Chicago

Chicago
1. Chicago is the third most populous city in the United States, after New York City and Los Angeles.With 2.7 million residents, it is the most populous city in both the U.S.state of Illinois and the American Midwest.Its metropolitan area, sometimes called Chicagoland, is home to 9.5 million people and is the thirdlargest in the United States.Chicago is the seat of Cook County.Chicago was incorporated as a city in 1837, near a portage between the Great Lakes and the Mississippi River watershed, and experienced rapid growth in the midnineteenth century.Today, the city is an international hub for finance, commerce, industry, technology, telecommunications, and transportation, with O Hare International Airport being the busiest airport in the world it also has the largest number of U.S.highways, and railroad freight entering its region.In 2012, Chicago was listed as an alpha global city by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network, and ranks seventh in the world in the 2014 Global Cities Index.As of 2012, Chicago had the third largest gross metropolitan product in the United States, after the New York City and Los Angeles metropolitan areas, at a sum of USDoller571 billion. .....
Navy Pier
2. Navy Pier is a large pier on Lake michigan near Streeterville, close to Chicago downtown.Originally known as the Municipal Pier nr 2, it is one of two piers called for in Daniel Burnham s 1909 Chicago plan.The other pier was never built.The pier was designed as a shipping and entertainment area.In its first decade, the Municipal Pier was successfully attracting both visitors and ships.It was also temporarily used as a military facility during the first world war. .....
Millennium Park
3. Millennium Park is bordered by Michigan Avenue to the west, Columbus Drive to the east, Randolph Street to the North and Monroe Street to the South.It sits in an area that was once considered sacred to the Illinois Central Railroad.City planners developed Grant Park around the railroad tracks but, for decades, many still considered the area to be one of Chicago lessthanbeautiful spots.The centerpiece of the Millennium Park is the Frank Gehrydesigned Jay Pritzker Pavilion.This ultracontemporary outdoor concert venue seats 4,000 with room for an additional 7,000 on the Great Lawn.Its design is spectacular and its sound system stateoftheart.A host of different genres of concerts and other events are held at the Pritzker Pavilion at least onceaweek. .....
Shedd Aquarium
4. Located on the shores of Lake Michigan, Shedd Aquarium brings you eyetoeye with more than 32,000 aquatic animals when you explore the wonderful world of Jellies or the recreated environments of the Amazon River and Philippine coral reefs.edd Aquarium recognized by USAgain, local textile recycling company USAgain, the textile recycling company based in West Chicago, IL, recently announced the winners of its annual GreenT Awards.Shedd Aquarium, recipient of the award for Commitment to a Greener Workplace, was one of the 16 award winners. .....
Art Institute of Chicago
5. This Classical Renaissance structure, guarded by two bronze lions at its entrance, boasts one of the world s great art collections, including the trademark American Gothic.The Art Institute of Chicago (AIC) is an encyclopedic art museum located in Chicago Grant Park.It features a collection of Impressionist and PostImpressionist art in its permanent collection.Its holdings also include American art, Old Masters, European and American decorative arts, Asian art, modern and contemporary art, and architecture and industrial and graphic design.In addition, it houses the Ryerson & Burnham Libraries. .....
Willis Tower
6. There was much discussion on whether the Petronas Towers are actually taller than the Sears Tower as the height of the antennas on the Petronas Towers are included in the total height, while the height of the antennas are not included in the height calculation of the Sears Tower as they are not considered an actual part of the building.The tower was named after Sears, Roebuck and Co., an American chain of Department Stores which was headquartered here.Sears sold the building in 1993 after moving to the suburbs.The building name was left unchanged until Juli 16, 2009, when it was renamed Willis Tower for one of the skyscraper tenants, a British insurance firm.The move was met with local opposition however, and some even started online petitions to protest the name change. .....
Museum of Science and Industry
7. The Chicago Museum of Science and Industry is a highly engaging museum located in the historic Hyde Park neighborhood of Chicago.It features an extensive variety of exhibits ranging from transportation to sociology.For example, the Museum features a real United Airlines Boeing 727 hanging from the balcony that is accessible to visitors, a captured German UBoat, and a model of an early 20th century American town.Industrial highlights include a passenger train, the Pioneer Zephyr (regarded as the first successful futuristic streamlined locomotive in America) an overview of nautical innovation and a reconstructed Wright Brothers flyer.An additional train themed area is The Great Train Story, a miniature railroad depicting the flow of commerce on American railways featuring a 1,400 foot route from Seattle to Chicago. .....
Field Museum of Natural History
8. One of America premier natural history museums, the Field Live over Time exhibit now houses Sue, the largest and most complete Tyrannosaurus rex ever discovered.The Field Museum of Natural History, located in Chicago, Illinois, USA, is one of the largest natural history museums in the world. The museum maintains its status as a premier natural history museum through the size and quality of its educational and scientific programs, as well as due to its extensive scientific specimen and artifact collections.The diverse, high quality permanent exhibitions. .....
Lincoln Park Zoo
9. Lincoln Park Zoo is a free 35acre (14 ha) zoo located in Lincoln Park in Chicago, Illinois.The zoo was founded in 1868, making it one of the oldest zoos in the U.S.It is also one of a few free admission zoos in the United States.The zoo is an accredited member of the Association of Zoos and Aquariums (AZA).Lincoln Park Zoo is home to a wide variety of animals.The zoo s exhibits include big cats, polar bears, penguins, gorillas, reptiles, monkeys, and other species totalling about 1,100 animals from some 200 species.Also located in Lincoln Park Zoo is a burr oak tree which dates to 1830, three years before the city was founded. .....
Grant Park
10. Grant Park is Chicago principal downtown park.It is located between Michigan Avenue and Lake Michigan.Buckingham Fountain, one of the most famous monuments in Chicago, occupies a prominent site at the center of the park.The Park structure is based on the French parks with geometric designs.Near Michigan Avenue, a series of bridges cross the Railway tracks that are still on the park compound and lead to the actual park which is divided in sections with lawns, wide treelined promenades, flowerbeds and monuments, most notably a statue of Abraham Lincoln and the Buckingham Fountain. .....
Adler Planetarium
11. The Adler Planetarium was founded in 1930 by Chicago business leader, Max Adler.It is located on the northeast tip of Northerly Island at the shore of Lake Michigan in Chicago, Illinois.The Adler is America first planetarium and part of Chicago Museum Campus, which includes the John G.Shedd Aquarium and The Field Museum.The Adler mission is to inspire exploration and understanding of the Universe. .....
John Hancock Center
12. Known locally as Big John, the John Hancock Center is one of the Chicagoans favorite skyscrapers.The one hundred story building, completed in 1969, has a remarkable design, with huge Xbraces serving both a structural and a visual purpose.At the beginning of the project, it was controversial mostly because of the location of this massive tower, near the much smaller and more gentle buildings on Michigan Avenue.After its completion, most of the criticism dwindled, but much like with the Sears Tower, the plaza at the entrance was considered very userunfriendly, being afflicted by heavy gales and loud traffic noise from Michigan Avenue.It was redesigned in 1995 and now includes a 3.5 meters high fountain to muffle the noise and a recirculation of office and shopping traffic. .....
Wrigley Field
13. Wrigley Field follows the jewel box design of ballparks that was popular in the early part of the 20th century.The two recessed wall areas, or wells, located both in left and right field, give those areas a little more length than if the wall were to follow the contour from center field.It is also in those wells, when cross winds are blowing, that balls have a habit of bouncing in all sorts of interesting directions.In addition, there is a long chainlink fence strip running the entire length of the outfield wall, the base of which is about two feet feet down from the top of the wall and the top of which projects out at an angle, primarily used to keep fans from falling out of the bleacher area and onto the field of play, which is about seven to ten feet below the top of the wall.Called The basket, by players and fans alike, the rules of the field state that any ball landing within the basket is ruled a home run, making the distance to hit a home run in Wrigley Field actually shorter than the location of the outfield wall. .....
Buckingham Fountain
14. Buckingham Fountain, officially known as the Clarence Buckingham Memorial Fountain is one of Chicago most popular landmarks.The fountain is located in Grant Park at the center of a formally laid out garden.The design of the fountain is based on the Bassin de Latone at the Versailles Palace near Paris and was built by Edward H.Bennett, who had also constructed the Michigan Avenue Bridge. .....
Soldier Field
15. Soldier Field is an American football stadium on the Near South Side of Chicago, Illinois, United States.Opened in 1924, it is the oldest NFL stadium, celebrating 90 years of operation.Since 1971 it has been the home of the National Football League s Chicago Bears.With a capacity of 61,500, it is the third smallest stadium in the NFL.In 2003, the interior underwent extensive renovation. .....
Brookfield Zoo
16. Brookfield Zoo is a worldclass zoo in a parklike setting.It is located just outside Chicago in the suburb of Brookfield, Illinois and in convenient to Intersate55 and Interstate290.It is open 365 days per year, usually from 10am to 5pm, with extended hours on weekends and in the summer.Basic admission is Doller16.95 for Adults and Doller11.95 for Children (11 yrs.old and under) and Seniors.Children under two years old are free.Parking is Doller10.00 in either of 2 lots but FREE for members in North Lot.There are additional charges for certain attractions such as the Hamill Family Play Zoo, Stingray Bay (in season), Butterflies (in season), dolphin presentations, and the zoo shuttle, the Motor Safari.The zoo also offers several options for admission such as Build Your Ticket or the Zooper Fun Pass which can include entrance to these attractiosn. .....
Chicago Cultural Center
17. The Chicago Cultural Center is the nation first free municipal cultural center and one of the most visited attractions in Chicago.The stunning landmark building, opened in 1897 as the city first public library, is home to two magnificent stainedglass domes, and annually presents hundreds of free cultural exhibits and performances.The building also houses a Visitor Information Center, gift shop, and cafe.Admission is free. .....
Chicago Lakefront Trail
18. Located east of Lakeshore Drive, the Chicago Lakefront Trail is an 18.5mile linear park along Lake Michigan that includes beaches, volleyball courts, playgrounds, baseball diamonds, tennis courts and soccer fields.The trail unites a variety of neighborhoods, including South Shore, Hyde Park, Lincoln Park and Lake View, and serves as both a recreational and transportation resource.The Chicago Lakefront Trail also provides direct access to a number of amenities popular with locals and tourists alike, and thus is often crowded on warm days.Some of the notable cultural landmarks along the way include the Museum of Science and Industry the Field Museum of Natural History Shedd Aquarium Adler Planetarium & Astronomy Museum the Chicago Children Museum the Peggy Notebaert Nature Museum and the South Shore Cultural Center. .....
Tribune Tower
19. The Tribune Tower is a neo Gothic skyscraper located at a prominent site near the Michigan Avenue Bridge in Chicago.The award was very much criticized at the time as the Gothic design went against the modernizing trend set by the Chicago School and against the ideas of the more functional European architecture, later known as the International Style, which reduced decorations to the bare minimum.It would in fact be the second place design from Eliel Saarinen and another major contender from Walter Gropius which would greatly influence later skyscraper designs. .....
Hull House
20. Hull House women began by undertaking sociological studies of neighborhood conditions, contributing to the development of sociology as a field.Reformers initiated programs to address poor working conditions, malnutrition, low wages, poor sanitation, and a host of other pressing problems.Eventually, Hull House reformers began to press the local and later the state government to pass reform legislation.Hull House women convinced Illinois to pass child labor laws, compulsory education laws, and laws protecting women and children.In addition, through the Chicago Women Club, women affiliated with Hull House spearheaded the creation of the first juvenile court in the nation.Eventually, Hull House women turned their attention to national issues.Many, including Jane Addams and Florence Kelley, were active in the woman suffrage movement. .....
Robie House
21. Frank Lloyd Wright Robie House is both a masterpiece of the Prairie style and an icon of modern architecture.Trained interpreters offer insights into amazing contemporary spaces designed by Wright over a hundred years ago.Visitors can explore the home while witnessing the current restoration which is returning the building to its original splendor. .....
Jay Pritzker Pavilion
22. Millennium Park, escape into Lurie Garden, a fourseason urban oasis that pays homage to Chicago motto Urbs in Horto, or City in a Garden.Spread out a blanket on the Great Lawn in front of the awardwinning Pritzker Pavilion for any of the free events each day.Cool off by splashing around in Millennium Park Crown Fountain, a shallow reflecting pool bookended by 50foot towers.Grab food and drinks at the alfresco patio Park Grill, or burn off those calories during a Saturday morning workout on the Great Lawn. .....
Riverwalk
23. Plans to develop the banks of the Chicago River into a public walkway were already created at the beginning of the twentieth century but they only started to materialize almost 100 years later.The Riverwalk continues to be expanded and new office towers along the river such as the Trump Tower already provide public walkways.New sections under planning include the north bank of the Chicago River between Michigan Lake and State Street and the creation of green space at the confluence of the river north and south branches.There are also plans for an ambitious lighting display.These projects are expected to take many more years. .....
University of Chicago Oriental Institute
24. The Oriental Institute (OI), established in 1919, is the University of Chicago archeology museum and research center for ancient Near Eastern studies.It was founded by James Henry Breasted with funds donated by John D.Rockefeller Jr.It conducts research on ancient civilizations throughout the Near East, including at its facility, Chicago House, in Luxor, Egypt. .....
United Center
25. United Center is an indoor sports arena located in Chicago, Illinois.The United Center is home to both the Chicago Bulls of the National Basketball Association (NBA) and the Chicago Blackhawks of the National Hockey League (NHL).The arena is named after its corporate sponsor, United Airlines. .....
Chicago Park District
26. CPD is the oldest and largest park district in the U.S.The city owns and operates some 8,100 acres of green space amongst the skyscrapers, streets, and commerce of an urban environment.The Chicago Park District manages parks, recreation and event facilities, beaches, museums, lagoons, conservatories, and gardens throughout Chicago.The Chicago Park District is the oldest and (financially) largest park district in the U.S.A, with a Doller385 million annual budget.It has the distinction of spending the most per capita on its parks, even more than Boston in terms of park expenses per capita. .....
John J Glessner House
27. Located in a Chicago urban neighborhood near the Michigan Central Railroad (now the Illinois Central), the Glessner House has a U shaped plan, making a private and protected courtyard to the south.The three street elevations of the house are protected, faced in massive blocks of roughcut grey granite.Arched stone constructions and large lintels frame a limited number of openings for entrances and windows.In contrast, the courtyard facades have more and larger openings, curving bays, which break up the rectangular massing, and are constructed more fancifully of brick with limestone lintels. .....
Trump International Hotel and Tower
28. The Trump International Hotel and Tower, also known as Trump Tower Chicago and Trump Tower, is a skyscraper condohotel in downtown Chicago, Illinois.The building, named after billionaire real estate developer Donald Trump, was designed by architect Adrian Smith of Skidmore.The design of the building includes, from the ground up, retail space, a parking garage, a hotel, and condominiums.The 339room hotel opened for business with limited accommodations and services on January 30, 2008.April 28 of that year marked the grand opening with full accommodation and services of hotel services. .....
Chicago Theatre
29. The Chicago Theatre, originally known as the Balaban and Katz Chicago Theatre, is a landmark theater located on North State Street in the Loop area of Chicago, Illinois, in the United States.Built in 1921, the Chicago Theatre was the flagship for the Balaban and Katz (B&K) group of theaters run by A.J.Balaban, his brother Barney Balaban and partner Sam Katz.Along with the other B&K theaters, from 1925 to 1945 the Chicago Theatre was a dominant movie theater enterprise.Currently, Madison Square Garden, Inc.owns and operates the Chicago Theatre as a performing arts venue for stage plays, magic shows, comedy, speeches, and popular music concerts. .....
Oak Street Beach
30. This popular Gold Coast or Streeterville neighborhood hotspot offers many amenities and a spectacular view of the city skyline.This beach hosts a number of popular amateur and professional volleyball tournaments throughout the summer.The mural, measuring about 260 feet in length and 9 feet tall at the very center, raises awareness of beach health and waterquality issues.Its message reminds the public to help keep the beaches clean.The project was funded through a grant from the Great Lakes Restoration Initiative through the United States Environmental Protection Agency. .....
Donald E Stephens Convention Center
31. The Donald E.Stephens Convention Center, formerly known as the Rosemont Convention Center, is a convention center located in Rosemont, Illinois, a suburb of Chicago.Built in 1975, the center has exhibition space of 840,000 sq ft (78,000 m2) and parking available via a Skybridge connected parking garage, which is able to accommodate 8,000 vehicles. It is located near O Hare International Airport, Allstate Arena and Rosemont Theatre.The facility is named after the late mayor of Rosemont, Donald E.Stephens. .....
Michigan Avenue Bridge
32. Technically speaking, the Michigan Avenue Bridge is a doubledeck, doubleleaf trunnion bascule bridge, the first of its kind ever built.Specifically, a bascule bridge is a drawbridge hinged with a counterweight that continuously balances the leaf throughout the entire upward swing in providing clearance for boat traffic.In the summer of 2006, the McCormick Tribune Bridgehouse & Chicago River Museum opened in the southwest tower of the Michigan Avenue Bridge.Here, visitors can learn about the history of the river and view the giant gears of the bridge.This bridgehouse also once housed the men who tended to the opening and closing of the bridge to make way for passing ships. .....
German submarine U 505
33. U505 is a German Type IXC Uboat built for service in Nazi Germany Kriegsmarine during World War II.She was captured on 4 June 1944 by United States Navy Task Group 22.3 (TG 22.3).Her codebooks, Enigma machine, and other secret materials found on board assisted Allied code breaking operations.All but one of U505 s crew were rescued by the Navy task group.The submarine was towed to Bermuda in secret and her crew was interned at a US prisoner of war camp where they were denied access to International Red Cross visits.The Navy classified the capture as top secret and prevented its discovery by the Germans. .....
Swedish American Museum
34. The Swedish American Museum in Chicago was founded by Kurt Mathisson in 1976.It moved to its current location on 5211 North Clark Street in 1987.King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden was present at the museum founding and at its move to its new home. The museum is housed in a 24,000squarefoot (2,200 m2), threestory building and has a collection of approximately 12,000 objects.It is a core member of the Chicago Cultural Alliance, a consortium of 25 ethnic museums and cultural centers in Chicago. .....
Auditorium Building
35. The Auditorium Building in Chicago is one of the bestknown designs of Dankmar Adler and Louis Sullivan.Completed in 1889, the building was built at the northwest corner of South Michigan Avenue and Congress Street (now Congress Parkway).It was added to the National Register of Historic Places on April 17, 1970. It was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1975, and was designated a Chicago Landmark on September 15, 1976. In addition, it is a historic district contributing property for the Chicago Landmark Historic Michigan Boulevard District. .....
Chourishi Systems