VatSavitri PujaBihar, Uttar Pradesh, Delhi and Orissa.
Teej Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Orissa and Madhya Pradesh.
MahashivratriThroughout India (major states include Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Bihar, Maharastra)
GangaurRajasthan, Gujarat & Bengal
Varalakshmi VrathamSouth India states of Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra and Karnataka
Karadaiyan NombuTamil Nadu, Karnataka, Kerala and Andhra Pradesh. .....
First SargiMotherinlaw prepares an elaborate Sargi (the predawn Karva Chauth meal) when her daughterinlaw observes her first fast. She wakes up much early to prepare a sumptuous and lavish meal inclusive of sweets and other delicacies for daughterinlaw. Saasuma blesses her bahu with an ashirvaad of Sada Suhagan Raho which means, may you always enjoy a blissful married life when the latter touches her feet with reverence. She also presents her daughterinlaw with gifts, which may be a piece of jewelry or a heavy saree on the first Karva Chauth.
First BayaBaya is a gift given to a daughters motherinlaw on the occasion of Karva Chauth. It usually consists of salted mathris, dryfruits and some gifts. This Baya is a little more special when the daughter is observing her first Karva Chauth. Mothers of newly wed daughters bring gifts for all her family members. Some utensils are also included in the baya which are to be distributed amongst women who join the newlywed on her first Karva Chauth Puja.
Elaborate Puja PreparationsElaborate preparations are made for the customary evening Karva Chauth Puja in a family where a newly wed daughterinlaw observes her first KarvaChauth. Married female relatives are invited to participate in the puja. The newly married woman often wears her bridal lehanga or a heavy saree and adorns herself with lot of jewelry and make up. After the puja ceremony she seeks blessings for happy married life from all elder women. The newly wed woman distributes mathris or utensils amongst the ladies that were a part of baya.
Gifts from HusbandHusband of the woman who observes her first Karva Chauth feel proud and great to see her better half observing such a rigorous fast for him. He gets overwhelmed with love and respect for her wife and pampers her with loads of Karva Chauth gifts. These days husbands also takes her wife out for a dinner to save her from the drudgery of days cooking work.
The pooja preparations start a day in advance. Married women buy the shringar or the traditional adornments and the other pooja items like the karva, matthi, heena etc. Early in the morning they prepare food and have it before sunrise. The morning passes by in other festive activities like decorating hand and feet with heena, decorating the pooja thali and meeting friends and relatives.In the late afternoon women gather at a common place like temple or a garden or someones place who has arranged the pooja. An elderly lady or the pujarin narrates the legend of karva Chouth.The essentials of this gathering and listening of the karva chauth story , a special mud pot, that is considered a symbol of lord Ganesha, a metal urn filled with water, flowers, idols of Ambika Gaur Mata, Goddess Parwati and some fruits, mathi and food grains. A part of this is offered to the deities and the storyteller.Earlier an idol of Gaur Mata was made using earth and cowdung. Now just an idol of Goddess Parwati is kept. Every one lights an earthen lamp in their thalis while listening to the karva story. Sindoor, incense sticks and rice are also kept in the thali.At this time the women wear heavy saris or chunries in red , pink or other bridal colors, and adorn themselves with all other symbols of a married women like, nose pin, tika, bindi, chonp, bangles, earrings etc.Once the moon rises, the women see its reflection in a thali of water, or through a dupatta or a sieve. They offer water to the moon and seek blessings. They pray for the safety, prosperity and long life of their husbands. This marks the end of the day long fast. .....