Indira gandhi

Biography
1. Indira Gandhi (1917 1984) was the only child of Kamla and Jawaharlal Nehru. She spent part of her childhood in Allahabad, where the Nehrus had their family residence, and part in Switzerland, where her mother Kamla convalesced from her periodic illnesses. She received her college education at Somerville College, Oxford. A famous photograph from her childhood shows her sitting by the bedside of Mahatma Gandhi, as he recovered from one of his fasts, and though she was not actively involved in the freedom struggle, she came to know the entire Indian political leadership. After Indias attainment of independence, and the ascendancy of Jawaharlal Nehru, now a widower, to the office of the Prime Minister, Indira Gandhi managed the official residence of her father, and accompanied him on his numerous foreign trips. She had been married in 1942 to Feroze Gandhi, who rose to some eminence as a parliamentarian and politician of integrity but found himself disliked by his more famous father in law, but Feroze died in 1960 before he could consolidate his own political forces.

In 1964, the year of her fathers death, Indira Gandhi was for the first time elected to Parliament, and she was Minister of Information and Broadcasting in the government of Lal Bahadur Shastri, who died unexpectedly of a heart attack less than two years after assuming office. The numerous contenders for the position of the Prime Ministership, unable to agree among themselves, picked Indira Gandhi as a compromise candidate, and each thought that she would be easily manipulable. But Indira Gandhi showed extraordinary political skills and tenacity and elbowed the Congress dons Kamaraj, Morarji Desai, and others out of power. She held the office of the Prime Minister from 1966 to 1977. She was riding the crest of popularity after Indias triumph in the war of 1971 against Pakistan, and the explosion of a nuclear device in 1974 helped to enhance her reputation among middle class Indians as a tough and shrewd political leader. However, by 1973, Delhi and north India were rocked by demonstrations angry at high inflation, the poor state of the economy, rampant corruption, and the poor standards of living. In June 1975, the High Court of Allahabad found her guilty of using illegal practices during the last election campaign, and ordered her to vacate her seat. There were demands for her resignation.

Mrs. Gandhis response was to declare a state of emergency, under which her political foes were imprisoned, constitutional rights abrogated, and the press placed under strict censorship. Meanwhile, the younger of her two sons, Sanjay Gandhi, started to run the country as though it were his personal fiefdom, and earned the fierce hatred of many whom his policies had victimized. He ordered the removal of slum dwellings, and in an attempt to curb Indias growing population, initiated a highly resented program of forced sterilization. In early 1977, confident that she had debilitated her opposition, Mrs. Gandhi called for fresh elections, and found herself trounced by a newly formed coalition of several political parties. Her Congress party lost badly at the polls. Many declared that she was a spent force, but, three years later, she was to return as Prime Minister of India. The same year, however, her son Sanjay was killed in an airplane crash.

In the second, post Emergency, period of her Prime Ministership, Indira Gandhi was preoccupied by efforts to resolve the political problems in the state of Punjab. In her attempt to crush the secessionist movement of Sikh militants, led by Jarnail Singh Bindranwale, she ordered an assault upon the holiest Sikh shrine in Amritsar, called the Golden Temple. It is here that Bindranwale and his armed supporters had holed up, and it is from the Golden Temple that they waged their campaign of terrorism not merely against the Government, but against moderate Sikhs and Hindus. Operation Bluestar, waged in June 1984, led to the death of Bindranwale, and the Golden Temple was stripped clean of Sikh terrorists, however, the Golden Temple was damaged, and Mrs. Gandhi earned the undying hatred of Sikhs who bitterly resented the desacralization of their sacred space. In November of the same year, Mrs. Gandhi was assassinated, at her residence, by two of her own Sikh bodyguards, who claimed to be avenging the insult heaped upon the Sikh nation.

Mrs. Gandhi acquired a formidable international reputation as a statesman, and there is no doubt that she was extraordinarily skilled in politics. She was prone, like many other politicians, to thrive on slogans, and one Garibi Hatao, Remove Poverty became the rallying cry for one of her election campaigns. She had an authoritarian streak, and though a cultured woman, rarely tolerated dissent, and she did, in many respects, irreparable harm to Indian democracy. Apart from her infamous imposition of the internal emergency, the use of the army to resolve internal disputes greatly increased in her time, and she encouraged a culture of sycophancy and nepotism. At her death, her older son, Rajiv Gandhi, was sworn in as head of the Congress party and Prime Minister. .....

Early Life
2. Indira Gandhi was born on November 19, 1917 in Allahabad (in modern day Uttar Pradesh), British India. Her father was Jawaharlal Nehru, who would go on to become the first prime minister of India following its independence from Britain, her mother, Kamala Nehru, was just 18 years old when the baby arrived. The child was named Indira Priyadarshini Nehru.Indira grew up as an only child. A baby brother born in November of 1924 died after just two days. The Nehru family was very active in the anti imperial politics of the time, Indiras father was a leader of the nationalist movement, and a close associate of Mohandas Gandhi and Muhammad Ali Jinnah. .....
Sojourn in Europe
3. In March 1930, Kamala and Indira were marching in protest outside of the Ewing Christian College. Indiras mother suffered from heat stroke, so a young student named Feroz Gandhi rushed to her aid. He would become a close friend of Kamalas, escorting and attending her during her treatment for tuberculosis, first in India and later in Switzerland. Indira also spent time in Switzerland, where her mother died of TB in February of 1936.Indira went to Britain in 1937, where she enrolled at Somerville College, Oxford, but never completed her degree. While there, she began to spend more time with Feroz Gandhi, then a London School of Economics student. The two married in 1942, over the objections of Jawaharlal Nehru, who disliked his son in law. (Feroz Gandhi was no relation to Mohandas Gandhi.)Nehru eventually had to accept the marriage. Feroz and Indira Gandhi had two sons, Rajiv, born in 1944, and Sanjay, born in 1946. .....
Early Political Career
4. During the early 1950s, Indira served as an unofficial personal assistant to her father, then the prime minister. In 1955, she became a member of the Congress Partys working committee, within four years, she would be president of that body.Feroz Gandhi had a heart attack in 1958, while Indira and Nehru were in Bhutan on an official state visit. Indira returned home to take care of him. Feroz died in Delhi in 1960 after suffering a second heart attack.Indiras father also died in 1964, and was succeeded as prime minister by Lal Bahadur Shastri. Shastri appointed Indira Gandhi his minister of information and broadcasting, in addition, she was a member of the upper house of parliament, the Rajya Sabha.In 1966, Prime Minister Shastri died unexpectedly. Indira Gandhi was named the new Prime Minister as a compromise candidate. Politicians on both sides of a deepening divide within the Congress Party hoped to be able to control her. They had completely underestimated Nehrus daughter. .....
Prime Minister Gandhi
5. By 1966, the Congress Party was in trouble. It was dividing into two separate factions, Indira Gandhi led the left wing socialist faction. The 1967 election cycle was grim for the party it lost almost 60 seats in the lower house of parliament, the Lok Sabha. Indira was able to keep the Prime Minister seat through a coalition with the Indian Communist and Socialist parties. In 1969, the Indian National Congress Party split in half for good.As prime minister, Indira made some popular moves. She authorized the development of a nuclear weapons program in response to Chinas successful test at Lop Nur in 1967. (India would test its own bomb in 1974.) In order to counterbalance Pakistans friendship with the United States, and also perhaps due to mutual personal antipathy with US President Richard Nixon, she forged a closer relationship with the Soviet Union.In keeping with her socialist principles, Indira abolished the maharajas of Indias various states, doing away with their privileges as well as their titles. She also nationalized the banks in July of 1969, as well as mines and oil companies. Under her stewardship, traditionally famine prone India became a Green Revolution success story, actually exporting a surplus of wheat, rice and other crops by the early 1970s.In 1971, in response to a flood of refugees from East Pakistan, Indira began a war against Pakistan. The East Pakistani Indian forces won the war, resulting in the formation of the nation of Bangladesh from what had been East Pakistan. .....
Re election Trial and State of Emergency
6. In 1972, Indira Gandhis party swept to victory in national parliamentary elections based on the defeat of Pakistan and the slogan of Garibi Hatao, or Eradicate Poverty. Her opponent, Raj Narain of the Socialist Party, charged her with corruption and electoral malpractice. In June of 1975, the High Court in Allahabad ruled for Narain, Indira should have been stripped of her seat in Parliament and barred from elected office for six years.However, Indira Gandhi refused to step down from the prime ministership, despite wide spread unrest following the verdict. Instead, she had the president declare a state of emergency in India.

During the state of emergency, Indira initiated a series of authoritarian changes. She purged the national and state governments of her political opponents, arresting and jailing political activists. To control population growth, she instituted a policy of forced sterilization, under which impoverished men were subjected to involuntary vasectomies (often under appallingly unsanitary conditions). Indiras younger son Sanjay led a move to clear the slums around Delhi, hundreds of people were killed and thousands left homeless when their homes were destroyed. .....

Downfall and Arrests
7. In a key miscalculation, Indira Gandhi called new elections in March, 1977. She may have begun to believe her own propaganda, convincing herself that the people of India loved her and approved of her actions during the years long state of emergency. Her party was trounced at the polls by the Janata Party, which cast the election as a choice between democracy or dictatorship, and Indira left office.In October of 1977, Indira Gandhi was jailed briefly for official corruption. She would be arrested again in December of 1978 on the same charges. However, the Janata Party was struggling. A cobbled together coalition of four previous opposition parties, it could not agree on a course for the country, and accomplished very little. .....
Indira Emerges Once More
8. By 1980, the people of India had had enough of the ineffectual Janata Party. They reelected Indira Gandhis Congress Party under the slogan of stability. Indira took power again for her fourth term as prime minister. However, her triumph was dampened by the death of her son Sanjay, the heir apparent, in a plane crash in June of that year.By 1982, rumblings of discontent and even outright secessionism were breaking out all over India. In Andhra Pradesh, on the central east coast, the Telangana region (comprising the inland 40%) wanted to break away from the rest of the state. Trouble also flared in the ever volatile Jammu and Kashmir region in the north. The most serious threat, though, came from Sikh secessionists in the Punjab, led by Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale. .....
Operation Bluestar at the Golden Temple
9. During this period, Sikh extremists were waging a campaign of terror against Hindus and moderate Sikhs in the Punjab. Bhindranwale and his following of heavily armed militants holed up in the Akhal Takt, the second most holy building after the Golden Temple itself. The leader himself was not necessarily calling for the creation of Khalistan, rather he demanded the implementation of the Anandpur Resolution, which called for the unification and purification of the Sikh community within Punjab.Indira Gandhi decided to send the Indian Army on a frontal assault of the building to capture or kill Bhindranwale. She ordered the attack at the beginning of June, 1984, even though June 3rd was the most important Sikh holiday (honoring the martyrdom of the Golden Temples founder), and the complex was full of innocent pilgrims. Interestingly, due to the heavy Sikh presence in the Indian Army, the commander of the attack force, Major General Kuldip Singh Brar, and many of the troops were also Sikhs.

In preparation for the attack, all electricity and lines of communication to the Punjab were cut off. On June 3, the army surrounded the temple complex with military vehicles and tanks. In the early morning hours of June 5, they launched the attack. According to official Indian government numbers, 492 civilians were killed, including women and children, along with 83 Indian army personnel. Other estimates from hospital workers and eyewitnesses state that more than 2,000 civilians died in the bloodbath.Among those killed were Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale and the other militants. To the further outrage of Sikhs world wide, the Akhal Takt was badly damaged by shells and gunfire. .....

Aftermath and Assassination
10. In the aftermath of Operation Bluestar, a number of Sikh soldiers resigned from the Indian Army. In some areas, there were actual battles between those resigning and those still loyal to the army.On October 31, 1984, Indira Gandhi walked out to the garden behind her official residence for an interview with a British journalist. As she passed two of her Sikh bodyguards, they drew their service weapons and opened fire. Beant Singh shot her three times with a pistol, while Satwant Singh fired thirty times with a self loading rifle. Both men then calmly dropped their weapons and surrendered.

Indira Gandhi died that afternoon after undergoing surgery. Beant Singh was shot dead while under arrest, Satwant Singh and alleged conspirator Kehar Singh were later hanged.When news of the Prime Ministers death was broadcast, mobs of Hindus across northern India went on a rampage. In the Anti Sikh Riots, which lasted for four days, anywhere from 3,000 to 20,000 Sikhs were murdered, many of them burned alive. The violence was particularly bad in Haryana state. Because the Indian government was slow to respond to the pogrom, support for the Sikh separatist Khalistan movement increased markedly in the months following the massacre. .....

Indira Gandhis Legacy
11. Indias Iron Lady left behind a complicated legacy. She was succeeded in the office of Prime Minister by her surviving son, Rajiv Gandhi. This dynastic succession is one of the negative aspects of her legacy to this day, the Congress Party is so thoroughly identified with the Nehru Gandhi family that it cannot avoid charges of nepotism. Indira Gandhi also instilled authoritarianism into Indias political processes, warping the democracy to suit her need for power.

On the other hand, Indira clearly loved her country, and did leave it in a stronger position relative to neighboring countries. She sought to improve the lives of Indias poorest, and supported industrialization and technological development. On balance, however, Indira Gandhi seems to have done more harm than good during her two stints as the prime minister of India. .....

Indian independence
12. On August 15, 1947, Great Britain released their control over India and the Indian Empire was quickly divided into two countries, today known as India and Pakistan. No longer under British control, India erupted into violence. Thousands of members of rival religious groups, the Hindus and the Moslems, were killed during riots. During this time Indira served as her fathers hostess and housekeeper. Since her father had never remarried after his wifes death in 1936, Indira took charge of her fathers large mansion and began helping him in political matters. Together they worked towards peace, arranging a meeting of Hindu and Moslem religious leaders in New Dehli, India.Throughout the period of Indira Gandhis political association with her father, she focused on social welfare work, particularly childrens welfare. The Indian National Congress had led the country to freedom and had then become its major political party. She had joined the Congress in 1938, and later served as a member of its Youth Advisory Board and chairman of its Womans Department. .....
A government divided
13. Gandhi immediately set about reorganizing the party to make it a more effective instrument of administration and national development. Her goal was to achieve a wider measure of social and economic justice for all Indians. As her left of center policies (slightly liberal, or supporting civil liberties and social progress) became clear, the Congress Party split, with the younger, more liberal elements rallying around Gandhi and the older, more conservative party leaders opposing her. This division came to a head in July 1969 when she nationalized (brought under the control of government) the countrys fourteen leading banks in a highly popular move meant to make credit more available to agriculture and to small industry.The split was formalized when Gandhis candidate for the presidency of India, V. V. Giri, won over the partys official nominee. Although Gandhi took 228 members of Parliament with her into the New Congress, this was not a majority in the 521 member house, and she held power only with support from more liberal parties. In December 1970, when Gandhi failed to get the necessary support to abolish, or end, the privileges of the former Indian princes, she called on the president to dissolve Parliament. Midterm elections were set for March 1971, one full year ahead of schedule.A coalition, or alliance, of three parties of the right and an anti Congress socialist party opposed Gandhi, who made alliances with liberal parties as well as some regional parties. Her platform was essentially one of achieving social and economic change more rapidly in an effort to improve the quality of life of Indias people. Her party won a massive victory with over a two thirds majority in Parliament. .....
Second Term as Prime Minister
14. Most of the second term of the premiership of Indira Gandhi was spent resolving the political problems of Punjab. A secessionist movement had been initiated by Jarnail Singh Bindranwale, who along with his troops had found base at the Golden Temple, the sacred place of worship for the Sikhs.Bindrawale, along with his supporters, had started a campaign against the government, moderate Sikhs and Hindus.To curb his growth to power, Gandhi commenced Operation Blue Star. The main aim of the Operation was to strip clean the Golden Temple from the terrorists and subdue Bindrawale and his men. Operation Bluestar successfully subdued Bhindarwale and his team but several civilians lost their lives and the shrine was ruefully damaged. Due to this, Gandhi earned the hatred of Sikhs who declared Bindrawale a martyr of the 21st century. .....
Trivia
15. She is the first woman Prime Minister of India, who ruled the country from 1966 to 1977 and 1980 to 1984.She imposed a State of Emergency in India in June 1975, which lasted for 21 months until March 1975. She ruled by decree during Emergency and brought the entire country under the rule of the Central government.She initiated the Operation Blue Star to strip clean the Golden Temple from the terrorists supporting Bindranwale. It eventually led to her assassination. .....
Elections
16. In 1977, after extending the state of emergency twice, Indira Gandhi called elections, to give the electorate a chance to vindicate her rule. Gandhi may have grossly misjudged her popularity[citation needed] by reading what the heavily censored press wrote about her. In any case, she was opposed by the Janata Party. Janata, led by her long time rival Desai and with Jai Prakash Narayan as its spiritual guide, claimed the elections were the last chance for India to choose between democracy and dictatorship. Gandhis Congress party was crushed soundly in the elections which followed. The public realized the statement and motto of the Janata Party. Indira and Sanjay Gandhi both lost their seats, and Congress was cut down to 153 seats (compared with 350 in the previous Lok Sabha), 92 of which were in the south. Although in the next election congress won with more than 400 seats. .....
Family and personal life
17. A member of the Nehru Gandhi family, she was married to Feroze Gandhi at the age of 25, in the year 1942. Firstly, her younger son Sanjay had been her chosen heir, but after his death in a flying accident in June 1980, his mother persuaded a reluctant elder son Rajiv Gandhi to quit his job as a pilot and enter politics in February 1981. Over a decade later, Rajiv Gandhi was assassinated.Gandhis yoga guru, Dhirendra Brahmachari, helped her in making certain decisions and also executed certain top level political tasks on her behalf, especially from 1975 to 1977 when Gandhi dissolved Parliament, declared a state of emergency and suspended civil liberties. The nature of his relationship with Indira Gandhi was the subject of speculation and he was known in some circles as the Indian Rasputin. .....
Diplomatic Success
18. In 1971, the Pakistan army conducted violent acts against the people of East Pakistan. Nearly 10 million people fled to India. Gandhi invited the Pakistani president to Shimla for a weeklong summit.The two leaders eventually signed the Shimla Agreement, agreeing to resolve the dispute of Kashmir by peaceful means. Her work eventually led to the creation of the new and independent nation of Bangladesh.Gandhi also led a movement that became known as the Green Revolution. In an effort to address the chronic food shortages that mainly affected the extremely poor Sikh farmers of the Punjab region, Gandhi decided to increase crop diversification and food exports as a way out of the problem, creating new jobs as well as food for her countrymen. .....
Authoritarian Leanings and Imprisonment
19. Despite these advancements, Gandhi ruled with an authoritarian hand, and corruption boiled within her congress and her national and state governments. In 1977, the high courts found her guilty of a minor infraction during the years elections and called for her resignation. Gandhi responded by requesting that the president call for a state of emergency.Gandhi lost the next election and was later imprisoned. In 1980, the country responded differently and she won by a landslide majority. That same year, her son Sanjay Gandhi (b. 1946), who had been serving as her chief political adviser, died in a plane crash in New Delhi. After Sanjays death, Indira prepared her other son, Rajiv (b. 1944), for leadership. .....
Assassination
20. During the 1980s, a Sikh separatist movement developed in India, which Gandhi attempted to repress. Sikh extremists held a campaign inside the Golden Temple, and Gandhi ordered some 70,000 soldiers to purge the sacred space. More than 450 people died.On October 31, 1984, a trusted bodyguard, who was a Sikh, pulled out a .38 revolver and shot her point blank. Another bodyguard, also a Sikh, then took out an automatic weapon and shot 30 rounds into her body. Gandhi died on the way to the hospital. .....
Accomplishments
21. In 1947, Nehru became the newly independent nations first prime minister, and Gandhi agreed to go to New Delhi to serve as his hostess, welcoming diplomats and world leaders at home and traveling with her father throughout India and abroad. She was elected to the prominent 21 member working committee of the Congress Party in 1955 and, four years later, was named its president. Upon Nehrus death in 1964, Lal Bahadur Shastri became the new prime minister, and Indira took on the role of Minister of Information and Broadcasting. But Shastris leadership was short lived, just two years later he abruptly died and Indira was appointed by Congress Party leaders to be prime minister.

Within a few years Gandhi gained enormous popularity for introducing successful programs that transformed India into a country self sufficient in food grainsan achievement known as the Green Revolution.In 1971, she threw her support behind the Bengali movement to separate East from West Pakistan, providing refuge for the ten million Pakistani civilians who fled to India in order to escape the marauding Pakistan army and eventually offering troops and arms. Indias decisive victory over Pakistan in December led to the creation of Bangladesh, for which Gandhi was posthumously awarded Bangladeshs highest state honor 40 years later. .....

Autocratic Leadership
22. Following the 1972 national elections, Gandhi was accused of misconduct by her political opponent and, in 1975, was convicted of electoral corruption by the High Court of Allahabad and prohibited from running in another election for six years. Instead of resigning as expected, she responded by declaring a state of emergency on June 25, whereby citizens civil liberties were suspended, the press was acutely censored and the majority of her opposition was detained without trial. Throughout what became referred to as the Reign of Terror, thousands of dissidents were imprisoned without due process.Anticipating that her former popularity would assure her reelection, Gandhi finally eased the emergency restrictions and called for the next general election in March 1977. Riled by their limited liberties, however, the people overwhelmingly voted in favor of the Janata Party and Morarji Desai assumed the role of prime minister. .....
End of her career
23. Gandhi faced major problems in the areas of food production, population control, land reform, regulation of prices, unemployment, and industrial production. The problems were increased by the arrival in India of almost ten million refugees, who were uprooted as a result of the civil unrest in East Pakistan. In November 1971 Indian troops crossed into East Pakistan to fight Pakistani forces. A month later Gandhi announced recognition of the Bangladesh government set up by East Pakistani rebel leaders. On December 16 Pakistans commander in East Pakistan surrendered to India.In the state elections held in India in March 1972, Gandhis New Congress Party scored the most overwhelming victory in the history of independent India. However, her opponent accused her of violating election laws, and a high court supported the charge in 1975. Because of this development, as well as domestic unrest, Gandhi declared a state of emergency and postponed elections. In the 1977 elections Gandhi and her party suffered major defeats and Gandhi eventually lost her seat and the post of prime minister.

The following year Gandhi headed the Congress Party as she returned to Parliament. In 1979 she again became prime minister. In efforts to prove Indias nonalliance in the global community, she visited both the United States and the U.S.S.R., the former Soviet Union, which consisted of Russia and several smaller states. Internally, riots broke out among Muslim, Hindu, and Sikh religious sects, or groups. Sikhs, looking to separate themselves from India, secured weapons within their sacred Golden Temple in Amritsar, and assumed religious protection. Gandhi ordered government troops to storm the temple, leading to many Sikh deaths. This led to her assassination at her residence on October 31, 1984, by her own Sikh security guards. In death, Gandhi remains a symbol of courage and democracy in one of the worlds most populated countries. .....

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Superstar Ingredients Combating city stress. Look for off-the-shelf skincare products containing extracts of the herb rhodiola if your skin is exposed to polluted cities or endures long and stressful working hours that can kickstart premature aging. This herb enhances the body’s ability to perf .....
Car Racing Games For Your Smartphone
Death Rally. Remedy Entertainment brings you a great looking isometric racing game. In Death Rally, its not just about who is the fastest but also about who can be the deadliest. Players can compete in different events, ranging from standard races to knockout rac .....
What to Eat in Kerala
Pickle. Pickling is the process of preserving food by anaerobic fermentation in brine or vinegar. The resulting food is called a pickle. This procedure gives the food a salty or sour taste. In South Asia, vinaigrette (vegetable oil and vinegar) is used as th .....
What to Eat in Kerala
Olan. Olan (pronounced [o?lan]) is a dish that is part of the Kerala cuisine of the state of Kerala in South India. It is prepared from white gourd, coconut milk and ginger seasoned with coconut oil. .....
Munshi Premchand
Writing Style Notable Work. Aside from a novelist and author, Premchand was also a social reformer and a thinker. The remarkable characteristic of his writing was the reality with which he depicted his characters in the novels. Unlike other contemporary writers, he did not writ .....
Kriya Yoga
Direct Transmission From Teacher to Student. Kriya Yoga is a golden opportunity to reach higher states of consciousness and change your life, by developing the body, mind, intellect, and awareness of the soul. It is a quick and easy path. Kriya Yoga techniques are passed down from master to dis .....
World Flags
Austria. three equal horizontal bands of red (top), white, and red; the flag design is certainly one of the oldest - if not the oldest - national banners in the world; according to tradition, in 1191, following a fierce battle in the Third Crusade, Duke Leopo .....
Precautions while using Touch Screen Mobile
Why Touch Screen Cell Phone. Thetouch screen cell phoneis all the rage these days. Using this hot interface makes flipping through photos, navigating around web pages, selecting options and even typing, into a series of elegant gestures. No more arguing with your phones keypad a .....
Most handsome football players and his Hairstyle 2014
David Beckham. One of the greatest player in history: A player linked with glamour and fashion David Robert Joseph Beckham OBE hits the 2nd rank on the list of the top 10 most handsome players of 2014. He is an English former football player who has played for Manc .....
Benefits of Onions
Vitamin C. The phytochemicals in onions improve the working of Vitamin C in the body, thus gifting you with improved immunity. When onions are simmered to make soup, their quercetin does not get degraded. It simply gets transferred into the water part of the so .....
Celebrities Who Swear By Yoga
Alessandra Ambrosio. Alessandra Ambrosio is seen here wearing a white cardigan and slacks to match. Looking closely at the famous Brazilian supermodel one can see that she keeps her figure perfectly toned. The Victoria secret model has an estimated value of 6.6 million U .....
Benefits of Peas
Vitamin A. Even though it sounds like one individual vitamin, vitamin A actually refers to a group of substances that includes carotenoids. Peas and carrots contain four carotenoids: alphacarotene, betacarotene, lutein and zeaxanthin. Alpha and betacarotene fun .....
Rules to play Paragliding
Reverse launch. In higher winds, a reverse launch is used, with the pilot facing the wing to bring it up into a flying position, then turning around under the wing and running to complete the launch.Reverse launches have a number of advantages over a forward launch. .....
Baby Friendly Decorations Ideas
Andy Warhol in our House Tours. After I heard of his death this past Sunday, Lou Reed has been on my mind. Im not sure what I was looking for initially, but I started looking up house tours that feature works by Andy Warhol Warhol was the Velvet Undergrounds manager, and Lou Reed .....
Forever Young Naturally Eating
Healthy Eating Habits Setting the table. To give mealtimes a sense of occasion, clear from the table everything except food-related items. Put away work files, homework, and unpaid bills.Throw over a clean tablecloth, place some fresh flowers or a candle in the center, add a pitcher of wate .....
Save Electricity
Turn off your water heater. Until if you plan on leaving home for a few days. And you get back. Most models will reheat the water to the set temperature in about an hour. .....
Dams in India
Singur Dam. Singur Dam also written as Singoor is an irrigation, hydroelectric and drinking water project located near Sangareddy town of Medak district in Andhra Pradesh, India.It is a major source of drinking water for Hyderabad city. The Dam is built on the r .....
Amazing Glass Buildings in the World
National Centre for the Performing Arts Beijing. Also known as National Grand Theatre this is one of the prime specimen of modern architecture. Located in Beijing, it is a multi-purpose glass building designed by French architect Paul Andreu. Built in 2007, the building is made of titanium and glas .....
Benefits of Tamarind
Varieties. In some regions the type with reddish flesh is distinguished from the ordinary brown fleshed type and regarded as superior in quality. There are types of tamarinds that are sweeter than most. One in Thailand is known as 'Makham waan'. One distributed .....
Myth about Adoption
The Hope of Being Adopted. You don t have to be perfect to be a perfect parent There are thousands of children in foster care who would be happy to be part of your family To a foster care child, waiting to be adopted can feel like waiting for a miracle You could be that mir .....
Friendship Day
Friendship Day Party Food. Friendship Day is dedicated to commemorate the divine relationship shared by friends. To enjoy the day to the fullest, many people arrange enthralling parties. They would make it a point that their party guests (their beloved friends) are entertained .....
Benefits of Cinnamon
HEART DISEASES. Make a paste of honey and cinnamon powder, apply on wheatbread f or daily breakfast to reduce the cholesterol in the arteries and save the patient from heart attack. cinnamon may lower blood sugar, people with diabetes may need to adjust their treat .....
Christmas Gifts Ideas She Is Going To Love
Calvin Klein Fermo Quilted Leather Cross Body Bag. This extremely elegant body bag from Calvin Klein screams good taste and sophistication. .....
Celebration of Dhanteras
Bring home a Ganesha. The collection features traditional, contemporary, tribal and modern art forms with sizes ranging from two inch miniatures to those almost four feet in height. You get to see carved Lord Ganesha idols in almost every pose Standing, leaning, sleeping .....
Tips to get ready for Summer
Buff Your Feet. Theres no point to having pretty toes if your heels are cracked and calloused. But metal buffing tools can easily cut the skin's surface and lead to possible infection. Instead, invest in a good at-home crystal exfoliating tool to smooth out rough sp .....
Exercises Ideas
Clapping Push Up. Get into a normal push up position and lower yourself to the ground. Once there, forcefully push up to propel your upper body away from the ground. Clap in the air and catch your body in the push up position. Try to make sure each rep is as explosive .....
Management Mantras
Set higher goals. There is a saying “Aim for the moon, even if you miss you will be among stars”, set tough goals for the team but remember don't make it impossible. Another key point is to set goal as per the individual's potential, this is a gradual process and the .....
What to Eat in Rajsthan
Chana Dal aur Gur Chawal. This is another classic combination similar to Mogar and Chasni Chawal. Dry spicy Bengal gram is necessarily accompanied by this fennel flavoured aromatic jaggery rice. Rituals and festivals have been always celebrated in a grand way in true Hindu tr .....
Delicious Cookie Recipes
Caramel Chocolate Fudge Brownie Cookies. Another gooey delight filled with chocolate and caramel, these cookies have one more delicious surprise .....
Baby Care Tips
Should I trim my baby s nails. Your baby s nails may be softer and more pliable than yours, but make no mistake they re sharp! A newborn has little control over his flailing limbs and can easily end up scratching his own face or yours. Little fingernails grow so fast you may have .....
Benefits of Ugli fruits
Diseases such as cancer. This fabulous fruit reduces the risk for other diseases such as cancer, stroke, hypertension and even muscle related problems. This fruit is also recommended for skin and heart related diseases. A glass of juice extracted from this fruit can be more .....
Car Maintenance
Avoid doing multi tasks while driving. Never use a cell phone while driving even for seeing who is calling / reading a text. Do not do activities like applying makeup, adjusting your music system, combing your hairs, taking your coat off or changing clothes. .....
School Lunch Tips
Most kids love peanut butter. Most kids love peanut butter, so just send them to school with a bunch of different things to dip in it. .....
Home Makeover Ideas
Give Your Living Room a Sense of Place. Coastal and nautical touches abound in this family room beginning with the seashell print pillows. Coastal artwork over the fireplace flanks shelving that is filled to the brim with shell frames and boxes. .....
What to Eat in Maharashtra
Jalebi. Jalebi, or Jilapi, or Jilawii is a sweet popular in countries of the Indian Subcontinent such as India, Bangladesh, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka, and in many countries in the Middle East and North Africa, like Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Syria, Palestine, L .....
Tips to get ready for Summer
Work on your confidence. Theres nothing better than someone walking with his/her head straight up feeling her best. Plus, guys and girls will stop to check you out. .....
Daily Health Tips
When to Watch Out During Exercise. Vigorous exercise of any kind should not be taken for an hour and a half after eating, nor immediately before meals. Weak patients and those suffering from serious diseases like cancer, heart trouble, tuberculosis and asthma should not undertake vigo .....
Men Like in Women
A cheerful attitude. The cheerful laugh or a flirty giggle of a happy, cheerful woman can melt even the hardest of manly hearts. Have a happy, cheerful personality and try to look at the happier side of life all the time. There .....
The Beautiful Brazil
BECO DO BATMAN. This openair gallery of street art is a popular destination amongst tourists for its dense concentration of graffiti. It came into existence after a graffiti featuring Batman was painted on one of its walls in the 1980s. .....
Weird Fish
Fangtooth. This fish, also called an ogrefish, while understandably named for their disproportionately large, fanglike teeth and unapproachable visage, are actually quite small and harmless to humans: the larger of the two species, the common fangtooth, reaches .....
Spectacular Hiking Trails Around The World
Sierra High Route. A true wilderness lover s adventure, the 195 mile Sierra High Route runs north to south through the Sierra Nevada, crossing 33 passes without any clearly marked trails. Most backpackers choose to tackle one of its five segments, though Backpacker mag .....
Rules to play Ultimate Frisbee
Substitutions. Teams are allowed to substitute players after a point is scored or for an injured player after an injury time out. In the case of an injury substitution, the opposing team is allowed to make a substitution for a non injured player. .....
Greatest Concept Cars Ever
Mazda RX 9. Mazda discontinued the oilthirsty, twinrotary RX8 in 2011 (boo!) but the spirit will live on in the Mazda RX9 (applause). This attractive, almost Jaguarlike concept, set to become a production car in 2013, packs a 300bhp twinturbo, erm, diesel. Not q .....
Global Dial Code
Libya. Exit Country Code + 218 + Area Code + The Number The Libya country code is 218. The nationality of Libya is Libyans.The capital of Libya is TripoliLargest Cities in Libya by population: Tripoli, Benghazi, Misrata, Bayda, Zawiya, Zliten, Zuwara, Ajda .....
Unreal Travel Destinations in Europe
Hundertwasser House. You cant miss this distinctive apartment building in Vienna, Austria. People from all over the world come to appreciate the unique architecture. .....
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