Rules to play curling

Curling sheet
1. The playing surface or curling sheet is defined by the World Curling Federation Rules of Curling.[15] It is a rectangular area of ice, carefully prepared to be as flat and level as possible, 146 to 150 feet (45 to 46 m) in length by 14.5 to 16.5 feet (4.4 to 5.0 m) in width. The shorter borders of the sheet are called the backboards. Because of the elongated shape, several sheets may be laid out side by side in the same arena, allowing multiple games to be played simultaneously.

A target, the house, is centred on the intersection of the centre line, drawn lengthwise down the centre of the sheet and the tee line, drawn 16 feet (4.9 m) from, and parallel to, the backboard. These lines divide the house into quarters. The house consists of a centre circle (the button) and three concentric rings, of diameters 4, 8 and 12 feet, formed by painting or laying coloured vinyl sheet under the ice and are usually distinguished by colour. A stone must at least touch the outer ring in order to score (see Scoring below), otherwise the rings are merely a visual aid for aiming and judging which stone is closer to the button. Two hog lines, are drawn 37 feet (11 m) from, and parallel to, the backboard.

The hacks are fixed 12 feet behind each button; a hack gives the thrower something to push against when making the throw. On indoor rinks, there are usually two fixed hacks, rubber lined holes, one on each side of the centre line, with the inside edge no more than 3 inches (76 mm) from the centre line and the front edge on the hack line. A single moveable hack may also be used. .....

Curling stone
2. The curling stone (also sometimes called a rock in North America) is made of granite and is specified by the World Curling Federation, which requires a weight between 38 and 44 pounds (17 and 20 kg) a maximum circumference of 36 inches (910 mm) and a minimum height of 4.5 inches (110 mm). The only part of the stone in contact with the ice is the running surface, a narrow, flat annulus or ring, 0.25 to 0.50 inches (6.4 to 12.7 mm) wide and about 5 inches (130 mm) in diameter; the sides of the stone bulge convex down to the ring and the inside of the ring is hollowed concave to clear the ice. This concave bottom was first proposed by J. S. Russell of Toronto, Canada sometime after 1870, and was subsequently adopted by Scottish stone manufacturer Andrew Kay. .....
Curling broom
3. The curling broom, or brush, is used to sweep the ice surface in the path of the stone, (see sweeping), and is also often used as a balancing aid during delivery of the stone.Prior to the 1950s, most curling brooms were made of corn strands and were similar to household brooms of the day. In 1958, Fern Marchessault of Montreal inverted the corn straw in the centre of the broom. This style of corn broom was referred to as the Blackjack.

Artificial brooms made from man made fabrics, rather than corn, such as the Rink Rat, also became common later during this time period. Prior to the late sixties, Scottish curling brushes were used primarily by some of the Scots, as well as by recreational and elderly curlers as a substitute for corn brooms, since the technique was easier to learn. In the late sixties, competitive curlers from Calgary, such as John Mayer, Bruce Stewart, and, later, the world junior championship teams skipped by Paul Gowsell, proved that the curling brush could be just as (or more) effective without all the blisters common to corn broom use.During that time period, there was much debate in competitive curling circles as to which sweeping device was more effective brush or broom. Eventually, the brush won out with the majority of curlers making the switch to the less costly and more efficient brush. Today, brushes have replaced traditional corn brooms at every level of curling; it is rare now to see a curler using a corn broom on a regular basis. .....

Shoes
4. Curling shoes are similar to ordinary athletic shoes except that they have dissimilar soles; the slider shoe (usually known as a slider) is designed for the sliding foot and the gripper shoe (usually known as a gripper) for the hack foot.The slider is designed to slide and typically has a Teflon sole. It is worn by the thrower during delivery from the hack and by sweepers or the skip to glide down the ice when sweeping or otherwise traveling down the sheet quickly. Stainless steel was once common for slider soles, and red brick sliders with lateral blocks of PVC on the sole are also available. Most shoes have a full sole sliding surface, but some shoes have a sliding surface covering only the outline of the shoe and other enhancements with the full sole slider. Some shoes have small disc sliders covering the front and heel portions or only the front portion of the foot, which allow more flexibility in the sliding foot for curlers playing with tuck deliveries. When a player is not throwing, the players slider shoe can be temporarily rendered non slippery by using a slip on gripper. Ordinary athletic shoes may be converted to sliders by using a step on or slip on Teflon slider or by applying electrical or gaffer tape directly to the sole or over a piece of cardboard. This arrangement often suits casual or beginning players. .....
Sweeping
5. After the stone is delivered, its trajectory is still influenced by the two sweepers under instruction from the skip. Sweeping is done for several reasons to reduce friction underneath the stone, to decrease the amount of curl, and to clean debris from the stones path. The stones curl more as they slow down, so sweeping early in travel tends to increase distance as well as straighten the path, and sweeping after sideways motion is established can increase the sideways distance. When sweeping, pressure and speed of the brush head are key in slightly increasing the layer of moisture that builds up under the stone.One of the basic technical aspects of curling is knowing when to sweep. When the ice in front of the stone is swept, a stone will usually travel both farther and straighter. In some situations, one of the two alterations in path is not desirable. For example, a stone may have too much weight, but require sweeping to prevent curling into a guard. The team must decide which is better getting by the guard but traveling too far, or hitting the guard.

Much of the yelling that goes on during a curling game is the skip calling the line of the shot and the sweepers calling the weight. The skip evaluates the path of the stone and calls to the sweepers to sweep as necessary to maintain the intended track. The sweepers themselves are responsible for judging the weight of the stone, ensuring the length of travel is correct and communicating the weight of the stone back to the skip. Some teams use stopwatch timing, from back line to the nearest hog line as a sweeping aid. Many teams use the Number System to communicate in which of 10 playable zones it is estimated the stone will stop.Usually, the two sweepers will be on opposite sides of the stones path, although depending on which side the sweepers strengths lie this may not always be the case. Speed and pressure are vital to sweeping. In gripping the broom, one hand should be one third of the way from the top (non brush end) of the handle while the other hand should be one third of the way from the head of the broom. The angle of the broom to the ice should be so that the most force possible can be exerted on the ice. The precise amount of pressure may vary from relatively light brushing (just cleaning to ensure debris will not alter the stones path) to maximum pressure scrubbing.

Sweeping is allowed anywhere on the ice up to the tee line, as long as it is only for ones own team stones. Once the leading edge of a team stone crosses the tee line only one player may sweep it. Additionally, when a stone crosses the tee line, one player from the other team is allowed to sweep it. This is the only case that a stone may be swept by an opposing team member. In international rules, this player must be the skip; or if the skip is throwing, then the sweeping player must be the third. .....

Burning a stone
6. Occasionally, players may accidentally touch a stone with their broom or a body part. This is often referred to as burning a stone. Players touching a stone in such a manner are expected to call their own infraction as a matter of good sportsmanship. Touching a stationary stone when no stones are in motion (there is no delivery in progress) is not an infraction (unless the stationary stone is struck in such a manner that its position is altered), and is a common way for the skip to indicate a stone that is to be taken out.When a stone is touched when stones are in play, the remedies vary between placing the stones as they end up after the touch, replacing the stones as they would have been if no stone were touched, or removal of the touched stone from play. In non officiated league play, the skip of the non offending team has the final say on where the stones are placed after the infraction. .....
Guards shots
7. Guards are thrown in front of the house in the free guard zone, usually to protect the shot rock (the stone closest to the button at the time) or to make the opposing teams shot difficult. Guard shots include the centre guard, on the centreline and the corner guards to the left or right sides of the centre line. See Free Guard Zone below. .....
Draws shots
8. are thrown only to reach the house. Draw shots include raise and angle raise, come around, and freeze shots. .....
Takeouts shots
9. Takeouts are intended to remove stones from play and include the peel, hit and roll and double shots.For a more complete listing, see Glossary of curling terms. .....
Hammer
10. Last rock or last stone advantage in an end is called the hammer. Before the game, teams typically decide who gets the hammer in the first end either by chance (such as a coin toss), by a draw to the button contest, where a representative of each team shoots a single stone to see who gets closer to the centre of the rings, or, particularly in tournament settings like the Winter Olympics, by a comparison of each teams win loss record. In all subsequent ends, the hammer belongs to the team that did not score in the preceding end. In the event that neither team scores, the hammer remains with the same team. Naturally, it is easier to score points with the hammer than without; in tournament play, the team with the hammer generally tries to score two or more points. If only one point is possible, the skip will often try to avoid scoring at all in order to retain the hammer until the next end, when two or more points may lie. This is called a blank end. Scoring without the hammer is commonly referred to as stealing, or a steal, and is much more difficult. .....
Strategy
11. Curling is a game of strategy, tactics and skill. The strategy depends on the teams skill, the opponents skill, the conditions of the ice, the score of the game, how many ends remain and whether the team has last stone advantage (the hammer). A team may play an end aggressively or defensively. Aggressive playing will put a lot of stones in play by throwing mostly draws; this makes for an exciting game and is very risky but the reward can be very great. Defensive playing will throw a lot of hits preventing a lot of stones in play; this tends to be less exciting and less risky. A good drawing team will usually opt to play aggressively, while a good hitting team will opt to play defensively.

If a team does not have the hammer in an end, it will opt to try to clog up the four foot zone in the house to deny the opposing team access to the button. This can be done by throwing centre line guards in front of the house on the centre line, which can be tapped into the house later or drawn around. If a team has the hammer, they will try to keep this four foot zone free so that they have access to the button area at all times. A team with the hammer may throw a corner guard as their first stone of an end placed in front of the house but outside the four foot zone to utilize the free guard zone. Corner guards are key for a team to score two points in an end, because they can either draw around it later or hit and roll behind it, making the opposing teams shot to remove it more difficult.

Ideally, the strategy in an end for a team with the hammer is to score two points or more. Scoring one point is often a wasted opportunity, as they will then lose last rock advantage for the next end. If a team cannot score two points, they will often attempt to blank an end by removing any leftover opposition rocks and rolling out; or, if there are no opposition rocks, just throwing the rock through the house so that no team scores any points, and the team with the hammer can try again the next end to score two or more with it. Generally, a team without the hammer would want to either force the team with the hammer to only one point (so that they can get the hammer back) or steal the end by scoring one or more points of their own.

Generally, the larger the lead a team will have in a game, the more defensively they should play. By hitting all of the opponents stones, it removes opportunities for their getting multiple points, therefore defending the lead. If the leading team is quite comfortable, leaving their own stones in play can also be dangerous. Guards can be drawn around by the other team, and stones in the house can be tapped back (if they are in front of the tee line) or frozen onto (if they are behind the tee line). A frozen stone is difficult to remove, because it is frozen (in front of and touching) to the opponents stone. At this point, a team will opt for peels, meaning that the stones they throw will be to not only hit their opposition stones, but to roll out of play as well. Peels are hits that are thrown with the most amount of power. .....

Conceding a game
12. It is not uncommon at any level for a losing team to terminate the match before all ends are completed if it believes it no longer has a realistic chance of winning. Playoff games at national and world championships require eight ends to be completed before allowing a losing team to concede in this manner. Competitive games will usually end once the losing team has run out of rocks .....
Dispute resolution
13. Most decisions about rules are left to the skips, although in official tournaments, decisions may be left to the officials. However, all scoring disputes are handled by the vice skip. No players other than the vice skip from each team should be in the house while score is being determined. In tournament play, the most frequent circumstance in which a decision has to be made by someone other than the vice skip is the failure of the vice skips to agree on which stone is closest to the button. An independent official (supervisor at Canadian and World championships) then measures the distances using a specially designed device that pivots at the centre of the button. When no independent officials are available, the vice skips measure the distances. .....
Scoring
14. The winner is the team having the highest number of accumulated points at the completion of ten ends. Points are scored at the conclusion of each of these ends as follows when each team has thrown its eight stones, the team with the stone closest to the button wins that end; the winning team is then awarded one point for each of its own stones lying closer to the button than the opponents closest stone.Only stones that are in the house are considered in the scoring. A stone is in the house if it lies within the 12 foot (3.7 m) zone or any portion of its edge lies over the edge of the ring. Since the bottom of the stone is rounded, a stone just barely in the house will not have any actual contact with the ring, which will pass under the rounded edge of the stone, but it still counts. This type of stone is known as a biter.

It may not be obvious to the eye which of two rocks is closer to the button (center) or if a rock is actually biting or not. There are specialized devices to make these determinations, but these cannot be brought out until after an end is completed. Therefore, a team may make strategic decisions during an end based on assumptions of rock position that turn out to be incorrect.The score is marked on a scoreboard, of which there are two types; the baseball type and the club scoreboard.The baseball style scoreboard was created for televised games for audiences not familiar with the club scoreboard. The ends are marked by columns 1 through 10 (or 11 for the possibility of an extra end to break ties) plus an additional column for the total. Below this are two rows, one for each team, containing the teams score for that end and their total score in the right hand column. .....

The club scoreboard
15. The club scoreboard is traditional and used in most curling clubs. Scoring on this board only requires the use of (up to) 11 digit cards, whereas with baseball type scoring an unknown number of multiples of the digits (especially low digits like 1) may be needed. The numbered centre row represents all possible accumulated scores, and the numbers placed in the team rows represent the end in which that team achieved that cumulative score. If the red team scores three points in the first end (called a three ender), then a 1 (indicating the first end) is placed beside the number 3 in the red row. If they score two more in the second end, then a 2 will be placed beside the 5 in the red row, indicating that the red team has five points in total (3+2). This scoreboard works because only one team can get points in an end. However, some confusion may arise if neither team scores points in an end, this is called a blank end. The blank end numbers are usually listed in the farthest column on the right in the row of the team that has the hammer (last rock advantage), or on a special spot for blank ends. .....
Lead
16. The lead throws the first two rocks of the end and then sweeps the next six. The lead must be very good at throwing guards and a strong sweeper. .....
Second
17. The second throws the third and fourth stones of the end and should be strong at playing takeouts. The second sweeps the first two stones and then the final four of the end. The second and the lead need to be in sync when sweeping together. .....
Third
18. The third (or mate or vice), who throws the fifth and sixth rocks of the end, must be good at all shots, but especially draws. It is the thirds job to set up the shots that will be thrown by the skip, and to help the skip discuss the strategy of the final two stones of the end. The third also posts the score at the conclusion of the end. .....
Skip
19. The skip is the captain of the team and decides the strategy. Its the skips job to tell the other players where to throw their shots and when to sweep. The skip also delivers the last two shots of the end. The skip must be good at all types of shots. .....
Throwing rocks
20. Each player on the team throws two stones in each end. (An end is similar to an inning in baseball.) Each team throws 8 stones in an end. The players alternate throwing with their opposite number, the player on the other team who plays the same position they do. .....
Curling rocks
21. When you throw a rock down the ice, depending on its rotation which is applied intentionally it will curl, or bend, one way or another. How much (or little) a rock curls or bends, depends largely on the conditions of the playing surface. .....
The Rink
22. The curling sheet, the rink, looks like shown on the image below.The concentric rings on both ends of the rink are called the house.The center of the house is marked by the intersection of the centerline and the teeline, and is called the button.The hogline lies parallel to the teeline, in front of the house.The so called Free guard zone is the area between the hogline and the teeline excluding the house. .....
Ice
23. For indoor tournaments the artificially created ice has its surface sprinkled with water droplets which freeze into tiny bumps on the surface. Called pebbled ice, this surface helps the stones grip and leads to more consistent curling. .....
Olympic history
24. Mens curling was included in the Olympic programme in 1924 at the first Olympic Winter Games in Chamonix. It was then dropped, and later re introduced as a demonstration sport in 1932 in Lake Placid.Between 1936 and 1992, curling was staged at the Games as a demonstration sport in Garmisch Partenkirchen in 1936 and Innsbruck in 1964, under the German name of Eisschiessen; and in 1988 in Calgary and in 1992 in Albertville, with both mens and womens events.It was in Nagano in 1998 that it officially joined the Olympic programme, with both mens and womens competitions. .....
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Paneer Tikka Kathi Roll. Paneer roll, a tongue tickling and spicy masala of grated or crumbled paneer wrapped in chapati or paratha, is a treat to taste buds at anytime anywhere. .....
The Crocodile and Monkey
The Crocodile and Monkey Step 7. So, the wife Crocodile asked her husband to bring the Monkey to their home. .....
Daily Health Tips
Anti Aging Cures The Example of Lecithin. To stay young, take lecithin. Besides reducing the cholesterol level in the blood, there is mounting scientific evidence to suggest several other benefits from lecithin. It has been suggested that its intake in sufficient amounts can help rebuild tho .....
Never seen Water Like This
Jigokudani Monkey Park Nagano Japan. The Japanese macaques, or snow monkeys, that live in this park spend winter days warming themselves in the natural hot springs. .....
Tips to successful Relationship
Agreements. Remember that most major decisions in a relationship come under the domain of two individuals and as such, deserve the consideration of both people. Avoid that selfish gut instinct, and empower and involve your partner in crucial decisions. .....
Tips for Smart Work
Plan. It sounds so simple but it may be the single greatest deficiency in the workplace today. We live in an attention seeking world where cell phone chirps, email alerts, social media posts, and people all vie for our attention.If we dont plan our time, s .....
Most Beautiful Places To Visit Before You Die
Marble Caverns of Carrera Lake Chile. Azure temple, Lake General Carrera in Patagonia, Chile, A natural wonder that could be the world s most beautiful cave network. An Azure Temple created by nature, the walls of this network of water filled marble caverns show just how magnificent the .....
Benefits of Fennel Seeds
Selection and storage. Store dry fennel seeds as you do in case of other seeds like caraway, dill, etc. Place whole seeds in a clean air seal container and store in cool, humid free and dark place. Ground and powdered fennel should be stored inside the refrigerator in air .....
Watches You Cant Stop Watching
The Verticular Watch. This Matrix esque (try to say that out loud, it s extremely difficult) design is quirky but still easy to read, and only Dollar 40. .....
Teddy Day
Bear puppets. Supply each child with a paper lunch bag, brown paper, googly eyes, a black marker and pipe cleaners. Have the children cut the brown paper into ear shapes and glue onto the bottom of the bag. Use the pipe cleaners for whiskers and eyes for eyes and .....
Benefits of Tamarind
Hydrating toner. We all are familiar with the hydrating properties of tea. Green and black tea contains anti ageing elements which help to fight against the formation of free radicals. It also reduces fine lines and wrinkles. Tamarind also makes your face radiant and .....
Most Obscure Sports In The World
Moustache Growing. Compared to the other sports on this list it is admittedly tranquil. But don t tell any serious mustache grower that they aren t a legitimate sportsman. If we ever get around to it we ll explain why in our list 25 ways to end someone s life with you .....
Weird Books
Managing a Dental Practice. Genghis Khan was a busy guy, and he was never able to find time to open a dental practice in between building an empire. This book still suggests that dentists should be taking a page from his book. .....
Things Successful Teachers Do Differently
Dont worry about learning styles. A survey showed that more than 90% of teachers think individuals learn better when they get information in their preferred learning style. But despite the popularity of this approach psychological evidence shows that there is no evidence this actuall .....
Benefits of Victoria Plum
Health benefits of Victoria plum. Theyre a great source of vitamin C, helping your bodyfight infection, as well as increasing youriron absorption. The health & nutritional benefits of plums that are given above are interesting enough. And I am sure that after knowing the above benefi .....
Mountain Ranges You Need To Visit
Lhotse. Lhotse, located between Tibet and khumbur region of Nepal, that holds the world record of height 8414 meters, the mountain range is connected to Everest via South Col. The name Lhotse also implies South Peak in Tibet. .....
Homeopathy
GRATIOLA. Gratiola officinalisHedge hyssop, herb of grace.Key Uses:Gastrointestinal problems, such as cramps in the pit of the stomachHigh sex drive, frequent masturbation, and nymphomaniaMigrainesSciaticaOrigin : Found in central Europe, North America, and .....
Tips to get ready for Group Discussion
Initiate. Take the initiative to begin the discussion, if possible. .....
Sachin Tendulkar
Turning Point. Initially Sachin Tendulkar wanted to be a fast bowler and even undertook trials at the MRF pace foundation, Chennai, but his short height proved to be an obstacle. Changing his school to Shardashram Vidya Mandir and meeting Mr. Ramakant Achrekar (who .....
Benefits of Chives
Planting Instructions. Start plants from seed, purchase a plant or two, or dig up part of a clump from a neighbors garden. If seeding, plant in midtolate spring. Sow in clusters 1 to 11/2 feet apart. They also have some other essential vitamins such as vitamin C, and K, in .....
Major Wars Of 20th Century
Second Afghan Anti Reform War. Years 1928 1929 Battle deaths 15,000 The political and judicial reforms Amanuallah proposed were equally radical for the time and included the creation of Afghanistans first constitution (in 1923), the guarantee of civil rights (first by decree and .....
Chourishi Systems