the handles. If the time necessary to remove the substance exceeds 60 seconds, the player will be penalized for delay of game, and the player will be prohibited from using the substance again. A player may not place a tube or handle on the table exterior that inhibits the motion of the rods (example: for limiting the motion of the goalie rod). A player may not switch the handles on the exterior of the tables. A request to change balls before the start of the match must be approved by the official present or the Tournament Director. The request will be granted only if the playing characteristics of the existing balls are significantly different from the standard. New ball a player may not ask for a new ball while the ball is in play. During a dead ball, however, a player may request a new ball from the rack inside the table. Such a request will generally be granted, unless the official present judges that such a request is made simply for the purpose of stalling play. A player requesting a new ball while the ball is in play shall be charged with a time out, unless the official present judges the ball to be unplayable, in which case no time out will be charged. Unless otherwise specified, penalty for violation of any part of this rule may be grounds for a technical foul.
. Any movement or sound made away from the rod where the ball is in play may be judged as a distraction. No point made as a result of a distraction will count. If a player believes he is being distracted, it is his responsibility to call for an official. Banging the five man rod or any rod prior to, during, or after a shot is considered a distraction. Moving the five man slightly after the shot has started is not considered a distraction, however. Talking between teammates while the ball is in play may be judged a distraction. It is not considered a distraction, when passing, to move the catching rod as part of a fake. Excessive motion, however, is grounds for a distraction. It is considered a distraction, after setting up a shot, to remove a hand from the handle and then shoot the ball. The ball may only be shot after both hands are on the handles for a full second. Rules Clarification August 1996 The problem with this rule is the wording which will be corrected on the next revision of the rules. The intent of the rule is to avoid having a player remove their hands from the handles IN A DISTRACTING MANNER and then shooting as soon as they place their hand back on the handle. The word grasped was used in the last sentence of this rule. In the case of the Roll Over shot, the rod will be considered to be grasped when on the wrist of the shooter. In an attempt to stay consistent with the way we have been ruling in the cases where a roll over shooter shoots as soon as he slides his wrist on the handle, this will be legal as long as it is not done in a distracting manner. The way this is ruled will be looked at by the officiating committee and possibly changed after the World Championships. The one second on the handle does not apply in singles except in the case of a set shot on the forward three row. The European style roll over straight: This is shot by making the play figure spin around while rolling the handle from your palm to you fingertips. It is most common with the European style front pin and a straight option on a pull shot. This is a legal shot. Penalty for distraction if a shot is scored as a result of a distraction by the offensive team, the point will not count and the opposing team will re serve the ball. In all other cases, the opposing team has the option of continuing play from the current position, continuing play from the point of infraction, or re serving the ball. Subsequent violations may be grounds for a technical foul. Rules Clarification August 1996 This does not mean that the second infraction should be a technical foul. After the first infraction, the offending team will, at minimum, have to give up the drop to the other team. A technical SHOULD be called when an official feels that the team is flagrantly distracting their opponent. A technical should also be called in the case of repeated distractions when the team being distracted has the ball on the three row (in which case a drop would be of no benefit to the team being distracted.) In the case where play was in no way affected (loss of possession or being distracted while shooting or passing) the first infraction will be a warning.
. Once a match has begun, no player may practice either his serve or shot on either the table being played or on any other table. This rule applies during time outs and between games. Practice is defined as either moving the ball (by contacting it with a player figure) or practicing the serve. Illegal Practice is a judgement call by th official present at the table. Inadvertent movement of th ball does not necessarily constitute Practice. Penalty for this infraction is a technical foul, except in the case of putting the ball back into play following a time out.
. Unsportsmanlike comments made directly or indirectly by a player are not allowed. Violations of this rule may be grounds for a technical foul. Calling the attention of the opposing team away from the game is not allowed. Any shouts or sounds made during a match, even if of an enthusiastic nature, may be grounds for a technical foul. Cursing by a player shall not be allowed. Continued cursing by a player may be cause for forfeiture of games and/or expulsion from the tournament site. The use of a spotter in the audience shall not be allowed. Furthermore, a member of the audience is not allowed to influence a match by distracting a player or official. Violation of this rule may be grounds for expulsion of the person from the tournament site. Coaching will be allowed, but only duriBng time outs.
. A pinned ball on the 5 man cannot be directly advanced to the 3 man rod of the same team. It must touch at least two player figures as it is put into the motion of a pass (Except an accidental stub or squib pass SEE 21.1c). A pinned ball is on that is pinned to the wall or playfield. A ball whose motion has clearly stopped may be legally passed if this pass if immediate. Any hesitation befor the pass and the pass shall be declared illegal. Once a ball has clearly stopped and is not immediately passed it must then touch at least two player figures before it can be legally passed.f Changing the lateral speed or direction of the ball from the front or back of the man prior to passing the ball is considered to be an adjustment and is illegal. Changing the speed or direction of the ball from the side of the man is legal. An accidental stub or squib pass is legal. However, if a ball is stubbed or squibbed by a player figure, released, and then passed by that player figure before striking another player figure on that same rod, it is illegal. A pinned or stopped ball may be shot on goal, to be considered a shot, the ball must either go into the goal, be blocked by the opposing goalies men, or hit the back wall. If the atte[Bmpted shot is blocked by the opposing five man rod and then caught by the shooters three man, It shall be declared an illegal pass. If a pinned or stopped ball from the five man is shot on goal, and the ball hits the shooters three man row, then the shot would be legal, provided the ball was not caught by the three man. A caught ball is defined as a ball that is in the possession of a rod long enough for a controlled pass or shot to be attempted (examples: pick up and quick shots). Before attempting a pass from the five man rod, the player cannot make the ball strike the side wall of the table more than twice. It makes no difference which wall the ball touches a total of two times is all that is allowed. If the ball goes to the wall a third time, it must be advanced in the motion of a pass or shot. Defensive trap if an opponents pass or shot is stopped by trapping it against the side wall, that does not count as one of the two times allowed to touch the wall by the player who made the trap and is now in possession of the ball on his five man rod. Once the ball has touched the wall, it will not be counted as hitting the wall again until the ball has rolled off the side strip (if present on the table). Passing from the two man and goalie rods rule 21.1 also applies to a pass from the two man or goalie rod to the same teams five man rod. However, once a ball is forwarded from either the two man or the goalie rods, if it should strike an opposing teams player figures, that ball is no longer considered a pass but a live ball that may be legally caught by any player. Rule 21.2a also applies here for a stopped shot from the two man touched by the five man. It is legal to have just one hand on the rods when playing defensive (example: right hand on defensive five man). It is also legal to use two hands to move a rod (example: defensive five man). Penalty for an illegal pass if a team violates the above rule of passing, the opposing team has the option of continuing play from the current position or re serving the ball.
Time of Possession
. Enforcement of the time of possession rule shall be made only by an authorized tournament official. Possession of the ball at any one rod shall be limited to 15 seconds, except the five man rod which has a ten second limit, by the end of which time period the player in possession must advance the ball to or past at least one rod of the opposing team. A spinning ball that is within reach of a player figure shall be considered to be in that rods possession and all time limits shall continue. Players must make an honest effort to gain possession of a spinning ball that is within reach, however, if the spinning ball is not within reach, the time limits are not in effect. Rules Clarification August 1996 In the case of this happening in the goalie area, time will be suspended while the ball is not in reach. The official will add the amount of the suspended time at the end of the 15 seconds allowed. Penalty penalty for three man delay is loss of possession to the opposing goalie. The goalie shall put the ball back into play as if it had been declared a dead ball. Penalty for delay at any other rod is loss of possession to the opposing forward for serve.
Match time limit
. Best of five matches shall be limited to one hour of play from the time the match is started. Best of three matches shall be limited to 35 minutes from the time the match is started. If the specified time limit expires before the match has been completed, an official will announce to the players that a ten minute overtime period will begin at that time. If the overtime period ends before the match has been completed, the winner of the match shall be the player or team which has won the most games, or if the teams have an equal number of games, it shall be the team that has scored the most points in the game in progress, after the ball in play at this time that the overtime period expires has been scored. If the teams have won an equal number of games and scored an equal number of points after this ball has been scored, one more ball shall be played to determine the winner of the match. Time outs called within the regular time limit of a match shall be counted against the total amount of time left to play. However, time outs do not count against the ten minutes in the overtime period (a time out would then stop the clock). Official time outs do not count against the total amount of time left to play. Enforcement of this rule is the responsibility or the Tour nt Director.
Delay of Game
. Play shall be continuous, except during time outs. A delay of game penalty may only be called by an official. Rules Clarification August 1996 Continuous play defined: Between balls, a player shall be allowed to wipe their brow, dry their hands, adjust their grip, change their stance, or any other activity they deem necessary to prepare themselves for the play of the next ball, providing the combination of ALL such activities takes less than 5 seconds. After a delay of game infraction play shall resume in at most 10 seconds. At the end of 10 seconds another delay of game call should be made. Taking too much time to serve the ball or to put the ball back into play may be grounds for delay of game. The first infraction of this rule is a warning. Subsequent infractions will result in the player being charged with a time out. Example: Player charged with delay of game. If still not ready to resume play after 10 seconds time out charged. If after the time out still not ready, another 10 seconds second time out charged.
. Once a match has been called, both teams should report immediately to the designated table. If a team has not reported to the table within three minutes, they should be recalled. A team, upon being recalled, must report immediately to the table in order to stop the forfeiture process. A recall is made every three minutes. Penalty for second and subsequent recalls is forfeiture of a game. If a team has forfeited any games due to recalls, they get the choice of side or serve once play begins. Enforcement of this rule is the responsibility of the Tournament Director.
. If, in the judgment of an authorized tournament official, either team competing in a match is at any time in flagrant or intentional violation of these rules of play, a technical foul may be called on the offending team. When a technical foul is called, play shall stop and the ball awarded to the opponents of the offending team at its three man rod. One shot will be taken after which play shall stop. If it scores or not, the ball shall be put back into play at the spot it was when the technical was called. If the ball was in motion, it will be put back into play as if it had been declared dead at that spot. A player is considered to have taken a technical foul shot once ball has left the three man rod. A player is considered to have been blocked the shot once the ball has either stopped in or left the defenders area. Only the shooter and defender should be at the table during the technical foul shot. On a technical foul shot, the ball must be put into play before shooting . Furthermore, all rules, including time limits and resets, still apply. A team may switch positions before and/or after the technical foul shot without being charged with a time out. Time outs may be called during a technical shot, as long as they would otherwise be legal. A point scored on an illegal technical shot shall not be allowed, and play shall resume at the spot the technical was called. If a technical foul shot ends the game, the opposing team gets the first serve of the next game. Further violations of a flagrant or intentional nature shall carry additional technical fouls. A third technical foul in any one game shall result in an automatic forfeiture of the game. Also, the official may announce at any time after the first technical foul is called on a team that further violation by that team shall be cause for forfeiture of the game or match.
Rules Decisions and Appeals
. If a controversy involves a question of judgement, and the official is present at the time the events in question transpired, his decision is final and no appeal may be made. If the controversy involved an interpretation of the rules, or the official was not present at the time the events in question transpired, the official shall make the most equitable decision possible under the circumstances. Decisions of this nature may be appealed, but it must be done immediately in the manner prescribed below.In order to appeal a rule interpretation, a player must file that appeal with the official before the ball being played at the time of the controversy is put back into play. An appeal concerning the loss of a match must be filed before the team that won has begun its next match. All rule appeals shall be considered by the Head Official and (if present) at least two members of the officiating staff. All decisions on appeals are final. A team making an unsuccessful rules appeal of an obvious nature, or a team that questions a judgment call, will be charged with a time out. In addition, the team may also be penalized for delay of game, at the discretion of the official. Arguing with a Certified official during a match will not be allowed. Violation of this rule will be grounds for a delay of game penalty and/or a violation of the code of ethics.
Code of Ethics
. Any action of an unsportsmanlike or unethical nature during tournament play, in the tournament room, or on the grounds of the host facility, will be considered a violation of the Code of Ethics. Penalty the penalty for breaking the Code or Ethics may be forfeiture of a game or match, expulsion from the tournament, and/or a fine. Whether or not the Code of Ethics has been broken, and what is the appropriate penalty for the infraction will be determined by the Disciplinary Committee of the USTSA.
. The administration of tournament play shall be the responsibility of the Tournament Director. This includes making the draws, scheduling the events, timing matches, etc. The decision of the Tournament Director in such matters is final. All matters pertaining to rules of play (appointing officials, handling appeals, etc.) shall be the responsibility of the Head Official. The Tournament Director is responsible for appointing the Head Official.
5 bar passing
. These 5 bar passing rules are a little complex if you have never played tournament foosball. These passing rules do not apply to the other foosball rods, just the 5 bar. You are required to pass the ball within a 10 second time period from your 5 bar rod to the 3 bar rod directly after a serve. After the initial serve, you then are allowed 15 seconds to pass from the 5 bar. A ball cannot be completely stopped on the 5 bar and passed forward to the 3 bar, it must be moving and touch 2 men on the 5 bar before being advanced. Additionally, the ball can only touch the wall a total of 2 times in a row (before touching a man again on the 5 bar) before being advanced. However, it can touch the ball a 3rd time if it is part of the pass.
. Jarring is a rule for when a player slams his or her rods against the wall of the foosball table in an attempt to distract or jar the foosball loose from the other players possession. The rule is that there is no jarring allowed at any point during a game. This is not the same as when a player on the opposite team moves his or her foosball rods back and forth in an attempt to play defense. The key this rule is when a player hits the wall of the table with enough force to jar the ball or distract the opponent. That is why this is a subjective rule that may be called more strict by certain foosball player.
Flip a coin
. A coin flip decides who serves the foosball to start the foosball game. After the first goal is scored, the rule is that the team who was last scored on gets to serve the next ball. This rule keeps the game fair for both opponents. The foosball must be touched by a man before the ball goes into a goal for a legal goal to occur.
Benefits of Cassava
No added preservatives in cassava bread
. There are no added preservatives in cassava bread. Instead, it is preserved by drying in the sun. If you are looking for a naturally preserved food, cassava bread should be your choice. Young tender cassava (yuca) leaves are a good source of dietary
Best types of nuts for your health
. Like most types of nuts, coconuts contain significant amounts of fat, but unlike other nuts, which contain mostly long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids, coconuts provide fat that is almost all in the form of health-promoting short and medium-chain s
Benefits of Durian
Durian Cakes and candies
. There are some favorite durianbased foods like cakes, ice cream and candies, and the one I like best is Durian Pancake. It is not so difficult to make a yummy durian pancake, what you need to prepare are:
Watch the sunrise
. Sure you have seen the sunset together, but have you checked out how spectacular a sunrise is in the winter? You will have to wake up early and bundle up, but its so worth it. Besides, you can always crawl back into bed and cuddle afterward.
Mythic Creatures That Never Existed But People Believed In Anyway
. The Pixiu is another legendary hybrid creature that comes from China. Even though no part of his body resembled a human organ, the mythological creature was often described as having a Chinese lion s body with wings, the legs of another legendary cre
Precautions while using Securing Email
Keeping your webmail private
. The Internet is an open network through which information typically travels in a readable format. If a normal email message is intercepted on the way to a recipient, its contents can be read quite easily. And, because the Internet is just one large,
Benefits of Star Apple
Star apple flowers
. The fruits are round, purple or green depending upon variety.
Benefits of Honeydew
. Honeydew Melons are low in sodium, making them great for sodium restricted diets. The calcium within the solution enters the skin to really make it stronger as well as improves its life expectancy. Therefore aging of melons is imprisoned to some larg
Mind Blowing Indian Mehndi Designs
. For those who want minimal mehendi designs on their hands, this is a great option. The floral motifs at the center are drawn diagonally with designs on the individual fingers. The colorful stones are added to glam up the look.
Benefits of Bananas
Gives instant surge of energy
. It does this by converting the natural sugars into instant energy and this is one of the reasons sportsmen consume it during intervals.
Benefits of Collard
. Collards are excellent source of calcium, vitamins A, C, K and phytonutrients, all representing requisite nutrients for good skin health. They are also one of the richest sources of lutein, and contains beta carotene, both improve our skin s elastici
Funny Things To Do This Winter
Plan Your Summer Vacation
. What better time to get excited for your summer vacation than on a cold winters day? Check out warm weather websites and magazines, and plan a future getaway with friends and family while you have the downtime.
Rainy Day Ideas
Origami Hopping Frog
. Here is a great video tutorial that shows you how to make these Origami Frogs.
New Mehandi Designs
Mehandi Design 25
. Here another very simple design inspired from the Arabic mehendi trends. The use of black mehendi makes the design prominent and beautiful. This simple design can be carried off by anyone and can be used on any occasion. If you are in need of a less
Famous Logos That Have A Hidden Message
The Bronx Zoo
. Look closely at the giraffes legs. You ll see the animals are within a big city!
The Top 15 Manliest Movies Ever Made
. Was there any doubt in your mind that John McTiernans classic adaptation of Roderick Thorps novel, Nothing Lasts Forever, would be 1 on the most manly movies of all time? Super cop John McClane is one of the true iconic action roles of the 20th centu
Benefits of Ginger
Health benefits of ginger root
. This herb root only has 80 calories per 100 g and contains no cholesterol. Nonetheless, it composes many essential nutrients and vitamins such as pyridoxine (vitamin B-6), pantothenic acid (vitamin B-5) that are required for optimum health.
Best Natural Beauty Tips
Consume healthy liquids
. Make sure to take in plenty of cool water each day. Water flushes away the toxins and gives your skin that natural glow. Avoid drinking too many caffeinated drinks and minimize alcohol intake.
Rules to play Aquatics
. The lookout continuously monitors the conduct of the swim, identifies any departures from Safe Swim Defense guidelines, alerts rescue personnel as needed, and monitors the weather and environment. The lookout should have a clear view of the entire ar
Tips to success in MAT Exam
Do not waste time
. It is always suggested that do not waste time during the exam. If you are unable to solve a particular section or a specific question then move to next segment without wasting much time. It is always good to come back to such questions once you answe
. Special mantras are dedicated to God Vishwakarma and it is believed the puja is incomplete without the chanting of these mantrasOm Aadhaar Shaktapey NamahaOm Kumayi NamahaOm Anantam NamahaPrithviyayi Namaha
Benefits of Apricots
Other Health Benefits
. Apricots are a good source of dietary fiber. This overall fiber content should be helpful for most people in supporting digestive health. Within the total dietary fiber provided by apricots, about half consists of soluble fiber. Soluble fiber is one
Ideas to Improve your Life
Help people when they least expect it
. You dont need any reason to help others. Do it because you want to. Share the love with everyone.
Greatest Technological Inventions of the Past 25 Years
. Developed by Pioneer in 1997, DVD R allowed consumers to record high def content to DVDs and send em out to family members whether they wanted them or not. It also let burgeoning porn companies catch up to the digital age. Power to the people!
Benefits of Grapefruits
. Grapefruit can have anumber of interactionswithdrugs, often increasing the effective potency of compounds. Researchers have identified 85 drugs with which grapefruit is known to have an adverse reaction.Grapefruit contains a number ofpolyphenolic com
What to Eat in Dadra and Nagar Haveli
. Kneaded rice flour made by heating it with water, salt, green chillies, and cumin.Khichu is simple, easy to made, spicy and delicious healthy Gujarati Snacks. This steamed rice flour street food is very famous in Gujarat. Khichu is also known as Papd
Weird cars in the world
. Most of us have very usual cars – maybe an old VW, or a red fancy Ferrari. Our roads are full of those, but they rarely catch our attention. While VW can mean, that you have some financial problems, Ferrari shows that you are a rich lucky bastard. Bu
Get Stylish Hair
Puffed up Pony
. a. Comb your hair forwards and clip the section of hair from ear to ear to put it out of way.b. Now take a bunch of hair from the centre and do back combing with a thin toothed comb to give volume in the centre. Put hair spray to make the puffed up h
Watches You Cant Stop Watching
Thanko LED 720p Mini Video Watch
. Considering this Watch films videos at 720p and holds 4GB of storage memory, the Dollar 105 price tag is quite surprising.
Eye care tips for Computer users
. Rub your hands together for 10 to 15 seconds until they feel warm and energized. Then gently place your hands over your eyes, with the fingertips resting on the forehead, the palms over the eyes, and the heels of the hands resting on the cheeks. Dont
Wonderful cars in the world
. The Reliant Motor Company was founded in 1935 in Tamworth, England, and the small auto manufacturer produced threewheeled vehicles from the start. Threewheeled automobile areclassified as motorcyclesin the UK and thus are cheaper to register and insu
Daily Health Tips
Exercise promotes longevity
. Exercise promotes longevity. Medical researchers at Harvard and Stanford Universities who studied the habits and health of 17,000 middle-aged and older men, reported the first scientific evidence that even modest exercise helps prolong life. Dr. Ralp
Daily Health Tips
Go Bananas to Treat Chronic Disease
. Bananas are also valuable in nephritis because of their low protein and salt content and high carbohydrates content. In this condition, a diet of bananas only should be taken for three or four days, consuming eight to nine bananas a day. Smoking and
krishna Janmashtami Celebration
About Lord Sri Krishna 2
. Krishna has played various roles during his stay in the world as human body. He was Arjuna charioteer. He was a master musician, the music of his flute thrilled the hearts of the Gopis and everyone else. He exhibited miraculous powers even as a child
Rules to play Water Skiing
. The law allows persons 12 15 years of age to operate motorboats of more than 15 HP if supervised on board by a person at least 18 years of age.California law requires there to be at least two persons aboard a boat towing a water skier the operator, a
Benefits of Turmeric
. Turmeric milk is also a great way for general body detox. Taking turmeric milk daily can help in blood purification and liver detox. Blood impurities can lead to sever health problems and turmeric milk is a great way to combat it.
Myth about AIDS
My partner and I are both HIV positive theres no reason for us to practice safer sex
. Practicing safer sex wearing condoms or using dental dams can protect you both from becoming exposed to other (potentially drug resistant) strains of HIV.
Benefits of Cloves
Treatment of osteoporosis
. Eugenol and its derivatives (which include flavones, isoflavones and flavonoids) are beneficial in the preservation of bone density, mineral content of bone and bones tensile strength; and so it helps in the prevention and cure of osteoporosis.
Most Crowded Places on Earth
. Although there are several shopping centers claiming to have the most traffic in the world (most being in Southeast Asia), due to unverifiable statistics the prize for most crowded shopping plaza goes to the Mall of the America near the Twin Cities i
Sign Of Pregnancy
Check if you are spotting
. Light vaginal bleeding could be from implantation of a fertilized egg into the lining of the uterus. Many women feel that their period is beginning, but it is actually one of their first symptoms of pregnancy.
Weird and wild cutting edge Security Threats
Malware gets into your BIOS
. When you think of malware, you probably think of viruses, spyware, and trojans that infect your PC at the OS level. But there s a whole class of emerging malware that targets your PC s underlying firmware. A piece of malware called badBIOS doesn't j
Tips To Prepare a Government Job Interview
Do NOT Over Describe Yourself in Resume
. Do not over-describe yourself in your resume. You should have all those qualities that are mentioned in your resume. Do not write anything in resume which you do not possess.
How To Care For Bleeding Nose
. Nose bleeds often result form dry mucosa followed by the trauma of blowing the nose from allergies and/or colds. Here is some basic information on how to deal with them.The technically correct medical term for nose bleeds is epistaxis. They are class
A Thumb nail Sketch
. Your fingernails and toenails are there to help prevent injury to your digits, so from time to time your nails are likely to get injured in the line of duty (or in the strike line of a hammers head). Nail injuries can cause bruising, infection and ma
Makeover Tips for Lips
. Party season demands high profile lips! Treat him to flavor filled kisses with fruit flavored lip glosses. For that techno, ultra gloss look apply a dash of metallic lip gloss over lipstick in the center of your lips.
Most Beautiful Women in Sports
. Gina Carano is one of the most successful female fighters in the history of MMA. A Dallas, Texas native, she s the daughter of former Cowboys backup quarterback Glenn Carano. Despite not fighting since 2009, she has kept busy by appearing in numerous
An Artificial Bleaching Agent
. Bleaching: While the sun's rays are effective as a bleaching agent, the process is slow; moreover, it would be impossible to expose to the sun's rays the vast quantity of fabrics used in the civilized world of to-day, and the huge and numerous bolts
Social Media Networking Sites
. Tagged is a blend of social networking features that MySpace and Facebook users will find very familiar. Tagged was designed to help users meet lots of new people with similar interests in a short amount of time. You can access and register directly
Importants Dates Of Indian History
Rediscovery of River Saraswati
. The last three Vedas (Yajur, Sama & Atharva) gave much importance to Ganga; however, the oldest Veda (Rigveda) revered Indus and Saraswati as the holiest of Indian rivers. In 1995, scientists of the Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC) found that wat
Most Attractive People in Sports
Ashley Alana Washington Redskins Cheerleader
. Tan, blonde and curvy in all the right places may be unoriginal, but there s a good reason such a tried and true formula lives on because it works. On the right people, the sum total always equals. When it s brought altogether to give us a hot NFL ch
Benefits of Thyme
. Thyme is effective at fighting the bacteria that causes skin acne.
Giant Sinkhole in Guatemala
. Extreme Earth This is pretty unbelievable.?After rainstorms and a broken sewer main in a small town in Guatemala,?a massive sinkhole, 330 feet deep has fallen into the earth in contrast to 151 feet of the Statue of Liberty.
Rules to play High Jump
. Each competitor is required to wear a legal uniform. A competitor shall not compete while wearing an illegal uniform. In the event of uniform violations, issue a warning and require the athlete to make the uniform legal before competing; notify the R
Poker for Beginners
. Play begins with the first player to the left of the big blind. That player either calls the big blind (plays the minimum bet), raises, or folds. Play continues around the circle, with each player having to match the previous bet, raise, or fold. If
Tips to success in Online Business
Establish an expert reputation for yourself
. People use the internet to find information. Provide that information for free to other sites, and you ll see more traffic and better search engine rankings. The secret is to always include a link to your site with each tidbit of information.
Rules to play Roller Soccer
. Play begins by blockers lining up on the track anywhere between the rear line the jammer line and the front pivot line. The jammers start behind the jammer line, a second starting line 30 feet behind the pivot line. Jams begin on a single short whist
Precautions while using Overhead Projectors
. Spend time going over the equipment manual in detail and practicing in advance. Learn where the On/Off switch is located and where the lamp is if you need to replace it mid presentation keep a spare bulb on hand for this purpose. Before the presen
Benefits of Artichoke
When Not to Eat Artichokes
. If you ve already been diagnosed with liver, kidney or gallbladder disease, talk to your health care provider before adding artichokes to your diet. Since they stimulate bile production, they could complicate your present condition.
Ideas to Boost Business
Say Happy Birthday
. a. Mail greeting cards to your customers dates from your survey #3 . b. Include a coupon or special offer or tell them about your product that they should give themselves as a gift.
What to Eat in Orissa
. Chhena gaja is a sweet dish from Orissa, India. Unlike some other popular chhenabased Oriya desserts, such as rasagolla, which have spread throughout India, the chhena gaja remains largely popular within the state itself. Although the ingredients of
Tips to succeed in Sales
Uncover New Benefits
. After people have had time to experience the product or service youre selling, they often begin to realize benefits they werent expecting. Talk to your long term customers and find out what additional benefits theyre experiencing. You may find it adv
Most Amazing Streets in the World
. This is a narrow busy dirt track that stretches from Patiopoulo to Perdikaki in Greece. This road is a steep climb or decent it is dangerous because it has huge pot holes and very little grip for the vehicles that travel on it. It is a narrow road wi
. Nemopilema nomurai, known as Nomura s jellyfish, can grow up to 6.6 feet (2 meters) in diameter. It is edible, though it hasn t caught on widely. WhenNomura s jellyfish bloomed in 2005, some Japanese coped by selling souvenir cookies flavored with je
Amazing Facts You Probably Didnt Know
Amazing Facts 17
. If you shuffle a deck of cards, chances are that the new order of playing cards has never existed before.
Contexts or Environments
. Contexts and environments are the settings in which individual and couple traits are developed. These influential contexts are placed at the bottom of the Marriage Triangle because they form the foundation of the development of individual and couple
Benefits of Green chillis
. Chilies have vitamin B6 and folic acid. The vitamin B reduces high homocysteine level. High homocysteine levels have been shown to cause damage to blood vessels and are associated with a greatly increased risk of heart attack and stroke. It also conv
The Most Difficult Languages To Learn In The World
. An IndioEuropean language spoken by the people of Kosovo, Alabania, Bulgaria and the Republic of Macedonia, the Albanian language is a centuriesold language that was first spoken by the old communities of Montenegro, Italy and Greece. It shares lexic
. Republic Day is a gazetted holiday in India on January 26 each year.National, state and local government offices, post offices and banks are closed on this date.Stores and other businesses and organizations may be closed or have reduced opening hours