Rules to play fencing

Equipment
1. Fencing competitors must wear the necessary proper equipment, including a face mask, a fencing jacket, a pair of fencing pants to protect the legs and a fencing glove that covers the sleeve on the sword arm. Officials will check participants before each bout to make certain the equipment reaches all safety standards. Fencers must also wield approved weapons, whether a foil, saber or epee. .....
Scoring
2. Fencing utilizes a simple scoring system, awarding one point for each time a fencer touches his opponent with his weapon. Depending on the manner of competition, bouts may last five touches with a time limit of three minutes or 15 touches and a time limit of nine minutes, according to the rules of the U.S. Fencing Association. .....
Target
3. A fencer must touch his opponent in an approved target zone of the body to register a point, with the target changing depending on the weapon used. In epee fencing, contacting anywhere on the opponents body registers a touch. Sabre fencing limits the target zone to the torso, meaning anywhere above the waist. Foil fencing reduces it even further, restricting the target area to the trunk only and removing the arms and head from consideration. .....
Playing Area
4. Fencers compete on a long, narrow strip of material and must remain on the fencing strip at all times. The strip, or piste, must be 46 feet long and measure between 5 and roughly 7 feet wide. The strip contains a center line, two on guard lines roughly 6 feet from the center line and two lines marking the rear limits of the strip roughly 23 feet from the center line. .....
Penalties
5. If a fencer steps beyond the strips legal side boundaries, the official will award 1 meter, or approximately 3 feet, of ground to the opponent on the restart. Stepping beyond the strips rear limit results in an awarded touch to the opponent. Officials may also award touches to the opponent if a fencer attacks with both hands, if a fencer doesnt obey instructions or if a fencer displays poor sportsmanship or overly violent behavior. .....
Assaults and Bouts
6. A friendly combat between two fencers is called an assault. When the score of such an assault is kept to determine a result it is called a bout. .....
Match
7. The aggregate of the bouts fought between the fencers of two different teams is called a match. .....
Competition
8. A competition is the aggregate of the bouts (individual competitions) or of the matches (team competitions) required to determine the winner of the event.Competitions are distinguished by weapons, the competitor's gender, their age and by the fact that they are for individuals or for teams. .....
Championship
9. A championship is the name given to a competition held to determine the best fencer or the best team at each weapon for a federation, for a specific region or for the world and for a specific period of time. .....
Defensive Actions
10. Parries are simple, direct, when they are made in the same line as the attack. They are circular (counter parries) when they are made in the opposite line to the attack. The parry gives the right to riposte in foil and sabre the simple riposte may be direct or indirect, but to annul any subsequent action by the attacker, it must be executed immediately, without indecision or delay. .....
The In line Position
11. The position of a fencer in which his sword arm is straight and the point of his weapon threatens his opponents valid target (cf. t.56 Respect of the fencing phrase, t.60 Judging of hits , t.76, t.80). .....
Responsibility of fencers
12. Fencers arm, equip and clothe themselves and fence at their own responsibility and at their own risk.The safety measures specified in the Rules and in the standards contained in the annex to them and the methods of control laid down in these Rules are only designed to increase the fencers safety and cannot guarantee it. They cannot, therefore, whatever the manner in which they are applied, impart responsibility to the FIE, or to the organisers of competitions, to the officials or personnel who carry out such organisation, or to those who may cause an accident. .....
The Referee
13. All bouts at fencing are directed by a Referee who must be in a position of an up to date national or international refereeing licence. The referee has many dutiesCalling the roll of fencers (cf t.86 Presence on time) Directing the bout. Before each bout, checking the weapons, clothes and equipment of the fencers, according to the regulations described below.Supervising the proper functioning of the electrical apparatus.Supervising the judges, time keepers, scorers, etc.Being in position and moving in such a way as to be able to follow the bout while always being able to see the illumination of the signal lights.Penalising faults (cf. t.96 The Referee).Awarding hits (cf. t.40ss Method of Judging Hits).Maintaining order (cf. t.96 The Referee).When necessary, consulting with experts concerning the electrical apparatus (cf. o.7). .....
Method of making a Hit
14. The foil is a thrusting weapon only. Offensive actions with this weapon are made therefore with the point and with the point only.Pushing or dragging the point of the electric weapon on the electric piste is forbidden during the actual bout (between .....
Limitation of the Target
15. At foil, only hits which arrive on the target are counted as valid. The target at foil excludes the limbs and the head. It is confined to the trunk, the upper limit being the collar up to 6cm above the prominences of the collar bones; at the sides to the seams of the sleeves, which should cross the head of the humerus; and the lower limit following a horizontal line across the back joining the tops of the hip bones, thence by straight lines to the junction of the lines of the groin (see Figure). .....
Hits off the Target
16. A hit which is made on a part of the body other than the target (whether directly or as a result of a parry) is not counted as a valid hit, but stops the phrase and therefore annuls all hits which are scored thereafter (but cf. t.49 Extension of the Valid Target) .....
Extension of the Valid Target
17. However, hits which arrive off the target are counted as valid whenever, by reason of an abnormal position, the fencer has substituted this non valid target for the valid target. The Referee may question the judges about this, but alone must decide whether the hit is valid or not. .....
Materiality of the Hit
18. Only the indications of the recording apparatus can be taken into consideration for judging the materiality of hits. Under no circumstances can the Referee declare a competitor to be hit unless the hit has been properly registered by the apparatus (except as provided for in Articles t.49, o.17, o.24, or when a penalty hit has been awarded). .....
Mask
19. The Mask is made with wire mesh resistant to impact. The bib of the mask is made with a highly resistant cloth. .....
Jacket
20. The Jacket is made from resistant cloth and includes a lining that makes a double thickness of material for the sleeve down to the elbow of the sword arm and covering the flank up to the armpit. .....
Breeches
21. The Breeches are fastened below the knees with socks which cover the legs right up to the breeches. .....
Glove
22. The Glove is slightly padded with a gauntlet that covers approximately half the forearm of the fencers sword arm. .....
Foil
23. The Foil is a practice weapon made of smooth steel and is no longer than 110cm. The point is blunted and has a plastic button that covers it to protect against any injury. .....
Plastron
24. An underarm protector, which goes underneath the jacket and provides double protection on the sword arm side and upper arm. There is no seam under the arm, which would line up with the jacket seam and provide a weak spot. .....
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