Mother teresa

Biography
1. Born August 26, 1910,Died September 5, 1997,Achievements Started Missionaries of Charity in 1950; received Nobel Prize for Peace in 1979; received Bharat Ratna in 1980.Mother Teresa was one of the great servants of humanity. She was an Albanian Catholic nun who came to India and founded the Missionaries of Charity in Kolkata. Later on Mother Teresa attained Indian citizenship. Her selfless work among the poverty-stricken people of Kolkata (Calcutta) is an inspiration for people all over the world and she was honored with Nobel Prize for her work.

Mother Teresa's original name was Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu. She was born on August 26, 1910 in Skopje, Macedonia. Her father was a successful merchant and she was youngest of the three siblings. At the age of 12, she decided that she wanted to be a missionary and spread the love of Christ. At the age of 18 she left her parental home in Skopje and joined the Sisters of Loreto, an Irish community of nuns with missions in India.

After a few months of training at the Institute of the Blessed Virgin Mary in Dublin Mother Teresa came to India. On May 24, 1931, she took her initial vows as a nun. From 1931 to 1948, Mother Teresa taught geography and catechism at St. Mary's High School in Calcutta. However, the prevailing poverty in Calcutta had a deep impact on Mother Teresa's mind and in 1948, she received permission from her superiors to leave the convent school and devote herself to working among the poorest of the poor in the slums of Calcutta.

After a short course with the Medical Mission Sisters in Patna, she returned to Calcutta and found temporary lodging with the Little Sisters of the Poor. She started an open-air school for homeless children. Soon she was joined by voluntary helpers, and she received financial support from church organizations and the municipal authorities. On October 7, 1950, Mother Teresa received permission from the Vatican to start her own order. Vatican originally labeled the order as the Diocesan Congregation of the Calcutta Diocese, and it later came to known as the Missionaries of Charity. The primary task of the Missionaries of Charity was to take care of those persons who nobody was prepared to look after.

The Missionaries of Charity, which began as a small Order with 12 members in Calcutta, today has more than 4,000 nuns running orphanages, AIDS hospices, charity centres worldwide, and caring for refugees, the blind, disabled, aged, alcoholics, the poor and homeless and victims of floods, epidemics and famine in Asia, Africa, Latin America, North America, Poland, and Australia. In 1965, by granting a Decree of Praise, Pope Paul VI granted Mother Teresa permission to expand her order to other countries. The order's first house outside India was in Venezuela. Presently, the Missionaries of Charity has presence in more than 100 countries.

Mother Teresa's work has been recognised and acclaimed throughout the world and she has received a number of awards and distinctions. These include the Pope John XXIII Peace Prize (1971), Nehru Prize for Promotion of International Peace & Understanding (1972), Balzan Prize (1978), Nobel Peace Prize (1979) and Bharat Ratna (1980).

On March 13, 1997, Mother Teresa stepped down from the head of Missionaries of Charity and died on September 5, 1997, just 9 days after her 87th birthday. Following Mother Teresa's death, the Holy See began the process of beatification, the second step towards possible canonization, or sainthood. This process requires the documentation of a miracle performed from the intercession of Mother Teresa. In 2002, the Vatican recognized as a miracle the healing of a tumor in the abdomen of an Indian woman, Monica Besra, following the application of a locket containing Teresa's picture. Monica Besra said that a beam of light emanated from the picture, curing the cancerous tumor. Mother Teresa was formally beatified by Pope John Paul II on October 19, 2003 with the title Blessed Teresa of Calcutta. A second miracle is required for her to proceed to canonization. .....
Called to Religious Life
2. At 18, Gonxha decided to follow the path that seems to have been unconsciously unfolding throughout her life. She chose the Loreto Sisters of Dublin, missionaries and educators founded in the 17th century to educate young girls.

In 1928, the future Mother Teresa began her religious life in Ireland, far from her family and the life she'd known, never seeing her mother again in this life, speaking a language few understood. During this period a sister novice remembered her as very small, quiet and shy, and another member of the congregation described her as ordinary. Mother Teresa herself, even with the later decision to begin her own community of religious, continued to value her beginnings with the Loreto sisters and to maintain close ties. Unwavering commitment and self-discipline, always a part of her life and reinforced in her association with the Loreto sisters, seemed to stay with her throughout her life.

One year later, in 1929, Gonxha was sent to Darjeeling to the novitiate of the Sisters of Loreto. In 1931, she made her first vows there, choosing the name of Teresa, honoring both saints of the same name, Teresa of Avila and Therese of Lisieux. In keeping with the usual procedures of the congregation and her deepest desires, it was time for the new Sister Teresa to begin her years of service to God's people. She was sent to St. Mary's, a high school for girls in a district of Calcutta.

Here she began a career teaching history and geography, which she reportedly did with dedication and enjoyment for the next 15 years. It was in the protected environment of this school for the daughters of the wealthy that Teresa's new vocation developed and grew. This was the clear message, the invitation to her second calling, that Teresa heard on that fateful day in 1946 when she traveled to Darjeeling for retreat. .....
The Streets of Calcutta
3. During the next two years, Teresa pursued every avenue to follow what she never doubted was the direction God was pointing her. She was to give up even Loreto where I was very happy and to go out in the streets. I heard the call to give up all and follow Christ into the slums to serve him among the poorest of the poor.

Technicalities and practicalities abounded. She had to be released formally, not from her perpetual vows, but from living within the convents of the Sisters of Loreto. She had to confront the Church's resistance to forming new religious communities, and receive permission from the Archbishop of Calcutta to serve the poor openly on the streets. She had to figure out how to live and work on the streets, without the safety and comfort of the convent. As for clothing, Teresa decided she would set aside the habit she had worn during her years as a Loreto sister and wear the ordinary dress of an Indian woman a plain white sari and sandals.

Teresa first went to Patna for a few months to prepare for her future work by taking a nursing course. In 1948 she received permission from Pius XII to leave her community and live as an independent nun. So back to Calcutta she went and found a small hovel to rent to begin her new undertaking.

Wisely, she thought to start by teaching the children of the slums, an endeavor she knew well. Though she had no proper equipment, she made use of what was available writing in the dirt. She strove to make the children of the poor literate, to teach them basic hygiene. As they grew to know her, she gradually began visiting the poor and ill in their families and others all crowded together in the surrounding squalid shacks, inquiring about their needs.

Teresa found a never-ending stream of human needs in the poor she met, and frequently was exhausted. Despite the weariness of her days she never omitted her prayer, finding it the source of support, strength and blessing for all her ministry. .....
A Movement Begins
4. Teresa was not alone for long. Within a year, she found more help than she anticipated. Many seemed to have been waiting for her example to open their own floodgates of charity and compassion. Young women came to volunteer their services and later became the core of her Missionaries of Charity. Others offered food, clothing, the use of buildings, medical supplies and money. As support and assistance mushroomed, more and more services became possible to huge numbers of suffering people.

From their birth in Calcutta, nourished by the faith, compassion and commitment of Mother Teresa, the Missionaries of Charity have grown like the mustard seed of the Scriptures. New vocations continue to come from all parts of the world, serving those in great need wherever they are found. Homes for the dying, refuges for the care and teaching of orphans and abandoned children, treatment centers and hospitals for those suffering from leprosy, centers and refuges for alcoholics, the aged and street people the list is endless.

Until her death in 1997, Mother Teresa continued her work among the poorest of the poor, depending on God for all of her needs. Honors too numerous to mention had come her way throughout the years, as the world stood astounded by her care for those usually deemed of little value. In her own eyes she was God's pencil a tiny bit of pencil with which he writes what he likes.

Despite years of strenuous physical, emotional and spiritual work, Mother Teresa seemed unstoppable. Though frail and bent, with numerous ailments, she always returned to her work, to those who received her compassionate care for more than 50 years. Only months before her death, when she became too weak to manage the administrative work, she relinquished the position of head of her Missionaries of Charity. She knew the work would go on.Finally, on September 5, 1997, after finishing her dinner and prayers, her weakened heart gave her back to the God who was the very center of her life. .....
The Early Years
5. Born Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu on August 26, 1910, in Skopje, Macedonia, in the former Yugoslavia, she was the youngest of three children. In her teens, Agnes became a member of a youth group in her local pairsh called Sodality. Through her involvement with their activities guided by a Jesuit priest, Agnes became interested in missionaries. At age 17, she responded to her first call of a vocation as a Catholic missionary nun. She joined an Irish order, the Sisters of Loretto, a community known for their missionary work in India. When she took her vows as a Sister of Loretto, she chose the name Teresa after Saint Th?r?se of Lisieux.
In Calcutta, Sister Teresa taught geography and cathechism at St. Mary's High School. In 1944, she became the principal of St. Mary's. Soon Sister Teresa contracted tuberculosis, was unable to continue teaching and was sent to Darjeeling for rest and recuperation. It was on the train to Darjeeling that she received her second call -- "the call within the call". Mother Teresa recalled later, "I was to leave the convent and work with the poor, living among them. It was an order. I knew where I belonged but I did not know how to get there."
In 1948, the Vatican granted Sister Teresa permission to leave the Sisters of Loretto and pursue her calling under the jurisdiction of the Archbishop of Calcutta.Mother Teresa started with a school in the slums to teach the children of the poor. She also learned basic medicine and went into the homes of the sick to treat them. In 1949, some of her former pupils joined her. They found men, women, and children dying on the streets who were rejected by local hospitals. The group rented a room so they could care for helpless people otherwise condemned to die in the gutter. In 1950, the group was established by the Church as a Diocesan Congregation of the Calcutta Diocese. It was known as the Missionaries of Charity. .....
A vocation of service
6. In 1952 the first Home for the Dying was opened in space made available by the City of Calcutta. Over the years, Mother Teresa?s Missionaries of Charity grew from 12 to thousands serving the "poorest of the poor" in 450 centers around the world. Mother Teresa created many homes for the dying and the unwanted from Calcutta to New York to Albania. She was one of the pioneers of establishing homes for AIDS victims. For more than 45 years, Mother Teresa comforted the poor, the dying, and the unwanted around the world.
In 1966, the Missionaries of Charity Brothers was founded. Homes began to open in Rome, Tanzania, and Australia. In 1971, the first home in the United States was established in the South Bronx, New York. Mother Teresa gained worldwide acclaim with her tireless efforts on behalf of world peace. Her work brought her numerous humanitarian awards, including : the Pope John XXIII Peace Prize and the Nobel Peace Prize in 1979. In receiving this award, Mother Teresa revolutionized the award ceremony. She insisted on a departure from the ceremonial banquet and asked that the funds, $6,000 be donated to the poor in Calcutta. This money would permit her to feed hundreds for a year.
She is stated to have said that earthly rewards were important only if they helped her help the world?s needy. Beginning in 1980, homes began to spring-up for drug addicts, prostitutes, battered women, and more orphanages and schools for poor children around the world. In 1985, Mother Teresa established the first hospice for AIDS victims in New York. Later homes were added in San Francisco and Atlanta. Mother Teresa was awarded Medal of Freedom, the highest U.S. civilian award.
In 1991, Mother Teresa returned for the first time to her native Albania and opened a home in Tirana. By this year, there were 168 homes established in India.On February 3, 1994 at a National Prayer Breakfast, sponsored by the U.S. Senate and House of Representatives, in Washington, DC, Mother Teresa challenged the audience on such topics as family life and abortion. She said, "Please don?t kill the child. I want the child. Give the child to me."Mother Teresa traveled to help the hungry in Ethiopia, radiation victims at Chernobyl, and earthquake victims in Armenia. Her zeal and works of mercy knew no boundaries.In November of 1996, Mother Teresa received the honorary U.S. citizenship. .....
Her Words
7. A clean heart is a free heart. A free heart can love Christ with an undivided love in chastity, convinced that nothing and nobody will separate it from his love. Purity, chastity, and virginity created a special beauty in Mary that attracted God?s attention. He showed his great love for the world by giving Jesus to her.There is a terrible hunger for love. We all experience that in our lives - the pain, the loneliness. We must have the courage to recognize it. The poor you may have right in your own family. Find them. Love them. Before you speak, it is necessary for you to listen, for God speaks in the silence of the heart. Give yourself fully to God. He will use you to accomplish great things on the condition that you believe much more in His love than in your own weakness.Speak tenderly to them. Let there be kindness in your face, in your eyes, in your smile, in the warmth of your greeting. Always have a cheerful smile. Don't only give your care, but give your heart as well.
The more you have, the more you are occupied, the less you give. But the less you have the more free you are. Poverty for us is a freedom. It is not mortification, a penance.It is joyful freedom. There is no television here, no this, no that. But we are perfectly happy.I pray that you will understand the words of Jesus, ?Love one another as I have loved you.? Ask yourself ?How has he loved me? Do I really love others in the same way?? Unless this love is among us, we can kill ourselves with work and it will only be work, not love. Work without love is slavery. Little things are indeed little, but to be faithful in little things is a great thing.A sacrifice to be real must cost, must hurt, must empty ourselves. The fruit of silence is prayer, the fruit of prayer is faith, the fruit of faith is love, the fruit of love is service, the fruit of service is peace. .....
Reflections
8. "I know that I join countless others across the world in giving thanks to God for the many contributions Mother Teresa has made to the Church and to the human family. Mother Teresa spent her life with the Lord, especially serving Him in the poor. She must be especially happy to meet Him now face to face. Her life?s work is assured through her sisters, the Missionaries of Charity, to whom I offer my deepest sympathy ? especially to the sisters who serve St. Malachy Parish on Chicago?s West Side. The simplicity of her lifestyle and the singlemindness of her dedication will serve as an example for generations to come. Believing in the power of God?s grace which transformed her life, each of us ?relying on the same grace can do what she has done. Archbishop Francis George, OMI, Archdiocese of Chicago We are here to grieve the loss of a precious jewel, a glorious crown and a golden heart in the Church. Jaime Cardinal Sin, of the Philippines, at a Saturday evening Mass for Mother Teresa All the life of this great woman was the bright incarnation of service to the high humanitarian ideals of goodness, compassion, selflessness and faith. Mother Teresa will always remain in the hearts and minds of Russians as a friend of our country, ready to render help at any moment. Russian President, Boris Yeltsin
r. Andrew Apostoli, CFR, Yonkers, NY re-counted his first meeting with Mother Teresa in New York. Fr. Andrew has given retreats for the Missionaries of Charity contemplative sisters in the South Bronx on several occasions. On our first meeting, Mother Teresa gave me a rosary and commented that the Blessed Mother is all over the world bringing people to Her Son. She told me a story stating, whenever I need a special favor, I do an Express Novena. An Express Novena is 9 Memorares in a row. In 1983, one of our Superior sisters had gotten sick in Eastern Berlin, and Mother Teresa had to appoint a replacement that could handle the Communist government. The sister that they appointed as the successor for Eastern Berlin needed a Visa. Mother Teresa gathered her nuns and started praying the Express Novena (9 Memorare?s). On the 8th Memorare, the phone rang, it was a Communist official stating that it would be 6 months until they would receive the Visa. After the 9th prayer, Mother Teresa started the novena again. On the 8th Memorare the second time, the telephone rang this time, it was a Communist official who stated you will have your Visa immediately! Mother Teresa had a tremendous love for Our Lady. She had great courage and once stated to me that I never refused God anything . When she walked into the room to greet me, I felt that I was indeed meeting a saint. Evangelist, Billy Graham In an age when superlatives are used with abandon to describe the contributions of public figures, it is a testimony to Mother Teresa?s greatness that no same person would give her the status as the world?s most giving human being. But perhaps most of all, she will be remembered as someone who never sought the honor she so sincerely earned. William Donohue, Catholic League President The passing of Mother Teresa is a moment of joy because of her holiness. She was always with the dying and the poor, so rather than bringing mourning it brings joy. We are happy to offer her to God: Here is such a lovely soul. Bishop David E. Foley, Diocese of Birmingham, Alabama The world marveled at the commitment of this extraordinary woman. Bishop Gerald R. Barnes of San Bernardino, CA. A loss to the entire humanity. She will be deeply missed in our efforts to build international peace, and a just, caring and equitable world order. South African President Nelson Mandela's Mother Teresa imitated Christ and her life was a lesson in love. As she personally tended the sick and the dying in Calcutta's slums, she helped people there and beyond see the material and spiritual poverty that confronts modern society. She taught all -- from youth groups to governments -- through piety and charm, wisdom and simplicity. As small and soft-spoken as she was, her reach was large and her message heard around the world. She saw Jesus in everyone -- from the child in the womb, to the sick and vulnerable, especially those afflicted with AIDS, to the aged and dying abandoned in the streets of Calcutta. She urged people everywhere to reach beyond themselves to heal those hurting about them. Mother Teresa transcended cultures and politics as she spoke of God's call to love and assist the poor. She had a profound realization that anyone she was with -- immigrant, alien, president or prime minister, was first of all a Child of God and intrinsically worthy of respect. Her life will stand as a reminder to all of us that we are called to care for one another and especially that we are called to respect and aid the poorest among us. God blesses the world with wonderful treasures -- certainly Mother Teresa has been one of the finest of our century. Bishop Anthony M. Pilla, President of the National Conference of Catholic Bishops/United States Catholic Conference Mother Teresa's life proved that the only real revolution in human affairs flows from service to others and self-sacrifice out of love for Jesus Christ. She was a champion of the unwanted, from the outcast of Calcutta to the unwanted unborn of America. She was the genius of the little way of doing great things. Above all, she was in every sense a woman of the Gospel: strong in forgiving, tender to the poor, in love with Jesus Christ, and a servant of His Church. May God welcome her into eternal light and joy, and may the work of her sisters here in Colorado and around the world thrive on the legacy of mercy and Christian love she leaves with us. Archbishop Charles J. Chaput, Archdiocese of Denver An example of selfless devotion to charity. I hope she can be a good example to all charity workers and philanthropists. Malaysian Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad A rare and unique individual who lived long for higher purposes. Her life-long devotion to the care of the poor, the sick and the disadvantaged was one of the highest examples of service to humanity. Nawaz Sharif, Prime Minister of Pakistan The Chairman of the Nobel Peace Prize panel, Francis Sejersted, said Mother Teresa stood out as an example of true self-sacrifice in humanitarian work. She was awarded the prize in 1979. In a memorial Mass celebrating the life of Mother Teresa at St. Patrick Cathedral in New York on Monday, Cardinal John O?Connor spoke of the life of this devote nun who gave her life fighting for the weakest of the weak, the poorest of the poor. On ministering to the poor Mother Teresa wrote, Without suffering, our work would just be social work. O?Connor added, Only by being one with them can we redeem them. Rudolph Giuliani, Mayor of NYC, shared with Mass attendees his thanks for having had Mother Teresa among us. On a lighter note, Mayor Giuliani commented that he and former Mayor Ed Koch never said no when Mother Teresa asked the city [New York] for help. We knew she knew better than us what?s good for our people, Giuliani said. If she wanted parking spaces, we gave her parking spaces. .....
Birth and Childhood
9. Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu, now known as Mother Teresa, was the third and final child born to her Albanian Catholic parents, Nikola and Dranafile Bojaxhiu, in the city of Skopje (a predominantly Muslim city in the Balkans). Nikola was a self-made, successful businessman and Dranafile stayed home to take care of the children.

When Mother Teresa was about eight years old, her father died unexpectedly. The Bojaxhiu family was devastated. After a period of intense grief, Dranafile, suddenly a single mother of three children, sold textiles and hand-made embroidery to bring in some income. .....
The Call
10. Both before Nikola's death and especially after it, the Bojaxhiu family held tightly to their religious beliefs. The family prayed daily and went on pilgrimages annually. When Mother Teresa was 12 years old, she began to feel called to serve God as a nun. Deciding to become a nun was a very difficult decision. Becoming a nun not only meant giving up the chance to marry and have children, it also meant giving up all her worldly possessions and her family, perhaps forever. For five years, Mother Teresa thought hard about whether or not to become a nun. During this time, she sang in the church choir, helped her mother organize church events, and went on walks with her mother to hand out food and supplies to the poor.

When Mother Teresa was 17, she made the difficult decision to become a nun. Having read many articles about the work Catholic missionaries were doing in India, Mother Teresa was determined to go there. Thus, Mother Teresa applied to the Loreto order of nuns, based in Ireland but with missions in India.In September 1928, 18-year-old Mother Teresa said goodbye to her family to travel to Ireland and then on to India. She never saw her mother or sister again. .....
Becoming a Nun
11. It took more than two years to become a Loreto nun. After spending six weeks in Ireland learning the history of the Loreto order and to study English, Mother Teresa then traveled to India, where she arrived on January 6, 1929. After two years as a novice, Mother Teresa took her first vows as a Loreto nun on May 24, 1931.As a new Loreto nun, Mother Teresa (known then only as Sister Teresa, a name she chose after St. Teresa of Lisieux) settled in to the Loreto Entally convent in Kolkata (previously called Calcutta) and began teaching history and geography at the convent schools. Usually, Loreto nuns were not allowed to leave the convent; however, in 1935, 25-year-old Mother Teresa was given a special exemption to teach at a school outside of the convent, St. Teresa's. After two years at St. Teresa's, Mother Teresa took her final vows on May 24, 1937 and officially became Mother Teresa.Almost immediately after taking her final vows, Mother Teresa became the principal of St. Mary's, one of the convent schools and was once again restricted to live within the convent's walls. .....
A Call Within a Call
12. For nine years, Mother Teresa continued as the principal of St. Mary's. Then on September 10, 1946, a day now annually celebrated as Inspiration Day, Mother Teresa received what she described as a call within a call. She had been traveling on a train to Darjeeling when she received an inspiration, a message that told her to leave the convent and help the poor by living among them. For two years Mother Teresa patiently petitioned her superiors for permission to leave the convent in order to follow her call. It was a long and frustrating process. To her superiors, it seemed dangerous and futile to send a single woman out into the slums of Kolkata. However, in the end, Mother Teresa was granted permission to leave the convent for one year to help the poorest of the poor.

In preparation for leaving the convent, Mother Teresa purchased three cheap, white, cotton saris, each one lined with three blue stripes along its edge. (This later became the uniform for the nuns at Mother Teresa's Missionaries of Charity.) After 20 years with the Loreto order, Mother Teresa left the convent on August 16, 1948.Rather than going directly to the slums, Mother Teresa first spent several weeks in Patna with the Medical Mission Sisters to obtain some basic medical knowledge. Having learned the basics, 38-year-old Mother Teresa felt ready to venture out into the slums in December of 1948. .....
Founding the Missionaries of Charity
13. Mother Teresa started with what she knew. After walking around the slums for a while, she found some small children and began to teach them. She had no classroom, no desks, no chalkboard, and no paper, so she picked up a stick and began drawing letters in the dirt. Class had begun. Soon after, Mother Teresa found a small hut that she rented and turned it into a classroom. Mother Teresa also visited the children's families and others in the area, offering a smile and limited medical help. As people began to hear about her work, they gave donations.

In March 1949, Mother Teresa was joined by her first helper, a former pupil from Loreto. Soon she had ten former pupils helping her.At the end of Mother Teresa's provisionary year, she petitioned to form her own order of nuns, the Missionaries of Charity. Her request was granted by Pope Pius XII; the Missionaries of Charity was established on October 7, 1950. .....
Helping the Sick the Dying the Orphaned and the Lepers
14. There were literally millions of people in need in India. Droughts, the caste system, India's independence, and partition all contributed to the masses of people that lived on the streets. India's government was trying, but they could not handle the overwhelming multitudes that needed help. While the hospitals were overflowing with patients that had a chance to survive, Mother Teresa opened a home for the dying, called Nirmal Hriday (Place of the Immaculate Heart), on August 22, 1952. Each day, nuns would walk through the streets and bring people who were dying to Nirmal Hriday, located in a building donated by the city of Kolkata. The nuns would bathe and feed these people and then place them in a cot. These people were given the opportunity to die with dignity, with the rituals of their faith. In 1955, the Missionaries of Charity opened their first children's home (Shishu Bhavan), which cared for orphans. These children were housed and fed and given medical aid. When possible, the children were adopted out. Those not adopted were given an education, learned a trade skill, and found marriages.

In India's slums, huge numbers of people were infected with leprosy, a disease that can lead to major disfiguration. At the time, lepers (people infected with leprosy) were ostracized, often abandoned by their families. Because of the widespread fear of lepers, Mother Teresa struggled to find a way to help these neglected people. Mother Teresa eventually created a Leprosy Fund and a Leprosy Day to help educate the public about the disease and established a number of mobile leper clinics (the first opened in September 1957) to provide lepers with medicine and bandages near their homes. By the mid-1960s, Mother Teresa had established a leper colony called Shanti Nagar (The Place of Peace) where lepers could live and work. .....
International Recognition
15. Just before the Missionaries of Charity celebrated its 10th anniversary, they were given permission to establish houses outside of Calcutta, but still within India. Almost immediately, houses were established in Delhi, Ranchi, and Jhansi; more soon followed. For their 15th anniversary, the Missionaries of Charity was given permission to establish houses outside of India. The first house was established in Venezuela in 1965. Soon there were Missionaries of Charity houses all around the world.

As Mother Teresa's Missionaries of Charity expanded at an amazing rate, so did international recognition for her work. Although Mother Teresa was awarded numerous honors, including the Nobel Peace Prize in 1979, she never took personal credit for her accomplishments. She said it was God's work and that she was just the tool used to facilitate it. .....
Controversy
16. With international recognition also came critique. Some people complained that the houses for the sick and dying were not sanitary, that those treating the sick were not properly trained in medicine, that Mother Teresa was more interested in helping the dying go to God than in potentially helping cure them. Others claimed that she helped people just so she could convert them to Christianity.

Mother Teresa also caused much controversy when she openly spoke against abortion and birth control. Others critiqued her because they believed that with her new celebrity status, she could have worked to end the poverty rather than soften its symptoms. .....
Old and Frail
17. Despite the controversy, Mother Teresa continued to be an advocate for those in need. In the 1980s, Mother Teresa, already in her 70s, opened Gift of Love homes in New York, San Francisco, Denver, and Addis Ababa, Ethiopia for AIDS sufferers. Throughout the 1980s and into the 1990s, Mother Teresa's health deteriorated, but she still traveled the world, spreading her message. When Mother Teresa, age 87, died of heart failure on September 5, 1997, the world mourned her passing. Hundreds of thousands of people lined the streets to see her body, while millions more watched her state funeral on television. After the funeral, Mother Teresa's body was laid to rest at the Mother House of the Missionaries of Charity in Kolkata.

When Mother Teresa passed away, she left behind over 4,000 Missionary of Charity Sisters, in 610 centers in 123 countries.After Mother Teresa's death, the Vatican began the lengthy process of canonization. On October 19, 2003, the third of the four steps to sainthood was completed when the Pope approved Mother Teresa's beatification, awarding Mother Teresa the title Blessed. .....
Mother Teresa and the Nobel Peace Prize
18. Mother Teresa is a household name for her good works, but many people don?t know much about her beyond ?nun who helped the poor.? On the anniversary of her being awarded the Nobel Peace Prize, here are 20 facts about Mother Teresa.She was born Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu in 1910 in Albania, to a financially comfortable family ? they lived in one of the two houses they owned. Her father died when she was 8 years old, which ended her family?s financial security. Agnes was fascinated with missionaries from an early age, and she knew by age 12 that she would commit herself to a religious vocation.When she was 18 years old, Agnes left home and joined the Sisters of Loreto in Rathfarnham, Ireland.Although she lived to be 87 years old, she never saw her mother or sister again after the day she left for Ireland.After a year learning English in Ireland, Agnes transferred to the Sisters of Loreto convent in Darjeeling, India.

She took her vows as a nun in 1931, and that?s when she chose the name Teresa ? to honor Saints Therese of Lisieux and Teresa of Avila. Therese of Lisieux is the patron saint of missionaries ? which attracted Agnes to her ? as well as the patron saint of florists, Australia, AIDS sufferers and others. Teresa of Avila is the patron saint of people in religious orders, lacemakers, Spain and more. Teresa began teaching history and geography in Calcutta at St. Mary?s, a high school for the daughters of the wealthy. She remained there for 15 years and enjoyed the work, but was distressed by the poverty she saw all around her. In 1946, Teresa traveled to Darjeeling for a retreat. It was on that journey that she realized what her true calling was: ?I heard the call to give up all and follow Christ into the slums to serve him among the poorest of the poor.? It took two years of preparation before she was able to begin doing the work she felt compelled to do. She needed to receive permission from the Sisters of Loreto to leave the order ? while retaining her vows ? as well as permission from the Archbishop of Calcutta to live and work among the poor. She also prepared by taking a nursing course. In 1948, Teresa set aside her nun?s habit ? adopting instead the simple sari and sandals worn by the women she would be living among ? and moved to a small rented hovel in the slums to begin her work.Teresa?s first year in the slums was particularly hard. She was used to a life of comparative comfort, and now she had no income and no way to obtain food and supplies other than begging. She was often tempted to return to convent life, and had to rely on her determination and faith to get herself through it. .....

Major Accomplishments of Mother Teresa
19. In 1946, Mother Teresa received a divine message, possibly an intuition, after which she decided to devote her life to the betterment of society. In 1948, she started working with the poor. She soon became an Indian citizen and toured to different parts of India to uplift the downtrodden. In 1950, she was granted permission to establish the diocesan congregation, which would work for those, whom she described as the hungry, the naked, the homeless, the crippled, the blind, the lepers and all those people who feel unwanted, unloved, uncared for throughout society, people that have become a burden to the society and are shunned by everyone. The congregation extended far and wide and came to be known as the 'Missionaries of Charity', one of the very big organizations with centers all around the world.

In 1952, she founded the first Home for the Dying in India. Later, she converted an unused Hindu temple into Kalighat Home for the Dying. People from all religions were accepted into Kalighat, where they would receive medical attention and care. She soon opened a home for lepers in Shanti Nagar. In 1955, Mother Teresa went ahead to open the Nirmala Shishu Bhavan, a home for the orphan and homeless children.

The Missionaries of Charity established by Mother Teresa continued growing to reach different parts of India. It opened several orphanages and leper houses across India, and later, in different parts of the world. The first house of the Missionaries of Charity that was established outside India was the one in Venezuela, which was opened in 1965. By 2007, the Missionaries of Charity had established 600 missions, schools and homes in 120 nations and had thousands of nuns working for it.

In 1962, Mother Teresa was awarded the Padma Shri, followed by the Jawaharlal Nehru Award for International Understanding in 1972 and the Bharat Ratna in 1980. She was honored with the Philippines-based Ramon Magsaysay Award for International Understanding in 1962. In 1971, she received the Pope John XXIII Peace Prize from Pope Paul VI. She was honored with the Pacem in Terris Award in 1976. In 1996, she received the honorary citizenship of the United States of America.For her struggle to overcome poverty and remove the sorrow and suffering from society, she was awarded the Noble Prize for Peace. She selflessly donated an amount of $192,000 to India to be used for the upliftment of the poor in the country. According to her, rewards were important only if they would help her work for the helpless. Mother Teresa left for heavenly abode on September 5, 1997. After death, she reached sainthood and has been beatified. She has always proved to be an epitome of humanity and continues to be admired by people the world over. .....
Awards and Achievements
20. For her unwavering commitment and unflinching love and compassion that she devoutly shared, the Government of India honoured her with Padma Shri, Jawaharlal Nehru Award for International Understanding and Bharat Ratna, India?s highest civilian award.In 1962, she was honoured with Ramon Magsaysay Award for International Understanding, for her merciful cognizance of the abject poor of a foreign land, in whose service she led a new congregation.In 1971, she was awarded the first Pope John XXIII Peace Prize for her work with the poor, display of Christian charity and efforts for peace.1979, Mother Teresa was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize, for work undertaken in the struggle to overcome poverty and distress, which also constitutes a threat to peace. .....
Trivia
21. Known the world over as Mother Teresa, she however was not baptized with the same name. Her christened name is different from what she is known as. She founded the Missionaries of Charity in Calcutta with the objective of serving the poorest of the poor. She aimed to make life beautiful for the unwanted, unloved and uncared lot. .....
Her International Pursuits
22. The congregation, which was limited to India, opened its first house outside India in Venezuela in 1965 with five sisters. However, this was just the beginning, as many more houses came up in Rome, Tanzania and Austria. By 1970s, the order had reached several countries in Asia, Africa, Europe and United States.In 1982, Mother Teresa rescued almost 37 children who were trapped in a front line hospital in Beirut. With the help of a few Red Cross volunteers, she crossed the war zone to reach the devastated hospital and evacuate young patients. Missionaries of Charity which was rejected by the Communist countries earlier, found an acceptance in the 1980s. Ever since it attained permission, the congregation initiated a dozen of projects. She helped the earthquake victims of Armenia, the famished folks of Ethiopia and the radiation-caused victims of Chernobyl. The first Missionaries of Charity home in the United States was established in the South Bronx, New York. By 1984, it had 19 establishments all over the country.

In 1991, Mother Teresa returned to her homeland for the first time since 1937 and opened a Missionaries of Charity Brothers home in Tirana, Albania.By 1997, Missionaries of Charity had almost 4000 sisters working in 610 foundations, in 450 centres in 123 countries across the sIX continents. The congregation had several hospices and homes for people with HIV/AIDS, leprosy and tuberculosis, soup kitchens, children's and family counselling programs, personal helpers, orphanages, and schools functioning under it. .....
Mother Teresa film in the works
23. Keir Pearson, who received an Oscar nomination for Hotel Rwanda, is set to write the screenplay for I Thirst, the first authorised biopic of the late religious sister. Keir's presentation and his Oscar-nominated script of Hotel Rwanda and his sensitive script for Chavez made him the perfect choice, producer Tony Krantz said. advertisement I Thirst is the first and only authorised film about the life of Mother Teresa on the big screen. We couldn't be more excited for this movie about a woman who stood for total commitment, faith, charity and love.He added This is not going to be a movie about Catholicism. It's going to focus on her deeds.The film, which will be in collaboration with the Mother Teresa Centre, will focus on Mother Teresa's work in Calcutta during the 50s when she founded the Missionaries of Charity after hearing a call from the Lord to begin ministering to the poorest of India's poor.

She won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1979 and by the time of her death at the age of 87 in 1997, the order had grown to more than 4,000 sisters running orphanages, hospices and charity centres. Tony will complete his research trip with Keir in the Indian city of Kolkata Tijuana in Mexico during the coming month, with Keir expected to start writing the script at the end of February. .....
Educational Foundation
24. Following the lines enshrined in the doctrines of Mother Teresa "Remove the educational poverty among the student community?" Our Foundation provides financial assistance to academically proficient but economically poor students to pursue higher studies after completing their high school education as day scholars. Both boys and girls studying in medical, engineering, arts & sciences, paramedical and other courses benefit under this program. These students who have enormous potential, continually prove their worth academically. And this is evidenced by their performance evaluation reports. We hope this would pave way for deserving students to fulfil their academic aspirations, overcoming financial constraints. This program was launched in 2011 to provide educational assistance to those that cannot afford it. In total, we have helped 800+ students during two academic years. The foundation takes care of their entire school fee, hostel fees (if any) and school related expenses such as books, stationery etc. This is not restricted to any one school or college. We also would like to take this chance to acknowledge the support of various schools and colleges that helped us provide this service to the needy. .....
Children Foundation
25. Begging letters from the Mother Teresa Children's Foundation claim to be honoring Mother Teresa's name by independently helping children all over the world. But check the small print before sending a donation - in tiny print this lot admit to having no connection to Mother Teresa or the good cause she founded, The Missionaries of Charity. Although a registered UK charity, none of the trustees of the Mother Teresa Children's Foundation live in Britain. Nathan Barnes and Chen Crystal are in the United States and Sajan Kavinkalath is in India. The mailshot gives only a PO box address in Crawley, West Sussex, the website no address at all or phone number, only the option to send a question by email.

We've asked them to justify using the picture and name of Mother Teresa, who died in Calcutta in 1997, but have had no reply.A spokeswoman for the Missionaries of Charity said When Mother was alive she did not give permission for others to use her name. On fundraising Mother was quite clear. We do not fund raise for the Missionaries of Charity or want anybody else to fund raise for us. We are totally dependent on divine providence, on the sharing of others.We do not solicit funds and Mother always said not to raise funds in our name using her name or image or that of the Missionaries of Charity. .....
Death and Legacy
26. After several years of deteriorating health in which she suffered from heart, lung and kidney problems, Mother Teresa died on September 5, 1997 at the age of 87. Since her death, Mother Teresa has remained in the public spotlight. In particular, the publication of her private correspondence in 2003 caused a wholesale re-evaluation of her life by revealing the crisis of faith she suffered for most of the last 50 years of her life. In one despairing letter to a confidant, she wrote, Where is my Faith even deep down right in there is nothing, but emptiness & darkness My God how painful is this unknown pain I have no Faith I dare not utter the words & thoughts that crowd in my heart & make me suffer untold agony. While such revelations are shocking considering her public image of perfect faith, they have also made Mother Teresa a more relatable and human figure to all those who experience doubt in their beliefs. For her unwavering commitment to aiding those most in need, Mother Teresa stands out as one of the greatest humanitarians of the 20th century. She combined profound empathy and a fervent commitment to her cause with incredible organizational and managerial skills that allowed her to develop a vast and effective international organization of missionaries to help impoverished citizens all across the globe.

However, despite the enormous scale of her charitable activities and the millions of lives she touched, to her dying day she held only the most humble conception of her own achievements. Summing up her life in characteristically self-effacing fashion, Mother Teresa said, By blood, I am Albanian. By citizenship, an Indian. By faith, I am a Catholic nun. As to my calling, I belong to the world. As to my heart, I belong entirely to the Heart of Jesus. .....
Tips to succeed in Study
Use all your intelligences. Are you aware of the concept of multiple intelligences? Do you know it doesnt matter how smart you are but rather how you are smart? This concept was introduced by Howard Gardiner of Harvard University. It explains the number of different ways in whi .....
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A Winter Delight Cake. Cool shades of blue and cute globe snowmen will make this cake a hit from the first snowfall to the last. The fondant ornament hung on top adds the finishing touch. .....
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Desert National Park. The Desert National Park is located amidst the sand dunes of the Thar Desert in Rajasthan. The national park was established in 1992 and comprises mainly of grasslands and sand dunes. It is the best place to observe and spot the rare and endangered d .....
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Drew Barrymore. Drew Barrymore is looking in the pink of her health in this picture. Her figure is nothing short of an hourglass, her legs are nicely toned, her arms are just as toned too and her thighs are without a trace ugly cellulite. Not to mention the fact tha .....
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Play tunes. Forget the dubious theory that music makes a baby smarter, and concentrate on the fact that it s likely to calm him. The Baby Einstein tapes saved us. .....
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Goofey. Jip, his name says it all. This chap is always very jolly and he can (and usually does) goof up anything and everything.He is also one of Mickey Mouses sidekicks. As a Walt Disney cartoon character, he sure helps for more silly laughter in his cartoo .....
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Sync Linkedin. Connecting your WordPress blog and your LinkedIn account syncs your blog posts with your LinkedIn profile. .....
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Read and practice everything. Go through every screen in a course, not just the graded assignments. Dont run through a course skipping videos, animations, and ungraded self assessment activities. Your instructor designed the course to help you achieve its learning objectives. Eve .....
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Knotty Bun. a. Comb your hair with a middle parting till the nape of your neck.b. Rub shine serum on the left side of the hair and tie a loose pony tail with a rubber band 1 ? 2 inches from the bottom of that section.c. Repeat the same on the right side.d. Twist .....
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Load. Internal parts may possibly deteriorate or be damaged if a short circuited or overcurrent state continues during operation. .....
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Paper Bag and Construction Paper Fall Tree. Here s another great fall craft for preschoolers. Help trace their hands for the tree trunk on a brown paper bag, then let them glue on small pieces of colorful construction paper and tissue paper to finish off this project. .....
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O Come ALL Ye Faithful. O come, all ye faithful, Joyful and triumphant, O come ye, O come ye to Bethlehem. Come and behold Him, Born the King of Angels! O come, let us adore Him, O come, let us adore Him, O come, let us adore Him, Christ the Lord. Sing, alleluia, All ye .....
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Memory. The first person points out a sequence of 4 to 10 moves. There are no markings placed on the wall. The second person has to climb the route remembering each hold. The value of this climbing game is it teaches you to remember the holds in the route, m .....
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Robot Restaurant. People are confused how a Chinese couple managed to run a busy restaurant 21 hours a day without getting tired. Turns out the restaurant is run by two couples ? both the men and women are identical twins.Locals had nicknamed the eatery the robot coup .....
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Storage and Disposal. Try to use all the pesticide in your tank. If you have some left at the end of the job, use the remainder on other target locations at the recommended dosage. Clean the equipment and put it away immediately after use to prevent accidents. Do not leav .....
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Bicycle art. Keep your bicycle out of the way and make a stylish feature of it with a wall mounted bike rack. Dont worry, it doesnt have to be above the fireplace, a hallway will work just as well. .....
Homeopathy
PLANTAGO. Plantago majorGreater plantain.Key Uses:Bed-wetting problemsEarachesToothachesOrigin : Native to Europe and temperate regions of Asia, where it grows wild.Background : Greater plantain has anti- bacterial properties and is sometimes used herbally a .....
Forever Young Naturally Beauty
Lip Treatments Plumping exercise. With lips and mouth closed, smile widely, hold, then pucker the lips. Holding the kiss shape, raise the top lip toward your nose. Hold. Keeping the same mouth shape, draw your lips in tightly around your teeth and hold. Repeat five times. .....
Help Save the Environment
Organize a carpool for work or school. Coordinate with another person or two to carpool to work or work with other parents in the neighborhood to carpool kids to school. Carpooling will also enable you to take the High Occupancy Vehicle (HOV) lane on a highway. This lane will usually save .....
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Passwords. Never use the same passwords that you use at work on a social networking site. .....
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Retirement and later career. By the 1999 general election, Nelson Mandela had retired from active politics. He continued to maintain a busy schedule, however, raising money to build schools and clinics in South Africas rural heartland through his foundation, and serving as a med .....
Benefits of Cucumber
Diuretic. Cucumber juice is diuretic, encouraging waste removal through urination. This also helps in the dissolution of kidney stones. Store cucumbers in the fridge to retain its freshness. Cut cucumbers should be kept wrapped up or in an air-tight container .....
Science Experiments Ideas
Burning iron. Would you have thought that even iron could be made to burn with a flame! Twist some fine steel wool round a small piece of wood and hold it in a candle flame. The metal begins to blaze and scatter sparks like a sparkler.The oxidation, which was slow .....
Precautions while using Overhead Projectors
Considerations. An overhead needs an appropriate space in the classroom. Ideally, it should sit near an outlet and have an extension cord if necessary (one that wont trip students by lying across a walkway). The projector should sit in the front of the room on a fla .....
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Vitamin C. Fresh cantaloupe is a rich source of Vitamin C or ascorbic acid. This essential water soluble vitamin plays an important role in the growth and repair of tissues within the body and is also an antioxidant that blocks the action of free radicals. .....
Flowers
Blitum Virgatum. This plant, not unfrequently met with in gardens, is known to most cultivators by the name of Strawberry Spinach, the leaves somewhat resembling those of the latter, and the fruit that of the former C. Bauhine likens its berries to those of the Mulbe .....
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Spiritual significance. Diwali is celebrated by Hindus, Jains, and Sikhs to mark historical events, stories or myths, but they all spiritually mark the victory of light over darkness, knowledge over ignorance, good over evil, hope over despair.In the Yoga, Vedanta, and Samk .....
Benefits of Maizes
Protein and Fat. Protein is a second macronutrient that the body also needs in high amounts. It functions to repair cells, build muscles and boost the immune system. Sweet corn has a moderate amount of protein for a vegetable. A 1 cup serving contains just over 5 gra .....
Fastest Trains In The World
Bandra Garib Rath. Poor Mans Chariot or the Garib Rath is a generic air conditioned train started by the Indian Railways in 2005 in order to provide cheaper air conditioned travel to passengers who cannot afford normal fares of such class in normal trains. Due to lowe .....
Stress Management Tips
Avoid stressful situations. When you can, remove yourself from the source of stress. For example, if your family squabbles during the holidays, give yourself a breather and go out for a walk or drive. .....
Extreme Guinness World Records
Farthest eyeball pop. Kim Goodman of the U.S. can pop her eyeballs to a protrusion of 11 millimeters (0.43 inch) beyond her eye sockets. Her eyes were measured on the set of the television show Guinness World Records: Primetime, in Los Angeles on June 13, 1998. .....
Best Foods to Eat If You Start Feeling Sick
Bone Broth. Chicken soup has been a longtime remedy for any sickness and for good reason. Broth, slowcooked bone broth in particular, is very dense in nutrients, including magnesium, phosphorus, and other difficult to obtain trace minerals. Your body will have .....
Wedding
Argue softly. How you say things can have a larger impact that what you say. Remain calm and speak in a normal tone of voice. .....
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Give a gift that keeps giving. As I searched for the perfect gift for my boyfriend last Valentines Day I knew he loved two things, beer and lots of beer. It was with this information that I stumbled upon amazing clubs. Amazing clubs is a website that lets you send a 6-pack of gour .....
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Healthier fats. When tomatoes are eaten along with healthier fats, like avocado or olive oil, the body s absorption of the carotenoid phytochemicals in tomatoes can increase by two to 15 times, according to a study from Ohio State University. The antioxidants presen .....
What to Eat in Orissa
Ghugni. Ghugni is an evening snack in Eastern India (Assam, Bengal, Bihar, Orissa). Black gram (Kala Chana) or dried yellow peas or dried white peas is cooked with gravy, in the traditional eastern Indian style. It is then served with kurmura (puffed rice), .....
Most Expensive Paintings
Boy with a Pipe. This painting was painted by Pablo Picasso in 1905.Greentree foundation (Whitney family) sold it in 2004. .....
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Alaska Railroad. Start Point Seward and Whittier, USA End Point Fairbanks, USA Americas least populated state is filled with verdant forests, towering mountains, and virgin beaches. The best way to see the stunning natural beauty of Alaska is a six day trip aboard .....
Ramayan
Ravana plans to abduct Sita 2. He marks a 'Lakshmana Rekha' or safety-line outside their hut and pleads her not to step out of it. No one could harm her inside it.As Lakshmana leaves to find Rama, Ravana comes pretending to be a sage and asks for alms. He coaxes her to come out of .....
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Run TMC. Rap music was just starting to explode on the scene in the late 1980s, and its influence undeniably began pervading the national consciousness soon after. Around the same time, a high scoring trio of stars found themselves on the Golden State Warrior .....
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Dwellings Perched Incredibly Precariously
Cliff House Calpe Spain. Designed by architect Fran Silvestre, this white lime stucco covered private residence overlooks the Mediterranean Sea, and was built using reinforced concrete slabs pinned to rock. .....
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Lakkar Bazaar Shimla. For ages, wood has been used in Himachal Pradesh for construction of temples, homes, idols etc. Lakkar bazaar situated near the ridge in Shimla captures the very essence of the abundance of different types of wood found in the state. The marketplace .....
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Orange Jewel. Orange is a risky color for the bedroom. Its intensity may be too stimulating for sleeping. Decorate with a few orange accents before plunging into an orange theme. If you are still drawn to the color, then go for it! Red and gold accents in modern p .....
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Maintains Healthy Skin. The Vitamin A content of dry dates is helpful to maintain the health of our skin. It can eliminate dry and dead skin cells, and regenerate fresh and new ones. Consequently, we get healthy, bright and glowing skin. .....
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Keep a fire extinguisher. Keep a fire extinguisher in your home, and make sure your smoke detectors are operational. Oxygen is a safe, non explosive gas when handled correctly. However, any material that is already burning will burn much faster and hotter in an oxygen enriche .....
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Vertical Leg Crunch. Lie flat on the floor with lower back pressed to the ground. Place hands behind head. Extend legs straight up, crossed at the ankles with a slight bend in the knee. Contract abdominal muscles by lifting torso toward knees. Make sure to keep chin off .....
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Baby mice wine. Another drink supposed to have beneficial health properties is baby mice wine, wine filled with well, you guessed it. Thankfully, we couldnt find a picture. .....
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Health Magazine Subscription Gift Giving. Stay abreast on health all year round with the gift of a healthy magazine subscription for yourself or for family and friends. .....
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Customize your chair. First, adjust your chair height so your feet are firmly supported by the floor (or a foot rest) and your thighs are parallel to the ground. Next, adjust the backrest so that it supports your lower back. The backrest (not your arms) should support you .....
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Give feedback and offer chances to improve. Students who struggle with class work can sometimes feel frustrated and get down on themselves, draining motivation. In these situations it s critical that teachers help students to learn exactly where they went wrong and how they can improve next ti .....
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