. Oslo is the capital of Norway and most populous city in Norway.Oslo constitutes a county and a municipality.Oslo City is one of the largest shopping centres in central Oslo, Norway, with a turnover of 1,444 billion Norwegian kroner in 2005.The shopping centre was built in 1988, and is visited by c.50,000 people a day 16 million a year.It has 16,000 meter squre of commercial space, with 93 stores on five floors.Oslo is the economic and governmental centre of Norway.The city is also a hub of Norwegian trade, banking, industry and shipping.It is an important centre for maritime industries and maritime trade in Europe.The city is home to many companies within the maritime sector, some of which are among the world largest shipping companies, shipbrokers and maritime insurance brokers.Oslo is a pilot city of the Council of Europe and the European Commission intercultural cities programme.
Viking Ship Museum
. The Viking Ship Museum is located at Bygdoy in Oslo, Norway.It is part of the Museum of Cultural History of the University of Oslo, and houses archaeological finds from Tune, Gokstad (Sandefjord), Oseberg (Tonsberg) and the Borre mound cemetery.The main attractions at the Viking Ship Museum are the Oseberg ship, Gokstad ship and Tune ship.Additionally, the Viking Age display includes sledges, beds, a horse cart, wood carving, tent components, buckets and other grave goods. Many fully or nearly fully intact Viking ships are on display.The museum is most famous for the completely whole Oseberg ship, excavated from the largest known ship burial in the world.
. The Fram Museum is a museum telling the story of Norwegian polar exploration.It is located on the peninsula of Bygdoy in Oslo, Norway.Fram Museum is situated in an area with several other museums, including the KonTiki Museum the Norwegian Museum of Cultural History the Viking Ship Museum and the Norwegian Maritime Museum.Bygdoy Royal Estate, the official summer residence of the King of Norway and historic Oscarshall are also located nearby.The Fram Museum was inaugurated on 20 May 1936.It honours Norwegian polar exploration in general and three great Norwegian polar explorers in particularFridtjof Nansen, Otto Sverdrup and Roald Amundsen.The museum also exhibits images of the fauna of the polar regions, such as polar bears and penguins.The Fram Museum is centered principally on the original exploration vessel Fram.The original interior of Fram is intact and visitors can go inside the ship to view it.Fram was commissioned, designed, and built by ScotsNorwegian shipbuilder Colin Archer to specifications provided by Norwegian Arctic explorer Fridtjof Nansen, who financed the building of the ship with a combination of grant monies provided by the Norwegian government and private funding in 1891.
. Akershus Fortres or Akershus Castle is a medieval castle that was built to protect Oslo, the capital of Norway.It has also been used as a prison.The first construction on the castle started around the late 1290s, by King Haakon V, replacing Tonsberg as one of the two most important Norwegian castles of the period (the other being Bahus).It was constructed in response to the Norwegian nobleman, Earl Alv Erlingsson of Sarpsborg earlier attack on Oslo.
. The Oslofjord is an inlet in the southeast of Norway, stretching from an imaginary line between the Torbjornskj
Holmenkollen Ski Museum
. Holmenkollen is a neighborhood in the Vestre Aker borough of Oslo, Norway.In addition to being a residential area, the area has been a ski recreation area since the late 19th century, with its famous, eponymous, ski jumping hill, the Holmenkollbakken, hosting competitions since 1892.To the north, the area borders to the woodlands area Marka.The Holmenkoll Line of the Oslo Metro runs through the neighborhood, serving the stations Besserud and Holmenkollen.The Holmenkollen Chapel was destroyed by arson in 1992 by black metal artists Varg Vikernes, Bard Faust Eithun and oystein Euronymous Aarseth, but later rebuilt.The chapel is a neighbour to the Norwegian Royal Lodge, the residence of the Norwegian Royal Family during events like Christmas and Holmenkollen Ski Festival.
Norwegian Museum of Cultural History
. Norsk Folkemuseum, the Norwegian Museum of Cultural History at Bygdoy in Oslo, is a museum of cultural history with extensive collections of artifacts from all social groups and all regions of the country.It also incorporates a large open air museum with more than 150 buildings relocated from towns and rural districts.The Norwegian Museum of Cultural History is situated on the Bygdoy peninsula near several other museums, including the Viking Ship Museum the Fram Museum the KonTiki Museum and the Norwegian Maritime Museum.
Oslo Opera House
. The Oslo Opera House is the home of The Norwegian National Opera and Ballet, and the national opera theatre in Norway.The building is situated in the Bjorvika neighborhood of central Oslo, at the head of the Oslofjord.It is operated by Statsbygg, the government agency which manages property for the Norwegian government.The structure contains 1,100 rooms in a total area of 38,500 m2 (414,000 sq ft).The main auditorium seats 1,364 and two other performance spaces can seat 200 and 400.The main stage is 16 m (52 ft) wide and 40 m (130 ft) deep. The angled exterior surfaces of the building are covered with Italian marble and white granite and make it appear to rise from the water.It is the largest cultural building constructed in Norway since Nidarosdomen was completed circa 1300.
. The National Gallery is an art museum in Trafalgar Square in London.Founded in 1824, it houses a collection of over 2,300 paintings dating from the mid13th century to 1900. The Gallery is an exempt charity, and a nondepartmental public body of the Department for Culture, Media and Sport. Its collection belongs to the public of the United Kingdom and entry to the main collection is free of charge.It is the fourth most visited art museum in the world, after the Muse du Louvre, the British Museum, and the Metropolitan Museum of Art.Unlike comparable museums in continental Europe, the National Gallery was not formed by nationalising an existing royal or princely art collection.It came into being when the British government bought 38 paintings from the heirs of John Julius Angerstein, an insurance broker and patron of the arts, in 1824.After that initial purchase the Gallery was shaped mainly by its early directors, notably Sir Charles Lock Eastlake, and by private donations, which comprise twothirds of the collection. The resulting collection is small in size, compared with many European national galleries, but encyclopaedic in scope most major developments in Western painting from Giotto to Czanne are represented with important works.It used to be claimed that this was one of the few national galleries that had all its works on permanent exhibition, but this is no longer the case.
. Frogner Park is a public park located in the borough of Frogner in Oslo, Norway, and historically part of Frogner Manor.The manor house is located in the south of the park, and houses the Oslo City Museum.Both the park and the entire borough derive their names from Frogner Manor.Frogner Park contains, in its present centre, the world famous Vigeland installation, a permanent sculpture installation created by Gustav Vigeland between the 1920s and 1943. Although sometimes incorrectly referred to as the Vigeland (Sculpture) Park, the Vigeland installation is not a separate park, but the name of the sculptures within Frogner Park. The sculpture park consists of sculptures as well as larger structures such as bridges and fountains.
. The Royal Palace in Oslo was built in the first half of the 19th century as the Norwegian residence of King Charles III, who also reigned as king of Sweden and otherwise resided there, and is the official residence of the present Norwegian monarch.The crown prince resides at Skaugum in Asker west of Oslo.The palace has 173 rooms.Charles John chose the site for the permanent Royal Palace on the western side of Christiania in 1821 and commissioned the officer and inexperienced architect, Danishborn Linstow, to design the building.The Parliament approved the stipulated cost of 150 000 Speciedaler to be financed by the sale of government bonds.Work on the site started in 1824, and on 1 October 1825 the king laid down the foundation stone beneath the altar of the future Royal chapel.Linstow originally planned a building of only two storeys with projecting wings on both sides of the main facade.
Oslo City Hall
. Oslo City Hall houses the city council, city administration, and art studios and galleries.The construction started in 1931, but was paused by the outbreak of World War II, before the official inauguration in 1950.Its characteristic architecture, artworks and the Nobel Peace Prize ceremony, held on 10 December, makes it one of Oslo most famous buildings.It was designed by Arnstein Arneberg and Magnus Poulsson.The roof of the eastern tower has a 49bell carillon which plays every hour.It is situated in Pipervika in central downtown Oslo.The area was completely renovated and rebuilt to make room for the new city hall, back in the late 1920s.In June 2005 it was named Oslo Structure of the Century, with 30.4 percent of the votes.
Nobel Peace Center
. The Nobel Peace Center in Oslo, Norway is a showcase for the Nobel Peace Prize and the ideals it represents.The Center is also an arena where culture and politics merge to promote involvement, debate and reflection around topics such as war, peace and conflict resolution.The Center presents the Nobel Peace Prize laureates and their work, in addition to telling the story of Alfred Nobel and the other Nobel prizes.This is done using multimedia and interactive technology, exhibitions, meetings, debates, theater, concerts and conferences, as well as a broad educational program and regular guided tours.The Nobel Peace Center is a foundation and part of a network of Nobel institutions represented externally by the Nobel Foundation, which also administers informational activities and arrangements surrounding the presentation of the Nobel Prize.Bente Erichsen is director of the Nobel Peace Center.Geir Lundestad is chairman of the Center board, which is appointed by the Norwegian Nobel Committee.
. Sognsvann (or Sognsvannet) is a 3.3 km circumference lake just north of Oslo, Norway.Lying just within the greenbelt around Oslo, the lake is a popular recreational area, used as a camping, picnicking and bathing destination for the residents of Oslo during the summer, as well as a crosscountry skiing, skating and ice fishing destination in the winter.The trail around it is used for walking or jogging all year.Every year in August, swimming and running take part in Sognsvann as part of the Oslo Triathlon.Every August, swimming and running takes part at Songsvann Lake as part of a Triathlon consisting of cycling, running and swimming Cycling around the lake is prohibited due to large number of people covering this road on foot.Disabled access is good to and around the lake.Part of the lake popularity stems from its easy access from Oslo Sognsvann station, located on the south end of the lake, is the final stop on line 6 on the Oslo Tbane.
. Fram (Forward) is a ship that was used in expeditions of the Arctic and Antarctic regions by the Norwegian explorers Fridtjof Nansen, Otto Sverdrup, Oscar Wisting, and Roald Amundsen between 1893 and 1912.It was designed and built by the ScottishNorwegian shipwright Colin Archer for Fridtjof Nansen 1893 Arctic expedition in which the plan was to freeze Fram into the Arctic ice sheet and float with it over the North Pole.Fram is said to have sailed farther north and farther south than any other wooden ship.Fram is preserved at the Fram Museum in Oslo, Norway.
University Botanical Garden
. The Cambridge University Botanic Garden is a botanical garden located in Cambridge, England. It lies between Trumpington Road to the west and Hills Road to the east, close to Cambridge railway station.The garden covers an area of 16 hectares (40 acres). The site is almost entirely on level ground and in additional to its scientific value, the garden is highly rated by gardening enthusiasts.It holds a plant collection of over 8000 plant species from all over the world to facilitate teaching and research.The garden was created for the University of Cambridge in 1831 by Professor John Stevens Henslow (Charles Darwin mentor) and was opened to the public in 1846.
. Akerselva, or Akerselven, is a river which flows through Oslo.It starts at Maridalsvannet in Oslomarka, and follows the urban areas Nordre Aker, Sagene, Grunerlokka, Oslo centre and Gronland, whereby it finally ends at Paulsenkaien and Oset in Bjorvika.The river is considered to be a part of the Nordmarkvassdraget, and has the watercourse number 006.Z.The entire river is about 8.2 kilometres long, and has a difference in altitude of approximately 149 meters.Earlier, the river gave power to numerous industry companies in Oslo. Akerselven is Oslo green lung many parks and nature trails are to be found by its path, from Gronland to Maridalsvannet.A walk from along Akerselven from the rural Frysja down through the different parts of Oslo all the way down to the city centre is an amazing experience and a walk through the history of Oslo. Salmon run and spawn in the upper part of the river.
. The background story of the Continental is like an old fairytale, about a young couple, who through their hard work and entrepreneurship created a monument that will live for many years.It all started in Sweden in 1860, with the birth of Caroline Boman.Her family was poor, and instead of emigrating to America, something that was customary at the time, she crossed the border from Sweden to Christiania, now Oslo Norway in 1887, where she got a job as a cook.Four years later, she married Christian Hansen, who was from Oslo and worked as a waiter.Hotel Continental and Theatercafen opened in 1900, right after the opening of the National Theatre.The business was originally owned by Foss Brewery, but was run by different tenants who all had to give up.Caroline and Christian Boman Hansen took over the lease in 1909, and within only three years they were able to purchase the establishment.In 1932 and 1961 respectively the hotel and restaurant was expanded, and now occupies a whole block centrally located in the center of Oslo.
Through four generations the same family has built and developed the hotel and the restaurants into what the establishment is today.Elisabeth C.Brochmann is the current and fourth generation owner.In 1985 she took over the daily operations from her mother Ellen Brochmann.The Hotel Continental offers 155 individually furnished rooms, many of which are newly renovated.The hotel is a 5 star property of high international standard, and is the only Norwegian member of The Leading Hotels of the World.
. Hovedoya or Hovedoen is one of several small islands off the coast of Oslo, Norway in the Oslofjord.The island is quite small, no more than 800 metres across in any direction, the total area is 0,4 square kilometre.It is well known for its lush and green nature, with a wide variety of trees, bushes and flowers.The name is from Norse times (Hofudoy).The first element is hofud n head (here in the sense hill or height), the last element is oy (o) island.The name is a reference to the top of the hill on the island.At 47 metres it is the tallest point of the inner Oslofjord islands by a good margin.The name comes in various spellings.While oy for island would be Norwegian, it was later changed for o under Danish influence, later changed to the finite form oen.Today it is variously given as Hovedoya (common) or sometimes Hovedo(y)en (conservative).
. Ekeberg is a neighborhood in the city of Oslo, Norway.The Norway Cup soccer tournament takes place at Ekebergsletta every summer.Sletta means the plain.The painting The Scream by Edvard Munch is painted from Utsikten (the view), a part of Ekeberg.In the area are a number of old Iron Age grave mounds and Bronze Age ritual sites.This establish the area of Ekeberg as one of the oldest inhabited places around Oslo.During the Middle Ages, the farm of Ekeberg belonged to Hovedoya Abbey.The area was later taken by the crown.From 1760, the farm of Ekeberg was run by an appointed owner, and his relatives owned the farm thereafter.In the area, a number of small homesteads under the main farm was erected the following century.The first suburban settlement came around 1900, and the early suburb was raised in the years prior to 1935.Many of the early houses are still present in the area.Ekeberg belonged to Oslo from 1947.In 1926 Roald Amundsen airship Norge, was on its way from Italy to Svalbard, stopped in Oslo, mooring at Ekeberg at a speciallyconstructed mast, the foundation of which can still be seen today at the north end of the park.
. The Stenersen Museum is an art museum in Oslo, Norway at Munkedamsveien 15.The museum shows both international and Norwegian art.The museum also houses three main art collections, donated to the Oslo municipality (and the former Aker municipality) by Rolf E.Stenersen, Amaldus Nielsen heirs, and Ludvig O.Ravensberg.The collections were given in 1936, 1933, and 1972 respectively, but the museum did not open until 1994.In 2008 plans were finalized for the Stenersen Museum to relocate to Bjorvika and occupy a new building near the Oslo Opera House together with the Munch Museum.
Old Aker Church
. Old Aker Church is a medieval church located in Oslo.An active parish, the church is the oldest existing building in Oslo.The church has been pillaged and ravaged by fire several times.The oldest part of the surrounding churchyard dates back to the 12th century.The church sits on top of the Telthusbakken hill and is located centrally in the borough of St.Hanshaugen.It is surrounded by an old graveyard and a stone wall.Most of the buildings in the area are from the 1880s, with the addition of some apartment blocks from the 1930s.The church was built over an old silver mine, Akersberg which was in use since the early Viking age.The mines are mentioned in the 1170 Historia Norvegiae.The mines must have been the inspiration for a number of stories about the church having hidden silver treasures and even dungeons with dragons.
Tryvann Ski Resort
. Tryvann is a small lake in Nordmarka, the forest area just north of Oslo city, near the Holmenkollen ski jump.By the water lies a cabin called Tryvannstua, in which there is a caf regularly open both during summer and winter.On a hill above the lake looms the television tower Tryvannstarnet (The Tryvann tower), visible from most of Oslo.Tryvann is the entry and beginning of Nordmarka.It is used all year around.key purposes of this area in the winter is skiing and crosscountry skiing, whereas in the summer it is more commonly used for walks in the forest and biking.When referring to Tryvann it is mostly referred to the Tryvann vinterpark.
. Oslo Spektrum is an indoor multipurpose arena in east central Oslo, Norway.It opened in December 1990.It is currently owned and operated by Norges Varemesse (Norway Trade Fairs), who also own and operate the Norges Varemesse conference center in Lillestrom which is Norway largest conference center. Oslo Spektrum is primarily known for hosting major events such as the Nobel Peace Prize Concert, Eurovision Song Contest, and concerts by artists of national and international fame, such as Whitney Houston, Diana Ross, Britney Spears, Lady Gaga and Chris Brown.
. The Storting building is the seat of the Storting, the parliament of Norway, located in central Oslo.It is located at Karl Johans gate 22 and was taken into use on 5 March 1866, and was designed by the Swedish architect Emil Victor Langlet.The next discussion was related to the architecture.Several proposals were made, and twelve of these have been preserved.A design competition was initiated in 1856, and this was won by the architects Heinrich Ernst Schirmer and Wilhelm von Hanno.However, the Storting decided to reject the proposal because it looked too much like a church.
. Oslo Cathedral formerly Our Savior Church (Norwegian Var Frelsers kirke) is the main church for the Church of Norway Diocese of Oslo, as well as the parish church for downtown Oslo.The present building dates from 16941697.The Norwegian Royal Family and the Norwegian Government use the Cathedral for public events.It was closed for renovation in August 2006 and reopened with a festive high mass on 18 April 2010.
Oslo Nye Teater
. Oslo Nye Teater in Oslo is one of Norway most visited theatres.The theatre opened in 1959 as a merge between Det Nye Teater and Folketeatret, and consists of four stages Oslo Nye Hovedscenen, Oslo Nye Centralteatret, Oslo Nye Trikkestallen and Oslo Nye Teaterkjeller.
Norwegian Museum of Contemporary Art
. The Norwegian Museum of Contemporary Art (Norwegian Museet for samtidskunst) is a museum in Oslo, Norway.Since 2003, it is administratively a part of the National Museum of Art, Architecture and Design.
. Birkelunden (lit.The Birch Grove) is a park placed centrally in the Grunerlokka borough of Oslo, Norway.It is formed as a rectangle, more or less like a city block.The park is surrounded by four streets, and housing three and four storeys tall, mostly built in the 1870s and 1880s. Grunerlokka School adjacent to the park was taken into use in 1895, and on the opposite side of the park is found Paulus Church from 1892.
. Oscarshall summer palace is located in the small fjord Frognerkilen on Bygdoy in Oslo, Norway.The palace, with its secondary buildings and surrounding park, is considered to be one of the finest examples of neoGothic architecture in Norway and is one of the country most important embodiments of the National Romantic style which was popular in Norway during the period.The interior was wholly constructed and decorated by Norwegian artists and artisans.The walls of the dining hall are decorated with paintings by Joachim Frich and Adolph Tidemand, while the decoration and furniture in the drawing room evokes the style of the old Norwegian guildhall.
. Gressholmen is an islet located in the Oslofjord, just south of central Oslo.Administratively it belongs to the borough of Gamle Oslo.Gressholmen airport was for the years 1927 through 1939 the location of the main airport for Oslo, until the construction of Fornebu airport.The airport was only for seaplanes.Gressholmen Airport Norwegian Gressholmen sjoflyhavn) was a water aerodrome situated the island of Gressholmen in Oslo, Norway.It served as the main airport serving Oslo from 1927 to 1939, along with Kjeller Airport.The aerodrome consisted of docks, a landing ramp, terminal building and a hangar and used a section of the Oslofjord as its runway.Being located on an island it was necessary to transport passengers by boat to the island.The airport only operated during the summer, typically from May through September.
. Maridalsvannet is a lake in Maridalen, Oslo, Norway.It is the largest lake in the municipitality of Oslo, and serves as the main drinking water supply for the city. The lake drains via the river Akerselva to the Oslofjord. The primary inflows are Skj
. Bislett Stadion is a sports stadium in Oslo, Norway.Bislett is Norway most well known sports arena internationally, with 15 speed skating world records and more than 50 track and field world records having been set here.The stadium was demolished in 2004 and construction of a new stadium was completed by the summer of 2005.In 1999, the American sports magazine Sports Illustrated declared that the old Bislett Stadium was one of the top 20 sports venues of the 20th century.
. Kunstnernes Hus (Norwegian for Artists House) is an art gallery in Oslo, Norway.It is Norway largest gallery under the direction of artists, and has served as a major center for exhibits of Norwegian and international contemporary art.It is also a prominent example of Functionalist architecture and houses the Office for Contemporary Art Norway.The building is situated in Wergelandsveien 17, across the Royal palace park After having raised funds and interest for several years, Bildende Kunstneres Styre (now Norwegian Visual Artists Association) acquired the site for its headquarters in 1927 and opened an architectural contest in 1928.Several important specifications were imposed on entries, among them natural light from the ceiling, limited building height, and a facade that blended with the surrounding architecture.Its architecture is noted as an important milestone in the transition from the legacy of 19th century Neoclassical architecture to 20th century Functionalism.Over 60 proposals were submitted, and the winning proposal, named Felix, by Gudolf Blakstad and Herman MuntheKaas was simplified before construction began in 1929.The building opened on October 1, 1930 as an independent foundation with public support.In 1931 it won the Houen Prize for excellent architecture.It was renovated in 2000 2001 at a cost of about NOK 20 million to improve the galleries, the general structural and aesthetic integrity, and bring safety infrastructure to modern standards.Kunstnernes Hus is governed by a fivemember board, of whom four are elected by the Norwegian Visual Artists Association, and one from the Ministry of Culture.