Precautions while using shampoo

Shampoos
1. Shampoos are cleaning formulations used for a wide range of applications, including personal care, pet use, and carpets. Most are manufactured in roughly the same manner. They are composed primarily of chemicals called surfactants that have the special ability to surround oily materials on surfaces and allow them to be rinsed away by water. Most commonly, shampoos are used for personal care, especially for washing the hair. .....
History
2. Shampoos are cleaning formulations used for a wide range of applications, including personal care, pet use, and carpets. Most are manufactured in roughly the same manner. They are composed primarily of chemicals called surfactants that have the special ability to surround oily materials on surfaces and allow them to be rinsed away by water. Most commonly, shampoos are used for personal care, especially for washing the hair. .....
Raw Materials
3. New shampoos are initially created by cosmetic chemists in the laboratory. These scientists begin by determining what characteristics the shampoo formula will have. They must decide on aesthetic features such as how thick it should be, what color it will be, and what it will smell like. They also consider performance attributes, such as how well it cleans, what the foam looks like, and how irritating it will be. Consumer testing often helps determine what these characteristics should be. .....
Water
4. The primary ingredient in all shampoos is water, typically making up about 70 80% of the entire formula. Deionized water, which is specially treated to remove various particles and ions, is used in shampoos. The source of the water can be underground wells, lakes, or rivers. .....
Ketoconazole Shampoo Description
5. Ketoconazole Shampoo, 2% is a red orange liquid for topical application, containing the broad spectrum synthetic antifungal agent ketoconazole in a concentration of 2% in an aqueous suspension. It also contains: coconut fatty acid diethanolamide, disodium laureth sulfosuccinate, FD C Red No. 40, hydrochloric acid, imidurea, laurdimonium hydroxypropyl hydrolyzed collagen, PEG 120 methyl glucose dioleate, purified water, sodium chloride, sodium hydroxide, and sodium lauryl ether sulfate. .....
Ketoconazole Shampoo Clinical Pharmacology
6. Tinea (pityriasis) versicolor is a non contagious infection of the skin caused by Pityrosporumorbiculare (Malassezia furfur). This commensal organism is part of the normal skin flora. In susceptible individuals the condition is often recurrent and may give rise to hyperpigmented or hypopigmented patches on the trunk which may extend to the neck, arms and upper thighs. Treatment of the infection may not immediately result in restoration of pigment to the affected sites. Normalization of pigment following successful therapy is variable and may take months, depending on individual skin type and incidental skin exposure. The rate of recurrence of infection is variable. .....
Indications and Usage for Ketoconazole Shampoo
7. Ketoconazole Shampoo, 2% is indicated for the treatment of tinea (pityriasis) versicolor caused by or presumed to be caused by Pityrosporumorbiculare (also known as Malassezia furfur or M. orbiculare). Note: Tinea (pityriasis) versicolor may give rise to hyperpigmented or hypopigmented patches on the trunk which may extend to the neck, arms and upper thighs. Treatment of the infection may not immediately result in normalization of pigment to the affected sites. Normalization of pigment following successful therapy is variable and may take months, depending on individual skin type and incidental sun exposure. Although tinea versicolor is not contagious, it may recur because the organism that causes the disease is part of the normal skin flora. .....
Contraindications
8. Ketoconazole Shampoo, 2% is contraindicated in persons who have known hypersensitivity to the active ingredient or excipients of this formulation. Only apply shampoo to your scalp and massage gently. Don t pile your hair on top and scrub it, as this will only create knots. Work the shampoo gently down to the ends of your hair and rinse thoroughly. .....
Precautions
9. Severe hypersensitivity reactions, including anaphylaxis, have been reported during post marketing use of Ketoconazole Shampoo, 2%. If a reaction suggesting sensitivity or chemical irritation should occur, use of the medication should be discontinued. .....
Pregnancy
10. There are no adequate and well controlled studies in pregnant women. Ketoconazole should be used during pregnancy only if the potential benefit justifies the potential risk to the fetus. In humans, ketoconazole is not detected in plasma after chronic shampooing on the scalp. Ketoconazole has been shown to be teratogenic (syndactylia and oligodactylia) in the rat when given orally in the diet at 80 mg/kg/day (a dose 10 times the maximum recommended human oral dose). However, these effects may be related to maternal toxicity, which was seen at this and higher dose levels. .....
Nursing Mothers
11. There are no adequate and well controlled studies in nursing women. Ketoconazole is not detected in plasma after chronic shampooing on the scalp. Caution should be exercised when Ketoconazole Shampoo, 2% is administered to a nursing woman. .....
Adverse Reactions
12. In 11 double blind trials in264 patients using Ketoconazole Shampoo, 2% for the treatment of dandruff or seborrheic dermatitis, an increase in normal hair loss and irritation occurred in less than1% of patients. In three open label safety trials in which 41patients shampooed 4 10 times weekly for six months, the following adverse experiences each occurred once: abnormal hair texture, scalp pustules, mild dryness of the skin, and itching. As with other shampoos, oiliness and dryness of hair and scalp have been reported. In a double blind, placebo controlled trial in which patients with tinea versicolor were treated with either a single application of Ketoconazole Shampoo, 2% (n=106), a daily application for three consecutive days (n=107), or placebo (n=105), drug related adverse events occurred in 5 (5%),7 (7%) and 4 (4%) of patients, respectively. .....
Post marketing Experience
13. Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not possible to reliably estimate their frequency. The following adverse drug reactions have been identified during post marketing experience with Ketoconazole Shampoo, 2%: there have been reports of hair discoloration and abnormal hair texture, itching, skin burning sensation, contact dermatitis, hypersensitivity, angioedema, alopecia, rash, urticaria, skin irritation, dry skin, and application site reactions. .....
Overdosage
14. Ketoconazole Shampoo, 2% is intended for external use only. In the event of accidental ingestion, supportive measures should be employed. Induced emesis and gastric lavage should not be performed toe avoid aspiration. Only apply shampoo to your scalp and massage gently. Don t pile your hair on top and scrub it, as this will only create knots. Work the shampoo gently down to the ends of your hair and rinse thoroughly. .....
How is Ketoconazole Shampoo Supplied
15. Ketoconazole Shampoo, 2% is a red orange liquid and is available as follows: 4 fl. oz. (120 mL) nonbreakable plastic bottle (NDC 45802 465 64). Only apply shampoo to your scalp and massage gently. Don t pile your hair on top and scrub it, as this will only create knots. Work the shampoo gently down to the ends of your hair and rinse thoroughly. .....
Ketoconazole Shampoo Dosage and Administration
16. Apply the shampoo to the damp skin of the affected area and a wide margin surrounding this area. Lather, leave in place for 5 minutes, and then rinse off with water.One application of the shampoo should be sufficient. Dry shampoo is probably the hair styling product most likely to strike fear into the heart of a woman. We ve all heard this spray can work wonders, giving your hair volume, getting rid of oil, and even allowing you to skip days between hair washings. Let s face it, that last reason is a technological wonder that all women love! But when you throw in the threat of looking like you ve used George Washington s hair powder, most women won t even look at a can of dry shampoo. .....
STORAGE
17. Store at 20 25 .....
What side effects are possible with Nizoral Shampoo
18. Many medications can cause side effects. A side effect is an unwanted response to a medication when it is taken in normal doses. Side effects can be mild or severe, temporary or permanent. The side effects listed below are not experienced by everyone who takes this medication. If you are concerned about side effects, discuss the risks and benefits of this medication with your doctor. The following side effects have been reported by at least 1% of people taking this medication. Many of these side effects can be managed, and some may go away on their own over time. Contact your doctor if you experience these side effects and they are severe or bothersome. Your pharmacist may be able to advise you on managing side effects. .....
Are there any other precautions or warnings for Nizoral Shampoo
19. Before you begin using a medication, be sure to inform your doctor of any medical conditions or allergies you may have, any medications you are taking, whether you are pregnant or breast feeding, and any other significant facts about your health. These factors may affect how you should use this medication. .....
Allergy
20. If a reaction suggesting allergy or chemical irritation should occur, stop using ketoconazole cream or shampoo and contact your doctor. Signs of an allergic reaction may include itchiness, rash, or swelling of the affected area. Dry shampoo is probably the hair styling product most likely to strike fear into the heart of a woman. We ve all heard this spray can work wonders, giving your hair volume, getting rid of oil, and even allowing you to skip days between hair washings. Let s face it, that last reason is a technological wonder that all women love! But when you throw in the threat of looking like you ve used George Washington s hair powder, most women won t even look at a can of dry shampoo. .....
Eye concerns
21. Ketoconazole cream should never be used to treat infections of the eye. If ketoconazole shampoo gets in the eyes, flush the eyes well with clear water for several minutes. Dry shampoo is probably the hair styling product most likely to strike fear into the heart of a woman. We ve all heard this spray can work wonders, giving your hair volume, getting rid of oil, and even allowing you to skip days between hair washings. Let s face it, that last reason is a technological wonder that all women love! But when you throw in the threat of looking like you ve used George Washington s hair powder, most women won t even look at a can of dry shampoo. .....
Outweigh the risks
22. This medication should not be used during pregnancy unless the benefits outweigh the risks. If you become pregnant while using this medication, contact your doctor immediately. Dry shampoo is probably the hair styling product most likely to strike fear into the heart of a woman. We ve all heard this spray can work wonders, giving your hair volume, getting rid of oil, and even allowing you to skip days between hair washings. Let s face it, that last reason is a technological wonder that all women love! But when you throw in the threat of looking like you ve used George Washington s hair powder, most women won t even look at a can of dry shampoo. .....
Children
23. Use of the shampoo by children under 12 years of age is not recommended except on the advice of a doctor. Dry shampoo is probably the hair styling product most likely to strike fear into the heart of a woman. We ve all heard this spray can work wonders, giving your hair volume, getting rid of oil, and even allowing you to skip days between hair washings. Let s face it, that last reason is a technological wonder that all women love! But when you throw in the threat of looking like you ve used George Washington s hair powder, most women won t even look at a can of dry shampoo. .....
What other drugs could interact with Nizoral Shampoo
24. Tell your doctor or prescriber about all prescription, over the counter (non prescription), and herbal medications that you are taking. Also tell them about any supplements you take. Since caffeine, alcohol, the nicotine from cigarettes, or street drugs can affect the action of many medications, you should let your prescriber know if you use them. .....
Are there any other precautions or warnings for R C Shampoo with Conditioner
25. Before you begin using a medication, be sure to inform your doctor of any medical conditions or allergies you may have, any medications you are taking, whether you are pregnant or breast feeding, and any other significant facts about your health. These factors may affect how you should use this medication. .....
Dandruff Shampoo Top Side Effects
26. Skin irritation, dry skin, oily or dry hair/scalp, or temporary hair loss may occur. If any of these effects persist or worsen, discontinue use and consult your doctor or pharmacist promptly. Hair discoloration may occur and can be reduced by carefully rinsing the hair thoroughly after each treatment. If your doctor has prescribed this medication, remember that he or she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects. Many people using this medication do not have serious side effects. .....
The temperature of the water
27. The temperature of the water should be checked on the wrist or the back of the hand before allowing the water to run on the scalp. Dry shampoo is probably the hair styling product most likely to strike fear into the heart of a woman. We ve all heard this spray can work wonders, giving your hair volume, getting rid of oil, and even allowing you to skip days between hair washings. Let s face it, that last reason is a technological wonder that all women love! But when you throw in the threat of looking like you ve used George Washington s hair powder, most women won t even look at a can of dry shampoo. .....
POINTS TO REMEMBER
28. Hot water taps should be turned off during massage unless a mixer tap is used, in which case the whole tap is turned off. This is to conserve hot water. Never allow the client to leave the shampoo area with hair dripping on to the face. Always wrap hair a towel to keep the head warm if the client is required to move about in the salon. .....
TECHNICAL TIP
29. Always follow the manufacturers instructions for shampoo type. Some conditioning type shampoos may need to be left on the hair for a few minutes. Shampoo /? .....
Europe
30. During the early stages of shampoo, English hair stylists boiled shaved soap in water and added herbs to give the hair shine and fragrance. Kasey Hebert was the first known maker of shampoo, and the origin is currently attributed to him. Commercially made shampoo was available from the turn of the 20th century. A 1914 ad for Canthrox Shampoo in American Magazine showed young women at camp washing their hair with Canthrox in a lake; magazine ads in 1914 by Rexall featured Harmony Hair Beautifier and Shampoo. .....
India
31. In India, a variety of herbs and their extracts were used as shampoos. A very effective early shampoo was made by boiling Sapindus with dried Indian gooseberry (aamla) and a few other herbs, using the strained extract. Sapindus, also known as soapberries or soapnuts, is called Ksuna (Sanskrit: in ancient Indian texts and its fruit pulp contain saponins which are a natural surfactant. The extract of soapberries, a tropical tree widespread in India, creates a lather which Indian texts called phenaka (Sanskrit: It leaves the hair soft, shiny and manageable. Other products used for hair cleansing were shikakai (Acacia concinna), soapnuts (Sapindus), hibiscus flowers, ritha and arappu (Albizzia amara). Guru Nanak, a Sikh guru, made references to soapberry tree and soap in 16th century. .....
Indonesia
32. Early shampoos used in Indonesia were made from the husk and straw (merang) of rice. The husks and straws were burned into ash, and the ashes (which have alkaline properties) are mixed with water to form lather. The ashes and lather were scrubbed into the hair and rinsed out, leaving the hair clean, but very dry. Afterwards, coconut oil was applied to the hair in order to moisturize it. .....
Composition
33. Shampoo is generally made by combining a surfactant, most often sodium lauryl sulfate or sodium laureth sulfate, with a co surfactant, most often cocamidopropyl betaine in water to form a thick, viscous liquid. Other essential ingredients include salt (sodium chloride), which is used to adjust the viscosity, a preservative and fragrance. .....
Ingredient and functional claims
34. In the USA, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) mandates that shampoo containers accurately list ingredients on the products container. The government further regulates what shampoo manufacturers can and cannot claim as any associated benefit. Shampoo producers often use these regulations to challenge marketing claims made by competitors, helping to enforce these regulations. While the claims may be substantiated however, the testing methods and details of such claims are not as straightforward. For example, many products are purported to protect hair from damage due to ultraviolet radiation. While the ingredient responsible for this protection does block UV, it is not often present in a high enough concentration to be effective. .....
Health risks
35. A number of contact allergens are used as ingredients in shampoos, and contact allergy caused by shampoos is well known. Patch testing can identify ingredients to which patients are allergic, after which a physician can help the patient find a shampoo that is free of the ingredient to which they are allergic. .....
Specialized shampoos
36. Cosmetic companies have developed shampoos specifically for those who have dandruff. These contain fungicides such as ketoconazole, zinc pyrithione and selenium sulfide, which reduce loose dander by killing Malassezia furfur. Coal tar and salicylate derivatives are often used as well. Despite a big success of medicated shampoos there are also other alternatives for people who dislike using a lot of chemicals. Organic, natural shampoos can be a suitable alternative. These shampoos often use tea tree oil, essential oils and extracts. .....
Colored hair
37. Many companies have also developed color protection shampoos suitable for colored hair; many of these shampoos contain gentle cleansers. Dry shampoo is probably the hair styling product most likely to strike fear into the heart of a woman. We ve all heard this spray can work wonders, giving your hair volume, getting rid of oil, and even allowing you to skip days between hair washings. Let s face it, that last reason is a technological wonder that all women love! But when you throw in the threat of looking like you ve used George Washington s hair powder, most women won t even look at a can of dry shampoo. .....
Gluten free or wheat free
38. Many people suffer from eczema on their palms and their head. Some find that wheat or gluten (the protein found in many grains including wheat) is the cause, particularly if they are sensitive to this in food; e.g. celiac disease wheat allergy. Shampoo can often go into the mouth, particularly for children, so all individuals who are on gluten free diets may prefer to find a gluten free shampoo. Shampoo manufacturers are starting to recognize this and there are now gluten free and wheat free products available. .....
Baby
39. Shampoo for infants and young children is formulated so that it is less irritating and usually less prone to produce a stinging or burning sensation if it were to get into the eyes. For example, Johnsons Baby Shampoo advertises under the premise of No More Tears. This is accomplished by one or more of the following formulation strategies. 1 dilution, in case the product comes in contact with eyes after running off the top of the head with minimal further dilution. 2 adjusting pH to that of non stress tears, approximately 7, which may be a higher pH than that of shampoos which are pH adjusted for skin or hair effects, and lower than that of shampoo made of soap. 3 use of surfactants which, alone or in combination, are less irritating than those used in other shampoos. .....
Animal
40. Shampoo intended for animals may contain insecticides or other medications for treatment of skin conditions or parasite infestations such as fleas or mange. These must never be used on humans. While some human shampoos may be harmful when used on animals, any human haircare products that contain active ingredients or drugs (such as zinc in anti dandruff shampoos) are potentially toxic when ingested by animals. Special care must be taken not to use those products on pets. Cats are at particular risk due to their instinctive method of grooming their fur with their tongues. Shampoos that are especially designed to be used on pets, commonly dogs and cats, are normally intended to do more than just clean the pets coat or skin. Most of these shampoos contain ingredients which act differently and are meant to treat a skin condition or an allergy or to fight against fleas. .....
Solid shampoos
41. Solid shampoos or shampoo bars use as their surfactants soaps or other surfactants formulated as solids. They have the advantage of being spill proof. They are easy to apply; one may simply rub the bar over wet hair, and work the soaped hair into a low lather. .....
Jelly and gel
42. Stiff, non pourable clear gels to be squeezed from a tube were once popular forms of shampoo, and can be produced by increasing a shampoos viscosity. This type of shampoo cannot be spilled, but unlike a solid, it can still be lost down the drain by sliding off wet skin or hair. .....
Paste and cream
43. Shampoos in the form of pastes or creams were formerly marketed in jars or tubes. The contents were wet but not completely dissolved. They would apply faster than solids and dissolve quickly. Dry shampoo is probably the hair styling product most likely to strike fear into the heart of a woman. We ve all heard this spray can work wonders, giving your hair volume, getting rid of oil, and even allowing you to skip days between hair washings. Let s face it, that last reason is a technological wonder that all women love! But when you throw in the threat of looking like you ve used George Washington s hair powder, most women won t even look at a can of dry shampoo. .....
Antibacterial
44. Antibacterial shampoos are often used in veterinary medicine for various conditions, as well as in humans before some surgical procedures. Dry shampoo is probably the hair styling product most likely to strike fear into the heart of a woman. We ve all heard this spray can work wonders, giving your hair volume, getting rid of oil, and even allowing you to skip days between hair washings. Let s face it, that last reason is a technological wonder that all women love! But when you throw in the threat of looking like you ve used George Washington s hair powder, most women won t even look at a can of dry shampoo. .....
Shampoo is not the most important part of washing
45. You can buy the most expensive shampoo on the market, but if you arent using it correctly you wont see results. The massaging of the scalp and hair as well as the rinsing are the most important parts of washing your hair, says celebrity stylist Riccardo Maggiore. Curl expert Ouidad recommends using the cushions of your fingers to massage the scalp while you shampoo in order to get rid of the secretion of sebum (an oily, waxy substance) so hair follicles can grow healthily from the scalp. And always be sure to rinse the shampoo completely out of your hair to prevent buildup. .....
Natural home remedies aren t necessarily better
46. Just because a shampoo contains a natural ingredient doesnt mean that ingredient is good for you on its own. Lemon, for example, can irritate the scalp and hair follicle, says Maggiore. And mint and menthol which, when used in salon products can create a soothing effect can actually cause severe allergic reactions when used in home remedies. So dont use shampoos as guides to what to use on your hair theyve all been formulated and balanced by professionals. .....
Don t expect the same results as in shampoo commercials
47. I know firsthand that all the volume in those beautiful flowing full headed hair ads comes from setting the hair in hot rollers, says Terrence Renk, a television and film hair stylist. While you do need a good foundation product to create the swelling of the cuticle that creates volume, those luxurious locks of hair are the result of very patient and talented hair artists. .....
Less is more
48. According to Maggiore, using too much shampoo more than a quarter sized amount .....
Even though a shampoo boasts a fancy sounding ingredient it might not do any good
49. Ive seen some shampoos that contain olive oil or caviar, says celebrity stylist Philip Pelusi, owner of New York Citys Tela Design Studio. But for it to make a difference, the shampoo needs to contain anywhere from one to five percent of that ingredient. Similarly, Pelusi advises being wary of bold claims. When companies make a big promise, they have to deliver results right away. So if you use a conditioning shampoo, it may work well the first few times, but you might notice it over delivering creating a buildup .....
You can buy salon shampoo brands in a drugstore
50. Though in the past you may have heard you shouldnt buy salon brand hair products at the drugstore or big box store because they might be diluted or low quality, that isnt necessarily the case anymore. With the economy as it is, companies are finding different ways of getting their products out to the market, says Ouidad. So some brands are simply extending the places where they sell their products. .....
Blondes need to use clarifying shampoo more often
51. If you have chemically treated light hair, you need to use a clarifying shampoo more consistently. Dyed or highlighted hair particularly bleached hair becomes very porous, says Renk. So it can easily absorb unwanted yellowish tones from the outside environment, like from hairspray, perspiration, city smog and even minerals from your shower water. Using a clarifying shampoo weekly will help dissolve product and natural buildup, neutralizing those unwanted tones. .....
Your hair doesnt get used to shampoo over time
52. If you notice your shampoo isnt working quite as well as it used to, dont toss the bottle. You hair changes with the seasons, so that might account for a difference in texture, says Ouidad. Or, if you arent rinsing thoroughly enough, there might be a buildup of product on your scalp. It has nothing to do with the shampoo not working for you anymore. You dont change your face cleanser, so why would you change your shampoo? .....
Even the fanciest shampoo cant permanently change your hair
53. Washing your hair with the right shampoo is like a great exercise program: As long as you do it youll look good, but if you quit, three months later youre back to where you started, says Pelusi. a small amount of the shampoo product is smeared onto a plate and inoculated with bacteria and other organisms to see if they grow. Additionally, the packaging is also checked to see if it meets specifications. Things such as bottle thickness, appearance, and bottle weight are all checked. .....
Not all ingredients are created equally
54. Many shampoos contain foaming agents like ammonium lauryl sulfate, ammonium laureth sulfate or sodium lauryl sulfate, which are harsh and drying to the scalp, Maggiore says. So you should stay away from those shampoos. Instead, sodium laureth sulfate is a gentler agent, as well as TEA lauryl or laureth sulfates, which are also good picks. .....
Why Everyone Should Use Organic Shampoo and Conditioner
55. Organic shampoo and conditioner can help to revive your hair and scalp from years of harsh treatment caused by the use of traditional store bought products. Of course, these traditional products are the easiest ones to buy, and they are cheaper, but when it comes to what is good for you and your health, do you really want to settle for the cheapest, most convenient thing? Of course not! .....
Dangers of Using Traditional Shampoos and Conditioners
56. Having these types of harmful chemicals in our bodies can lead to the development of cancer and other serious illnesses. With this reality staring us right in the face, it only makes sense that we seek out healthier, all natural alternatives to the drugstore brands we usually purchase. Organic shampoo and conditioner products can easily be found, and often times, they are only marginally more expensive than the traditional brands. .....
What to Avoid in Shampoos
57. When shopping for organic shampoo and conditioner products, you should be careful to read the labels of products before buying them. Even though some products claim to be all natural or organic, not all of them strictly adhere to this promise. Typically, if you read more than nine or ten ingredients on a product label, the product most likely contains at least some synthetic materials. .....
Benefits of Organic Shampoo and Conditioner Products
58. In many types of organic shampoo and conditioner, you will find ingredients such as certified organic tea tree. This particular ingredient has been used for a long time to treat a variety of skin conditions, including bites, dandruff, burns, and blisters.? Certified organic tea tree has antiseptic elements that can aid in controlling naturally occurring microbial levels that can result in different forms of scalp irritation. Another popular ingredient in many organic shampoo and conditioner products is beta glucan. Beta glucan has immune enhancing properties both internally and topically. It helps to soothe inflamed cells of the scalp, which is particularly beneficial for people who suffer from skin conditions. .....
Detergents
59. The next most abundant ingredients in shampoos are the primary detergents. These materials, also known as surfactants, are the cleansing ingredients in shampoos. Surfactants are surface active ingredients, meaning they can interact with a surface. The chemical nature of a surfactant allows it to surround and trap oily materials from surfaces. One portion of the molecule is oil compatible (soluble) while the other is water soluble. When a shampoo is applied to hair or textiles, the oil soluble portion aligns with the oily materials while the water soluble portion aligns in the water layer. When a number of surfactant molecules line up like this, they form a structure known as a micelle. This micelle has oil trapped in the middle and can be washed away with water, thus giving the shampoo its cleansing power. .....
Foam boosters
60. In addition to cleansing surfactants, other types of surfactants are added to shampoos to improve the foaming characteristics of the formulation. These materials, called alkanolamides, help increase the amount of foam and the size of the bubbles. Like primary detergents, they are also derived from fatty acids and have both water soluble and oil soluble characteristics. Typical materials include lauramide DEA or cocamide DEA. .....
Thickeners
61. To some extent, the alkanolamides that make shampoos foam also make the formulations thicker. However, other materials are also used to increase the viscosity. For example, methylcellulose, derived from plant cellulose, is included in shampoos to make them thicker. Sodium chloride (salt) also can be used to increase shampoo thickness. .....
Conditioning agents
62. Some materials are also added to shampoos to offset the sometimes harsh effect of surfactants on hair and fabrics. Typical conditioning agents include polymers, silicones, and quaternary agents. Each of these compounds deposit on the surface of the hair and improve its feel, softness, and combability, while reducing static charge. Shampoos that specifically feature conditioning as a benefit are called 2 in 1 shampoos because they clean and condition hair in the same step. Examples of conditioning agents include guar hydroxypropyltrimonium chloride which is a polymer, dimethicone which is a silicone, and quatemium 80, a quatemary agent. .....
Preservatives
63. Since shampoos are made from water and organic compounds, contamination from bacteria and other microbes is possible. Preservatives are added to prevent such growth. Two of the most common preservatives used in shampoos are DMDM hydantoin and methylparaben. .....
Modifiers
64. Other ingredients are added to shampoo formulas to modify specific characteristics. Opacifiers are added to make the formula opaque and give it a pearly look. Materials known as sequestering agents are added to offset the dulling effects of hard water. Acids or bases such as citric acid or sodium hydroxide are added to adjust the pH of a shampoo so the detergents will provide optimal cleaning. .....
Special additives
65. One of the primary factors that influence the purchase of a shampoo is its color and odor. To modify these characteristics, manufacturers add fragrance oils and governmentally approved and certified FD C dyes. Other special additives can also have a similar effect. Natural materials such as botanical extracts, natural oils, proteins, and vitamins all impart special qualities and help sell shampoos. Additives such as zinc pyrithione are included to address the problem of dandruff. Other additives are dyes which can color the hair. .....
The Manufacturing Process
66. After a shampoo formula is developed, it is tested to ensure that its qualities will minimally change over time. This type of testing, called stability testing, is primarily used to detect physical changes in such things as color, odor, and thickness. .....
Proper shampoo for your hair type
67. See whether you are using the proper shampoo for your hair type. Is your hair fine, dry, oily or did you see some dandruff flakes lately? Since shampoos are made from water and organic compounds, contamination from bacteria and other microbes is possible. Preservatives are added to prevent such growth. Two of the most common preservatives used in shampoos are DMDM hydantoin and methylparaben. .....
The Amount
68. An about half inch wide dollop of shampoo (about the volume of a hazelnut should be enough for short to medium long hair. Adjust this amount accordingly if you wear your hair long. Distribute the shampoo through your hair. Some materials are also added to shampoos to offset the sometimes harsh effect of surfactants on hair and fabrics. Typical conditioning agents include polymers, silicones, and quaternary agents. Each of these compounds deposit on the surface of the hair and improve its feel, softness, and combability, while reducing static charge. .....
Shampooing
69. Foam up the dollop of shampoo with a little water before massaging the foaming shampoo through your hair and over the scalp with circulating movements. Be sure not to scratch your scalp with your fingernails. Shampoos that specifically feature conditioning as a benefit are called 2 in 1 shampoos because they clean and condition hair in the same step. Examples of conditioning agents include guar hydroxypropyltrimonium chloride which is a polymer, dimethicone which is a silicone, and quatemium 80, a quatemary agent. .....
Hair Drying
70. Wet hair is very sensitive and you should therefore abstain from towelling or rubbing it dry. Instead, simply press a towel on your hair. The towel will absorb excess water without moving it back and forth and damaging your hair in the process. .....
Combing
71. Comb and detangle your still wet or damp hair tenderly without using any force. You may otherwise damage the freshly washed and still sensitive hair. New shampoos are initially created by cosmetic chemists in the laboratory. These scientists begin by determining what characteristics the shampoo formula will have. They must decide on aesthetic features such as how thick it should be, what color it will be, and what it will smell like. They also consider performance attributes, such as how well it cleans, what the foam looks like, and how irritating it will be. .....
Frequency of Shampooing
72. For best results shampoo your hair every two to three days. Your hair will eagerly welcome the proper care and respond with suppleness and silky shine. Dry shampoo has become a popular alternative to regular shampoo in recent years. It absorbs the oil that makes your hair look greasy without drying your scalp out, like washing your hair with water every day can do. Learn how to apply dry shampoo, tips for using it to look your best, and how to make your own dry shampoo using the contents of your kitchen cabinets. .....
Choose a dry shampoo
73. Sprinkle the powder you chose over the top of your head, especially in the areas that tend to get oily, like your bangs and part. Use your fingers to distribute it. If you use a spray bottle of dry shampoo, hold it 6 inches (15.2 cm) from your head and spray. Hold it far enough away so that the shampoo settles evenly over your head. If you wish,brush your hair so the dry shampoo is distributed down the length of the hair shafts. Focus mostly on the roots, but if the rest of your hair needs freshening up, add a little more to the tips. This might get messy, so do it over the sink or be ready to sweep or vacuum when youre done. .....
Know when to use dry shampoo
74. Dry shampoo gives your hair the appearance of being clean, since it absorbs the oil that can make hair look dirty. Find the washing routine that works for you, whether its three times a week or less, and use dry shampoo every day in between. Use dry shampoo after a trip to the gym. Dry shampoo can also come in handy when youve exercised and dont have time to take a shower before returning to work or school. Use dry shampoo after a long airplane flight or a travel day. Its convenient to carry a small bottle for times when you dont have access to a shower. Dont use dry shampoo more than a few times in a row before washing your hair with regular shampoo and water. Since dry shampoo doesnt clean skin flakes and other debris from your hair, its necessary to use water regularly. .....
Dont rub dry shampoo into your scalp
75. Dry shampoo can accumulate on your scalp and make it itch. If youre using spray on shampoo, hold it several inches away from your head so you dont spray it directly on your scalp. Sprinkle homemade dry shampoo over your head from a height of several inches. .....
Add a few drops of essential oil
76. If you want your hair to smell fresh and clean, like it does after washing it in the shower, try smoothing a few drops of essential oil into the middle and tips of your hair after youve given yourself a dry shampoo treatment. Lemon and other citrus oils work well for this purpose. Make sure you concentrate them at the ends, so the roots of your hair dont look oily again.Try eucalyptus oil, peppermint oil, lavender oil or rose oil if you dont like citrus scents. .....
How often should I shampoo
77. Theres no harm in washing your hair every day, unless you start to see a lot of breakage, says Jeffrey J. Miller, M.D., assistant professor of dermatology at Pennsylvania State University College of Medicine. The evidence: lots of flyaways and little baby hairs at the crown. The entire wetting, drying, and styling process takes moisture out of your hair, so heres a rule of thumb: Wash every day if you have oily hair, live in a polluted city or humid environment, or work out daily. Wash every other day if your hair is normal or combination (with dry ends and oily roots). Wash every few days if your hair is on the dry side (this includes curly or color treated hair) or if you live in a rural environment or dry climate. .....
Valentines Day Flowers
Be My Love. The spirit of love and romance is beautifully captured in this enchanting bouquet. Its the perfect gift for anyone you love.Red roses and carnations are exquisitely arranged with white asiatic lilies and chrysanthemums in a ruby red glass vase. Its l .....
Highest Paid Actresses in World
Melissa McCarthy. The Bridesmaids star has proven her ability to carry movies solo2015s Spy and 2014s Tammy grossed a combined $335 million worldwide and propelled her to her largest ever annual paycheck. Now McCarthy is turning to fashion, launching an allsizes cloth .....
Benefits of Star Anise
Boil star anise. Boil star anise whole when using in most broths and soups. The Gourmet website recommends using two whole star anise pods in French onion soup to add a subtle sweetness. .....
Top Billionaires
Amancio Ortega. Famous for his Zara brand, where he owns 60% shares, Spain's Amancio Ortega is the year's biggest gainer. He is ranked #3 in this list, Ortega also has a real estate portfolio - the iconic Torre Picasso, a 43-story skyscraper in Madrid. Apart from th .....
Benefits of Green chillis
Nutritional Value of Green Chili. Green chili is known for its rich source of vitamin C, vitamin B6, vitamin A, iron, copper, potassium with small amount of protein and carbohydrates too. Moreover, green chilies also contain water and have no cholesterol. These spicy vegetables also .....
Most Extensive Metro Systems In The World
Osaka Municipal Subway. An integral part of the extensive mass transit system of Greater Osaka, the Osaka Municipal Subway runs for 86 miles and stops at 101 stations. .....
Benefits of Radish
Radish Fun Facts. The word radish comes from the Latin .....
Benefits of Maizes
EYES ON CORN FOR HEALTHY EYES. Studies have shown that a high intake of lutein and zeaxanthin is associated with a significant reduction in the risk of a chronic eye disease called macular degeneration. Age related macular degeneration (ARMD) is not some obscure medical condition .....
Fall Crafts for Kids
Spooky Candy Tree. Good luck not eating the supplies. The yummy supplies to make this Spooky Candy Tree include licorice, graham crackers, frosting and candy corn. .....
Cutest and Pretty Dogs
The Bald Bassenauhua. This dog has internal radar for cold laps. Trust usits science. .....
Handmade Valentines Day Cards
Homespun Pincushions. This nifty project pairs up fabric scraps and heart shaped cookie cutters To construct the base of each pincushion, place the sharp side of a cookie cutter atop a thin piece of Styrofoam (we used a produce tray from a grocery store). Press the cutter .....
Forever Young Naturally Beauty
Natural Haircare Basics Clean your brush. Once a week soak brushes and combs in shampoo and tepid water for an hour. Rinse well and allow to dry before use. .....
Human Body Truths
Male Sperm. A human male's sperm is the smallest cell of the human body. .....
Greatest Technological Inventions of the Past 25 Years
Microblogging. Who would have thought that combining a blog format with the direct connectedness of instant messaging would be so big? Obviously Jack Dorsey, Evan Williams, Biz Stone, and the 75 million users of Twitter. Microblogging services like Twitter that usu .....
Cool Inventions
Automated Shopping. Model Joan Lockwood selects items from the glass case at a completely automated section of a supermarket at the 30th Annual IGA Food Store Convention at the Waldorf Astoria in New York, July 19, 1956. She puts a large roundkey in a matching slot whil .....
Naturally Beautiful
Prevent Wrinkles. Take pure castor oil and rub it between your palms. Apply it on your face at night to prevent wrinkles and to soften your skin. .....
Largest Deserts of the World
Namib Desert. The Namib is a coastal desert in southern Africa. The name Namib is of Nama origin and means vast place. According to the broadest definition, the Namib stretches for more than 2,000 kilometres (1,200 mi) along the Atlantic coasts of Angola, Namibia, .....
Unstable Countries In The World
Pakistan. Ever since it was carved out of India in 1947, warring factions have left Pakistans democracy weak. Apart from China, it has also had relatively sour relations with its neighbors and has even fought several wars with India over the Kashmir region. .....
What to Eat in Madhya Pradesh
Samosa. A samosa samoosa is a fried or baked pastry with savory filling, such as spiced potatoes, onions, peas, lentils and sometimes ground lamb, ground beef or ground chicken. They may or may not also contain pine nuts. The samosa originated in the Middle .....
Benefits of Carrots
Revents Ageing. The high level of beta carotene in carrots acts as an antioxidant to prevent and reverse cell damage done to the body through regular metabolism. Thus, it helps in slowing down the ageing of cells. .....
Latest New Cars
Renault Twingo hatchback. The replacement for Renault s aging Twingo was long overdue and now that it's finally arrived we can safely say it's one of the more revolutionary models to go on sale in 2014. The new Twingo has a rear mounted engine to free up more space in the pas .....
Sachin 100
Century 80. Match : India V AustraliaVenue : Border-Gavaskar Trophy, 2008 at AdelaideIndia had come into the final test at Adelaide Oval after registering one of their greatest test victories ever. Sachin hammering 153 from just 205 balls and India reached 526. .....
New Year Party Game Ideas
Find your prediction. Ingredients Fun objects (favors) Slips of paper To Play Make up some phony generic predictions like, In the New Year you will shave your head, write them on slips of paper, and attach them to a corresponding items (like a wig). Hide the predictions .....
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