Rules to play caber toss

Cabers
1. The caber is similar to a wooden utility pole. They can range from 16 to 22 feet and weigh between 100 and 180 pounds, though the average caber checks in at 18 feet and 150 pounds. Cabers are tapered with one end usually around 9 inches and the other 5 inches in diameter. The smaller end is rounded off, which makes it easier for the thrower to grasp. .....
Technique
2. Two or three men stand the caber up with the larger end on top and bring it to the thrower. The thrower slowly hoists the caber off the ground, cradles the tapered end in both hands, and balances it against his shoulder. The thrower then runs forward a short distance to build up momentum. Just before the toss, he allows the caber to leave his shoulder, which causes the top end to fall forward. When tossed correctly, the tapered end lands away from the thrower. .....
Judging
3. One judge stands behind the thrower and one to the side. The back judge follows the thrower and reads the toss as it relates to an imaginary clock face on the ground. The thrower starts off at the imaginary 6 oclock position. The judge checks the direction of the run and then where the caber lands in the clock. The side judge determines if the caber turns correctly. He also judges the degrees of the angle the caber makes with the ground in relation to a 90-degree vertical position. .....
Scoring
4. Each thrower is allowed three attempts, but only the best score counts in the competition. The cabers larger end must land first, the tapered end must fall forward through a 90-degree vertical position and land between 9 oclock and 3 oclock, according to NASGA rules. The best scores go to the cabers closest to the 12 oclock position. If no thrower turns the caber, the thrower who tossed closest to 90 degrees vertical wins. .....
Miscellaneous Rules
5. If the thrower picks up the caber and has to set it back on the ground, this counts as one of his three tries. In official games, competitors must wear a kilt, hose and flashes. Flashes are worn around the top of the hose, inside the cuff, and help keep the hose in place. Scottish clothing can be waived by a games official for novice and first-time throwers. .....
How to win
6. There are two things that will make you successful tossing a caber; one is form, since the judging is done by direction, and the other is energy.Tossing a caber, like tossing anything, takes kinetic energy. The Scottish think they invented kinetic energy. Like the Greeks they find a way to have invented everything.

But energy is sort of abstract for most people to understand so we instead think in terms of work, like how much weight can be moved in some period of time. Car commercials, for example, commonly talk about horsepower but what does that mean? The classical definition of a horsepower is 33,000 f *lb /minute, but caber tossing doesnt take a minute so if we divide by 60, we have 550 lbs. moved one foot in one second, which is a little closer to what we need.

A caber is 150 lbs. so 1 HP would lift it 3.67 feet in that one second but a Caber is 18 feet long, give or take so how useful is 3.67 feet? Since the goal is to get the narrow end being held near the waist pointed directly away from the thrower, it needs to go end over end so it should not go straight up but rather tilted forward. How much is going to be the difference between art and science.

First the science. Well put some more details in the notes but you can see here that getting the height you need to get this to go forward rather than backward means the bottom of the Caber has to go almost to the throwers head, less than 3.67 feet. But a Caber also has to keep going, it wont reach its transition point for 2 or 3 seconds, meaning actually getting that Caber where you want it is around 3 HP of work. .....

Caber Specifications
7. Although there is no set length or girth for a caber, the caber should be at a weight where at least 2/3 of all competitors can cause the caber to rotate over the top at 90 degrees to the ground. If an entire round commences with no competitors tossing a 90 degree throw the head judge has the right to shorten the caber from the thick end until it is a weight that can be properly thrown. .....
Tossing
8. The caber is placed on end before the competitor picks it up, with the thicker end on top. As soon as the caber is lifted a turn has begun, and if the bottom touches the ground before the caber is thrown the turn is forfeited. Before throwing the caber a competitor is allowed to take as long a run as needed, within the judges established parameters, to perform his throw. .....
Legal Tosses
9. For a toss to be a legal caber toss the caber must travel completely vertical in its path, 90 degrees relative to the ground. A throw that does not travel 90 degrees over the top cannot beat a throw that travels at a 90 degree angle, regardless of finishing positions. .....
Hand Weapon
10. Once youve thrown the Caber, the Caber Thrower gets the normal weapons for a Kriel Warrior and the rules recommend replacing him with a standard Kriel Warrior model to avoid confusion. .....
Scottish Bagpipe Music
11. Most people are familiar with Amazing Grace, the bagpipe melody that bands often play at military funerals. However, this tune is not Scottish; it came to the bagpipe by way of England. The author and lyricist wrote this song aboard a slave ship bound for home. Although this popular song soon gained a strong following in Protestant churches, this haunting melody has lyrics that speak neither of Scotland nor of the lives of people who created the Great Highland bagpipes.

The earliest known record of the Scottish bagpipe date to around 1400 A.D. The songs that Scottish pipers first played on their bagpipes had their origin in folk songs heard for centuries at weddings, dances and community celebrations. These songs regale Scottish culture and traditions. They tell the stories of beautiful women, famous clans, Scotlands heroes and places that bonded the Scottish people to each other and to their land. .....

Auld Lang Syne
12. Is a familiar tune that we often hear at New Years celebrations. It plaintively asks, should auld old acquaintance be forgot? The Scottish author, Robert Burns tells us no, in a poem he wrote in the 18th century. Burns tells the Scots and all of those throughout the world who have adopted this tune, that friends and memories must be held dear, no matter how far from home. .....
Scotland the Brave
13. Is one of the most famous folk tunes in Scotland. When it is played on the bagpipe, by either a band or single piper, it moves the stalwart clansman to public displays of emotion. The bagpipe melody has been played since the beginning of the 20th century. Cliff Hanley added lyrics to this tune in the mid-1950s, recalling the history of Scotland, its beauty and the fierce spirit of its people. .....
Flower of Scotland
14. Is a strong contender to be Scotlands official national anthem. It also details the history of Scotland and its troubled relationship with England. Scotland is officially part of the United Kingdom, after centuries of struggle against British rule. However, the Scottish Football Association and the national rugby team adopted Flower of Scotland for their opening ceremonies before each game. It is especially significant when Scottish teams play against England, where the national anthem, God Save Our Queen is the ceremonial tune. .....
Getting it Up
15. Let me tell you what the novice does with a caber if no one tells him or her what the technique is.and of course no one is going to tell us when were too proud to ask! I went into my back yard, walked the caber up and picked it up. It was a big moment. I grabbed and grasped and finally found myself embracing the rough and ugly chunk of wood which was stained with some sort of green preservative - carcinogenic - I was sure! Above me was a mysterious force and it kept pushing the top of the pole in all directions. I knew that if I looked up I would see this giant hand pushing on the caber. But I also knew that if I looked up I would drop it and it would kill me and my wife was off at work and.well you can see how bad this can all get. About six weeks later I actually turned it though, and felt pretty good. I called it my turning point. .....
A Better Route
16. The caber is always put in an upright position by the previous thrower or Games staffers. You stand with your heels together and toes out with the narrow end of the caber on the ground between your feet while the other athlete walks it up. I.e.: he grabs the heavy end, raises it over his head and walks toward you until the caber is upright and right in your face. Then he or she says, You got it? And you say, Yup. But then, what else can you say? No, I dont even know what Im doing here!?

You let the stick angle slightly back. resting on your shoulder. Then you start a slow, snaking action, moving your hands toward the ground down the shaft, all the while sensing for a shift in the weight that will tell you that the caber is not going to stay where you want it. You are squatting, back almost parallel to the ground, the caber is pressing on your shoulder and you finally feel your little fingers touch the grass. Later, and with longer cabers, you wont go as far down the shaft. Now comes the first tricky part. .....

The Pick
17. Most people with no instruction try to get their fingers under the rounded end of the caber. It seems to me that I once placed the end on a clump of grass just so I had some purchase. You can also imagine praying for a gopher hole. Well, how the hell do you get it up off the ground? First of all, we cheat! We have this goopy brown paste we call stickem or some such spelling which is pitch and some other stuff to keep it from drying - probably another carcinogen! You put enough on your fingers and palms to be able to grasp the stick. Interlace your fingers almost to the palms, get as much palm surface spread around the base as you can a big reason to get as close to the bottom as possible, dig the heels of your hands in as hard as you can and stand up. Use your legs! You do not want to muscle the caber off the ground with your arms: standing up simply brings the caber up with you.

Up to now it was tricky, now it gets complicated. Using the upward moment imparted by your legs, drop your palms under the base of the caber. This is trickier than it sounds: you keep your fingers laced. Look at the wallpaper of this page and youll see how Ryan has grasped the base of his caber. At the same time you begin what the late West Coast Youth Caber Director / Athletic Director / Judge / Announcer / Amateur Athlete Cletus Abbott called: the Spider Dance. 80 to 90% of the cabers weight is above the fulcrum point and you have just done a bunch of moves that almost guarantee the stick to be out of balance. So you step left to compensate and then its going the other way and also forward and you start forward but not fast enuf and so you start running after the caber, trying not to lose it. It can look pretty funny at times, but eventually you do learn the spider dance with some degree of finesse and once this balance is established you can start your run. .....

The Run
18. Why run? Another Local Hero / Judge / Athlete Mike Qutermous, would pick up my caber and turn it without taking a step. Or picked the caber with one hand, took a few steps at a fast walk and turned it single-handed. Obviously the need to run is related to the athlete and the physical parameters of the caber.

I think cabers should be thought of as wheels with two spokes: there has to be a center of rotation. The run gives the forward motion to get the wheel spinning. The heavy upper end will assure that the wheel goes forward and starts the spin when you stop. The long and heavy cabers require the field experience, the technique and the strength to make this wheel simile work. With your little 2 x 4 you can easily see the spinning wheel concept when you toss it hard enough to spin twice before hitting the ground. What you want to simulate with the caber is a wheel turning only 270 degrees. .....

The Plant
19. But you dont just stop, you plant. Feet spread a bit, you squat quickly, then use those powerful quads to shoot you and the caber up off the ground and give the long spoke of wheel the push it needs to make a revolution or turn. If it falls back toward you it is a 6 oclock and it makes a funny, hollow whomping, or even a doinnnkk! sound which is somehow different from what you hear when it falls in the other direction - a full 270 degree turn or 12 oclock . or maybe its the roar of the crowd that drowns out the sound then.

Oh, one last word: after a successful toss, stand still. The judge - who has been following your possibly erratic course - needs to estimate the clock angle of the fall, from where you planted. If you do some sort pro football fancy turn, hoping for more applause from the spectators, you might lose your advantage. Note the position of the athlete in the picture below, On the ground and falling. He is standing perfectly still.or is he praying? .....

Tossing the Caber
20. There is no standard size or weight of a caber but the caber should be of a length and weight such that at least half the competitors can turn it. The caber is to be made only of wood. The caber shall be placed upright for the competitor, with the heavy end on top. The attempt begins when the competitor lifts the caber from the ground. If the competitor drops the small end of the caber back to the ground after having picked it up, this shall count as one attempt. It is recommended that a back judge and a side judge be used. The judge may set boundaries if he feels the ground in a certain area is not suitable for the caber to be tossed or to provide safety for the spectators. The competitor may take any length of run they wish and may toss the caber from where they choose, as long as it is within the judges boundaries. The caber must pass through the vertical position 90 degrees from the ground in order to count as a turned caber. It is up to the side judge to determine if the caber has passed through it. The clock face method of judging shall be used. The caber in a perfect toss will pass through the vertical position and land with the small end pointing directly at 12 oclock away from the competitor in an imaginary straight line extending from the competitor through the initial landing point and in line with the direction of the run. An overhead view is drawn in Figure 2 below to demonstrate a 12 oclock toss. .....
Tossing the Weight for Height
21. Standard Weight: Men Women Master 56 lbs. 28 lbs. 42 lbs. or 56 lbs. The weight will be thrown with one hand only. The weight shall be made of metal but can be of various shapes and sizes including spherical, bullet or box shaped. The handle can either be attached directly to the weight or attached with a length chain. The handle may also be of various shapes and thickness such as a ring, triangle or a D shape. The total weight of each implement shall be 28 lb., 42 lbs. and 56 lbs. The women shall throw a 28 lb. weight and the men shall throw a 56 lb. weight. If there is a masters class they may throw a 42 lb. weight instead of a 56 lb. weight. The implement shall not measure more than 18 in overall length but a weight shorter than this is normally used when thrown for height to avoid hitting the ground when swung between the legs. Any throwing style may be used as long as the rules are followed and the style is deemed safe by the judge. .....
Events
22. A Scottish Heavy Events competition is defined by at least five of the events listed above. If only five events are used, then no two events will be similar such as two stones, two weight throws for distance, or two hammers. If an implement breaks during a competition and cannot be repaired quickly, the round in which it broke should be started over with a new implement being used. If the judge determines that time does not allow for this, then a new implement will be used and the round continued where it left off. In the interest of safety, the judge has the right to disqualify any competitors who in their opinion do not have the ability to complete a throw without injuring themselves, other competitors or spectators. The judge also has the right to disqualify any competitors who display poor sportsmanship. .....
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Anya Stroud. The COG Anya Stroud had a cursory presence in the first two Gears of War games, but she finally emerged as the series first female playable character in Gears of War 3. To be honest, she scares the shit out of us, but at least shes fighting as a hero .....
Rose Day
Rose Color Meaning. Red roses are the indication of love and given to each other to express love.A single red rose is given to say thank you to be in life. Bunch of red roses are given to express true love without which one cannot live. .....
Benefits of Broccoli
Broccoli is a cool season. Broccoli was developed from wild cabbage during Roman times, and was enjoyed immensely by the Romans. Broccoli was introduced to the United States during colonial times, but did not gain popularity until the 1920 s. Broccoli is a cool season crop and .....
Visa and Passport
Travel visas. Lots of countries require a tourist visa for entry, and we can help you find out if you need one, and make it easy for you to buy one. Whether youre climbing the Great Wall in China, taking on the Trans Siberian or chilling in Goa its always best to .....
Forever Young Naturally Lifestyle
What menopause Upavista konasana. Sit with legs wide apart and place bolsters between them. Rest forward with your abdomen supported, adding or removing support for comfort. To come out, inhale and raise the trunk carefully. Bring your legs slowly back together. .....
Tips to succeed in Exams
Organise your time. The most helpful strategy Dan could adopt is to set time limits. In the short term, this would give him an idea of when his work would finish. As it is, he simply gives himself all evening. This is very inefficient. Time limits would also help him co .....
Dreams That Forever Changed Society
South African Anti Apartheid Revolution. Nelson Mandela remained steadily devout to democratic ideals and gave his life to uphold the dream of a South African free society. His courage to endure the hardship of 27 years of imprisonment and emerging to be the first democratic elected Preside .....
Gym guide Ideas
Spreading out your workout. Avoid putting a circuit together that takes over the entire gym. Not only does it inconvenience other gym goers when you traverse the entire gym floor with your superset, it also wastes precious time. Group your exercises in a way that allows you to .....
Lal Bahadur Shastri
Post Independence. Lal Bahadur Shastri had served in various positions before being elected as the Prime Minister. After Independence, he became the Minister of police in the Ministry of Govind Vallabh Panth in Uttar Pradesh. His recommendations included the introducti .....
Ajanta Caves
Rediscovery. On 28 April 1819, a British officer for the Madras Presidency, John Smith, of the 28th Cavalry, while hunting tiger, accidentally discovered the entrance to Cave No. 10 deep within the tangled undergrowth. There were local people already using the ca .....
Precautions while using Shampoo
Thickeners. To some extent, the alkanolamides that make shampoos foam also make the formulations thicker. However, other materials are also used to increase the viscosity. For example, methylcellulose, derived from plant cellulose, is included in shampoos to mak .....
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