Paris

Paris
1. Paris is the capital and most populous city of France.Situated on the Seine River, in the north of the country, it is in the centre of the Ile de France region, also known as the region parisienne.The City of Paris has a population of 2,273,305 inhabitants (January 2013), making it the fifth largest city in the European Union measured by the population within the city limits.Paris and its suburbs have a population of 12,292,895 inhabitants, making it the second or third largest metropolitan area in Europe, with London and Berlin, depending on the area measured.Paris was founded in the 3rd century BC by a Celtic people called the Parisii, who gave the city its name.By the 12th century, Paris was the largest city in the western world, a prosperous trading centre, and the home of the University of Paris, one of the first in Europe.In the 18th century, it was the centre stage for the French Revolution, and became an important centre of finance, commerce, fashion, science, and the arts, a position it still retains today.
Paris is home to the association football club Paris Saint Germain F.C.and the rugby union club Stade Francais.The 80,000 seat Stade de France, built for the 1998 FIFA World Cup, is located in Saint Denis.Paris hosts the annual French Open Grand Slam tennis tournament on the red clay of Roland Garros.Paris played host to the 1900 and 1924 Summer Olympics, the 1938 and 1998 FIFA World Cups, and the 2007 Rugby World Cup.The city is a major rail, highway, and air transport hub, served by the two international airports Paris Charles de Gaulle and Paris Orly.Opened in 1900, the city subway system, the Paris MEtro, serves 9 million passengers daily.Paris is the hub of the national road network, and is surrounded by three orbital roads the PEriphErique, the A86 motorway, and the Francilienne motorway in the outer suburbs. .....
Eiffel Tower
2. The Eiffel Tower is an iron lattice tower located on the Champ de Mars in Paris.It was named after the engineer Gustave Eiffel, whose company designed and built the tower.Erected in 1889 as the entrance arch to the 1889 World Fair, it was initially criticised by some of France leading artists and intellectuals for its design, but has become both a global cultural icon of France and one of the most recognizable structures in the world.The tower is the tallest structure in Paris and the most visited paid monument in the world 6.98 million people ascended it in 2011.The tower received its 250 millionth visitor in 2010.The tower is 324 metres (1,063 ft) tall, about the same height as an 81 storey building.During its construction, the Eiffel Tower surpassed the Washington Monument to assume the title of the tallest man made structure in the world, a title it held for 41 years, until the Chrysler Building in New York City was built in 1930.Because of the addition of the aerial atop the Eiffel Tower in 1957, it is now taller than the Chrysler Building by 5.2 metres (17 ft).Not including broadcast aerials, it is the second tallest structure in France, after the Millau Viaduct. .....
The Louvre
3. The Louvre or the Louvre Museum is one of the world largest museums and a historic monument.A central landmark of Paris, France, it is located on the Right Bank of the Seine in the 1st arrondissement (district).Nearly 35,000 objects from prehistory to the 21st century are exhibited over an area of 60,600 square metres (652,300 square feet).The Louvre is the world most visited museum, and received more than 9.7 million visitors in 2012.The museum is housed in the Louvre Palace, originally built as a fortress in the late 12th century under Philip II.Remnants of the fortress are visible in the basement of the museum.The building was extended many times to form the present Louvre Palace.In 1682, Louis XIV chose the Palace of Versailles for his household, leaving the Louvre primarily as a place to display the royal collection, including, from 1692, a collection of ancient Greek and Roman sculpture.In 1692, the building was occupied by the AcadEmie des Inscriptions et Belles Lettres and the AcadEmie Royale de Peinture et de Sculpture, which in 1699 held the first of a series of salons.The AcadEmie remained at the Louvre for 100 years.During the French Revolution, the National Assembly decreed that the Louvre should be used as a museum to display the nation masterpieces. .....
Notre Dame de Paris
4. Notre Dame de Paris, also known as Notre Dame Cathedral or simply Notre Dame, is a historic Catholic cathedral on the eastern half of the Ile de la CitE in the fourth arrondissement of Paris, France.The cathedral is widely considered to be one of the finest examples of French Gothic architecture, and it is among the largest and most well known church buildings in the world.The naturalism of its sculptures and stained glass are in contrast with earlier Romanesque architecture.As the cathedral of the Archdiocese of Paris, Notre Dame is the parish that contains the cathedra, or official chair, of the archbishop of Paris, currently Cardinal AndrE Vingt Trois.The cathedral treasury is notable for its reliquary which houses some of Catholicism most important first class relics including the purported Crown of Thorns, a fragment of the True Cross, and one of the Holy Nails. .....
Champs ElysEes
5. The Avenue des Champs ElysEes is a boulevard in the 8th arrondissement of Paris, 1.9 kilometres long and 70 metres wide, which runs between the Place de la Concorde and the Place Charles de Gaulle, where the Arc de Triomphe is located.It is famous for its theatres, cafEs and luxury shops, and for the military parade that takes place each year on the avenue on 14 July to celebrate Bastille Day.The name is French for Elysian Fields, the paradise for dead heroes in Greek mythology.The lower part of the Champs ElysEes, from the Place de la Concorde to the Rond Point, runs through the Jardin des Champs ElysEes, a park which contains the Grand Palais, the Petit Palais, the ThEatre Marigny, and several restaurants, gardens and monuments.The ElysEe Palace, the official residence of the Presidents of France, borders the park, but is not on the Avenue itself.The Champs ElysEes ends at the Arc de Triomphe, built to honour the victories of Napoleon Bonaparte. .....
SacrE Coeur Paris
6. The Basilica of the Sacred Heart of Paris, commonly known as SacrE Coeur Basilica and often simply SacrE Coeur, is a Roman Catholic church and minor basilica, dedicated to the Sacred Heart of Jesus, in Paris, France.A popular landmark, the basilica is located at the summit of the butte Montmartre, the highest point in the city.SacrE Coeur is a double monument, political and cultural, both a national penance for the defeat of France in the 1871 Franco Prussian War and the socialist Paris Commune of 1871 crowning its most rebellious neighborhood, and an embodiment of conservative moral order, publicly dedicated to the Sacred Heart of Jesus, which was an increasingly popular vision of a loving and sympathetic Christ. .....
MusEe dOrsay
7. The MusEe dOrsay is a museum in Paris, France, on the left bank of the Seine.It is housed in the former Gare dOrsay, a Beaux Arts railway station built between 1898 and 1900.The museum holds mainly French art dating from 1848 to 1915, including paintings, sculptures, furniture, and photography.It houses the largest collection of impressionist and post impressionist masterpieces in the world, by painters including Monet, Manet, Degas, Renoir, CEzanne, Seurat, Sisley, Gauguin and Van Gogh.Many of these works were held at the Galerie nationale du Jeu de Paume prior to the museum opening in 1986. .....
Arc de Triomphe
8. The Arc de Triomphe de lEtoile, Arch of Triumph of the Star) is one of the most famous monuments in Paris.It stands in the centre of the Place Charles de Gaulle, at the western end of the Champs ElysEes.It should not be confused with a smaller arch, the Arc de Triomphe du Carrousel, which stands west of the Louvre.The Arc de Triomphe honours those who fought and died for France in the French Revolutionary and the Napoleonic Wars, with the names of all French victories and generals inscribed on its inner and outer surfaces.Beneath its vault lies the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier from World War I.The Arc de Triomphe is the linchpin of the Axe historique (historic axis) a sequence of monuments and grand thoroughfares on a route which runs from the courtyard of the Louvre to the Grande Arche de la DEfense.The monument was designed by Jean Chalgrin in 1806 and its iconographic program pitted heroically nude French youths against bearded Germanic warriors in chain mail.It set the tone for public monuments, with triumphant patriotic messages. .....
Palais Garnier
9. The Palais Garnier is a 1,979 seat opera house, which was built from 1861 to 1875 for the Paris Opera.It was originally called the Salle des Capucines because of its location on the Boulevard des Capucines in the 9th arrondissement of Paris, but soon became known as the Palais Garnier in recognition of its opulence and its architect, Charles Garnier.The theatre is also often referred to as the OpEra Garnier, and historically was known as the OpEra de Paris or simply the OpEra, as it was the primary home of the Paris Opera and its associated Paris Opera Ballet until 1989, when the OpEra Bastille opened at the Place de la Bastille. The Paris Opera now mainly uses the Palais Garnier for ballet. .....
Sainte Chapelle
10. The Sainte Chapelle is a royal medieval Gothic chapel, located near the Palais de la Cite, on the Ile de la Cite in the heart of Paris, France.Begun some time after 1239 and consecrated on 26 April 1248, the Sainte Chapelle is considered among the highest achievements of the Rayonnant period of Gothic architecture.Its erection was commissioned by King Louis IX of France to house his collection of Passion Relics, including Christ Crown of Thorns one of the most important relics in medieval Christendom.Along with the Conciergerie, the Sainte Chapelle is one of the earliest surviving buildings of the Capetian royal palace on the Ile de la CitE.Although damaged during the French revolution, and restored in the 19th century, it retains one of the most extensive in situ collections of 13th century stained glass anywhere in the world. .....
Les Invalides
11. Les Invalides, officially known as L Hotel national des Invalides (The National Residence of the Invalids), or also as LHotel des Invalides, is a complex of buildings in the 7th arrondissement of Paris, France, containing museums and monuments, all relating to the military history of France, as well as a hospital and a retirement home for war veterans, the building original purpose.The buildings house the MusEe de lArmEe, the military museum of the Army of France, the MusEe des Plans Reliefs, and the MusEe dHistoire Contemporaine, as well as the burial site for some of France war heroes, notably Napoleon Bonaparte. .....
Centre Georges Pompidou
12. Centre Georges Pompidou commonly shortened to Centre Pompidou also known as the Pompidou Centre in English) is a complex building in the Beaubourg area of the 4th arrondissement of Paris, near Les Halles, rue Montorgueil and the Marais.It was designed in the style of high tech architecture by the architectural team of Richard Rogers and Renzo Piano, along with Gianfranco Franchini.It houses the Bibliotheque publique dinformation (Public Information Library), a vast public library, the MusEe National dArt Moderne, which is the largest museum for modern art in Europe, and IRCAM, a centre for music and acoustic research.Because of its location, the Centre is known locally as Beaubourg.It is named after Georges Pompidou, the President of France from 1969 to 1974 who commissioned the building, and was officially opened on 31 January 1977 by President ValEry Giscard dEstaing.As of 2006, the Centre Pompidou has had over 180 million visitors since 1977 and more than 5,209,678 visitors in 2013, including 3,746,899 for the museum. .....
PanthEon
13. The PanthEon is a building in the Latin Quarter in Paris.It was originally built as a church dedicated to St.Genevieve and to house the reliquary chasse containing her relics but, after many changes, now functions as a secular mausoleum containing the remains of distinguished French citizens.It is an early example of neoclassicism, with a facade modeled on the Pantheon in Rome, surmounted by a dome that owes some of its character to Bramante Tempietto.Located in the 5th arrondissement on the Montagne Sainte Genevieve, the PanthEon looks out over all of Paris.Designer Jacques Germain Soufflot had the intention of combining the lightness and brightness of the gothic cathedral with classical principles, but its role as a mausoleum required the great Gothic windows to be blocked. .....
Jardin du Luxembourg
14. The Jardin du Luxembourg, or the Luxembourg Garden, located in the 6th arrondissement of Paris, was created beginning in 1612 by Marie de Medici, the widow of King Henry IV of France, for a new residence she constructed, the Luxembourg Palace.The garden today is owned by the French Senate, which meets in the Palace.The park, which covers 23 hectares, is known for its lawns, tree lined promenades, flowerbeds, the model sailboats on its circular basin, and for the picturesque Medici Fountain, built in 1620. .....
Ile de la CitE
15. The Ile de la Cite is one of two remaining natural islands in the Seine within the city of Paris (the other being the Ile Saint Louis).It is the centre of Paris and the location where the medieval city was refounded.The western end has held a palace since Merovingian times, and its eastern end since the same period has been consecrated to religion, especially after the 10th century construction of a cathedral preceding today Notre Dame.The land between the two was, until the 1850s, largely residential and commercial, but since has been filled by the city Prefecture de Police, Palais de Justice, Hotel Dieu hospital and Tribunal de Commerce.Only the westernmost and northeastern extremities of the island remain residential today, and the latter preserves some vestiges of its 16th century canon houses.The MEmorial des Martyrs de la DEportation, a memorial to the 200,000 people deported from Vichy France to the Nazi concentration camps during the Second World War, is located at the upriver end of the island. .....
MusEe de lOrangerie
16. The MusEe de lOrangerie is an art gallery of impressionist and post impressionist paintings located in the west corner of the Tuileries Gardens next to the Place de la Concorde in Paris.Though most famous for being the permanent home for eight Water Lilies murals by Claude Monet, the museum also contains works by Paul Cezanne, Henri Matisse, Amedeo Modigliani, Pablo Picasso, Pierre Auguste Renoir, Henri Rousseau, Alfred Sisley, Chaim Soutine, and Maurice Utrillo, among others. .....
Pere Lachaise Cemetery
17. Pere Lachaise Cemetery formerly, cimetiere de lEst, East Cemetery) is the largest cemetery in the city of Paris (44 hectares or 110 acres), though there are larger cemeteries in the city suburbs.Pere Lachaise is in the 20th arrondissement and is notable for being the first garden cemetery, as well as the first municipal cemetery.It is also the site of three World War I memorials.The cemetery is on Boulevard de MEnilmontant.The Paris MEtro station Philippe Auguste on line 2 is next to the main entrance, while the station called Pere Lachaise, on both lines 2 and 3, is 500 metres away near a side entrance.Many tourists prefer the Gambetta station on line 3, as it allows them to enter near the tomb of Oscar Wilde and then walk downhill to visit the rest of the cemetery. .....
MusEe Rodin
18. The MusEe Rodin in Paris, France, is a museum that was opened in 1919, dedicated to the works of the French sculptor Auguste Rodin.It has two sites, at the Hotel Biron and surrounding grounds in central Paris, and just outside Paris at Rodin old home, the Villa des Brillants at Meudon (Hauts de Seine).The collection includes 6,600 sculptures, 8,000 drawings, 8,000 old photographs and 7,000 objets dart.The museum receives 700,000 visitors annually.While living in the Villa des Brillants Rodin used the Hotel Biron as his workshop from 1908, and subsequently donated his entire collection of sculptures (along with paintings by Vincent van Gogh and Pierre Auguste Renoir that he had acquired) to the French State on the condition that they turn the buildings into a museum dedicated to his works. .....
Disneyland Paris
19. Disneyland Paris, originally Euro Disney Resort, is an entertainment resort in Marne la Vallee, a new town located 32 km (20 mi) east of the centre of Paris, and is the most visited attraction in all of France and Europe.It is owned and operated by Euro Disney S.C.A., a publicly traded company in which The Walt Disney Company owns a minority stake.The resort covers 4,800 acres (19 km2) and encompasses two theme parks, several resort hotels, a shopping, dining, and entertainment complex, and a golf course, in addition to several additional recreational and entertainment venues.Disneyland Park is the original theme park of the complex, opening with the resort on 12 April 1992.A second theme park, Walt Disney Studios Park opened in 2002.The park is the second busiest Disney park by number of visitors with 15.6 million visitors in 2013 placing it in between Disneyland Anaheim in California, USA, and Walt Disney World in Florida, USA. .....
Place de la Concorde
20. The Place de la Concorde is one of the major public squares in Paris, France.Measuring 8.64 hectares (21.3 acres) in area, it is the largest square in the French capital.It is located in the city eighth arrondissement, at the eastern end of the Champs ElysEes. .....
Pont Alexandre III
21. The Pont Alexandre III is a deck arch bridge that spans the Seine in Paris.It connects the Champs ElysEes quarter and the Invalides and Eiffel Tower quarter.The widely regarded as the most ornate, extravagant bridge in the city.It is classified as a French Monument historique. .....
Ile Saint Louis
22. The Ile Saint Louis (French pronunciation is one of two natural islands in the Seine river, in Paris, France (the other natural island is Ile de la Cite the Ile aux Cygnes is artificial).The Ile Saint Louis is connected to the rest of Paris by four bridges to both banks of the river, and to the Ile de la CitE by the Pont Saint Louis.This island was formerly used for the grazing of market cattle and stocking wood. .....
Catacombs of Paris
23. The Catacombs of Paris or Catacombes de Paris are underground ossuaries in Paris, France.Located south of the former city gate (the Barriere denfer at today Place Denfert Rochereau), the ossuaries hold the remains of about six million people and fill a renovated section of caverns and tunnels that are the remains of historical stone mines, giving it its reputation as The World Largest Grave.Opened in the late 18th century, the underground cemetery became a tourist attraction on a small scale from the early 19th century, and has been open to the public on a regular basis from 1874.Following an incident of vandalism, it was closed to the public in September 2009 and reopened on 19 December of the same year. .....
MusEe national du Moyen age
24. The Musee national du Moyen age, formerly Musee de Cluny (French pronunciation), officially known as the MusEe national du Moyen age Thermes et hotel de Cluny (National Museum of the Middle Ages Cluny thermal baths and mansion), is a museum in Paris, France.It is located in the 5th arrondissement at 6 Place Paul Painleve, south of the Boulevard Saint Germain, between the Boulevard Saint Michel and the Rue Saint Jacques. .....
Parc des Buttes Chaumont
25. The Parc des Buttes Chaumont (pronounced is a public park situated in northeast of Paris, in the 19th arrondissement.Occupying 24.7 hectares (61 acres), it is the fifth largest park in Paris, after the Bois de Vincennes, the Bois de Boulogne, the Parc de la Villette, and the Tuileries Garden.It was opened in 1867, late in the regime of Emperor Napoleon III, and was built by Jean Charles Alphand, who created all the major parks of Napoleon III.The park has 5.5 kilometres (3.4 miles) of roads and 2.2 kilometres (1.4 miles) of paths.The most famous feature of the park is the Temple de la Sibylle, inspired by the Temple of Vesta in Tivoli, Italy, perched at the top of a cliff fifty metres above the waters of the artificial lake. .....
Tuileries Garden
26. The Tuileries Garden (French Jardin des Tuileries, IPA) is a public garden located between the Louvre Museum and the Place de la Concorde in the 1st arrondissement of Paris.Created by Catherine de Medicis as the garden of the Tuileries Palace in 1564, it was eventually opened to the public in 1667, and became a public park after the French Revolution.In the 19th and 20th century, it was the place where Parisians celebrated, met, promenaded, and relaxed. .....
MusEe Jacquemart
27. The MusEe Jacquemart AndrE is a public museum located at 158 Boulevard Haussmann in the 8th arrondissement of Paris.The museum was created from the private home of Edouard AndrE (18331894) and NElie Jacquemart (1841 1912) to display the art they collected during their lives. .....
MusEe Marmottan Monet
28. Musee Marmottan Monet is located at 2, rue Louis Boilly in the 16th arrondissement of Paris.It features a collection of over three hundred Impressionist and Post Impressionist works by Claude Monet (with the largest collection of his works in the world), Berthe Morisot, Edgar Degas, Edouard Manet, Alfred Sisley, Camille Pissarro, Paul Gauguin, Paul Signac and Pierre Auguste Renoir.In addition it houses the Wildenstein Collection of illuminated manuscripts and the Jules and Paul Marmottan collection of Napoleonic era art and furniture as well as Italian and Flemish primitive paintings. .....
Parc de la Villette
29. The Parc de la Villette is the third largest park in Paris, 35.5 hectares in area, located at the northeastern edge of the 19th arrondissement.The park houses is one of the largest concentration of cultural venues in Paris, including the Cite des Sciences et de lIndustrie (City of Science and Industry), Europe largest science museum, three major concert venues and the prestigious Conservatoire de Paris.Parc de la Villette is served by Paris Metro stations Corentin Cariou on Line 7 and Porte de Pantin on Line 5. .....
Chapel of Our Lady of the Miraculous Medal
30. The Miraculous Medal (French MEdaille miraculeuse), also known as the Medal of the Immaculate Conception, is a medal, the design of which was originated by Saint Catherine Laboure following her vision of the Blessed Virgin Mary and made by goldsmith Adrien Vachette.Although not an official teaching of the Catholic Church, some Catholics believe that wearing the medal with faith and devotion can bring special graces through the intercession of Mary at the hour of death.Such items of devotion are not charms and should not be construed as being so, but only serve as constant physical reminders of devotion and Mary promise. .....
Louvre Pyramid
31. The Louvre Pyramid (Pyramide du Louvre) is a large glass and metal pyramid, surrounded by three smaller pyramids, in the main courtyard (Cour Napoleon) of the Louvre Palace (Palais du Louvre) in Paris.The large pyramid serves as the main entrance to the Louvre Museum.Completed in 1989, it has become a landmark of the city of Paris. .....
CitE des Sciences et de lIndustrie
32. The CitE des Sciences et de lIndustrie is the biggest science museum in Europe.Located in Parc de la Villette in Paris, France, it is one of the three dozens Cultural Centers of Science, Technology and Industry (CCSTI), promoting science and science culture.About five million people visit the CitE each year.Attractions include a planetarium, a submarine (the Argonaute (S636)), an IMAX theatre (La Geode) and special areas for children and teenagers.The Cite is classified as a public establishment of an industrial and commercial character, an establishment specializing in the fostering of scientific and technical culture.Created on the initiative of President Giscard dEstaing, the goal of the Cite is to spread scientific and technical knowledge among the public, particularly for youth, and to promote public interest in science, research and industry. .....
Bois de Boulogne
33. The Bois de Boulogne (French pronunciation) is a large public park located along the western edge of the 16th arrondissement of Paris, near the suburb of Boulogne Billancourt and Neuilly sur Seine It was created between 1852 and 1858 during the reign of the Emperor Louis Napoleon.It is the second largest park in Paris, slightly smaller than the Bois de Vincennes on the eastern side of the city.It covers an area of 845 hectares (2090 acres) which is two and half times the size of Central Park in New York, and comparable in size to Richmond Park in London. .....
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