. Located between the banks of the Pahunj and Betwa rivers; Jhansi, meaning 'blurred shadows' in the local language, derives its name from the shadows cast by the ramparts of the lofty forts built by the Rajputs. Jhansi is better associated with the remarkable and valiant Queen, Rani Laxmi Bai. In later years Jhansi was also one of the centers of the 1857 revolt.
A part of the Rajput ruled Bundelkhand region, Jhansi is located in the current day Uttar Pradesh. A place of historical significance, Jhansi has well preserved monuments that which can be visited. The 12th century Rani Mahal and the Jhansi Fort, commissioned by Raja Bir Singh in 1613 hold pride of place here and are worth a visit.
Jhansi is a cultural city mainly famous for its cultural tourism. There are many forts and palace in the city that one can explore unusual from the regular shopping malls and crowded markets. Apart from the forts also there are many other tourist places in Jhansi that one can explore.
. The fort of Jhansi was built in 1613, by Raja Bir Singh Judao (1606-27) of Orchha. This fort is built on a rocky hill and the whole city of Jhansi is around this fort. During the earlier days, Wall of the fort was all around Jhansi city. This Wall has ten gates. Some of these gates are still existing and some vanished with time. But Places around these gates are still identified with name of gates. Some of the gates are Khandero Gate, Datia darwaza, Unnao gate, Jharna Gate, Laxmi Gate, Sagar Gate, Orchha Gate, Sainyar Gate and Chand gate.
This fort was one of the main centres of the Sepoy Mutiny of 1857. Below the walls of the fort is a depiction in the form of diorama, the bloody battle in which Rani of Jhansi gave her life to save her people from the hands of the British. The fort has the Karak Bijli tank located within it along with a museum that offers good collections of artefacts and sculpture that speak of that old era of Bundelkhand.
. The Rani Mahal or the Queen's Palace of Jhansi situated along the Nehru Marg in close proximity to the Jhansi Fort is an ancient royal palace that once served as the residing quarters of the gallant queen of Jhansi; Rani Lakshmibai. Established under the patronage of Raghunath Newalkar II in 18th century AD, this historic palace; an eye witness to the First War of Independence of India is now converted to a heritage & archaeological museum where precious artifacts dating back to the time span between 9th and 12th century AD are displayed.
The Palace is a treat with its intricate and exquisite designs and motifs. The Palace has six halls, a large number of rooms and corridors. Brightly colored paintings of flora, fauna and geometrical patterns adorn the walls of the Darbar Hall while the arches are enhanced with painted peacocks and rosette patterns. A visit to the palace takes you back in time as you wander through its corridors and hallways.
. Jhansi Museum is one of the beautiful attraction which is situated in the Jhasi fort. The museum displays the rich history of the city as well as the entire region of Bundelkhand. The museum's collection speaks of the times and lives of the Chandela rulers. It houses some of the dresses, weapons, photographs and statues of the Chandela Dynasty. Besides, there is a picture gallery also that showcases the times of the Gupta Kings only. Also showcased are bronze statues, terracotta structures, paintings, manuscripts and coins. A separate gallery dedicated to weapons also displays a good collection of arsenals and weaponry of the British rulers, Chandelas and Bundelas. The museum also has a collection of weapons used by the Rani of Jhansi during the Sepoy Mutiny of 1857.
. Visit to the Government Museum in Jhansi is a worth watching place if you wish to familiarize yourself with the history of this area. This museum is established in the year 1978. Its huge collection of art and artefacts belonging to the Chandela dynasty. It encompasses weapons, terracotta and bronze sculptures, manuscripts, paintings, gold, silver and copper coins. A picture arcade exhibiting the glorious history of the Guptas is the major attraction. The area around this museum is covered with beautiful gardens. This museum also has an auditorium and an open theatre and also gives a fantastic view of the Jhansi Fort.
Maharaja Gangadhar Rao ki Chathri
. Maharaja Gangadhar Rao ki Chathri, is one of the important monuments in Jhansi. It is a cenotaph or a war memorial which was built by Jhansi Queen, Rani Laxmi Bai after the death of her husband, Maharaja Gangadhar Rao on 21st november 1853. Its located at the side of Lakshmi pond. Despite being more than 150 years old, Maharaja Gangadhar Rao ki Chatri has withstood the ravages of times. Its curved roof standing upon twelve artistically carved pillars is a splendid example of a magnificent architecture of hose times. The chathri attracts the large crowds of locals as well as tourists for its emotional appeal. The site evokes great patriotic feel and deep reverence for the heroes of those times, particularly the valiant Jhansi ki Rani Laxmi Bai.
. Located on the banks of Betwa River at around 24 km away from the city of Jhansi, Barua Sagar offers a delightful time to the visitors with its magnificient sceneries. This place got its name from the beautiful lake Barua Sagar Tal, which is constructed by Raja Udit Singh. Another fascinating attraction is the famous bastion of Bundelkhand whose strategic location on the top of a hill protected the town from the besieging troops of the enemies. Made up of sandstone, this citadel houses the panoramic view of the reservoir of the Betwa Dam. Though in ruins this amazing citadel holds the attention of the visitors and it holds a large turn out of tourists all round the year.
Apart from its lovely surroundings, Barua Sagar is renowned as a famous holy spot since it holds the beautiful shrine dedicated to Durga. The temple that is popularly called as Jarai-ka-math dates back to 860 AD, and is a typical example of Pratihara architecture. The main shrine is surrounded by four smaller shrines on four corners and the wall of the shrines are embellished by erotic sculptures. In 1928, the ASI had enlisted the temple in the list of protected monuments.
. Paricha Dam is about 25 km from Jhansi. Built on the Betwa River, its reservoir, a placid stretch of water that runs to Notghat Bridge, is 34 km away. Located in Jhansi District, on the Jhansi-Kanpur Highway, the town of Parichha has a 640 MW coal based power station too. With its beautiful surroundings, Paricha Dam is an ideal place for water sports, adventurers and picnick lovers.
Maha Lakshmi Temple
. The beautiful Maha Lakshmi Temple situated in Lakshmi Tal(pond) was built in the 18th century. Mahalakshmi temple is a much-revered devout centre in Jhansi. Located just outside the Lakshmi Darwaza, the elegant temple is dedicated to the Goddess of Wealth, Mahalakshmi. As per Hindu belief, Mahalakshmi is the deity of good fortune and it is believed that sincere adoration of this goddess would fetch you high rewards. It is one of the most sought after tourist and pilgrimage destination in Jhansi. It also belongs to the era of Rani Lakshmi Bai and thus has historical significance too. Special puja takes place during Diwali, and this is the peak time when devotees visit this temple.
. Ganesha Temple dedicated to Lord Ganesha. This temple was the venue of the marrige of Rani Lakshmi Bai with Raja Gangadhar Rao in 1842. The Rani whose maiden name was Manikarnika, was formally given the name of Lakshmi Bai. Situated at the entrance of the Jhansi Fort, the beautiful temple with the idol of Lord Ganesha enshrined in it acted as the protector or patron god of the fort, its habitants as well as the city. Despite its domed structure, the architectural design and some characteristic features of the temple indicate that it was built concurrently with the fort.
The Jhansi Fort along with the Ganesh temple bear testimony to the the extraordinary valor of its devotees of those times particularly the Rani of Jhansi, who sacrificed her life for the cause of freedom. This is one of the favourite destination both of the devotees of Lord Ganesha and the tourists who visit in the large numbers.
St Judes Shrine
. St. Jude's Shrine is a very popular shrine, mainly for Catholic Christians and has the bone of St. Jude buried in its foundation. St Jude shrine in Jhansi makes remarkable influence not only to the Christians but also to the devotees of other faiths. Prettily erected in a serene environment, the church architecture reflects a blend of Christian and Hindu cultures. Three colossal domes on the entrance signify the influence of typical Hindu style architecture. Consecrated in the year 1966, the church witnesses massive participation in the daily masses and holy Novenas.
Parish celebrates its feast on October 27th each year, which would last for a whole week. The last day of the feast is marked with a huge procession that attracts large number of people in and around the city. Altar of the chapel is blessed with the presence of the bone of the great saint and that fetches people at large to the holy precincts of the church frequently.
Kargaun Jain Temple
. Located near Jhansi, Kargaun Jain Temple is an underground temple dedicated to Bhagwan Parshwanath. Kargaun is situated at a distance of 5 km from Jhansi. Boarding and lodging facilities are available at Jhansi. Kargaun is well connected by rail and road to major cities from Jhansi.
. The town of Chirgaon is located some 30 km from Jhansi, on the banks of Betwa River. The town is very popular for Maithili Sharan Gupt, the National Poet who hailed from Chirgaon. This municipal board and city of Jhansi district has a Krishi Utpadan Mandi and the city is a good example of the earlier structure of Indian cities. There are three 'darwajas' or gates and a 'quila' or fort, located in the centre of the town.
The town also has community grounds and ponds and is an example of communal harmony with people of different religions living together. There is a Shiva-Sai Temple here and is a popular attraction.
Chirgaon was also active during the freedom struggle of India as hundreds of young men of the region joined the movement. Many of the young generation still pursue the art of poetry here.
. A festival to promote the ethnicity and tradition of a great city, Jhansi Mahaotsav needs special rendering. This one week extravaganza of culture exhibits the village life of Jhansi in its true vigor. Tourism department of the state government is the organizers of this great event and the gala has gained accolades as a genuine endeavor to showcase the rich heritage of the city.
Jhansi Mahotsav provides one with the exquisite opportunity to feel and understand the artistic talents of rural Indian folk along with a rich feast of folk dances. Various cultural competitions highlighting the rich culture of the city is the main attraction of this grand fiesta. All major events are held in evening in an open-air auditorium and entry to this festival is absolutely free.
Apart from showcasing the traditional arts forms, this festival also gives importance to promote Ayurveda, the Indian system of medicine. In effect Jhansi Mahotsav turns to be a grand fiesta of arts, crafts, culture and health tourism.
. Khilona Cinema, located in Cantt area, is one of the best theaters to watch a movie in Jhansi. It is situated in the cinema hub of Jhansi city along with other two main cinema halls (Natraj and Elite). The cinema hall has been renovated recently to meet the latest standards of seating, cooling and surround sound.