. Jalandhar is a city that is located in the Jalandhar district of the state of Punjab.Jalandhar is another name of Lord Shiva.It is believed to have emerged out of the sea. This legendary origin of Jalandhar is confirmed by some geologists who believe that once upon a time the sea stretched up to Jalandhar Doab and the neighbouring Shiwaliks of Hoshiarpur. According to the Padma Purana, the City takes its name from the great Daitya King , Jalandhra, the son of the Ocean.Jalandhar gave rise to the Nath Movement between the eighth and tenth century A.D. At the site where the samadh of one of the foremost representatives of the movements Jogi Jalandhar Nath once stood, was built the exiting shrine of Imam Nasir-ud-din Chishti in the fifteenth century.The city proper of Jalandhar was, when visited by Hiuen Tsiangg, a large city, miles in circuit, and functioned as the capital of a Rajput kingdom. Raja Utito was a tributary of Harsh Vardhana. The Rajput Rajas appear to have continued to rule over the country right up to the 12th century, with occasional interruptions, but their capital was Jalandhar and Kangra formed an important stronghold.Jalandhar boasts of many historic monuments.
Jalandhar played a major role in the forming of history of India. This city in the state of Punjab came into light during the Alexandra the Great who was creating new landmarks in his cherished goal of conquering the world.Jalandhar is not only a part of modern India but it was involved even in ancient and medieval India. It was the cradle of civilization for several dynasties which ruled Punjab. It was under the reign of Mughal dynasties as well under the rule of Sikh confederacies. It took active participation in the independence struggle of India.
A town of great antiquity is situated at a distance of about 84kms from Amritsar on the GT road going to Kolkata. Jalandhar is known for its sportsmen as well as its sports industry, its also famous for steel and iron re rolling mills, rubber goods, electric goods, automobile parts and sewing machine factories and handloom products.
Rangla Punjab Haveli
. Rangla Punjab Haveli is a traditional Punjabi village themed resort on the Jalandhar Phagwara Highway. This resort has the ambience of a lost Punjabi village and the waiters are dressed in tehmat-kurtas and phulkari jackets.
It has a marriage palace and an enclosure called Rangla Punjab, where cultural programmes are organised every evening. This new age dhaba with a flavour of old Punjab is a completely vegetarian resort run by the Jains of Jalandhar.
From an exterior of Nanakshahi bricks to a collection of antique artefacts, the place evokes the old world charm, with folk music playing in the background. This eatery is thronged by people heading to and from Punjab, especially during winters. Dal tadka, karahi paneer and kheer are its top-selling all-season delicacies. In winters, sarson da saag and makki di roti is the most favourite dish.
Pushpa Gujral Science City
. Pushpa Gujral Science City is the largest and the second Science City in India. Located on Jalandhar-Kapurthala road in an area of 72 acres, it is named after the mother of former Prime Minister of India Shri I.K. Gujral. It is built with the aim of learning, fun and amusement out of Science for people of all ages and all walks of life.
The biggest project of its kind in Northern India, Pushpa Gujral Science City is far more than being just a Museum or a Theme Park. It is a blend of fun, curiosity and education to ensure longer and repeated visits. An 18-foot-high eye-catching model of dinosaur, a GSLV missile and a globe made out of tiny 26 lakh colourful tiles present an awesome view from outside.
A kids park equipped with swings, bouncers and other rides is for the kids to enjoy, while helping them to learn various principles pertaining to physics. A health gallery has also been set up in which various exhibits pertaining to biological concepts have been put on display. An artificial lake running throughout the science city has been created to give the visitors the pleasure of pedal boating while enjoying the beauty of various marvels of science.
Desh Bhagat Memorial Hall
. Desh-Bhagat Memorial Hall has been constructed to perpetuate the memory of martyrs who has lost their lives in the fight for freedom from the British rule.
Shaheed E Azam Sardar Bhagat Singh Museum
. A museum at Khatkal Kalan, the native village of the great Martyr Sardar Bhagat Singh, was inaugurated on his 50th death anniversary. It was earlier in Jalandhar district, now became part of Nawanshahr district. To pay homage to the great revolutionary martyrs of the Punjab, who laid down their lives for the liberation of their motherland, all their memorable belongings are displayed here. The half burnt ashes of Sardar Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev including the blood soaked sand and blood stained newspaper in which their ashes were wrapped are preserved and exhibited in the museum. One page of the Lahore Conspirace Case's Judgement through which martyr Kartar Singh Sarabha was sentenced to death and on which Sardar Bhagat Singh put some notes is also exhibited in the museum. A copy of holy Gita having Shahid Bhagat Singh's signatures which was handed over to him in Lahore Jail, and his other personal belongings are displayed here. The painting of the revolutionaries and Gadrites who inspired Shahid Bhagat Singh to jump into the freedom struggle are also displayed in the museum. A big bronze statue in the memory of the great martyr installed in front of the museum remind us of his great deeds.
Jalandhar has been in the thick of the fight for freedom from the British Raj and has produced many patriots. A Desh-Bhagat Memorial Hall has been constructed here to perpetuate the memory of such martyrs.
. Nurmahal is a small town which houses a Mughal Serai popularly known as Serai Nurmahal. It is built by Nurjahan, the famous queen of Jahangir.This place is known for its massive gate embellished with arches, filigree work and tiles of beautiful patterns, topped by 4 delicate minarets make this place worth a visit.
Imam Nasir Mausoleum and Jamma Masjid
. The 800 year old beautifully designed mausoleum of Imam Nasir is located in the heart of Jalandhar. The Jama Masjid nearby is said to be 400 years old. King Kulfi, one of Jalandhar's best Kulfi place used to be near Imam Nasir. Their Kulfi has a special taste.
St Marys Cathedral Church
. St. Mary's Cathedral Church was built by Rev. Fr. John McDonnell in 1947. It was looked after by various chaplains appointed to Jalandhar by the Diocese of Lahore. After the partition in 1955, the Catholic Mission of the Indian Punjab was raised to the status of Apostolic Prefecture, with it's headquarter in Jalandhar. Eventually, the church at Jalandhar Cantonment became the Cathedral or the Mother Church of Punjab.
The old church was demolished on 15th February, 1987 and the foundation stone for the new church was blessed by Pope John Paul II in February 1986. It was laid by His Excellency Rt. Rev. Dr. Symbhorian Keeprath Bishop of Jalandhar Diocese on 19th April 1987. The church was designed to highlight the secular character of India.
The new church was graced by Archbishop Jose Sanchez, the special delegate of Pope John Paul II from Rome and inaugurated by Archbishop Agostino Caciavillan, the Vatican Ambassador. The Apostolic was pronounced to India on 29th October 1989, on the occasion of Diwali, which was attended by Archbishops and Bishops representing different regions of India.
Masoleums of Ustad and Shagird, Nakodar
. Two beautiful 17th century tombs are situated in Nakodar. One of them belongs to Ustad which means teacher, Mohammed Momin Hussaini alias Hafizah, a musician in the service of 'Khan-e-Khana'- the chamberlain of Emperor Jahangir. The other tomb belongs to Haji Jamal, his disciple. The mausoleums are similar in architecture to Emperor Humayun's tomb in Delhi and stand out as buildings of great attraction.
. Kartarpur Gurudwara was built by the fifth Sikh Guru, Guru Arjun Devji in 1656 A.D. This gurudwara is located in Kartarpur about 16 km from Jalandhar. Every year several devotees gather here for the fair held on the birth anniversary of the Guru.Kartarpur is also known as the birthplace of Swami Virjananda, teacher of Swami Dayananda Saraswati. A memorial has been constructed here in the memory of Guru Virjananda.
Baba Dassa Ji Gurdwara, Salempur Masanda
. Salempur Masanda is a village in Jalandhar District, near the Jalandhar Cantonment, in Punjab. The village is famous for its Baba Dassa Gurdwara. The village organises the annual Baba Dassa Ji Mela and Sports Tournament in June. Activities include Bail Gaddi races, Kabaddi matches, volleyball matches and tug-of-war matches. The Baba Dassa Ji Youth Club organised the 55th Sports Tournament in June 2009.
Gurdwara Chhevin Padshahi
. Gurudwara Chhevin Padshahi is built in the spot where Guru Hargobind, during his tour of Doaba area, had a spiritual talk with the holy Muslim saint, Shaikh Darvesh.The saint blindfolded his eyes so that he could swear before the Mughal authorities that he had not seen the Guru. The great Guru had in depth discussion with the Shaikh Darvesh about spiritual matters which created good impact on the holy man. Located in Basti Shaikh, the gurdwara contains handwritten copy of Sri Guru Granth Sahib, by the martyr Baba Deep Singh, prepared somewhere between 1715 and 1728.
. The Moorish Mosque, located in Kapurthala, was built by a French architect, Monsieur M Manteaux. Its construction was commissioned in 1917 by the last ruler of Kapurthala, Maharajah Jagatjit Singh and it took around 13 years to complete the construction.It was inaugurated on 14th March, 1930 by the Maharaja, who was accompanied by His Highness the Nawab Sadiq Mohd. Khan Bahadur, the ruler of Bahawalpur State.
Drawing inspiration from the Qutbya Mosque in Morocco, it is a masterpiece of Moorish style architecture. The inner dome of the mosque is decorated by works of artists of the Mayo School of Art, Lahore.The mosque is considered as a National Monument by the Archaeological Survey of India. A wooden model of this mosque can be seen at the entrance of the Lahore Museum.
Devi Talab Temple
. Devi Talab mandir (temple) is located in the heart of Jalandhar. In place of the old Devi Talab a new temple has been built in the centre. Recently a model of Amarnath Yatra has been built within the premises. Near the Devi Talab, one can find an old temple of Goddess Kali.
In the past, the temple was invaded by several foreign rulers. It is one of the fifty one Shakti Peeths and it is believed that Mata(Goddess) Sati's right breast fell here. In Jalandhar, Goddess Kali is also known as Tripurmalini. Lord Shiva of this temple is known as Bhishan Bhairav.This temple is famous for the Harivallabh Sangeet Sammelan held every year in the month of December. In Devi Talab Mandir, there is a 200 year old large masonry tank which is considered sacred by Hindus
Singh Sabha Gurdwara
. This Gurdwara came into existence back in early 1950's as a Sikh worship place & expanded to a huge building afterwards. Sikh festivals are occasions for Sikhs to rededicate themselves to the Faith. Every year, large number of devotees from all walks of life celebrate major Sikh festivals like Gurupurab (Guru's Remembrance Day), Baisakhi, Diwali and other important days together at this Gurdwara.
S. Chanan Singh was the first President of this Gurdwara, who with the help of other Sikh families like S.Kundan Singh Sandhu started this Gurdwara. A few other individulas who participated in bringing this Gurudwara to a well known Sikh worship place are Giani Shadi Singh, S. Kishan Singh Mann, S.Deva Singh Sethi, S.Gursher Singh Gill. During early days of this Gurdwara, S.Chanan Singh took Initiative in bringing up Khalsa School, Model Town, which is still in the adjoining building to this Gurdwara, also known as Sikh National Co-educational Middle School.
. The temple situated at Gur Mandi near Imam Nasir mausoleum dates back to the Lodhi Era. Believed to be built by the Nawab of Sultanpur Lodhi, the temple is a blend of Muslim Hindu architecture. History also shows that it was built by a Muslim ruler as an apology for dishonoring a Hindu girl. The main gate is built in the style of a mosque while the rest of the building is in Hindu style. There is a legend that when Jalandhar was Nawabs territory, he had eyed a newly married Hindu girl who was a devotee of Lord Shiva .
. Sodal Temple is situated near Devi Talab Temple, on Sodal road. Here, Lord Sodal is worshipped in the Temple. Every year in Anand Chaturdashi of Bhadon, which is in mid-September, a fair is held at the Samadhi of Baba Sodal. Inside the samadhi, there is a painted portrait of Baba Sodal, decorated with garlands and rosaries. The offerings are distributed among the pilgrims and they sprinkle a few drops on their body.Thousands of devotees throng this temple during 'Anand Chaturdashi' in September. The child Deity here is believed to grant wishes of devotees.
. Earlier known as Temple of Vrinda, is an ancient monument in the city located in the Kot Kishan Chand locality. It was built in honor of Vrinda, wife of the demon Jalandhara. The tank on the side of the temple is said to have been the bathing place of Jalandhara.
The Temple of Gupha is located at some distance, which has the image of Annapurna, Goddess of Plenty, installed in it. Brahma Kund and some temples dedicated to Lord Shiva can be found nearby the Tulsi Mandir.Near the Balmiki Gate is the Sheetla Mandir, which is said to be as old as the city. Two small old temples of Lord Shiva and Lord Hanuman are also found within the premises.
Wonderland Theme Park
. Wonderland Theme Park, spread over 11 acres, is located about 6 km from Jalandhar bus terminus and 8 km from the railway station on Nakodar Road. This park offers many thrilling rides.
The water rides include bumper cars, flying jets, horror house, boating, kiddies' boating, play house, flying dragon and a slide splash. Among the several attractions, the wave pool is probably the most popular.
There is an aqua dance floor, where visitors can dance to the tunes of the latest Punjabi songs. The dance floor is underneath a canopy, which has artificial clouds from where the water comes down like a rainfall. The Dry Park is open throughout the year, but the Water Park is closed during winters.
. Baisakhi festival celebrated in the month of April is of special significance to the Sikh community. It was on this day that Guru Gobind Singh founded the 'Khalsa' (Sikh brotherhood). The holy book of the Sikhs, 'Granth Sahib' is taken in a procession, led by the 'Panj Pyaras' (five senior Sikhs) who are symbolic of the original leaders. The occasion is marked by a lot of feasting and merry making. In the countryside farmers start harvesting with great jubilation.
he Bhangra dance is a common sight in the villages where men and women dance to the rhythmic beat of drums. Dusshera and Diwali as well as the birth and death anniversaries of the gurus and saints are also celebrated enthusiastically.