Ebola virus

What is Ebola
1. The Ebola virus disease (EVD), formerly known as Ebola hemorrhagic fever is a severe condition caused by a virus from the Filoviridae family. Known to be a condition that is transmitted from animals to humans, this virus spreads through direct contact with the bodily fluids of an infected person or animal. .....
Transmission
2. Ebola is introduced into the human population through close contact with the blood, secretions, organs or other bodily fluids of infected animals. In Africa, infection has been documented through the handling of infected chimpanzees, gorillas, fruit bats, monkeys, forest antelope and porcupines found ill or dead or in the rainforest.Ebola then spreads in the community through human to human transmission, with infection resulting from direct contact (through broken skin or mucous membranes) with the blood, secretions, organs or other bodily fluids of infected people, and indirect contact with environments contaminated with such fluids. Burial ceremonies in which mourners have direct contact with the body of the deceased person can also play a role in the transmission of Ebola. Men who have recovered from the disease can still transmit the virus through their semen for up to 7 weeks after recovery from illness.

Health care workers have frequently been infected while treating patients with suspected or confirmed EVD. This has occurred through close contact with patients when infection control precautions are not strictly practiced.Among workers in contact with monkeys or pigs infected with Reston ebolavirus, several infections have been documented in people who were clinically asymptomatic. Thus, RESTV appears less capable of causing disease in humans than other Ebola species.However, the only available evidence available comes from healthy adult males. It would be premature to extrapolate the health effects of the virus to all population groups, such as immuno compromised persons, persons with underlying medical conditions, pregnant women and children. More studies of RESTV are needed before definitive conclusions can be drawn about the pathogenicity and virulence of this virus in humans. .....

Signs and symptoms
3. EVD is a severe acute viral illness often characterized by the sudden onset of fever, intense weakness, muscle pain, headache and sore throat. This is followed by vomiting, diarrhoea, rash, impaired kidney and liver function, and in some cases, both internal and external bleeding. Laboratory findings include low white blood cell and platelet counts and elevated liver enzymes.People are infectious as long as their blood and secretions contain the virus. Ebola virus was isolated from semen 61 days after onset of illness in a man who was infected in a laboratory.The incubation period, that is, the time interval from infection with the virus to onset of symptoms, is 2 to 21 days. .....
Diagnosis
4. Other diseases that should be ruled out before a diagnosis of EVD can be made include malaria, typhoid fever, shigellosis, cholera, leptospirosis, plague, rickettsiosis, relapsing fever, meningitis, hepatitis and other viral haemorrhagic fevers.Ebola virus infections can be diagnosed definitively in a laboratory through several types of tests
antibody capture enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)
antigen detection tests
serum neutralization test
reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT PCR) assay
electron microscopy
virus isolation by cell culture.
Samples from patients are an extreme biohazard risk; testing should be conducted under maximum biological containment conditions. .....
Vaccine and treatment
5. No licensed vaccine for EVD is available. Several vaccines are being tested, but none are available for clinical use.Severely ill patients require intensive supportive care. Patients are frequently dehydrated and require oral rehydration with solutions containing electrolytes or intravenous fluids.No specific treatment is available. New drug therapies are being evaluated. .....
Natural host of Ebola virus
6. In Africa, fruit bats, particularly species of the genera Hypsignathus monstrosus, Epomops franqueti and Myonycteris torquata, are considered possible natural hosts for Ebola virus. As a result, the geographic distribution of Ebolaviruses may overlap with the range of the fruit bats. .....
Ebola virus in animals
7. Although non human primates have been a source of infection for humans, they are not thought to be the reservoir but rather an accidental host like human beings. Since 1994, Ebola outbreaks from the EBOV and TAFV species have been observed in chimpanzees and gorillas.RESTV has caused severe EVD outbreaks in macaque monkeys (Macaca fascicularis) farmed in Philippines and detected in monkeys imported into the ?USA in 1989, 1990 and 1996, and in monkeys imported to Italy from Philippines in 1992.Since 2008, RESTV viruses have been detected during several outbreaks of a deadly disease in pigs in Peoples Republic of China and Philippines. Asymptomatic infection in pigs has been reported and experimental inoculations have shown that RESTV cannot cause disease in pigs. .....
Prevention and control
8. Controlling Reston ebolavirus in domestic animalsNo animal vaccine against RESTV is available. Routine cleaning and disinfection of pig or monkey farms (with sodium hypochlorite or other detergents) should be effective in inactivating the virus.If an outbreak is suspected, the premises should be quarantined immediately. Culling of infected animals, with close supervision of burial or incineration of carcasses, may be necessary to reduce the risk of animal to human transmission. Restricting or banning the movement of animals from infected farms to other areas can reduce the spread of the disease.
As RESTV outbreaks in pigs and monkeys have preceded human infections, the establishment of an active animal health surveillance system to detect new cases is essential in providing early warning for veterinary and human public health authorities.Reducing the risk of Ebola infection in people.In the absence of effective treatment and a human vaccine, raising awareness of the risk factors for Ebola infection and the protective measures individuals can take is the only way to reduce human infection and death.In Africa, during EVD outbreaks, educational public health messages for risk reduction should focus on several factors.Reducing the risk of wildlife to human transmission from contact with infected fruit bats or monkeys apes and the consumption of their raw meat. Animals should be handled with gloves and other appropriate protective clothing. Animal products (blood and meat) should be thoroughly cooked before consumption.Reducing the risk of human to human transmission in the community arising from direct or close contact with infected patients, particularly with their bodily fluids. Close physical contact with Ebola patients should be avoided. Gloves and appropriate personal protective equipment should be worn when taking care of ill patients at home. Regular hand washing is required after visiting patients in hospital, as well as after taking care of patients at home.Communities affected by Ebola should inform the population about the nature of the disease and about outbreak containment measures, including burial of the dead. People who have died from Ebola should be promptly and safely buried.

Pig farms in Africa can play a role in the amplification of infection because of the presence of fruit bats on these farms. Appropriate biosecurity measures should be in place to limit transmission. For RESTV, educational public health messages should focus on reducing the risk of pig to human transmission as a result of unsafe animal husbandry and slaughtering practices, and unsafe consumption of fresh blood, raw milk or animal tissue. Gloves and other appropriate protective clothing should be worn when handling sick animals or their tissues and when slaughtering animals. In regions where RESTV has been reported in pigs, all animal products (blood, meat and milk) should be thoroughly cooked before eating. .....

Controlling infection in health care settings
9. Human to human transmission of the Ebola virus is primarily associated with direct or indirect contact with blood and body fluids. Transmission to health care workers has been reported when appropriate infection control measures have not been observed.It is not always possible to identify patients with EBV early because initial symptoms may be non specific. For this reason, it is important that health care workers apply standard precautions consistently with all patients regardless of their diagnosis in all work practices at all times. These include basic hand hygiene, respiratory hygiene, the use of personal protective equipment (according to the risk of splashes or other contact with infected materials), safe injection practices and safe burial practices.

Health care workers caring for patients with suspected or confirmed Ebola virus should apply, in addition to standard precautions, other infection control measures to avoid any exposure to the patients blood and body fluids and direct unprotected contact with the possibly contaminated environment. When in close contact (within 1 metre) of patients with EBV, health care workers should wear face protection (a face shield or a medical mask and goggles), a clean, non sterile long sleeved gown, and gloves (sterile gloves for some procedures).Laboratory workers are also at risk. Samples taken from suspected human and animal Ebola cases for diagnosis should be handled by trained staff and processed in suitably equipped laboratories. .....

WHO response
10. WHO provides expertise and documentation to support disease investigation and control.Recommendations for infection control while providing care to patients with suspected or confirmed Ebola haemorrhagic fever are provided in Interim infection control recommendations for care of patients with suspected or confirmed Filovirus (Ebola, Marburg) haemorrhagic fever, March 2008. This document is currently being updated.WHO has created an aide memoire on standard precautions in health care (currently being updated). Standard precautions are meant to reduce the risk of transmission of bloodborne and other pathogens. If universally applied, the precautions would help prevent most transmission through exposure to blood and body fluids.

Standard precautions are recommended in the care and treatment of all patients regardless of their perceived or confirmed infectious status. They include the basic level of infection control hand hygiene, use of personal protective equipment to avoid direct contact with blood and body fluids, prevention of needle stick and injuries from other sharp instruments, and a set of environmental controls. .....

Transmission from animals to humans
11. Experts suspect that both viruses are transmitted to humans through an infected animals bodily fluids. Examples includeBlood. Butchering or eating infected animals can spread the viruses. Scientists who have operated on infected animals as part of their research have also contracted the virus.Waste products. Tourists in certain African caves and some underground mine workers have been infected with the Marburg virus, possibly through contact with the feces or urine of infected bats. .....
Transmission from person to person
12. Infected people typically dont become contagious until they develop symptoms. Family members are often infected as they care for sick relatives or prepare the dead for burial.Medical personnel can be infected if they dont use protective gear, such as surgical masks and gloves. Medical centers in Africa are often so poor that they must reuse needles and syringes. Some of the worst Ebola epidemics have occurred because contaminated injection equipment wasnt sterilized between uses.Theres no evidence that Ebola virus or Marburg virus can be spread via insect bites. .....
Preparing for your appointment
13. The possibility of contracting Ebola or Marburg virus is extremely low unless youve had direct contact with the body fluids of an infected person or animal.If you think that you or a family member may have been exposed to one of the viruses, call your doctor or go to the nearest emergency room immediately. If youre not referred to an infectious disease specialist, ask to see one.

If youre from the United States and traveling or working abroad, the nearest U.S. Embassy can help you find a doctor. If youre from another country, contact your countrys embassy. Be sure to tell your doctor or hospital about your symptoms before your visit so that precautions can be taken to prevent transmission of the virus to others. .....

What you can do
14. Before your appointment, to help your doctor find the cause of your symptoms, write a list that answers the following questionsWhat symptoms do you have When did they start Have you recently traveled in Africa If so, what part If you were recently in Africa, did you hunt or eat monkeys Did you recently visit caves or underground mines in Africa Are you employed in a lab that uses monkeys from Africa or the Philippines in research?If possible, take a family member or friend with you. Sometimes it can be difficult to remember all the information provided to you in the hospital or during an appointment. Someone who accompanies you may remember something you missed or forgot. .....
Tests and diagnosis
15. Ebola and Marburg hemorrhagic fevers are difficult to diagnose because early signs and symptoms resemble those of other diseases, such as typhoid and malaria. If doctors suspect you have Ebola or Marburg viruses, they use blood tests to quickly identify the virus, includingEnzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)Reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (PCR)The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention monitors the United States for conditions such as Ebola infection, and its labs can test for the Ebola virus. Mayo Clinic does not test for the Ebola and Marburg viruses. .....
prognosis
16. According to the WHO reports, on an average, 80% of the people infected with this virus do die. Their death is usually due to a drop in their blood pressure and failure of organs. .....
prevented
17. According to Dr Ratan, There arent any vaccinations available as of now, so basic hygiene is of importance and a must be followed in order to prevent the onset of the condition. Simple activities like washing your hands well, drinking water from a clean source, maintaining general hygiene and cooking your meat well, can all serve as precautionary measures. Apart from that people should avoid crowded places, or those that are known to have an outbreak. It is also important that if they notice any early symptoms, they should visit a doctor immediately. .....
History
18. Zaire ebolavirus is pronounced. Strictly speaking, the pronunciation of Ebola virus should be distinct from that of the genus level taxonomic designation ebolavirus Ebolavirus ebolavirus, as Ebola is named for the tributary of the Congo River that is pronounced .....
Previous names
19. Ebola virus was first introduced as a possible new strain of Marburg virus in 1977 by two different research teams. At the same time, a third team introduced the name Ebola virus.In 2000, the virus name was changed to Zaire Ebola virus, and in 2002 to Zaire ebolavirus.However, most scientific articles continued to refer to Ebola virus or used the terms Ebola virus and Zaire ebolavirus in parallel. Consequently, in 2010, the name Ebola virus was reinstated.[1] Previous abbreviations for the virus were EBOV Z (for Ebola virus Zaire) and most recently ZEBOV (for Zaire Ebola virus or Zaire ebolavirus). In 2010, EBOV was reinstated as the abbreviation for the virus. .....
Ecology
20. Ebolavirus is a zoonotic pathogen. Intermediary hosts have been reported to be various species of fruit bats throughout central and sub Saharan Africa, but infection in bats has not been proven yet. End hosts are humans and great apes, infected through bat contact or through other end hosts. Pigs on the Philippine islands have been reported to be infected with Restonvirus, so other interim or amplifying hosts may exist. .....
Reservoir
21. Bats are considered the most likely natural reservoir of the Ebola virus (EBOV); plants, arthropods, and birds have also been considered. Bats were known to reside in the cotton factory in which the first cases for the 1976 and 1979 outbreaks were employed, and they have also been implicated in Marburg virus infections in 1975 and 1980.Of 24 plant species and 19 vertebrate species experimentally inoculated with EBOV, only bats became infected. The absence of clinical signs in these bats is characteristic of a reservoir species. In a 2002?2003 survey of 1,030 animals including 679 bats from Gabon and the Republic of the Congo, 13 fruit bats were found to contain EBOV RNA fragments. As of 2005, three types of fruit bats (Hypsignathus monstrosus, Epomops franqueti, and Myonycteris torquata) have been identified as being in contact with EBOV. They are now suspected to represent the EBOV reservoir hosts.Antibodies against Ebola Zaire and Reston viruses have been found in fruit bats in Bangladesh, thus identifying potential virus hosts and signs of the filoviruses in Asia. .....
Replication
22. The ebolavirus life cycle begins with virion attachment to specific cell surface receptors, followed by fusion of the virion envelope with cellular membranes and the concomitant release of the virus nucleocapsid into the cytosol. The viral RNA polymerase, encoded by the L gene, partially uncoats the nucleocapsid and transcribes the genes into positive strand mRNAs, which are then translated into structural and nonstructural proteins. Ebolavirus RNA polymerase (L) binds to a single promoter located at the 3 end of the genome. Transcription either terminates after a gene or continues to the next gene downstream. This means that genes close to the 3 end of the genome are transcribed in the greatest abundance, whereas those toward the 5 end are least likely to be transcribed. The gene order is, therefore, a simple but effective form of transcriptional regulation. The most abundant protein produced is the nucleoprotein, whose concentration in the cell determines when L switches from gene transcription to genome replication. Replication results in full length, positive strand antigenomes that are, in turn, transcribed into negative strand virus progeny genome copy. Newly synthesized structural proteins and genomes self assemble and accumulate near the inside of the cell membrane. Virions bud off from the cell, gaining their envelopes from the cellular membrane they bud from. The mature progeny particles then infect other cells to repeat the cycle.The Ebola Virus genetics are difficult to study due to its virulent nature. .....
Classification
23. The genera Ebolavirus and Marburgvirus were originally classified as the species of the now obsolete Filovirus genus. In March 1998, the Vertebrate Virus Subcommittee proposed in the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV) to change the Filovirus genus to the Filoviridae family with two specific genera: Ebola like viruses and Marburg like viruses. This proposal was implemented in Washington, DC, on April 2001 and in Paris on July 2002. In 2000, another proposal was made in Washington, D.C., to change the like viruses to virus resulting in todays Ebolavirus and Marburgvirus.Rates of genetic change are 100 times slower than influenza A in humans, but on the same magnitude as those of hepatitis B. Extrapolating backwards using these rates indicates that Ebolavirus and Marburgvirus diverged several thousand years ago. However, paleoviruses (genomic fossils) of filoviruses (Filoviridae) found in mammals indicate that the family itself is at least tens of millions of years old. Fossilized viruses that are closely related to ebolaviruses have been found in the genome of the Chinese hamster. .....
Differential diagnosis
24. The symptoms of EVD are similar to those of Marburg virus disease.It can also easily be confused with many other diseases common in Equatorial Africa such as other viral hemorrhagic fevers, falciparum malaria, typhoid fever, shigellosis, rickettsial diseases such as typhus, cholera, gram negative septicemia, borreliosis such as relapsing fever or EHEC enteritis. Other infectious diseases that should be included in the differential diagnosis include the following: leptospirosis, scrub typhus, plague, Q fever, candidiasis, histoplasmosis, trypanosomiasis, visceral leishmaniasis, hemorrhagic smallpox, measles, and fulminant viral hepatitis.[citation needed] Non infectious diseases that can be confused with EVD are acute promyelocytic leukemia, hemolytic uremic syndrome, snake envenomation, clotting factor deficiencies platelet disorders, thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura, hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia, Kawasaki disease, and even warfarin poisoning. .....
Behavioral changes
25. Ebola viruses are contagious, with prevention predominantly involving behavior changes, proper full body personal protective equipment, and disinfection. Techniques to avoid infection involve not contacting infected blood or secretions, including from those who are dead. This involves suspecting and diagnosing the disease early and using standard precautions for all patients in the healthcare setting. Recommended measures when caring for those who are infected include isolating them, sterilizing equipment, and wearing protective clothing including masks, gloves, gowns and goggles. Hand washing is important but can be difficult in areas where there is not even enough water for drinking. .....
Quarantine
26. Quarantine, also known as enforced isolation, is usually effective in decreasing spread.Governments often quarantine areas where the disease is occurring or individuals who may be infected. In the United States the law allows quarantine of those infected with Ebola. The lack of roads and transportation may help slow the disease in Africa. During the 2014 outbreak Liberia closed schools. .....
Vaccine
27. No vaccine is currently available for humans. The most promising candidates are DNA vaccines or vaccines derived from adenoviruses, vesicular stomatitis Indiana virus (VSIV) or filovirus like particles (VLPs) because these candidates could protect nonhuman primates from ebolavirus induced disease. DNA vaccines, adenovirus based vaccines, and VSIV based vaccines have entered clinical trials. Vaccines have protected nonhuman primates. Immunization takes six months, which impedes the counter epidemic use of the vaccines. Searching for a quicker onset of effectiveness, in 2003 a vaccine using an adenoviral (ADV) vector carrying the Ebola spike protein was tested on crab eating macaques. Twenty eight days later they were challenged with the virus and remained resistant. A vaccine based on attenuated recombinant vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) vector carrying either the Ebola glycoprotein or the Marburg glycoprotein in 2005 protected nonhuman primates, opening clinical trials in humans.The study by October completed the first human trial, over three months giving three vaccinations safely inducing an immune response. Individuals for a year were followed, and, in 2006, a study testing a faster acting, single shot vaccine began; this new study was completed in 2008. Trying the vaccine on a strain of Ebola that more resembles one that infects humans is the next step. .....
Treatment
28. No ebolavirus specific treatment exists. Treatment is primarily supportive in nature and includes minimizing invasive procedures, balancing fluids and electrolytes to counter dehydration, administration of anticoagulants early in infection to prevent or control disseminated intravascular coagulation, administration of procoagulants late in infection to control bleeding, maintaining oxygen levels, pain management, and the use of medications to treat bacterial or fungal secondary infections.Early treatment may increase the chance of survival. A number of experimental treatments are being studied. .....
Research
29. Favipiravir looks like it may be useful in a mouse model of the disease. Estrogen receptor drugs used to treat infertility and breast cancer (clomiphene and toremifene) inhibit the progress of Ebola virus in infected mice. Ninety percent of the mice treated with clomiphene and fifty percent of those treated with toremifene survived the tests. Given their oral availability and history of human use, these drugs would be candidates for treating Ebola virus infection in remote geographical locations, either on their own or together with other antiviral drugs. .....
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The Elephant Diamond. Containing emeralds, rock crystal and diamonds this piece was auctioned at Christies in London and was once used as an adornment for the Maharajas favorite elephant. .....
Precautions while using Social Networking Sites
Blocking. Prevents another user from searching and viewing your profile; you can ban access temporarily or permanently. It is impossible and illegal to stop employees from using social networking sites 24/7 and even if it were legal it wouldnt be a good idea a .....
Enjoy New Year
Tasting food or drink. Try a wine, champagne, beer, chocolate or other food tasting event for the evening. There are non-alcoholic versions of wine and beer for those unable to drink. Keep scorecards to add to the evenings entertainment. .....
Play Hockey
No feet. Field players are not allowed to use their feet (or any other parts of their bodies) to control the ball. Only the goalkeeper is allowed to use hands, feet, etc. to stop or propel the ball when defending in his or her own circle. .....
New Hairstyles for Men
Clean Look For Curly Hair With Undercut Hairstyle. An undercut hairstyle for curly hair is a way to wear cute curls on top, while your sides remain super clean, being clipped to 1 or 2. Its optimal to wear your curls textured with hair mousse or cream for curly hair. The products remove frizz, highli .....
Luxurious Hospitals Most Patients Would Kill To Die In
Barcelona Medic Center Spain. According to many tourists from different parts of the world, Barcelona is supposed to be the most beautiful and architecturally interesting city in all Spain. So as you ve probably guessed by now, the local hospitals couldn t be an exception to this .....
Best Lipsticks In The World
Addict Lip Glow Color Reviver Balm By Dior. This sheer, moisturizing lip balm magically changes color on everyone and is one of the most positively reviewed lip products on MakeupAlley. .....
Benefits of Green chillis
Antibacterial. Chillies also act as an internal disinfectant it can detoxify the colon and help with eliminative functions. Chilies contain a good amount of minerals like potassium, manganese, iron, and magnesium. Potassium is an important component of cell and bo .....
Ideas to increase Website Traffic
Email List. Building an email list is important to increase traffic and revenue. I have enlisted the top email listing sites. Aweber Get Response Mail Chimp Boomerangs Jango Mail Ezine Director Campaign Monitor Benchmark Email Vertical Response Campaigner .....
Way To Wakeup
Make your bedroom a partner. A great bed, better pillow textures and form, and comfortable sheets will help you sleep better and deeper. .....
Benefits of Beetroot
Glandular fever Epstein Barr virus. When beetroot was used on Epstein Barr virus (glandular fever) early antigen (EBV EA) induction, using Raji cells, revealed a high order of activity and taking beetroot juice could therefore be of benefit to people suffering from glandular fever / E .....
Amazing Treehouses From Around The World
Redwoods Treehouse Restaurant. This gorgeous treehouse was built in New Zealand as part of a marketing campaign for Yellow Book. Amateur entrepreneurs were challenged to build a restaurant 30 feet up a redwood tree using only those resources they could find in Yellow Books directo .....
Christmas Gifts Ideas
Salami. Oregons Olympic Provisions salumeria makes twelve kinds of dry cured salami, one for every month in the year. Choose from one, two, or three of the months featured selection. Then look forward to fennel laden Finocchiona, spicy Chorizo Navarre, and m .....
Weirdest Websites That Rock The Web
Hosanna1 com. This is just overwhelming. So beautiful, tasteful, and heartfelt. Any web designer and content manager could learn from this website. .....
Precautions while using Internet Banking
Day and Time Settings. You can determine the days when you wish to use TEB E Banking and prevent access on any other day or time. The precursor for the modern home online banking services were the distance banking services over electronic media from the early 1980s. The te .....
Amazing Facts You Probably Didnt Know
Amazing Facts 3. In 1903 the Wright brothers flew for 59 seconds. 38 years later the Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor. 28 years after that, we landed on the moon. .....
Tips to get ready for Long Drive
Drive to your destination. Punch the location in on your GPS system if you have one. Go to rest stops on the way there to get meals and use the bathroom. .....
Ways to Get Happy
Do some downwardfacing dog. Getting your om on is an excellent way to boost your mood and beat anxiety . In fact, one study suggests yoga may be more effective at boosting mood than other methods of exercise. Plus, practicing yoga can also help slash stress and improve immunit .....
Kiran Bedi
Awards. For her outstanding work, Kiran Bedi has received a number of accolades like: Presidents Gallantry Award 1979 Women of the Year Award 1980 Asia Region Award for Drug Prevention and Control 1991 Magsaysay Award for Government Service 1994 Mahila Shiro .....
Best Places to Celebrate New Year
New york city. It may not be for everyone, but theres no denying that New Years Eve in New York City has an atmosphere that few other cities can rival. Most famous, of course, is the annual gathering of a million people in Times Square to see famous musicians and t .....
Flowers
Lychnis Coronata. The rich and elegant blossoms of this Chinese or Japanese beauty, possess a flatness and stiffness, which gives them an artificial air, to which their colour, which is exactly that of common red lead, may perhaps somewhat contribute, they make their .....
Dating Tips For Men
Pay Attention. If youre on a date and your eye keeps wandering, shell get the impression that you dont care. If you have a habit like fidgeting or looking elsewhere, be conscious of it. .....
Precaution while using Microscope
Eyestrain problems. If the rules listed above are followed, eyestrain will be minimized when peering into the microscope eyepieces with relaxed eyes (similar to observing a subject at a large distance). Many of the eyestrain problems that develop during extended periods .....
Benefits of Tamarillo fruits
Safety profile. Tamarillo fruit intolerance is a rare event and may occur because ofcross allergic situations to other Solanaceae commoners like eggplant, tomato, tomatillo etc. Phytonutrients in tamarillo are mainly Phenolics, Anthocyanin, Carotenoid and Flavonoid. .....
Wonders of World
The Eiffel Tower. The Eiffel Tower was built in 1889 for the World's Fair. The iron tower is about the same height as an 81-story building. It has become a symbol of Paris and is one of the most recognizable landmarks in the world. .....
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