Manila

Manila
1. The city of Manila is located on the eastern shore of Manila Bay and is bordered by the cities of Navotas and Caloocan to the north Quezon City and San Juan to the northeast Mandaluyong to the east Makati to the southeast, and Pasay to the south.It has a total population of 1,652,171 according to the 2010 census and is the second most populous city in the Philippines, behind Quezon City.The populace inhabit an area of only 3,855 hectares, making Manila arguably the most densely populated city in the world.Manila (and more broadly, Metro Manila) is the economic and political capital of the Philippines, home to extensive commerce and some of the most historically and culturally significant landmarks in the country, as well as the seat of the executive and judicial branches of the government.Modern American scholars have listed Manila as a Beta global city but historically, Manila is among the world original Global Cities alongside Madrid and Mexico.The Manila Galleon trade route (c.1565 to 1815), being the first instance in human history wherein world trade truly became global (Where previously, world trade routes has not yet crossed the Pacific and had not reached a global nature).Making Manila, the primordial foundation stone of true globalization.Manila, contains many scientific and educational institutions, numerous sport facilities, and other culturally and historically significant venues.The city is divided into six legislative districts and consists of sixteen areas Binondo, Ermita, Intramuros, Malate, Paco, Pandacan, Port Area, Quiapo, Sampaloc, San Andres, San Miguel, San Nicolas, Santa Ana, Santa Cruz, Santa Mesa and Tondo. .....
San Agustin Church
2. San Agustin Church is a Roman Catholic church under the auspices of The Order of St.Augustine, located inside the historic walled city of Intramuros in Manila.In 1993, San Agustin Church was one of four Philippine churches constructed during the Spanish colonial period to be designated as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO, under the collective title Baroque Churches of the Philippines.It was named a National Historical Landmark by the Philippine government in 1976. .....
Rizal Park
3. Rizal Park (Filipino Liwasang Rizal) also known as Luneta Park or colloquially Luneta, is a historical urban park located along Roxas Boulevard, City of Manila, Philippines, adjacent to the old walled city of Intramuros.Since the Spanish Colonial Era, the Park has been a favourite leisure spot, and is frequented on Sundays and national holidays.It is one of the major tourist attractions of the City of Manila.Situated by Manila Bay, Luneta is also an important site in Philippine history. .....
Fort Santiago
4. Fort Santiago (Spanish Fuerte de Santiago Tagalog Moog ng Santiago) is a citadel first built by Spanish conquistador, Miguel Lopez de Legazpi for the new established city of Manila in the Philippines.The defense fortress is part of the structures of the walled city of Manila referred to as Intramuros (within the walls).The fort is one of the most important historical sites in Manila.Several lives were lost in its prisons during the Spanish Colonial Period and World War II.Jose Rizal, the Philippine national hero, was imprisoned here before his execution in 1896.The Rizal Shrine museum displays memorabilia of the hero in their collection and the fort features, embedded onto the ground in bronze, his footsteps representing his final walk from his cell to the location of the actual execution. .....
Malacanang Palace
5. The Malacanang Palace (officially Malacanan Palace, colloquially Malacanang or the Palace Tagalog Palasyo ng Malakanyang, is the official residence and principal workplace of the President of the Philippines.The original structure was built in 1750 by Don Luis Rocha as a summer house along the Pasig River.It was purchased by the state in 1825 as the summer residence for the Spanish Governor General.After the June 3, 1863 earthquake destroyed the Palacio del Governador (Governor Palace) in the walled city of Manila, it became the Governor General official residence.After sovereignty over the Islands was ceded to the United States of America in 1898, it became the residence of the American Governors, with Gen.Wesley Merritt being the first. .....
Quiapo Church
6. The Minor Basilica of the Black Nazarene (canonically known as Saint John the Baptist Parish and colloquially known as Quiapo Church) is a prominent Roman Catholic Latin rite basilica located in the District of Quiapo in the City of Manila, Philippines.The basilica is famous home for the shrine of the Black Nazarene, a dark statue of Jesus Christ many claim to be miraculous.The parish is under the Archdiocese of Manila and its current rector is Rev.Msgr.Jose Clemente Ignacio. .....
Rizal Shrine
7. The Rizal House in the City of Calamba is a reproduction of the original Spanish Colonial style, two storey house where Jose P.Rizal, the national hero of the Philippines was born on June 19, 1861.It is designated as a National Shrine by the National Historical Commission of the Philippines and is located along F.Mercado St.cor J.P.Rizal Street in Poblacion, Calamba City near St.John the Baptist Parish Church and the City College of Calamba. .....
Manila Ocean Park
8. The Manila Ocean Park is an oceanarium in Manila, Philippines.It is owned by China Oceanis Philippines Inc., a subsidiary of China Oceanis Inc., a Singaporean registered firm that has operated four oceanariums in China.It is located behind the Quirino Grandstand at Rizal Park.It opened on March 1, 2008.In terms of floor space, the 8,000 square metres (86,000 sq ft) oceanarium is larger than the Sentosa Underwater World oceanarium in Singapore, and features a 25 metre (82 ft) underwater acrylic tunnel. .....
National Museum of the Philippines
9. The National Museum of the Philippines (Filipino Pambansang Museo ng Pilipinas) is the official repository established in 1901 as a natural history and ethnography museum of the Philippines.The museum complex is located next to Rizal Park and near Intramuros in Manila.It houses the Spoliarium, a famous painting of Juan Luna.The National Museum Complex is composed of four different establishments concentrating on four different fields of arts and science, namely, Philippine Arts, Anthropology and Archaeology, Natural History, and Planetary and Space Science. .....
Museum of the Filipino People
10. The Museum of the Filipino People (Filipino Museo ng Lahing Pilipino), is a component museum of the National Museum of the Philippines that houses the anthropology and archaeology divisions.It is located in the Agrifina Circle, Rizal Park, Manila adjacent to the main National Museum building which houses the National Art Gallery.The building formerly housed the Department of Finance.It also houses the wreck of the San Diego, ancient artifacts, and zoology divisions. .....
Manila Zoological and Botanical Garden
11. The Manila Zoological and Botanical Garden is a 5.5 hectare (14 acre) zoo located in Manila, Philippines that opened on July 25, 1959.The Manila Zoo and Botanical Garden receives millions of visitors every year, and is especially popular with visitors on weekends. .....
Cultural Center of the Philippines
12. The Cultural Center of the Philippines (Filipino Sentrong Pangkultura ng Pilipinas, or CCP) is a government owned and controlled corporation established to preserve, develop and promote arts and culture in the Philippines. The CCP was established through Executive Order No.30 s.1966 by President Ferdinand Marcos.Although an independent corporation of the Philippine government, it receives an annual subsidy and is placed under the National Commission for Culture and the Arts for purposes of policy coordination. The CCP is headed by an 11 member Board of Trustees, currently headed by Chairperson Emily Abrera.Its current president is Raul Sunico. .....
Star City
13. Star City is a family oriented 35,000 square metre amusement park next to the Cultural Center of the Philippines in Pasay City, Philippines.It is considered part of the Cultural Centre Complex.Star City has a variety of attractions including kiddie rides, a playground, Winter Funland, Dino Island, Star Theater, miniature train rides, a go kart track, and four roller coasters. Snow World, with freezing temperatures, has carved ice slides for kids, carved ice statues, ice castles and igloos.Dino Island contains a small museum with prehistoric artifacts. .....
Museo Pambata
14. The Museo Pambata (Children Museum or Museum for Children) is a children museum in the Ermita district of Manila, on Luzon in the Philippines.It is located in the former Manila Elks Club building, built in 1911, along Roxas Boulevard at the corner of Katigbak Drive.The Museo Pambata is a children interactive museum.Unlike traditional museums where items are stored behind glass and touching is highly discouraged, Museo Pambata invites visitors to learn with the exhibits by using their total senses.It envisions itself as a discovery museum and resource center promoting Filipino global culture, children advocacy programs, and creative educational programs with linkages to global communities.The museum also has regular programs and events for various sectors. .....
Metropolitan Museum of Manila
15. The Metropolitan Museum of Manila (nicknamed the Met) is a museum located within the complex of the Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas BSP a along Roxas Boulevard in Malate, Manila, the Philippines.It bills itself as the Philippine premier museum of modern and contemporary visual arts.Established in 1976, it was known as the first Philippine art institution to offer a bilingual and pedagogical program.Partly subsidized by the Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas, the administration of the museum was entrusted to the Metropolitan Museum of Manila Foundation in 1979.The museum houses a collection of art and historical artifacts donated by the BSP such as pre Hispanic goldwork and pottery, religious artwork as well as some artworks by Felix Resurreccion Hidalgo.The rest of the museum is dedicated to Philippine contemporary featuring works of various Filipino artists. .....
Manila Metropolitan Theater
16. The Manila Metropolitan Theater (Filipino Tanghalang Pangkalakhan ng Maynila, or MET) is a Philippine Art Deco building found at the Mehan Garden located on Padre Burgos Avenue corner Arroceros Street, near the Manila Central Post Office.It was designed by architect Juan M.Arellano and inaugurated on December 10, 1931.Teatro del Principe Alfonso XII was an old theater built in 1862, during the Spanish colonial period.It was located within Plaza Arroceros, near the present day Metropolitan Theater.In 1876, the old theater was burnt down and a Muslim terrorist was accused in the incident. .....
Rizal Monument
17. The Rizal Monument originally called the Motto Stella (Guiding star) is a memorial monument in Rizal Park in Manila, Philippines built to commemorate the Filipino nationalist, Jose Rizal.The mausoleum consists of a standing bronze sculpture of the martyr, with an obelisk as his backdrop, set on a pedestal upon which his remains are interred.A plaque on the pedestal front reads To the memory of Jose Rizal, patriot and martyr, executed on Bagumbayan Field December Thirtieth 1896.This monument is dedicated by the people of the Philippine Islands.The perimeter of the monument is in a continuous ritual guarding by the Philippine Marine Corps Marine Security and Escort Group.About a 100 m (330 ft) west of the monument is the exact location where Rizal was executed represented by life size dioramas of his final moments.An exact replica of the Rizal Monument can be found in Madrid, Spain at the junction of Avenida de Las Islas Filipinas and Calle Santander. .....
Manila City Hall
18. Manila City Hall is located in the historic center of Ermita, Manila bounded by Natividad Almeda Lopez Street to the north, Mayor Antonio Villegas Road to the east, and by Taft Avenue and Padre Burgos Avenue to the west.Originally, it was a part of a new government center envisioned by Daniel Burnham, which is now Rizal Park.Other buildings in this complex are the Old Congress Building, which nowadays is the home of the National Museum of the Philippines, Museum of the Filipino People, and the Department of Tourism Building. .....
San Sebastian Church
19. The Basilica Minore de San Sebastian, better known as San Sebastian Church, is a Roman Catholic minor basilica in Manila, Philippines and the seat of the Parish of San Sebastian.Completed in 1891, San Sebastian Church is noted for its architectural features.an example of the revival of Gothic architecture in the Philippines, it is the only all steel church or basilica in asia, and claimed as the only prefabricated steel church in the world.In 2006, San Sebastian Church was included in the Tentative List for possible designation as a World Heritage Site.It was designated as a National Historical Landmark by the Philippine government in 1973.San Sebastian Church is under the care of The Order of the Augustinian Recollects, who also operate a college adjacent to the basilica.It is located at Plaza del Carmen, at the eastern end of Claro M.Recto Street, in Quiapo, Manila. .....
Manila Cathedral
20. The Manila Metropolitan Cathedral Basilica, informally known as Manila Cathedral, is a Roman Catholic basilica located in Manila, Philippines, dedicated to the Blessed Virgin Mary as Our Lady of the Immaculate Conception, the Principal Patroness of the Philippines.The cathedral serves as the see of the Archbishop of Manila, the de facto Primate of the Philippines.Located at Plaza de Roma in the Intramuros district of the City of Manila, the cathedral was originally a parish church owned and governed by the Diocese of Mexico in 1571, until it became a separate diocese on February 6, 1579 upon the issuance of the papal bull, Illius Fulti Praesido by Pope Gregory XIII. .....
Coconut Palace
21. The Coconut Palace, also known as Tahanang Pilipino (Filipino Home), is a mansion of the Philippine Government on the campus of the Cultural Center of the Philippines, in Manila, the Philippines.It was commissioned in 1978 by former First Lady Imelda Marcos as a government guest house and offered to Pope John Paul II during the Papal visit to the Philippines in 1981 but the Pope refused to stay there because it was too opulent given the level of poverty in the Philippines.It cost 37 million Philippine pesos to build. It is owned by the government owned and controlled corporation the Government Service Insurance System (GSIS).In 2011, it became the official residence and principal workplace of the Vice President of the Philippines Jejomar Binay. .....
Taft Avenue
22. Taft Avenue MRT Station is a station on the Manila Metro Rail Transit System Line 3 (MRT 3), and is the line only station in Pasay.Like all other stations in the line, Taft Avenue is above ground, although it is the only station that is at grade, lying directly on flat ground.The station is located at the corner of Epifanio de los Santos Avenue, or EDSA, one of Metro Manila main thoroughfares, and Taft Avenue (this intersection is usually referred to as Pasay Rotonda or Edsa Taft).The station is named after Taft Avenue, which is named after former U.S.President and US Chief Justice William Howard Taft, who served as Governor General of the Philippines from 1901 to 1903.The station is the southern terminus of the MRT 3 and is the first and last station for trains headed to and from North Avenue respectively.Its convenient location has helped create many businesses in the area, from the number of hotels and motels to restaurants and shops, with a good majority of them being a short walk from the station. .....
Binondo Church
23. Binondo Church, also known as Minor Basilica of St.Lorenzo Ruiz and Our Lady of the Most Holy Rosary Parish , is located in the District of Binondo, Manila fronting Plaza San Lorenzo Ruiz, in the Philippines.This church was founded by Dominican priests in 1596 to serve their Chinese converts to Christianity. The original building was destroyed in 1762 by British bombardment.A new granite church was completed on the same site in 1852 however it was greatly damaged during the Second World War, with only the western fa .....
Baroque Churches of the Philippines
24. The Baroque Churches of the Philippines is the official designation to a collection of four Spanish era churches in the Philippines, upon its inscription to the UNESCO World Heritage List in 2003. They are also one of the most treasured in the Country.These churches have been at the forefront of Philippine history, not just in furthering Christianity in the archipelago, but in serving as the political backbone of Spanish colonial rule, when Church and State were regarded as one.The unique architecture of the churches did not just reflect the adaptation of Spanish or Latin American architecture to the local environment (including the fusion with Chinese motifs), but also of the Church political influence.These churches had been subject to attacks by local revolts and rebellions, hence, most had the appearance of a fortress, rather than just serving as mere religious structures.This is especially noteworthy in the case of Santa Maria Church, located on top of a hill, serving as a citadel during times of crisis.Miag ao Church also withstood the occasional attacks of Muslims from the south.Further, the location of the Philippines along the Pacific Ring of Fire called for the emphasis on the buttresses and foundations of these churches, with some being seriously damaged, but eventually rebuilt after an earthquake. .....
Black Nazarene
25. The Black Nazarene (Spanish Nuestro Padre Jesur Nazareno), (Filipino Poong Itim na Nazareno), is a holy life sized iconic statue of Jesus Christ carrying the cross to Calvary Hill in the Philippines.It displays one of the stations of the cross during the journey of His crucifixion.The image is one of two statues sculpted from pure ivory and were burnt aboard a ship during the Manila galleon expedition from Mexico leaving the other destroyed.The descriptive name of the sculpture is then taken it being Black resulting from the incident that happened.The older and more popular copy belonging to the Recollects was destroyed in the Second World War during the Liberation of Manila in 1945.Originally both of fair complexion referring to the natural skin tone of Jesus Christ as an impression of the artist.The statue is well renowned in the Philippines and is believed to be miraculous and a religious pilgrimage to many Filipino Catholics. .....
Manila North Cemetery
26. The Manila North Cemetery (Spanish Cementerio del Norte formerly known also as Pa .....
Malate Church
27. Malate Church (formally known as Malate Catholic Church) is a church in Manila, Philippines.It is a Baroque style church fronted by Plaza Rajah Sulayman and, ultimately, Manila Bay.The church is dedicated to Nuestra Senora de los Remedios (Our Lady of Remedies), the patroness of childbirth.A revered statue of the Virgin Mary in her role as Our Lady of Remedies was brought from Spain in 1624 and stands at the altar.Malate used to be known as Maalat due to the saline waters of the bay and as Laguio or Lagunoi, the name of the street which separated it from Ermita.it is located by Manila Bay, very close to the sea.One main street crosses it at the center it is wide and beautiful and leas up to Cavite.The numerous trees make this road a pleasant walk.It lies just three kilometers from the center of Manila. .....
La Loma Cemetery
28. The La Loma Catholic Cemetery (Campo Santo de La Loma) was opened in 1884 and is located mostly in the city of Manila and the northwestern part to Caloocan.The La Loma Cemetery is the oldest cemetery in Manila with an area of slightly less than 54 hectares (130 acres).It was opened in 1884 and was originally known as Cementerio de Binondo (Binondo Cemetery) as the area was then under the jurisdiction of Santa Cruz during the Spanish Colonial Period. .....
Plaza de Armas
29. The Plaza de Armas is a public square in Intramuros, Manila.It is one of two major plazas in Intramuros, the other being the central Plaza de Roma (also called Plaza de Armas at one point in its history), and is the central plaza of Fort Santiago.It is located north of Plaza Moriones (not to be confused with Plaza Moriones in Tondo), a larger plaza outside Fort Santiago which was once a military promenade before it was closed in the 1863 earthquake that devastated Manila.While Plaza Moriones in Intramuros is outside the walls of Fort Santiago, both plazas are often construed for the other. .....
Masjid Al Dahab
30. Masjid al Dahab (or The Golden Mosque Filipino Moskeng Ginto) is situated in the predominantly Muslim section of the Quiapo district in Manila, Philippines, and is considered the largest mosque in Metro Manila.The Golden Mosque acquired its name for its gold painted dome as well as for its location in Globo de Oro Street.Under the supervision of former Philippine First Lady Imelda Marcos, construction began on August 4, 1976 for the visit of Libya President Muammar al Gaddafi, although his visit was cancelled.It now serves many in Manila Muslim community, and is especially full during Jumuah prayers on a Friday.The mosque can accommodate up to 3,000 worshippers. .....
El Hogar Filipino Building
31. El Hogar Filipino Building, also known simply as El Hogar, is an early skyscraper in Manila, Philippines.Built in 1914 and located at the corner of Juan Luna Street and Muelle dela Industria in the Binondo district, El Hogar Building was designed by Ramon Irureta Goyena and Francisco Perez Munoz in the Beaux Arts style.Its architecture reflects elements of Neoclassical and Renaissance styles.El Hogar Building was built as a wedding gift for the union of a Zobel de Ayala family daughter and a Peruvian count back in 1914.During its heyday, El Hogar Building housed the Sociedad El Hogar Filipino, a financing cooperative founded by Don Antonio Melian, and the offices of Smith Bell and Co. .....
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