Ottawa

Ottawa
1. Ottawa original name, was founded as a community in 1826 when hundreds of land speculators were attracted to the south side of the river when news spread that British authorities were immediately constructing the northerly end of the Rideau Canal military project at that location.The following year, the town would soon be named after British military engineer Colonel John By who was responsible for the entire Rideau Waterway construction project.The military purpose of the canal was to provide a secure route between Montreal and Kingston on Lake Ontario, bypassing the stretch of the St.Lawrence River bordering the state of New York that had left the British forces easily exposed to American enemy fire during the War of 1812.Founded in 1826 as Bytown and incorporated as Ottawa in 1855, the city has evolved into a political and technological centre of Canada.Its original boundaries were expanded through numerous minor annexations and ultimately replaced by a new city incorporation and major amalgamation in 2001 which significantly increased its land area.The name Ottawa is derived from the Algonquin word Odawa, meaning to trade. .....
Rideau Canal
2. The Rideau Canal, also known unofficially as the Rideau Waterway, connects the city of Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, on the Ottawa River to the city of Kingston, Ontario, on Lake Ontario.It is 202 kilometres in length. The name Rideau, French for curtain, is derived from the curtain like appearance of the Rideau River twin waterfalls where they join the Ottawa River. The canal system uses sections of two rivers, the Rideau and the Cataraqui, as well as several lakes.The Rideau Canal is operated by Parks Canada.The canal was opened in 1832 as a precaution in case of war with the United States.It remains in use today primarily for pleasure boating, with most of its original structures intact, operated by Parks Canada.The locks on the system open for navigation in mid May and close in mid October. It is the oldest continuously operated canal system in North America, and in 2007 it was registered as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. .....
National Gallery of Canada
3. The National Gallery of Canada, located in the capital city Ottawa, Ontario, is one of Canada premier art galleries. The Gallery is now housed in a glass and granite building on Sussex Drive with a notable view of the Canadian Parliament buildings on Parliament Hill.The building was designed by Moshe Safdie and opened in 1988. The Gallery former director Jean Sutherland Boggs was chosen especially by Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau to oversee construction of the national gallery and museums. .....
Canadian War Museum
4. The Canadian War Museum (CWM) is Canada national museum of military history. Located in Ottawa, Ontario, the museum covers all facets of Canada military past, from the first recorded instances of death by armed violence in Canadian history several hundred years ago to the country most recent involvement in conflicts.It includes major permanent exhibitions on wars that have been fought on Canadian soil, the total wars of the twentieth century, the Cold War and peace support operations abroad, and Canada history of honouring and remembrance.There is also an open storage area displaying large objects from the Museum collection, from naval guns to tanks, from motorcycles to jet aircraft.The exhibits depict Canada military past in its personal, national and international dimensions, with special emphasis on the human experience of war and the manner in which war has affected, and been affected by, Canadian participation. Much of the Museum public exhibition space is devoted to its Canadian Experience Galleries.These displays underline the profound effect that war has had on Canada development and the significant role Canadians have played in international conflicts. .....
Canada Aviation and Space Museum
5. Aviation Week and Space Technology, often abbreviated Aviation Week or AWandST, is the flagship magazine of the Aviation Week group.The weekly magazine is available in print and online, reporting on the aerospace, defense and aviation industries, with a core focus on aerospace technology.It has reputation for its contacts inside the United States military and industry organizations. The publication is sometimes informally called Aviation Leak and Space Mythology in defense circles. .....
Canada Agriculture Museum
6. The Canada Agriculture and Food Museum in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, houses a modern working farm.Its purpose is to illustrate how advances in farming science and technology have transformed the lives of Canadians.The museum holds exhibits, public programs, facility rentals, special events, and live demonstrations.The museum is controlled by the Canada Science and Technology Museums Corporation, which is responsible for preserving and protecting Canada scientific and technical heritage.The Corporation has a staff of about 275 and is responsible for three museums. .....
Supreme Court of Canada
7. The Supreme Court of Canada is the highest court of Canada, the final court of appeals in the Canadian justice system. The court grants permission to between 40 and 75 litigants each year to appeal decisions rendered by provincial, territorial and federal appellate courts.Its decisions are the ultimate expression and application of Canadian law and binding upon all lower courts of Canada.The increase in the importance of the court was mirrored by the numbers of its members.The court was established first with six judges, and these were augmented by an additional member in 1927.It was in 1949 that the bench reached its current composition, of nine Justices. .....
CFS Carp
8. Canadian Forces Station Carp (also CFS Carp and commonly known as The Diefenbunker) is a former Canadian military facility located in the rural farming community of Carp, Ontario, approximately 30 km (19 mi) west of Ottawa.CFS Carp was decommissioned in 1994.It was not until 1998 that it was reopened as a museum and designated a National Historic Site of Canada. Currently, the facility operates as a museum and is open year round for tours.The name of the facility was changed to the Diefenbunker, Canada Cold War Museum shortly thereafter.It is currently open year round for public tours. .....
Chateau Laurier
9. The Fairmont Chateau Laurier is a 660,000 square foot hotel with 429 guest rooms in downtown Ottawa, Ontario, located near the intersection of Rideau Street and Sussex Drive and designed in the French Gothic Chateauesque style to complement the adjacent Parliament buildings.The hotel is above the Rideau Canal locks and overlooks the Ottawa River.The main dining room (now the Laurier Room) overlooks Major Hill Park.The reception rooms include the Wedgewood blue Adam Room the Laurier Room defined by Roman columns the Empire style ballroom and the Drawing Room featuring cream and gold plaster ornament.The hotel was designated a national historic site in 1980. .....
Canada Science and Technology Museum
10. The Canada Science and Technology Museum is located in Ottawa, Ontario, on St.Laurent Boulevard, to the south of the Queensway (Highway 417).he National Museum of Science and Technology was established in 1967 as a Centennial project by the Canadian Government.It was the first museum to employ interactive exhibits. The role of the Museum is to help the public to understand the technological and scientific history of Canada and the ongoing relationships between science, technology and Canadian society. The artifacts present the ongoing relationships between science, technology, and the transformation of Canadian society. .....
Currency Museum
12. First opened on December 5, 1980, Canada Currency Museum is located on the ground floor of the Bank of Canada in Ottawa.It is the public face of the National Currency Collection, which contains over 100,000 currency related artifacts from around the world.These include coins, bank notes, dies, plates, and engraving tools, bank and government ledgers, weights and scales, cash registers, wallets, numismatic medals and cards and examples of counterfeit money.The National Currency Collection also encompasses a library and archive, which contain over 8,500 books, pamphlets, catalogues and journals dating back to the Middle Ages. .....
Peace Tower
13. The Peace Tower is a focal bell and clock tower, sitting on the central axis of the Centre Block of the Canadian parliament buildings in Ottawa, Ontario.The present incarnation replaced the 55 metre (180 ft) Victoria Tower after the latter burned down in 1916, along with most of the Centre Block only the Library of Parliament survived.It today serves as a Canadian icon, and appears on the Canadian twenty dollar bill. .....
Ottawa Convention Centre
14. The Ottawa Convention Centre is a convention centre in downtown Ottawa, Ontario, Canada which opened in April 2011.The Centre replaces the Ottawa Congress Centre, which opened in 1983.The new centre is built on the site of the Congress Centre building, which was demolished in 2008 2009.The Centre is located on Colonel By Drive, just south of Rideau Street.The facility is owned by the Ontario provincial government. .....
Notre Dame Cathedral Basilica
15. The Notre Dame Cathedral Basilica is a Minor basilica in Ottawa, Canada located on 385 Sussex Drive in the Lower Town neighbourhood.It was designated a National Historic Site of Canada in 1990.The steeples are covered with tin, which is typical for French Canadian churches, and house a peal of bells.The exterior is fairly reserved, but the interior is as far more ornate, designed by Georges Buillon.The interior of the church is brightly painted and decorated with carved features, exquisite stained glass windows and hundreds of statues of various religious figures.Louis Philippe Hebert completed thirty large wooden sculptures in the choir.At the end of the choir, the Holy Family is completed with saints John the Baptist and Patrick, the patron saints of French and Irish Catholics. .....
Bank of Canada
16. The Bank of Canada is Canada central bank. The bank was founded by the Bank of Canada Act on July 3, 1934, as a privately owned corporation.In 1938, the bank became a Crown corporation, belonging to the monarch in right of Canada. The Minister of Finance holds the entire share capital issued by the bank.Ultimately, the Bank is owned by the Minister of Finance on behalf of Her Majesty in right of Canada.The role of the bank is to promote the economic and financial well being of Canada. The responsibilities of the bank are monetary policy sole issuing authority of Canadian banknotes the promotion of a safe, sound financial system within Canada and funds management and central banking services for the federal government, the Bank and other clients. .....
Canadian Tomb of the Unknown Soldier
17. A Tomb of the Unknown Soldier refers to a monument in dedication to the services of an unknown soldier and to the common memories of all soldiers killed in any war.Such tombs can be found in many nations and are usually high profile national monuments.Throughout history, many soldiers have died in wars with their remains being unidentified.Following World War I, a movement arose to commemorate these soldiers with a single tomb, containing the body of one such unidentified soldier. .....
Centre Block
18. The Centre Block (in French edifice du centre) is the main building of the Canadian parliamentary complex on Parliament Hill, in Ottawa, Ontario, containing the House of Commons and Senate chambers, as well as the offices of a number of members of parliament, senators, and senior administration for both legislative houses.It is also the location of several ceremonial spaces, such as the Hall of Honour, the Memorial Chamber, and Confederation Hall.Built in the Gothic Revival style, the present Centre Block is the second iteration of the building, after the first was destroyed by fire in 1916 all that remains of the original building is the Library of Parliament, at the rear of the Centre Block.Though construction began immediately after the blaze, sculpting work on the interior continued through the 1970s.One of the most recognizable buildings in Canada, the Centre Block is depicted on the Canadian doller10 bill (the Library of Parliament), doller20 bill (the Peace Tower), and the doller50 bill. .....
24 Sussex Drive
19. 24 Sussex Drive is the official residence of the Prime Minister of Canada, located in the New Edinburgh neighbourhood of Ottawa, Ontario.Built between 1866 and 1868 by Joseph Merrill Currier, it has been the official home of the Canadian prime minister since 1951.It is one of two official residences made available to the Prime Minister, the Harrington Lake estate in nearby Gatineau Park being the other.The residence is spread on four floors, from the basement to the third floor.The basement consists of support rooms, including the laundry room.The main floor of the residence includes the dining room, which is used for both official and unofficial dinners, the living room, the kitchen, which is staffed by a head chef and support staff, the main stair hall, the prime minister library, and a sun room.The second floor is primarily bedrooms, including the master bedroom, as well as the office of prime minister spouse.The third floor contains additional bedrooms, and a private study for the prime minister. .....
Dominion Arboretum
21. The Dominion Arboretum is located at the Central Experimental Farm of Agriculture and Agri Food Canada in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.Originally begun in 1889 the Arboretum covers about 26 ha of rolling land between Prince of Wales Drive, Dow Lake and the Rideau Canal.Carleton University is located at the opposite side of the Canal.At a latitude of 45 degree, it can experience extremely hot and humid summers and extremely cold winters.It displays a wide range of well established trees and shrubs with the intention of evaluating their hardiness, including 1,700 different species and varieties. The arboretum is open from dawn to dusk and the admission is free. Although the climate of the Ottawa area is Zone 5a, the topography of the Arboretum produces a microclimate and is warmer by one zone.This has allowed for a collection of magnolias, azaleas, and several other fringe trees including Metasequoia and Liriodendron.One of the favourite attractions for tourists is the Ornamental Gardens.In this area are located the annual plant display, perennial borders, lilac walks, roses and hedges.The hedge collection was planted between 1966 and 1968 and contains a variety of species suitable for use as a hedge. .....
Watson Mill
22. Watson Mill is an historic flour and gristmill in Manotick, Ontario, Canada.It is the only working museum in the Ottawa area and one of very few operating industrial grist mills in North America.Indeed, Watson Mill still sells stone ground whole wheat flour which is made on site.The mill is also well known for its ghost story.The legend is that Ann Currier, wife of Joseph, haunts the mill, following her death in a tragic accident there in 1861.Watson Mill is Manotick most recognized landmark.Its image is used as a symbol for the village.Moss Kent Dickinson and Joseph Merrill Currier founded the mill as the Long Island Milling Enterprise in 1860.It was one of a series of mills constructed in the area using power from the Rideau Canal.It earned its current name when it was purchased by Harry Watson in 1946.Watson was the last owner to operate the mill at an industrial level.When the Rideau Valley Conservation Authority bought the mill in 1972, it was developed into a museum. .....
Canadian Golf and Country Club
23. The Canadian Golf and Country Club is a golf course in Ashton, Ontario, near Ottawa.It was established as a 9 hole golf course in 1976.Today it is a 27 hole golf facility with a 9 hole and 18 hole course.It has a practice facility with a driving range, practice green, chipping green and bunker short game area. .....
Nepean Sailing Club
24. The Nepean Sailing Club (NSC) is located on Lac Desch .....
Victoria Tower
27. The Victoria Tower is the square tower at the south west end of the Palace of Westminster in London, facing south and west onto Black Rod Garden and Old Palace Yard.At 98.5 metres (323 ft), it is slightly taller than the more famous Elizabeth Tower (formerly known as the Clock Tower and popularly known as Big Ben) at the north end of the Palace (96.3 metres (316 ft)). It houses the Parliamentary Archives in archive conditions meeting the BS 5454 standard, on 12 floors.All 14 floors of the building were originally linked via a single wrought iron Victorian staircase of 553 steps, of which five floors survive.The main entrance at the base of the tower is the Sovereign Entrance, through which the Monarch passes at the State Opening of Parliament.On top of the Victoria Tower is an iron flagstaff from which flies the Union Flag or, when the Sovereign is present in the Palace, the Royal Standard.The flag used to be flown only on days when either House of Parliament sat, but since January 2010 it has been flown every day. .....
Petrie Island
28. Petrie Island is an island situated in the Ottawa River in the eastern part of the city of Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.The island has several nearby islands and the general collection of islands is also called Petrie Island.The islands were formed from clay and sand deposited following the end of the last ice age.The area incorporates provincially significant wetlands and wooded areas that provide habitat for plants, animals and birds, especially during spring and fall migration.Extensive flooding occurs during the spring.The size of the islands was reduced when water levels were raised by the hydroelectric dam at Carillon. .....
Britannia
31. Britannia (also known as Britannia Bay or Britannia Village) is a group of neighbourhoods in Bay Ward in the west end of Ottawa, Canada.It is located on the Ottawa River across from Aylmer, Quebec, adjacent to its namesake, Britannia Bay, north of Carling Avenue and west of the Sir John A.Macdonald Parkway.The area constituted a municipal ward from 1973 to 1994 (Britannia Ward).The area has a mix of low and high income housing.The lower income areas of the area are closer to Richmond Road in the south, and the more affluent areas are located in the community of Britannia Village in the north, which includes the Britannia Yacht Club at the north end of Britannia Road.The total population of the area was 8,355 as of the 2011 census.Many of Britannia old cottages live on as bungalows.Surrounded by water, forest, and hills.The Ottawa River Pathway is a very long segment of Capital Pathway along the south bank of almost the entire length Ottawa portion of the Ottawa River.A bike path extends from Britannia some 12 kilometers to the Parliament buildings downtown.Today, there is probably no neighbourhood in Ottawa more mixed than Britannia forming a contrast with many of the homogenized satellite communities that have become Ottawa. .....
Canadian Museum of History
32. The Canadian Museum of History (French Musee canadien de l histoire, formerly the Canadian Museum of Civilization) is Canada national museum of human history. It is located in the Hull area of Gatineau, Quebec, directly across the Ottawa River from Parliament Hill in Ottawa, Ontario.The museum primary purpose is to collect, study, preserve, and present material objects that illuminate the human history of Canada and the cultural diversity of its people.In October 2012, it was announced that the museum would be renamed from the Canadian Museum of Civilization to the Canadian Museum of History, with an increased focus on Canadian history and people. The name change became official when the Canadian Museum of History Act received Royal Assent on December 12, 2013, with changes to the museum visual identity implemented gradually over the course of the following months. .....
Mer Bleue Conservation Area
33. The Mer Bleue Conservation Area is a 33.43 km2 (12.91 sq mi) protected area east of Ottawa in Eastern Ontario, Canada.Its main feature is a sphagnum bog which is situated in an ancient channel of the Ottawa River and is a remarkable boreal like ecosystem normally not found this far south.Stunted black spruce, tamarack, bog rosemary, blueberry, and cottongrass are some of the unusual species that have adapted to the acidic waters of the bog.The area provides habitat for a large number of species, including beaver, muskrat, waterfowl, and the rare Spotted Turtle (Clemmys guttata).A 1.2 km boardwalk allows visitors to explore a section of the bog.There are hiking trails which follow raised areas along the edges of the bog and cross country skiing trails for use in winter.The conservation area is managed by the National Capital Commission. .....
Andrew Haydon Park
34. Andrew Haydon Park is a park on the Ottawa River in Ottawa, Canada.It is situated on Carling Avenue at Holly Acres Road.There is a bandshell for outdoor concerts and a picnic area.The Nepean Sailing Club is located nearby at Dick Bell Park.The park features walking trails, play structures and swimming.Migrating Canada Geese and shorebirds stop over along the marshy edges of the river near the park.Resident Canada Geese also inhabit the park two ponds resulting in the common feces problem associated with geese in parks. The park was named after Andrew Haydon, former Reeve of Nepean.The landscape architect Donald W.Graham worked on this project. .....
TD Place Arena
35. TD Place Arena (originally the Ottawa Civic Centre) is an indoor arena located in Ottawa, Ontario, seating 9,862.With temporary seating and standing room it can hold 10,585.Opened in December 1967, it is used primarily for sports, including curling, figure skating, ice hockey and lacrosse.The arena has hosted Canadian and world championships in figure skating and ice hockey, including the first women world ice hockey championship in 1990.Canadian championships in curling have also been hosted at the arena.The arena is also used for concerts and conventions.It has also been used for Ottawa SuperEX events and exhibits. .....
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