Berne

Bern
1. Welcome to our city recently enhanced website. Here, you will find information on Berne elected officials, boards and city services, as well as many area links.Conveniently located near several major roadways, Berne is only 35 miles south of Fort Wayne, and 90 miles north of Indianapolis. In today hectic world, Berne has retained the charm and ambiance of small town Americana while embracing our Swiss roots. We invite you to visit Berne and discover for yourself why Bloomberg Business Week 2011 rated Berne the second best community in Indiana in which to live and raise a family.The main language spoken in Berne is BerneseGerman, a local SwissGerman dialect, although most people also speak Standard German. The dialect is mostly spoken, but also used in text messages etc. In official publications and announcements, Standard German is used.English seems to be supplanting French as the favorite second language of the Bernese, even though the canton of Berne is a bilingual German and French speaking canton. However, many people you encounter as a tourist will be able to speak both so it certainly worth a try. .....
Zentrum Paul Klee
2. The world most important Klee collection, the Zentrum Paul Klee, displays its some 4,000 works through changing exhibits organized around different themes.The multimedia Museum Street of this building devoted to Paul Klee invites visitors to stroll, interact and enjoy.Besides concerts and other events, the unique museum hosts special exhibits and a broad program for children, youth and adults, particularly the children museum Kindermuseum Creaviv.The Zentrum Paul Klee the landscape sculpture by Italian architect Renzo Piano goes beyond the scope of the traditional art museum. Temporary exhibitions, GUIDED TOURS and events that include concerts, theatre, readings and workshops at the Kindermuseum Creaviva underscore the appeal of the world most important collection of works by Paul Klee. As a conference centre the Zentrum Paul Klee boasts the ideal infrastructure. .....
Historical Museum of Bern
3. Once the apartment of Albert Einstein, it was here where the great scientist developed the theory of relativity in the first decade of the 20th century. The Bernisches Historisches Museum (The Berne Historical Museum) is one of Switzerland most important cultural and historical museums and hosts a general historical collection containing approximately 500,000 objects as well as the Einstein Museum.The integrated Einstein Museum presents a powerful presentation of the life and work of Albert Einstein and places it in the context of world history. Animated films and experiments illustrate the pioneering theories of this genius.The temporary exhibition hall 1,200m2 of space are used to present innovative, changing shows that deal with historical, archaeological or ethnographic subjects on a revolving basis.An AudioGuide in nine languages as well as an induction headset and a VideoGuide for deaf and hearingimpaired persons makes the Einstein Museum accessible to a wide audience. .....
Barengraben
4. Bern sounds like it has something to do with bears, and indeed it does. Founded in 1191 by Berthold V, a powerful Duke of Zahringen, the city derived its name from his first hunting success in the area a bear, or Bar in the local dialect. Today, there are still Barengraben in the city, where five animals live. They are very cute and undoubtedly well cared for, but animal lovers might not approve.In an age before animal rights, the bears were treated inhumanly and kept crowded in the small pit, resulting in fights between the bears and the resulting injuries. Fed a vegetarian diet, onlookers tossed bits of cheese to the well fed animals. The bears did occasionally get their fill of meat when an eager onlooker tumbled head over heels into the pit. In 1903 a drunk convict fell into the pit, passed out, and spent the night there. He was incredibly lucky, he was about to be mauled to death when authorities found him and intervened.Things got slightly better for the bears over the years, but the pit (redone over the years in concrete, and later with some foliage added to make it look more natural) was still much too small for the large animals. By the 2000s the bear pit, and the mangy, bored bears eating hunks of cheese in it were becoming an embarrassment for the wealthy and progressive Bern. .....
Federal Palace of Switzerland
5. The Federal Palace (German Bundeshaus, French Palais federal, Italian Palazzo federale, Romansh Chasa federala, Latin Curia Conf .....
Zytglogge
6. One of the main tourist attractions in Bern is the clock tower, or Zytglogge. The tower itself was part of THE original city walls at the beginning of the 13th century. The great bell was cast in 1405. The clock is more recent, but it is nevertheless one of the oldest town clocks in Switzerland its mechanism dates back to 1530.That was when the first elements were built the golden cockerel which crows three times and the man who turns the hour glass, as well as Hans von Thann, the knightly figure at the top of the tower whose hammer strokes beat out the time.The revolving bears dressed in the colours of Bern were added in 1610. They symbolise the power of the city. The procession is opened and closed by bears on their hind legs, carrying musical instruments or weapons. Between them comes a bear on all fours wearing a crown and a knight in armour on a horse.The jester was added in 1642. He strikes his BELLS and kicks his legs when the cock crows.Today it is one of Bern most important sights. The ornate astronomical clock with its moving figures was built in 1530. It served as the city main clock and thus had an authoritative function in Bern.It was from there that travel times indicated on stone markers along the cantonal roads were measured. Standard units of length formerly cubit and fathom, today meter and double meter are displayed for the public in the arch of the gate. .....
Bern Minster
7. The Cathedral of Bern (Das Berner Munster) is Switzerland largest ecclesiastical building. Construction started in 1421 and continued under a series of different builders for generations.The spire was finally completed in 1893.The portal with its depiction of the Last Judgment is a remarkable feature. The vantage point of this masterpiece is located 344 steps above the entrance, in the 100mhigh cathedral spire.From Switzerland highest church tower visitors can enjoy magnificent views across the city and into the Bernese Mittelland and the snowcapped mountains of the Bernese Oberland.The Cathedral is Switzerland largest and most significant church from the Late Middle Ages. As the dominant structure in Bern Old Town, which was awarded unesco World Heritage status in 1983, the Cathedral plays a pivotal role in the city architecture.Located in the center of the Old Town, this 15thcentury cathedral sports a towering 328foottall spire that dominates the city skyline. .....
Kindlifresserbrunnen
8. One of Europe most famous (some would say infamous) fountains is the Ogre Fountain, the Kindlifresserbrunnen (German for Child Eater Fountain), in Bern, Switzerland, that depicts an ogre devouring a naked child and holding a bag of other terrified children. It was built in 1544 as a replacement for a wooden well by Hans Gieng who created most of the public fountains of Bern that were erected during the Renaissance.There are numerous theories about Gieng inspiration for using such a grisly motif. Some believe the ogre is a depiction of the Greek god Cronus who ate his own children in order to thwart a prophecy that he would be overthrown by one of his sons, while others believe it harks back to fairy tales such as Hansel and Gretel and was built to frighten disobedient children or simply to keep them away from an area which once featured a deep ditch which was dangerous to children.
However, a darker theory persists, namely that it is an expression of antiSemitism and blood libel, the belief that Jews murdered children and used their blood in religious rituals. This speculation is based on the argument that the ogre pointed hat resembles a Jewish hat and that the fountain originally was painted yellow, the color used to vilify Jews during medieval times. Whatever the original inspiration, the Ogre Fountain is a major tourist attraction today. (Sources Public Art Around the World and Wikipedia Kindlifresserbrunnen.) .....
Swiss Alpine Museum
9. Switzerland only alpine museum lets you experience the distinct environment of Switzerland mountain ranges.Learn more about the diversity of the mountains their past, present and future. The largest collection of mountain reliefs displays the Matterhorn just a stone throw away from the Bernina.The monumental paintings Aufstieg and Absturz (Ascent and Fall) by F. Hodler and the heroicromantic works of A. Calame provide an artistic impression of the Alps.From the famous Scheuchzer map to the digital terrain model, you will learn how our View of the Alps has changed over time. Encounters with the beauty and mystery of alpine nature, with huge glaciers and with the people will document how life, work, culture and tourism have changed in the Alps. .....
Church of the Holy Ghost
10. Main monument among Switzerland Baroque, Protestant church buildings. At the site of today Church of the Holy Ghost, an order of monks, the Order of the Holy Ghost, built a small church with a hospital in 1228, which was expanded several times over the years. Today magnificent Baroque church was dedicated in 1729. The Church of the Holy Ghost also serves as the meeting place for the Open Church.The existing Holy Ghost Church is thought to be the finest Protestant late Baroque church in Switzerland. Pure white ceilings and walls are adorned with pastel ornamentation reminiscent of icing rosettes, garlands and flourishes in the palest of lavenders, greens and pinks. .....
Museum of Fine Arts
11. Bern is home to some of Switzerland leading museums and galleries. Use this list to get an overview for planning your visit to the city many exhibitions.The Museum of Fine Arts Bern (German Kunstmuseum Bern), established in 1879 in Bern, is the oldest art museum in Switzerland with a permanent collection.Its holdings run from the Middle Ages to contemporary art. It houses works by Paul Klee, Pablo Picasso, Ferdinand Hodler, Meret Oppenheim or Ricco Wassmer. The collection consists of over 3,000 paintings and sculptures as well as 48,000 drawings, prints, photographs, videos and films.In 2014, the museum inherited the more than 1,400 works found in the 2012 Munich artworks discovery, after it was named as the sole heir in the will of art collector Cornelius Gurlitt. .....
Kafigturm
12. The Kafigturm Theater was built in the cellar of Spitalgasse No. 4, Berne by the owner of the house, Herr Geissler, a lawyer. He wanted to grant his eldest daughter her cherished wish of becoming a theatre manager. In 1969, after a building project that lasted a year, the theatre opened its doors to its first guest productions.Following an excellent start to the theatre operations, it soon became obvious that the management of a theatre seating 330 people is no mere hobby. The Kafigturm Theater is, after all, the second largest theatre in Berne after the Stadttheater. Consequently, a series of managers came and went with regularity every year or so for the next ten years.Finding a suitable manager was further complicated by the fact that the Kafigturm Theater to this day, does not enjoy state subsidies. Since 1978, the management of the theatre has been in the capable hands of Mr. Roland Morgenegg, a passionate theatre fan.The attractive Theater with heart in the heart of Berne, has, since its foundation, drawn many national and internationally known artistes to its stage.

Among them are Ruedi Walter, Walter Roderer, Innes Torelli, Emil, and Dimitri. It is, however, the aim of the management to also OFFER amateur theatre groups the chance to perform in the heart of Berne. Therefore we enjoy regular appearances of the Bernhard Theater, the Berner HeimatschutzTheater, Die Neue Volksbuhne Berne, and, of course, the English language theatre group Upstage, among many other companies.As an encouragement for the theatre public of tomorrow, the Kafigturm Theater offers children plays at least twice yearly and a fairy tale production in its winter programme. The Management, together with all the guest artistes and theatre groups hope to be able to entertain their faithful public for many years to come with a traditionally varied programme of theatre, music and dance, and to greet them warmly to the Theater with heart in the heart of Berne. .....

Natural History Museum of Bern
13. The 220 animal dioramas with mammals and birds in their natural environments have the capacity to transport visitors to Africa and Asia, to Alaska and to the mountains of Switzerland.The exhibition also includes Barry, a Saint Bernard dog who died in 1814 and has always been the public number one favorite attraction.Barry, the St Bernard rescue dog who died in 1814, is without doubt the most popular exhibit with visitors. The lifelike dioramasare unique over 200 local and exotic mammals and birds can be viewed in display cases. Its outstanding collection also enables the museum to introduce the public to the world of minerals, especially the magnificent finds from the Alps and also the fantastic crystals from the Planggenstock can be admired. The exhibitionen titled Cest la vie dealS with the many facets of life. In the Hall of Skeletons, apractically 150 yearold collection of skeletons has been given a new lease of life. Beetles & Co. tells the fascinating world of invertebrates. Fins .....
Kunsthalle Bern
14. It achieved a global reputation with solo exhibits by artists such as Klee, Giacometti, Moore, Johns, Lewitt, Nauman, Buren and theme exhibitions such as Harald Szeemann When Attitudes Become Form.The Kunsthalle Bern is a place for artistic debate and critical examination of the phenomena of our age.ince 1918, this institution has made its mark on international art history and created controversy. One major Swiss newspaper dismissed Paul Klee oneman show of 1935 as the kitchen garden of a schizophrenic. Christo first wrapping installation in 1968 attracted worldwide attention. Another exhibition When Attitudes Become Form also made history. Alberto Giacometti, Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, Jasper Johns and Luc Tuymans put on major oneman shows here, sometimes for the very first time.The Kunsthalle remains dedicated to that spirit it keeps its finger on the beating pulse of art. It provides an encounter with the latest regional, national and international trends.Six or seven group and oneman exhibitions some of them exclusive are organised here every year. Then there are guided tours, lectures and debates and intensive activities giving a direct experience of art. .....
Moossee
15. Located ten minutes from the city center of Bern, Golf Park Moossee is a public golf course of the Migros Aare cooperative with 27 holes, a 6 hole training range and a very large practice range.The golf course is embedded in the pictureperfect landscape along the Urtenen brook and around the nature reserve of the Moossee.This golf park offers ambitious competitive players as well as beginners a challenging course.Moossee (or Grosser Moossee) is a lake in the Canton of Berne, Switzerland. Its surface area is 0.31 km. The lake gives the name to Moosseedorf (literally village of Moossee) on its southern shore. The golf course Moossee is located east of the lake at Munchenbuchsee. The Urtenen drains Chli Moossee before flowing into Grosser Moossee 400 m further. .....
Egelsee
16. Egelsee or Egelmosli is a lake in the City of Berne, Switzerland. Its surface area is 1.52 ha. The lake is part of a park that stretches to the Paul Klee Zentrum. In some years, it freezes sufficiently to allow ice skating.Der Egelsee, ein Pachtgewasser des AFV Bern, liegt im Sudosten von Bern. Geologisch betrachtet ist der See ein kleiner Moranensee, welcher zwischen zwei Stirnmoranen des Aaregletschers eingebettet ist. Eine Lehmschicht verhindert, dass der Egelsee in das umliegende Erdreich versickert. Gespiesen wir der See durch den Wysslochbach, welcher im Sommer auch schon austrocknet ist. Ein naturlicher Abfluss existiert nicht. Damit der See bei grossem Wasseraufkommen nicht uberlauft, ist ein Abfluss in die Kanalisation vorhanden. .....
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