. Hockey is a stick and ball game with origins dating back thousands of years. It is traditionally played on grass, but more often it is played on synthetic surfaces. Two teams compete using hooked sticks to hit, push, pass and dribble a small, hard ball with one aim in mind to score a goal by getting the ball past the goalkeeper.
. There are 11 players on the pitch with up to five substitutes on the sideline. Players can substitute virtually at any time and any number of times.
. Every team has a goalkeeper although, rarely, a team will play only with field players to put more players into attack. The other 10 players are called field players, and are in three categories attackers, midfielders and defenders.
. Hockey players must be able to control, pass, push, stop and hit the ball with a hockey stick. This is known as stick work, or stick handling. Keeping the ball under close control is called dribbling. The head of a hockey stick has a rounded side (the right side) and a flat side (the left side). It is only with the flat, lefthand side of the stick and the edges of that side which can be used to play the ball.
. Field players are not allowed to use their feet (or any other parts of their bodies) to control the ball. Only the goalkeeper is allowed to use hands, feet, etc. to stop or propel the ball when defending in his or her own circle.
Ball in the air
. In general play, the ball cannot be raised into the air when hit. It can though be raised by using a scooping or long pushing action of the stick. A player will be penalised if they lift the ball in a way which is dangerous to another player. When the ball is in the air, a player must not play it above shoulder height. A defender can use their stick at any height to save a shot at goal because attackers are allowed to raise the ball when trying to score a goal. Many shots are raised because it is an effective way of scoring goals.
. Field goals may only be scored from within the circle, which is actually a roughly semicircular area in front of the opponents goal. If an attacker hits the ball from outside the circle and it goes into the goal or is touched by a defender on the way, it does not count.
. If a defending team breaks certain rules, the other team can be awarded a penalty corner. Normally this happens when a team breaks a rule within their own shooting circle, but these can also be awarded when a defender is guilty of a particularly bad foul in the defending quarter of the field.
For a penalty corner, play is stopped to allow the teams to take their positions. One attacker stands with the ball on the backline. This player will push out the ball to other attackers waiting to take a shot. The other attackers wait at the top of the shooting circle to get the ball.
Up to five defenders (including the goalkeeper) position themselves behind the backline to defend. The rest must stay behind the half way line until the push out is taken. The ball is pushed out to one of the attackers. Before a shot can be taken, the ball must first travel outside the circle. The receiver then usually pushes it back into the circle for a shot either by themself or another attacker.
If the first shot is a hit (as opposed to other types of shots, like a flick or a scoop), the ball must enter the goal no higher than than 460mm. It is easy to tell if the ball is at that height because the board at the back of the goal is the same height.
If the first shot is a scoop or a flick (shots that are lifted into the air with a long scooping or pushing action of the stick) then the ball can cross the goalline at any height. Once the attacker on the backline begins to push the ball out, the defenders on the back line may move into the circle.
. A penalty stroke may be awarded for a number of reasons, the most common being an offence by a defender in the circle that prevented a goal. In a penalty stroke, a shot is taken by one player and defended only by the goalkeeper. The shot is taken from 6.4 meters directly in front of the goal. All other players must stand outside the circle, about 23 metres away. Match time is stopped during a penalty stroke.
. For general offences, a free hit is given against the team which fouled. Common fouls are obstructing an opponent from playing the ball, interfering with the stick or body when tackling, kicking the ball and playing the ball dangerously.
For a free hit, opponents are given the ball where the offence took place. The ball is initially stationary and play will often be restarted by passing the ball to a teammate nearby while all opponents are 5 metres away. However, the player taking the free hit can also begin to dribble the ball him/herself.
Duration of a match
. A regulation hockey match lasts 70 minutes which is broken into two halves of 35 minutes each with a break of 5 to 10 minutes. The team with the most goals at the end of the 70 minutes is the winner. It is also possible for a match to end in a draw. But in some matches such as a championship game there must be a winner. In those cases, a match which is tied, it goes into extra time (the first team to score wins), and if necessary, to a shootout.
. Each match is controlled by two umpires. Each umpire controls half of the pitch and works cooperatively in the middle part of the pitch.
For bad or repeated offences by players, an umpire can show them a card. A green card is a warning. A yellow card means the player is suspended from the game for a minimum of 5 minutes or the time the umpire decides depending on the nature of the offence. A red card is for a very serious offence and means the player is suspended for the remainder of the match. If a player is suspended temporarily or permanently, their team plays with fewer players.
t world level competitions where the facilities are available, a team playing or the umpires themselves can refer a decision to the video umpire who can use slow motion replays to advise the umpires on the pitch of the correct decision.
Christmas trees around the world
. CanadaGerman settlers migrated to Canada from the United States in the 1700s. They brought with them many of the things associated with Christmas we cherish today Advent calendars, gingerbread houses, cookies and Christmas trees. When Queen Victoria
Benefits of Thyme
Thyme herb nutrition facts
. Thyme herb is packed with numerous health benefiting phyto-nutrients (plant derived compounds), minerals and vitamins that are essential for wellness.
American Cities Where You Dont Need A Car
. Like most major cities unless you plan on living in some distant suburbs within the city itself you can easily get around. Philly has always ranked high for its walkability.
Best Natural Beauty Tips
. For a radiant complexion slice a few grapes in half and rub the cut sides over clean skin. The fruit acids are natural exfoliators, explains Regine Berthelot, head aesthetician at the Caudalie Vinotherapie Spa at The Plaza in New York City.
Tips to succeed in IELTS Exam
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. The Moment Not content with becoming the youngest ever winner of the Best Actor Oscar at the 75th Academy Awards, Adrien Brody decided to give presenter Halle Berry a lingering snog. Why Its Great Sometimes, you just gotta celebrate. Plus Brody was
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Age defying Superfood Eat more berries
. Eating dark red or purple berries boosts memory function. Blackcurrants and boysenberries are rich in the antioxidant flavonoid anthocyanins and seem to fight cell and DNA damage, which can contribute to the development of Alzheimer’s and cancer. Bla
Best Geek Gift Ideas and Gadgets For Christmas
Mini catapult kit
. In the middle ages, catapults were fascinating, highly sophisticated weapons. Let your tech savvy friends build their own, fully functioning, scale model of Leonardo Da Vinci catapult. Upon the completion, it will be able to fling soft clay balls (in
How to Remove Dark Circles Tips
. Turmeric has antioxidant and antiinflammatory properties that can help minimize dark circles. It will also make the skin around your eyes smoother and softer. Mix two teaspoons each of turmeric powder with pineapple juice to make a thick paste. Apply
Expensive Things Youll Need In Your Dream House
An intricate gravity defying cat transit system
. If you are a cat lover with a couple of them all over the house, this transit system for cats that defies gravity could just be the thing for your furry ones. Made of lightweight and probably inexpensive wood, this system is suspended from the ceilin
Benefits of Kiwi Fruits
Helps Manage Blood Pressure
Beauty Skin Care Tips
. Applying a thick night cream becomes absolutely essential once you hit 30, says BettiJo Hirschi, Creator of Bath by BettiJo. It helps boost your skins regeneration at night.
Myth about Aging
Older adults don t contribute to society
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Cool Gifts College Students
. Because who ever goes to the store just to buy new socks. Thanks, mom and dad.
Stress Management Tips
. Chronic stress is unlike acute stress. It has a wearing effect on people that can become a very serious health risk if it continues over a long period of time. Chronic stress can lead to memory loss, damage spacial recognition and produce a decreased
Benefits of Black Pepper
. Crush some black pepper and make a scrub to remove dead skin cells and exfoliate your skin. This will help remove toxins from your skin, leaving it soft and radiant. Black pepper also helps promote blood circulation and provides more oxygen and nutri
Precaution while using Homeopathy
Should never be kept open
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Tips to succeed in IELTS Exam
How Much To Speak
. There are two basic, unspoken rules when it comes to how much you should speak during the speaking section. The first is to speak as much as possible; the more and the greater variety of language you use, the better. You dont want to talk incessantly
Tips to get ready for Summer
Ride the Wave
. Before beach season, Fugate says to start switching out products that can dry out your hair (if you have brittle strands, hairsprays with alcohol should be the first to go), and opting for enriching mineral or beach sprays instead. Look for products
Small Things That Can Bring You Joy
Surround Yourself With the Color Blue
. Just being in the presence of the color of water and sky can boost confidence, reduce stress, and bolster happiness.
Stress Management Tips
Check your chi
. Qigong pronounced chee gong is a 5,000 year old Chinese practice designed to promote the flow of chi, the vital life force that flows throughout the body, regulating its functions. Qigong master Ching Tse Lee, Ph.D., a professor of psychology at Broo
Metro Junction Mall
. Housed in Kalyan, the mall is among the top places to be in Mumbai. The mall is said to have at least 125,000 people during its best days as it showcases top brands.
Rules to play Lacrosse
Nice and snug
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. Shenmues estimated production cost adjusted for inflation is a staggering$176 Million. This is primarily because Shenmue II is a gigantic game with a massive open world. Arguably the largest in its generation. A huge staff was required to create such
Benefits of Cabbage
. Lets not forget that cabbage is a very powerful brain food! The presence of Vitamin K and anthocyanins within cabbage can give a strong boost to mental function and concentration. These are primarily found in red cabbage, and vitamin K has been wellr
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Princess leia i love
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. The precariously named Cross Island Chapel actually sits on a dock in the middle of a pond near Syracuse, New York. Built in 1989, the nondenominational church is only about three feet by six feet and has only two seats. For a 1990 wedding, there was
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Betsiboka River Madagascar
. The red river appears as a red vein enticing something. The stellar photograph of Betsiboka River estuary courtesy NASA, was taken by the STS104 crew. The red color is because of the sediments, it carries a huge quantity of reddish orange silt. Astro
Benefits of Kale
. place kale in a plastic storage bag removing as much of the air from the bag as possible. Store in the refrigerator where it will keep for 5 days. The longer it is stored, the more bitter its flavor becomes. Do not wash kale before storing because ex
Precaution while using LPG
Do not use unflued LPG appliances in bedrooms
. Do not use unflued LPG appliances in bedrooms, bathrooms or sleeping annexes under any circumstances. Do not use them in caravans, marine vessels and other mobile vehicles. Incorrect use of LPG can result in explosions, fires, loss of property and mo
Benefits of Cabbage
. Cabbage is easier to digest in its raw fresh form than when cooked. The longer it is cooked, the less digestible it becomes. Cabbage sprouts are delicate and easier to digest, and they also contain higher levels of nutrients.
Cutest Photos Of Animals Kissing
kisses are a far better fate than wisdom
. Kissing is a form of visible love for each other. Animals are known to be very open about their relationships. They love to cuddle, fight and spend time with their loved ones. Regardless of size and stature, all animals are bound by love and recrea
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. A champion in its home country, Powerball Australia is an easy to play lottery game based on the very well-known US Powerball format. Its jackpots cannot be compared to the ones the American lottery distributes, but nor do its winning odds. Although
Surprising Health Benefits Of Tea
Teas that Make a Brilliant Morning Brew
. The joy of sipping a hot cup of tea early in the morning is almost immeasurable, right? A super drink infused with umpteen health benefits is what makes this hot beverage a popular drink across the world. For the uninitiated, tea is produced from the
Benefits of Tomatoes
. Lycopene has been linked with prostate cancer prevention in several studies.7 According to John Erdman, Ph.D., Professor Emeritus of the department of food science and human nutrition at the University of Illinois, There s very good, strong, epidem
Forever Young Naturally Lifestyle
Keeping joints moving Destress
. Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease that causes painful flare ups of inflammation. Sufferers tend to have higher levels of stress. Use all the stress-busting tips.
Rules to play Weightlifting
. Athletes in the sport are divided in several weight classes and placing is based on the total weight lifted on the two main lifts.At the 2004 Athens Olympic Games, men competed in eight bodyweight categories: up to 56kg, 62kg, 69kg, 77kg, 85kg, 94kg,
Stolen cash returned to bank robber
. Bank manager Otto Neuman embezzled ?150,000 in cash and gold from the Erste Bank in Vienna in 1993. He covered up the theft by having accomplices stage a robbery. Of the total, only ?51,000 and some gold was recovered when police arrested Neuman. The
Benefits of Turmeric
Ease achy arthritis
. Turmeric has been used for thousands of years in traditional medicine to treat a variety of ailments, including reduction of inflammation from arthritis.
Best Flirting Tips
Leave him wanting more
. Go in for a kiss at the end of the night but then turn your head and whisper you had a nice time instead
Smartphone Photography Tips and Tricks
. Many cell phone cameras, especially the iPhone, really start to shine when you bring them in close to your subject. The small sensor provides a relatively wide depth of field so you can get entire objects in focus where cameras with bigger sensors an
Famous Logos That Have A Hidden Message
The Pittsburgh Zoo
. The white space in this logo pops out a whole lot more than in some of the others so it shouldn t be that hard to spot the monkey and lion staring each other down.
Stress Management Tips
Change your outlook
. Try to develop a more positive attitude toward challenges. You can do this by replacing negative thoughts with more positive ones. For example, rather than thinking, Why does everything always go wrong? change this thought to, I can find a way to
Forever Young Naturally Beauty
Superstar Ingredients Track down honey
. Packed with antioxidants, honey makes a gently effective cleanser that preserves the skin’s natural oils. Its humectant properties (drawing moisture to the skin) suit it to masks, too. For skin healing look for manuka honey. Living Nature’s manuka ho
Top Sports Rivalries of All Time
Michigan vs Ohio State
. When Ohio Stadium opened in 1922, Michigan spoiled the party with a 22-0 victory. The rivalry was heated in the early days as both have been long-time college football powers. But it got even hotter in 1969, when Bo Schembechler took over as Michigan
Benefits of Apples
. Apples provide a small amount of skinfriendly vitamin A, a family of chemicals called retinoids. Vitamin A plays an important role in skin development . it helps immature skin develop into mature and functional skin tissue. Vitamin A might also reduc
Forever Young Naturally Exercise
Build Exercise into Life Chores as exercise
. Energetic car washing forms a valuable part of a home exercise regime. Work at a continual pace until slightly out of breath, stretching, scrubbing, carrying, and pitching buckets of water. Vacuuming adds value when sustained over 10 minutes or more.
Benefits of Durian
. Durian was often hailed as a tool to battle aging, and was one of the main reasons why people call it the powerking of fruitspower. It turns out that durian has a wide variety of antioxidant properties stemming from its vitamin and organic chemical m
Sunil Bharti Mittal
. Chairman and Managing Director of Bharti Group, Indias largest GSM based mobile phone service provider, IT Man of the Year Award 2002 from Dataquest and CEO Of the Year, 2002 Award from World HRD Congress.Sunil Mittal can be called as originator of c
Tips To Prepare a Government Job Interview
Develop Your Emotional Quotient Rather Intelligence Quotient
. Remember in an Interview it is Emotional Quotient matters over Intelligence Quotient. Hence develop your EQ over the period of time.
What to Eat in Andhra Pradesh
. Chicken 65 is a spicy, deep-fried chicken dish originating from Chennai, India, as an entree, or quick snack .The flavour of the dish comes from ginger, garlic, red chilles and vinegar although the exact recipe can vary. It can be prepared using chic
What to Eat in Delhi
. This North Indian dessert is made of rice flour or ground rice milk and sugar; it has the delicious subtly sweet taste of rice pudding but a creamy smooth texture. Its usually topped with pistachio nuts and served chilled in earthenware bowls. Like t
Best Street Artists In The World
. Escif holds down Valencia with poetic murals that hold attention longer than most because theres always more ways to interpret them. In his words, Im not looking for decorative paintings, I try to wake up viewers minds.
Home Makeover Ideas
Use Unexpected Materials
. A stone chimney is beautiful, but its also expected. The natural horizontal wood paneling around this fireplace ties it together with the built ins flanking the hearth.
Cutest Animal Facts
Mice love being tickled
Benefits of Cabbage
Provides relief from constipation
. Proper digestion is facilitated due to the high fiber content in it. This helps in providing relief from constipation. cabbage one of the best overall sources of dietary fiber, adding that a diet that incorporates plenty of fiberrich foods may also h
Rules to play One Pocket Pool
. 1. It is the responsibility of the shooting player to verify their own ball count as they approach their out ball, and the non shooting player should avoid making comments about how many balls are needed. However, if the non shooting player disturbs
Benefits of Jackfruits
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. The marketing of jackfruit involved three groups: producers, traders (middlemen) including wholesalers, and retailers.Themarketing channelsare rather complex. Large farms sell immature fruits to wholesalers of which could help cash flow and reduces r
Daily Meditation can Improve your Life
. Although many of us think of effective meditation as a Yogi sitting cross-legged beneath a Bonzi tree, beginners should be more experimental and try different types of meditation. Try sitting, lying, eyes open, eyes closed, etc.
. Favipiravir looks like it may be useful in a mouse model of the disease. Estrogen receptor drugs used to treat infertility and breast cancer (clomiphene and toremifene) inhibit the progress of Ebola virus in infected mice. Ninety percent of the mice
Wonders of World
Victoria Falls Zambia
. Victoria Falls is a waterfall in southern Africa on the Zambezi River at the border of Zambia and Zimbabwe. This is among the largest waterfalls in the world.
What to Eat in Maharashtra
. he mung or moong bean(also known as green gram or golden gram) is the seed of Vigna radiata, native to the Indian subcontinent, and mainly cultivated in Philippines, Thailand, India, Bangladesh, Vietnam, Cambodia, China, Burma and Indonesia, but also
Kitchen Design Ideas
Keep It Handy
. Functionality is the name of the game with the open shelves in this classic country kitchen.
Precautions while using Washing Machine
Checkpoints before starting washing
. Add liquid detergent to a white towel and the garment where you cant notice well. Then, rub together strongly. Check if the color transferred to the towel. Be careful for scarves and imported clothes since they are easily discoloring. Check for sta
Rules to play Speed Skating
. The first known skating competition is thought to have been held in the Netherlands in 1676. However, the first official speed skating events were not held until 1863 in Oslo, Norway. In 1889, the Netherlands hosted the first World Championships, bri
Beautiful National Parks Around the World
Grand Canyon National Park United States
. Grand Canyon national park is United States 15th oldest national park. The park covers approximately 1,217,262 acres of unincorporated area in Coconino and Mohave counties.
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Spend less time on Facebook
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Dont try fads and gimmicks
. If it sounds too good to be true, it probably is. Losing weight takes time and hard work, but you can do it.
Baby Friendly Decorations Ideas
Bold black and white striped offices and decor
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Innovative Kitchen Tools and Gadgets
. A handy gadget to get your herbs chopped up fine, quick and easy.
Amazing Rangoli Designs And Patterns
Amazing Rangoli Designs And Patterns 28
. Another festive rangoli design for you. This one is also a verycolourfulone with bright pink and blue shades being used. The design also has peacock motifs.
Wish List and Letter To Santa
. What kid doesnt love to mail off a letter to Santa. You can print a darling
Largest Wrestlers in WWE History
One Man Gang
. The name says it all. A near 500pound hard hitter from the mean streets of Chicago, One Man Gang was an army unto himself. Standing at 6foot9 with his hair shaved into a wild Mohawk, Gangs appearance was intimidating enough, but it was his 747 Splash
Superfoods To Boost Your Brainpower Naturally
. Known in Eastern medicine as the mushroom of immortality and King of Herbs, Reishi is a medicinal mushroom that grows in various regions of the world where damp and temperate conditions exist. Reishis ability to positively affect the mind comes from
Stress Management Tips
. If you feel lonely or isolated, seek out community, religious or other social events. They can offer support and companionship. Volunteering your time to help others also is a good way to lift your spirits and broaden your friendships.
. Ashokas military power was strong, but after his conversion to Buddhism, he maintained friendly relations with three major Tamil kingdoms in the South namely Cheras, Cholas and Pandyas, the post Alexandrian empire, Tamraparni, and Suvarnabhumi. His e
Why One Should Visit Kashmir
. Ladakh is a mountainous region in the disputed northwest Jammu and Kashmir area in north India and in the area known as the Trans Himalaya, (the lands beyond the Himalaya Tibet, Xinjiang and northern Pakistan). It is slightly smaller than Scotland,
Drink water even when youre not thirsty
. Thirst is not the first sign of dehydration, but it is a good way of knowing youre not getting enough to drink.
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. The first war vehicle to be called a tank could carry 5 machine guns and 8 soldiers. Mark I had several upgrades numbered II to X but all bore the same resemblance to their
Forever Young Naturally Lifestyle
Keeping joints moving Journal it out
. In a study reported in the Journal of the American Medical Association, arthritis patients who spent three 20-minute sessions writing about stressful events reported a 28 percent reduction in symptoms even four months later. A control group who wrote
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. Welcome to my ice crevasse. Two divers meet an unexpected surprise in the frigid waters of Palmer Land on the Antarctica Peninsula during a 1962 1963 expedition. Their encounter was with a Weddell Seal (Leptonychotes weddellii), a deep diver that fav
Benefits of Avocado
Muscle and nerve
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Tips to get ready for Study Abroad
Get the paperwork
. Well-administered programs offer fine-tuned descriptions of their programs, application requirements, timelines, cautionary notes, and more. These exchange programs usually have a sizeable web presence as well as well-organized, printed materials. St
. As her popularity soared, everyone wanted to associate with Indias nightingale. In 1999, the perfume Lata Eau de Parfum was launched. The same year, she was nominated as a Member of Parliament. However, due to ill health the noted singer could not at
Weird Hotels around the World
The Venetian Resort and Casino
. Las Vegas, United States Towering above Las Vegas in shimmering white, the Venetian Resort and Casino is an outstanding hotel in a city famous for its outstanding hotels. Part hotel, part amusement park/fantasy world - the Venetian is one
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Benefits of Cantaloupe
. Promotes synthesis of collagen and skin. Makes skin glow and looking bright. Cantaloupe is one of the most common fruits but its full health benefits may not have been fully understood, and often taken for granted. It is extremely nutrientpacked but
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Ranjit Sagar Dam
. The Ranjit Sagar Dam, also known as the Thein Dam, is part of a hydroelectric project constructed by the Government of Punjab on the Ravi River in the state of Punjab. The project is situated near Pathankot city in Pathankot district of the state of