Nice

Nice
1. The city is called Nice la Belle (Nissa La Bella in Nicard), which means Nice the Beautiful, which is also the title of the unofficial anthem of Nice, written by Menica Rondelly in 1912.Nice Nicard Occitan Nica or Nissa [nonstandard], Italian Nizza or Nizza Marittima, Greek ?i?ala, Latin Nicaea) is the fifth most populous city in France, after Paris, Marseille, Lyon and Toulouse, and it is the capital of the Alpes Maritimes departement.The urban area of Nice extends beyond the administrative city limits with a population of about 1 million on an area of 721 km2 (278 sq mi).Located on the south east coast of France on the Mediterranean Sea, Nice is the second largest French city on the Mediterranean coast and the second largest city in the Provence Alpes Cote dAzur region after Marseille. .....
French Riviera
2. This coastline was one of the first modern resort areas.It began as a winter health resort for the British upper class at the end of the 18th century.With the arrival of the railway in the mid 19th century, it became the playground and vacation spot of British, Russian, and other aristocrats, such as Queen Victoria and King Edward VII, when he was Prince of Wales.In the summer, it also played home to many members of the Rothschild family.In the first half of the 20th century, it was frequented by artists and writers, including Pablo Picasso, Henri Matisse, Edith Wharton, Somerset Maugham, and Aldous Huxley, as well as wealthy Americans and Europeans.After World War II, it became a popular tourist destination and convention site.Many celebrities, such as Elton John and Brigitte Bardot, have homes in the region.Officially, the Cote dAzur is home to 163 nationalities with 83,962 foreign residents, although estimates of the number of non French nationals living in the area are often much higher. .....
Promenade des Anglais
3. The Promenade des Anglais (Nicard Camin deis Angles) is a celebrated promenade along the Mediterranean at Nice, France.For the local inhabitants, the Promenade des Anglais has simply become the Promenade or, for short, La Prom.On Sundays, bicyclists, babystrollers, and whole families can be seen out for a stroll along the Promenade.It has also become a favorite place for skateboarders and in line skaters.Aside from numerous events such as the annual Carnival, the Battle of Flowers, etc.that take place along the Promenade, the Promenade has its blue chairs (chaises bleues) and cabanas perfect for a lazy time along the Mediterranean and for contemplation of the azure water of the Bay of Angels (la Baie des Anges). .....
Musee Matisse
4. The Musee Matisse in Nice is a national museum devoted to the work of French painter Henri Matisse.It gathers one of the world largest collections of his works, tracing his artistic beginnings and his evolution through his last works.The museum, which opened in 1963, is located in the Villa des Are nes, a seventeenth century villa in the neighborhood of Cimiez.The Villa des Are nes was constructed from 1670 to 1685.Upon its completion, it was named the Gubernatis palace after its sponsor and owner, Jean Baptiste Gubernatis, then consul in Nice.The villa took its current name in 1950, when the City of Nice, anxious to preserve it, bought it from a real estate company. .....
Russian Orthodox Cathedral Nice
5. The St Nicholas Orthodox Cathedral, Nice French Cathedrale Orthodoxe Saint Nicolas de Nice, Russian is a Russian Orthodox cathedral located in the French city of Nice.It functions as a house of worship of the Moscow Patriarchate, while it is the legal property of the Russian Federation, administered by the Property Department of the Moscow Kremlin, It is also recognized as a national monument of France.It is the largest Russian Orthodox cathedral in Western Europe.The cathedral was opened in 1912, thanks to the generosity of Russia Tsar Nicholas II.From 1931 until 15 December 2011 (after a longstanding legal dispute over ownership was resolved), the parish that occupied the cathedral was part of the Paris based Patriarchal Exarchate for Orthodox Parishes of Russian Tradition in Western Europe under the jurisdiction of the Church of Constantinople. .....
Musee Marc Chagall
6. The Musee Marc Chagall (National Museum or Chagall Biblical Message) is a national museum dedicated to the work of painter Marc Chagall essentially his works inspired by religion and located in Nice, in the Alpes Maritimes.Chagall himself provided detailed instructions about the creation of the garden by Henri Fish, and decided the place of each of his works in the museum.The chronological order of the works was not followed.Chagall created the mosaic which overlooks the pond and the blue stained glasses that decorate the concert hall he also wanted an annual exhibition to be held on a topic related to the spiritual and religious history of the world. .....
Nice Cathedral
7. Nice Cathedral (French Basilique Cathedrale Sainte Marie et Sainte Reparate de Nice) is the cathedral of the Diocese of Nice and is located in the old town of Nice in the south of France.It was built between 1650 and 1699, the year of its consecration.It is dedicated to the Assumption of the Virgin Mary and Saint Reparata.It has been classed as a monument historique since 9 August 1906. .....
Musee dart moderne et dart contemporain
8. The Museum is located near the Place Garibaldi.It was designed by two architects, Yves Bayard and Henri Vidal, and is shaped as a tetrapod arch straddling the course of the Paillon.The monumentality of the project developed to cross the Paillon allows connection through a terrace, called the Promenade des Arts, from the Museum to the Theater.With its square plan, the architecture of the building is inspired by neo classicism rules.The available area is approximately 4,500 m2, distributed over ten showrooms.The facades are covered with smooth white Carrara marble.The entrance and the shop are located at the level of the esplanade Niki de Saint Phalle, which overlooks the Place Yves Klein.The gallery spaces are devoted to temporary exhibitions on the first floor, and the permanent collections are on the second and third floors.The entrance is free and opens daily from 10.00 am to 600 pm, except on Mondays and some holidays. .....
Musee des Beaux Arts de Nice
9. The Musee des Beaux Arts de Nice in Nice, France at 33 av.des Baumettes was built in the former private mansion built in 1878 by the Ukrainian Princess, Elisabeth Vassilievna Kotschoubey.Named for the artist Jules Cheret who lived and worked in Nice during his final years, the museum opened as the Palais des Arts Jules Cheret on 7 January 1928.The museum houses a collection of art spanning the past four centuries.There are paintings by Cheret and other artists who lived and worked on the French Riviera such as Gustav Adolf Mossa (fr), who for many years was curator of the museum.The small museum has sculptures by Jean Baptiste Carpeaux, Francois Rude, Michel de Tarnowsky and Auguste Rodin, plus ceramic pieces by Pablo Picasso.Some of the paintings. .....
Opera de Nice
10. The Opera de Nice is the principal opera venue in Nice, France.It offers three types of performances operas, ballets and classical concerts and houses the Ballet Nice.Mediterrannee and the Nice Philharmonic Orchestra.The petit theatre en bois was first created in 1776 by Marquess Alli Maccarani.Sold in 1787, it reopened in 1790 under the name Theatre Royal.In 1826, the city of Nice, encouraged by King Charles Felix,bought it from its owners and had it destroyed and rebuilt.It was inaugurated in 1828 with Giovanni Pacini Il Barone di Bolsheim.In 1856, a great ball was organized in the honour of King Victor Emmanuel II. .....
Musee international dart naif Anatole Jakovsky
11. The Musee international dart naif Anatole Jakovsky (Eng.Anatole Jakovsky International Museum of Naive Art) is a museum located in Nice, which displays 18 to 21st century works specialized in naive art.The museum was inaugurated on 5 March 1982.The museum was housed in the Chateau Saint Hele ne which was the former residence of perfumer Francois Coty, and is located in a large park.In 1930, his ex wife Yvonne decide to order changes in the building by Nice architect H.Malgaud who removed the sets designed by Aaron Messiah.Her daughter Christiane Coty sold the castle to the city of Nice on 6 April 1973, and the building was eventually transformed into a museum, which opened in 1982.The works are composed of paintings, sculptures, drawings, posters by painters such as Henri Rousseau, Seraphine Louis, Grandma Moses, O'Brady, Rimbert, Ivan and Josip Generalic, Bauchant, Vivin, Lackovic, Haddelsey, Ligabue, Vivancos, among others. .....
Nice Observatory
12. The Observatoire de Nice (Nice Observatory) is an astronomical observatory located in Nice, France on the summit of Mont Gros.The observatory was founded in 1879 by the banker Raphal Bischoffsheim.The architect was Charles Garnier, and Gustave Eiffel designed the main dome.The 77 cm (30 in) refractor telescope made by Henry and Gautier became operational around 1886 1887, was the largest in a privately funded observatory, and the first at such high altitude (325 m or 1,066 ft above sea level).It was slightly bigger in aperture and several metres longer than the new (1895) 76 cm (30 in) at Pulkovo observatory in the Russian Empire.The French telescope was also at a higher altitude.As a scientific institution, the Nice Observatory no longer exists.It was merged with CERGA in 1988 to form the Observatoire de la Cote dAzur, which often is still referred to as Nice Observatory. .....
Terra Amata
13. Terra Amata is an archeological site in open air located on the slopes of Mount Boron in Nice, at a level 26 meters (85 ft) above the current sea level of the Mediterranean.It was discovered and excavated in 1966 by Henry de Lumley.The site, originally on a prehistoric beach, contained tools of the lower Paleolithic period, dated to about 400,000 BC, as well as traces of some of the earliest domestication of fire in Europe.The site now lies beneath an apartment building and a museum of prehistoric Nice, where some of the objects discovered are on display. .....
Notre Dame de Nice
14. The Basilica of Notre Dame de Nice (French Basilique Notre Dame de Nice) is a Roman Catholic Neo Gothic basilica situated on the Avenue Jean Medecin in the centre of Nice, in France.The basilica, built between 1864 and 1868, was designed by Louis Lenormand and is the largest church in Nice, but is not the cathedral.Inspired by Angers Cathedral, it is built in the Gothic style.Its construction was motivated by a desire to frenchify the city after the County of Nice was annexed to France from Italy, and at the time Gothic buildings were supposed to be characteristically French.Its most prominent features are the two square towers 31 m high, which dominate the east front together with a large rose window featuring scenes of the Assumption of Mary. .....
Palais Nikaia
15. Palais Nikaia is an indoor concert hall and multi purpose facility located in Nice, France.It opened on 4 April 2001, and is located five minutes drive from Cote dAzur International Airport.On its own, Palais Nikaia has seats for between 1,500 to 6,250 persons depending upon configuration, with an upwards maximum of 9,000 capacity including those standing.However, in a unique arrangement, it is located next to the outdoor Stade Charles Ehrmann, with sliding glass doors to operate between them, and the two in combination can be used to host very large concerts with up to 50,000 or more in attendance.Depeche Mode performed at the concert hall on May 4, 2013 during their Delta Machine Tour, in front of a sold out crowd of 9,904 people. .....
Villa Leopolda
16. The American architect Ogden Codman, Jr.purchased the dozen existing structures that made up the property including two peasant cottages, and began his architectural magnum opus in 1929.It was complete by 1931, however financial difficulties (and his lavish expenditures) precluded his being able to live in it, so he rented it out to various well heeled tenants.One famous English couple tried to lease it, but insisted on making changes that were contrary to Codman aesthetic objectives and strict list of protective clauses.Negotiations in a Paris Hotel room broke down over the many restrictions Codman imposed, and Ogden response was I regret that the House of Codman is unable to do business with the House of Windsor.Codman extensive designs and construction gave the estate, once a series of unrelated buildings, its current appearance.His neo Palladian vision, coupled with his in depth knowledge of historical precedent, resulted in the construction of a spectacular villa with extensive gardens and landscaping.Floor plans, letters, records, and stereo glass plate views of the newly completed property still exist in the collections of the Society for the Preservation of New England Antiquities (aka Historic New England) At Codman death in 1951 the estate was sold to Izaak Walton Killam whose wife inherited the place after his death.In the later 1950s she sold it to Fiat president Gianni Agnelli (1921 2003) and Marella Agnelli.Their renovations to the property, obliterated such features as the varied hued scagliola walls in the Italian Salon under buckets of white paint. .....
Museum dhistoire naturelle de Nice
17. The Natural History Museum of Nice (French Museum dhistoire naturelle de Nice) is a French natural history museum located in Nice.It has extensive collections mainly from the Mediterranean region but also from Africa, the Indian Ocean and South America.The museum was founded in 1846 by Jean Baptiste Verany (1800 1865), a French pharmacist and naturalist who specialized in the study of cephalopods, and Jean Baptiste Barla (1817 1896), a French botanist. .....
French pyramids
18. The Falicon pyramid is a monument located at a rural site near the town of Falicon, on the French Riviera, near Nice.It is constructed above a karstic cave known as the Cave of the Bats (Occitan Bauma des Ratapignata) and is one of the few pyramids in Europe.The pyramid is constructed of small irregularly shaped stones, possesses a fairly acute angle of inclination, and is in a partly ruined condition.While most of its upper section is missing, the lower section is reasonably well preserved.The pyramid purpose and exact origins are unknown.Though it had been suggested that it may have been constructed by Roman legionaries involved in Egyptian cult practices, more recent research indicated that it was actually built between 1803 and 1812, i.e.during the rule of Napoleon Bonaparte. .....
Stade du Ray
19. Stade Municipal du Ray is a football stadium in Nice, France.It was the home of OGC Nice since it opened in 1927 and has a capacity of 18,696.It is popular for being located in the center of the city, but suffers from its old structure and small capacity.The red and black colored stadium is mostly used for football.A new stadium was supposed to be built in the Lingostie re side, but the project was cancelled in 2006.The stadium was replaced by the Allianz Riviera in September 2013. .....
Cimetie re du Chateau
20. The Cimetie re du Chateau stands on the old citadel of Nice.Even today, some sections of the massive walls of the ancient fortress remain.The fortress, which was built in the 16th century, was once one of the most secure strongholds in France.The cemetery is as much popular for its function and history as for the scenic views of the city that affords.The graveyard at Cimetie re du Chateau, which was founded in 1783, has 2,800 graves, where some of Nice most famous people lie buried. .....
Stade Charles Ehrmann
21. Stade Charles Ehrmann is a football stadium, located in Nice, France.For sporting events, it seats 8,000 spectators.It is sometimes used by the OGC Nice, for practice or friendly matches, and by their reserves team the Eaglets.For large concerts, it is used in conjunction with the indoor concert hall Palais Nikaia, whose doors are opened and permit large crowds of up to 50,000 to view the stage inside the hall. .....
Musee National Marc Chagall
22. This museum has a large collection of works by Marc Chagall, the famous Russian born painter and designer.creativity , sensitivity, location.Chagall is great ! you have to visit this museum,Exquisite collection of Chagall work.Small gift shop and cafe inside the museum.The museum is within a walking distance from downtown. .....
Jardin du Monastere de Cimiez
23. The park is beautiful, it has a superbe view of Nice, the east side of the city.The zone where it is located is a bit remote and the access by bus not so easy, especially when coming from the west.Les Franciscains de Cimiez sont aussi les responsables de la paroisse Sainte Marie des Anges a Nice (Cimiez et Vallon des Fleurs pour Nice, ainsi que la commune voisine de Falicon).Aujourdhui, cest une fraternite de quatre fre res venant dAssise (Italie) qui assure le service a la paroisse Sainte Marie des Anges. .....
Place Massena
24. This bustling hub of commercial activity is a great spot for shopping or settling down for some serious relaxation in one of the many cafes.Situated in front of the Old Town and at the end of Avenue Jean Medecin, Place Massena is the junction between several main boulevards in the city.With its numerous coffee shops, high street department stores and quirky restaurants, this prodigious plaza is the epicentre of activity in downtown Nice. .....
Phoenix Parc Floral de Nice
25. Just outside of Nice, near the airport, this vast tourist attraction includes a botanical garden and numerous animals, among other things.2,500 species of plant are collected in the Phoenix Parc Floral and some of them are very rare the tropical greenhouse is one of the largest in Europe.There is a greenhouse dedicated exclusively to orchids and another which features the biodiversity of Southern Africa.The aviary contains many species of exotic birds and there are beautiful butterflies in one of the greenhouses and an insect zoo, as well as several aquariums and a big lake containing birds and turtles.There is also a tacky theme park with automated dinosaurs and mock Mayan temples which will probably delight children. .....
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