Rules to play canoeing

Playing area
1. The playing area shall be rectangular, and have a length of 35 metres and a width of 23 metres. The ImmediateSurround of the playing area shall be an unobstructed area of water, with where possible a minimum width of 1 metre outside all boundaries. The water throughout the playing area must be still water at least 90 cms deep. There must be a clear height of at least 3 metres without obstacles, and a minimum ceiling height of 5 metres, above the playing area. There shall be a walkway on each side of the playing area kept clear for the referees. .....
Playing area boundaries and markers
2. The longer boundaries are to be referred to as the sidelines, the shorter boundaries as the goal lines. The sidelines and goal lines are to be indicated by a floating lane rope.The section of the goal line 4 metres either side of the centre of the goal frame should be free from floats so as not to interfere with the positioning of the goalkeeper. Markers indicating the goal lines, half way line and points 6 metres from each goal line are to be placed along the sidelines, and be clearly visible to both referees and players. Markers indicating the substituteareas are to be placed on the goal lines four metres either side of the centre of the goal frame, and be clearly visible to both referees and players. .....
Goals
3. Each goal will be located over the centre of each goal line with their lower inside edge 2 metres above the surface of the water. Each goal is to be held in such a way that it is prevented from swinging or moving. The goal supports should not interfere with any player defending or manoeuvring around the goal area, or with the flight of the ball in the area of play.

Each goal will consist of an open frame 1 metre high by 1.5 metres wide (measured internally) hung vertically. The maximum width of a material used to construct the goal frame will be 5 centimetres. The goal frames should not have any vertical or horizontal bars parallel to the main goal frame which may cause the ball to rebound out of the goal frame. The front face of the frame must be free from any loose netting, net fastenings or sharp edges which may impede the flight of the ball or damage the ball or players equipment. The front face of the frame must be red and white striped each stripe being of 20 cms length. For venues involving multiple fields all goals must be identical.

Each goal is to have a net made from a strong shock absorbing material, which allows the ball to pass freely through the goal frame but indicate clearly that a goal has been scored. The net shall be a minimum of fifty (50) centimetres deep and have no loose or hanging ends which may interfere with players or their equipment or blow in the wind or that may impede the ball entering the goal. .....

The ball
4. Size 5 will be used for Open. Size 4 will be used for Ladies and Youth.The ball shall be round and shall have an air chamber with a selfclosing valve. It shall be waterproof, without external strapping or any covering of grease or similar substance.The weight of the ball shall be not less than 400 grams and not more than 450 grams.

For games played by Men, Under21 Men and Master Men, the circumference of the ball shall not be less than 68 cms and not more than 71 cms, and its pressure shall be 9097 kPa (kilo pascals).For games played by Women, Under21 Women and Master Women, the circumference of the ball shall not be less than 65 cms and not more than 67 cms, and its pressure shall be 8390 kPa (kilo pascals). .....

Game officials
5. The game officials shall consist of two 2 referees, 2 goal line judges, 1 scrutineer, 2 timekeepers and 1 scorekeeper.Depending on the degree of importance games can be controlled by teams of between 3 and 8 officials. Where there are only 3 game officials, 2 shall be the referees who shall take on the additional duties of the goal line judges and the scrutineer and one timekeeper taking over the duties of the timekeepers and scorekeeper. .....
Referees
6. The referees shall be in absolute control of the game. Their authority over the players shall be effective during the whole time that they and the players are within the competition area.

All decisions of the referees on questions of fact shall be final and their interpretation of the rules shall be obeyed throughout the game. No protest or appeal can be made in relation to an interpretive decision of a referee. The referees shall not make any presumption as to the facts of any situation during the game but shall interpret what they observe to the best of their ability.

The referees shall whistle to start and restart the game and to declare goals, goal line throws, corner throws, infringements of the rules and timeouts. A referee may alter their decision provided they do so before the ball is put back into play. The referee must ensure that before the game is restarted that in their sole discretion neither team is disadvantaged.

The referees shall have the power to order the removal from the competition area any person whose behaviour prevents the referees from carrying out their duties in a proper and impartial manner.

The referees shall have the power to abandon the game at any time if, in their opinion, the behaviour of the players, teamofficials or other circumstances prevent it from being brought to a proper conclusion. If the game has to be abandoned the referees shall report their actions to the Chief Official. .....

Scrutineer
7. The scrutineer will be responsible for checking the equipment of all players before and during their game. They may also check equipment at any other time during a competition. UK The BCU Canoe Polo Committee, National Leagues organiser, National Leagues Secretaries or relevant Competition Organising Committee may appoint a Scrutineer for any applicable event. .....
Timekeepers
8. The timekeepers shall be situated at the officials table. The duties of the timekeepers shall be to
Record the exact periods of playing time, timeouts and the intervals between the periods;
Control the periods of timeouts and to signal the period by raising a red flag, except that a referee shall signal the end of a timeout;
Record the sendoff times of players ordered from the playing area in accordance with the rules, together with the reentry times of such players or their substitutes;
Control the periods of exclusion of players and to signal the end of the period of exclusion by a visual electronic device or by raising and waving a green flag; A timekeeper shall signal by any means provided it is distinctive, acoustically efficient and readily understood, the end of each period independently of the referees and their signal shall take immediate effect except in the case of the simultaneous award by a referee of a goal penalty shot, in which event the goal penalty shot shall be taken in accordance with the rules. .....
Scorekeeper
9. The scorekeeper shall be situated at the official table. The duties of the scorekeeper shall be to
Record the awarded goals and maintain the scoreboard during the game.
Maintain the record of the game, including the players, the score, timeouts, green, yellow and red cards awarded against each player. UK The scorekeeper should draw attention to the referee by suitable means (such as waving their hand) to indicate a player has accumulated either 3 Green Cards (=Yellow Card) or 2 Yellow Cards (=Red Card) indicating the one currently being issued as applicable. .....
Number of players
10. Each team may consist of a maximum of 8 players for any one game. No more than 5 players are permitted on the playing area at any one time. Any other players at that moment are to be considered as substitutes. A team must begin each game with 5 players, ready to start on their own goal line. If a team is reduced to 2 players at any time the referee shall end the game and refer the matter to the competition committee who shall decide the appropriate action to be taken.

The list of players names and numbers for a game must be handed to the appropriate official before the time indicated by the Competition Committee. UK From ICF Chapter 2 article 21.1.3 Up to 10 players may be used for each team as a squad (throughout a competition or league season), but a maximum of 8 players may be used for any game with a maximum of 5 on the playing area at any one time. The National Leagues Organiser may allow teams to use more than 10 players in a season in exceptional circumstances. .....

Kit
11. There are many specifications concerning kit. See the full rules for the full list. Here are just a few of the more important ones
All players must wear a shirt which covers the shoulders and upper arm.
Helmets must be CE approved.
Paddles must be of an approved thickness.
No jewellery of any type may be worn.
Players can exchange their kit whenever they want with another team member or from their substitutes area. .....
Game time
12. The minimum playing time is 6 minutes each way, and the maximum is 10. Play ends at the sound of the timekeepers horn whistle, not at the referees whistle (The only exception is if a goal penalty shot has been given before the timekeepers signal, but has not yet been taken. In this case play ends after the ball hits the water or rebounds back into play after the shot.). Half time lasts at least 1 minute, after which the teams change ends. .....
General game rules
13. The referees should be in complete control of the game what they say goes. They give signals to inform you of their decision. These are shown later on.Free throws are indirect you cannot shoot directly at goal.Free shots are direct you may shoot directly at goal (you do not have to).For both free throws and free shots, the player taking the throw shot must present the ball by holding it above their head. If you do not do this you may be penalised with a free throw to the opposition.

A free throw or shot may be taken either at the site of the foul or where the ball lies when the foul is committed. This is at the discretion of referee, who will decide which position best advantages the attacking team.Players have five seconds in possession of the ball. This is explained in more detail later. .....

The pitch
14. The pitch should be 23 x 35 metres (this is often relaxed for lower leagues).The side lines and goal lines of the pitch are marked by floating ropes, or the sides of the pool are used in smaller pools.The pitch is split into several areas there should be 6 metre markers, 4.5 metre markers and halfway markers. This results in a pitch like below
Substitutes should wait in their own substitutes area. They can pass through the no waiting area, but shouldnt stay there. Players on the pitch can paddle round the back of the goal across the full width of the pitch. .....
Sanctions
15. The referee can give several sanctions (punishments) for illegal play. These are briefly described here.Two obvious sanctions are a free throw and free shot (explained above).Another of the sanction a referee can take is to give cards. These have various meanings.

Green Card Warning. Green cards are given for repeated minor offences, unnecessary verbal communication with the referee and unsportsmanlike behaviour.

Yellow Card Sent off for 2 minutes. Yellow cards are given to any player receiving three green cards. They are also given outright for abusive or foul language, disputing referees decisions repeatedly and dangerous play.

Red Card Player sent off for the remainder of the game. Tournament organisers have the right to exclude the player from the rest of the tournament and bring the player before the B.C.U. Polo Committee. Red cards are given to any player receiving two yellow cards, to a player disputing a yellow card or to a player who does not change their attitude after receiving a yellow card. They are also given outright for a personal attack on a player or referee or for repeated foul and abusive behaviour.

A further sanction is a goal penalty shot (penalty). This is given for deliberate fouls on a shooting player who is within the 6 metre area, or deliberate fouls on a player who is about to obtain a near certain goal (e.g. the goal is undefended and player is fouled in the act passing to a player in a position to shoot).

In a goal penalty shot, all players from both teams must retreat beyond half way (note that there is no goalkeeper). One attacking player remains, positions himself on the 6 metre line, and is thrown the ball by the referee. On the referees whistle, play restarts, and the attacker has five seconds to shoot, during which time he cannot be touched. .....

Starting the game
16. The teams line up with their kayaks touching the goal line (or the pool side in a small pool). One referee throws the ball into the middle of the pitch and blows their whistle. One player from each team is allowed to attempt for the ball. All other players must be at least 3 metres away from the body of their own player.If one team starts before the whistle, or other players are too close to their own player who is trying to win the ball, this is a start infringement. A start infringement signal is given, and a free throw is given to the opposition. .....
Ball out of play
17. If the ball touches the plane of the side line, it is out of play. Side lines move with the ropes (if ropes are being used). A free throw is given to the team that didnt have possession, from the place the ball went out. You must take the throw from where the ball left the pitch.If the ball touches the goal line, it is also out of play. The goal lines move with the plane of the face of the goal (see diagram below). If the defending team was last to touch the ball, a free throw from either corner is given to the attacking team. If the attacking team was last to touch the ball, then a free throw from the goal line is given to the defending team. The throw can be taken from anywhere along the goal line.The ball is not in play until it travels 1 metre horizontally if someone touches the ball before it has gone this far, they are penalised.You can not purposely bounce the ball off another player or their kit and off the pitch to get a sideline or corner throw. This gets you a green card.

In the above diagram, the red region is out of play, and the blue is in play.The ball is also out of play if it hits a rope suspending a goal. A goal line throw or corner is given as normal.If the ball hits an object (like the ceiling or a water slide), the ball is given to the team who did not have it when it was thrown against the obstruction. The thinking is this ceilings and obstructions are always there, so if you are silly enough to throw the ball against them, tough luck! (The only exceptions are things like overhead wires which cant easily be seen). .....

Scoring a goal
18. The whole ball must cross the face of the goal for a goal to count.After a goal is scored, both teams line up in their own half. Only the bodies of the players need to be in their own half. Play is restarted by the team who conceded the goal, upon the referees whistle. There is no need to present the ball. .....
Substitutions
19. Substitutions can take place at any time during the game. A player may be substituted once they and all their kit have completely left the pitch at their own goal line. The only exception to this rule is when substituting a capsized player who has left their kayak this player may be substituted at the next break in play as long as all their kit has been removed from the pitch.
Play does not stop for a capsized player unless they are causing an obstruction or are in a dangerous position.An illegal substitution is penalised with a yellow card the team play with one less player for the duration of the yellow card. .....
Referees ball
20. A referees ball is given if two players are in joint possession for more than five seconds, or if play is stopped through no fault of either team when neither team is in possession.One player from each team faces the side of the pool, one metre apart, with their paddles in the water not between the kayaks and their hands on their decks. No other player is permitted within three metres of the place where the ball will enter the water.The referee throws the ball between the players whilst blowing the whistle. Players cannot touch the ball until it hits the water. The referees ball can be retaken if the ball is thrown unfairly. See the diagram below of a referees ball. .....
Extra time shootouts
21. If a result is required, Golden Goal extra time lasting between 3 and 10 minutes each way is played. Any team scoring a goal during this time is deemed the winner.If there is still no result, penalty shootouts are taken. Each team receives 5 shots, taken from the 4.5 metre line. A defending goalkeeper is allowed in shootouts (dont confuse this with a goal penalty shot from open play where there is no goalkeeper). If there is no winner after five shots to each team, the shootout becomes sudden death. .....
Shot clock
22. A shot clock was recently introduced to speed up the game. The attacking team have 60 seconds to have a shot on the goal or they lose possession. The shot clock is reset when the ball is intercepted by the opposing team or the attacking team loses possession. The shot clock is a recent addition to the rules and due to its expense and complexity of the equipment needed is not used universally. .....
Buoyancy aids
23. A Buoyancy aid is used to protect the players torso from injury, and must provide an inch of foam on the front, sides and back of the player. All buoyancy aids are numbered to make the player identifiable to the other players, referees and spectators. Buoyancy aids are reversible and are coloured with the teams primary and secondary colours on each side. This allows opponents to reverse their buoyancy aids and play in their away colours if the opposing teams primary colour is the same or similar. .....
Helmet and Face Guard
24. Helmets and faceguards are compulsory to protect players head and face from injury caused by accidental contact from paddles or other kayaks. .....
Kayak
25. A special kayak is used. They are constructed from carbonkevlar or a similarly lightweight material. This makes them faster and more manoeuvrable than other kayaks. They are fitted with an inch of protective foam around both ends of the kayak to prevent injury and damage at high speeds. .....
Paddle
26. A Paddle is used to propel the players during the game. The paddle can be used to flick and play the ball. Paddles are strictly forbidden of being played within hands reach of an opposing player to reduce the risk of injury. .....
Spray deck
27. A spraydeck (or sprayco is a flexible cover for a boat, in particular for a kayak or a canoe. It is used in whitewater, inclement weather or sport to prevent water from entering the boat while allowing one or more passengers to sit in the boat and propel the boat by paddling or rowing.A spraydeck is a sheet made out of watertight cloth (for example, rubberized or impregnated cloth) sized to fit over the opening, or cockpit, of the canoe or kayak.A spraydeck has an opening for each passenger. Each opening likewise is encircled by a line or elastic string running in a hollow seam on the edge of the hole. This makes it possible to tighten the spraydeck around the body of the passenger. .....
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Cover the transparency when you are done using it. With an opaque piece of cardboard (I usually mount a solid sheet of paper on one of my transparency frames). You may also turn off the projector completely, but beware, this can cause the projector bulb to burn out sooner. Overheating of projectors m .....
Best Android Games to Play Right Now
Blek. If youve ever daydreamed about those simplistic doodles in the margins of your notebook coming to life and inching around, Blek is about to make those idle dreams come true. By simply dragging your finger across a portion of the screen, youll create .....
World Flags
Comoros. four equal horizontal bands of yellow (top), white, red, and blue, with a green isosceles triangle based on the hoist; centered within the triangle is a white crescent with the convex side facing the hoist and four white, five-pointed stars placed ve .....
Christmas SMS
Christmas SMS 21. Nothing's as mean as giving a little child something useful for Christmas. .....
Management Mantras
Promote creativity. We perform best when we get our own space to work in, this does not mean we will violate any of the organization processes, rather this will provide newer ideas to flow in the system, and create a sense of belonging. We excel in those activities whi .....
Greatest Technological Inventions of the Past 25 Years
MP3. Brought to you by the people responsible for MPEG 4, MPEG 2 Audio Layer 3 let people make song files over 10 times smaller, making them easy enough to transfer over the Internet. We can get into the whole new age bootlegging that the MP3 gave birth t .....
Benefits of Cardamom
Added to tea or coffee. Cardamom can be added to tea or coffee to impart its pleasant and refreshing aroma. You can add some cardamom to your ground coffee before brewing, then sweeten and top with cream. .....
Portrait Photography tips for Beginners
Stop the waving and smiling. When shooting family pictures, nothing can ruin the moment more than saying, Hey Dan, look at the camera! Your picture will be destroyed. I m not saying you have to shoot candid photography all the time, but when you are going to have the subject k .....
Easy Tricks To Do Professional Makeup
Combat alcohol. Although you may like sippinga tasty mojito or cosmopolitan, your skin doesn t. Alcohol dehydrates you and can leave your skin dry, grey and dull. To make sure your skin glows despite the endless flow of alcohol over the festive period your moisturis .....
Most Powerful Cities On Earth
Zurich. Its no surprise to find Zurich on our list as most Swiss banks are headquartered in this city. Beyond being the financial heart of Switzerland, Zurich is the largest centre for gold trading globally. .....
Biggest things in the World
Largest Chocolate Fountain. we are pleased to be able to offer the largest chocolate fountain in the world, exclusive to us. TheWorlds largest chocolate fountainwas a new .....
Great ways to eat Corn
grilled corn and barley salad. Best made at the peak of summer when the corn is fresh and sweet the dish s light crispy flavour makes it a perfect accompaniment to grilled meats. .....
Tips to succeed in Study
Maintain your studies. See how you can retain and build on what youve learned in your courses. Dont let your knowledge and hard work go to waste. Explore ways to preserve valuable course materials and remain abreast of developments in your field. .....
Creative Cleaning Hacks
Overnight Oven Cleaner. Put a bowl filled with 1/2 cup of ammonia into a completely cold oven. Leave overnight and wipe clean the next day. Easy peasy. .....
Small Things That Can Bring You Joy
Seal Off Your Dissatisfactions. If you find yourself consumed with negative thoughts, write down what s troubling you. Then seal the piece of paper in an envelope as if you were going to mail it. Research shows that physically sealing off negative emotions actually helps you overco .....
Valentines Day Chocolates Ideas
Rocky Mountain Assorted Chocolates. Give that special someone a box full of decadence. in the form of beautiful gourmet chocolates from Rocky Mountain Chocolate Factory. This hand packed assortment of over two dozen chocolates includes delectable meltaways, chewy caramels, and classic .....
Latest Blouse Design
Frilled Blouse Pattern. This deep V neck blouse pattern at the back with frilled edges is the most creative latest blouse pattern in the trend.Keep it simple.You can you a simple and eloquent lace and get it done.Works well on satin fabric. .....
Tips to get ready for Summer
Yo yo is a no no. It can be tempting to crash diet before a holiday but do not do it. Yo -yo dieting is bad for your skin because you end up becoming deficient in key nutrients which can loosen the skin .....
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