Durga puja

Durga Puja
1. Durga Puja is a festival dedicated to the worship of the most revered Hindu goddess Durga. MaaDurga or Shakti is worshipped rigorously over the last five days of Navratri, in the Ashwin month of the Hindu calendar. The deity is depicted as a warrior goddess with fierce look, ten arms, and each hand holding a different weapon symbolic of power and rage.As per legends, Maa Durga defeated the evil buffalo demon Mahishasura,vanquishing him with a spear whilst astride a lion, after nine days of fierce battle. The festival thus exemplifies the triumph of Good over Evil.Durga Puja is extensively celebrated in West Bengal, principally in the Bengali Hindu society, where it is not just a festival, but a major sociocultural event. This Pan India festival is also celebrated with much fervor and devotion in Assam, Bihar, Orissa, Tripura, Delhi, Gujarat and Kerala to name a few. .....
About Goddess Durga Maa
2. Goddess Durga is worshiped especially in West Bengal. According to Hinduism, Goddess Durga is a symbol of female dynamism and Destroyer of demons. Who hold the infinite power of the universe and said to be as mother of the Universe.Goddess Durga, wife of Lord Shiva, is called by many other names, such as Parvati, Ambika and Kali. She has two sons, Ganesha and Karttikeya, and two daughters Lakshmi and Sarashawti. Goddess Durga depicted as having ten arms, riding on a lion, carrying weapons and a lotus flower, maintaining a meditative smile.Navratri 2014 in India Traditionally, Durga Puja is a Hindu festival celebrated during the month of September or October in India. Current year Durga Puja will start on Tuesday, 30th September, 2014 and will continue to Saturday, 4th October, 2014. The festival Durga Puja specially is celebrated in West Bengal surrounding the capital city of Kolkata or in Bengali communities of other states. Dussera or Navaratri is the similar festival of Durgapuja celebrated rest part of India except eastern India. .....
Durga Puja Traditions
3. Durga puja is the most awaited festival for the Hindus especially in West Bengal, which situated in the eastern province of India. The puja involves many intricate rituals. Also known as Durgotsav, this festival is dedicated to Goddess Durga, the most powerful of all Hindu Goddesses. The people of West Bengal share the belief that Maa Durga descends on earth on the sixth day of the puja and the people welcome her with great devotion and fanfare. During the festival pandals are set up in every nook and corner, worshipping the idol of the Goddess. Many of the big pandals compete with each other and try to outdo each other in terms of decoration and artwork. They spend plenty of money in the designs of the pandals as well as the idol. Usually, the puja is organized by the local clubs or communities, who take donations from the people. The money thus collected is spent on the idol and the decoration of the pandals. Every year many of the clubs create history by building something innovative and aweinspiring. .....
Appearance of Durga
4. Brahma, the leader of god and goddess, had given Mahishasura an inhuman force/demon the power not to be defeated by a man or a God. So, Mahishasura had unleashed a reign of terror on earth, heaven and the nether worlds, and he could not be defeated by any man or god, anywhere.Hearing this Vishnu, Shiva and all of the gods became very angry and beams of fierce light emerged from their bodies. The combined energy of all Gods was appeared as power of infinity or the goddess Durga. Each of her weapons was given to her by various gods Rudras trident, Vishnus discus, Indras thunderbolt, Brahmas amendable, Kubers Ratnahar, etc.After this Goddess Durga had announced battle with Mahishasur, Durga fight for a long time and killed Mahishasur.

Mahalaya accompanies in the atmosphere of Durga Puja. The countdown for the Durga Puja begins from Mahalaya. It is only from the day of Mahalaya that the preparation for the Durga Puja reaches the final stage. This year Mahalaya is held on 23rd September, 2014 Tuesday.The day of Mahalaya is also the day of remembrance. On this day, people offer Tarpon in memory of their deceased forefathers. Devotees and worshipers buy clothes and sweets to offer to their forefathers in their nearest river. Tarpon is to be performed in empty stomach. After offering tarpon, people eat at the same place. .....

Names
5. In Bengal, Durga Puja is also called Akalbodhan untimely awakening of Durga, Sharadiya Pujo autumnal worship, Sharodotsab Bengali festival of autumn, Maha Pujo grand puja, Maayer Pujo worship of the Mother or merely as Puja or Pujo. In East Bengal Bangladesh, Durga Puja used to be celebrated as Bhagabati Puja. It is also called Durga Puja in West Bengal, Bihar, Assam, Odisha, Delhi and Madhya Pradesh.Puja is called Navaratri Puja in Gujarat, Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Kerala and Maharashtra, Kullu Dussehra in Kullu Valley, Himachal Pradesh, Mysore Dussehra in Mysore, Karnataka and Bommai Golu in Tamil Nadu and Bommala koluvu in Andhra Pradesh. .....
Origin of the autumnal ceremony Sharadiya
6. The actual worship of the Goddess Durga as stipulated by the Hindu scriptures falls in the month of Chaitra, which roughly overlaps with March or April and is called Basanti Durga Puja. This ceremony is not observed by many and is restricted to a handful in the state of West Bengal. The more popular form, which is also known as Sharadiya Autumnal Durga Puja, is celebrated later in the year with the dates falling either in September or October. Since the Goddess is invoked at the wrong time, it is called Akaal Bodhon in Bengali.One of the earliest evidence of the autumnal celebration can be found in the Tripura Buranji, where it is described that the envoy of the Twipra Kingdom, Rameshwar Nyayalankar, was invited to witness the Durga puja at Rangpur, the capital of the Ahom kingdom, in 1711.
There is also a mythological belief that Lord Ram, who was a Durga worshiper, worshiped Goddess Durga before going for a war with Ravana. Rama had performed Chandi Homa and invoked the blessings of Durga, who blessed Rama with secret knowledge of the way to kill Ravana. On the day of Ashvin Shukla Dashami, Ramas party found Sita and defeated Ravana. This day is thus also celebrated as Dussehra. .....
Customs
7. Durga puja mood starts off with the Mahishasuramardini a twohour radio programme that has been popular with the community since the 1950s. While earlier it used to be conducted live, later a recorded version began to be broadcast. Bengalis traditionally wake up at 4 in the morning on Mahalaya day to listen to the enchanting voice of the late Birendra Krishna Bhadra and the late Pankaj Kumar Mullick on All India Radio as they recite hymns from the scriptures from the Devi Mahatmyam Chandi Path.During the week of Durga Puja, in the entire state of West Bengal as well as in large enclaves of Bengalis everywhere, life comes to a complete standstill. In playgrounds, traffic circles, ponds wherever space may be available elaborate makeshift structures called pandals are set up, many with nearly a years worth of planning behind them. The word pandal means a temporary structure, made of bamboo and cloth, which is used as a temporary temple for the purpose of the puja. While some of the pandals are simple structures, others are often elaborate works of art with themes that rely heavily on history, current affairs and sometimes pure imagination. .....
Durga puja mantra
8. Mantras, the integral part of Durga puja are accompanied by the rhythmic beatings of the dhak, smell of the incense sticks, dhoono, and flowers. These create the atmosphere of Durga puja. Chanting of mantras in Sanskrit is essential part of the Durga Puja festival. This is a part of Durga Pujas Pushpanjali Mantra

Om Jayanti, Mangala, Kali, Bhadrakali, Kapalini. Durga, Shiba
Kshama, Dhatri, Swaha, Swadha Namahstu Te.
Esha Sachandana Gandha Pushpa Bilwa Patranjali, Om Hrring Durgaoi Namah.

Ya Devi sarva bhuteshu Matri rupena samsthita
Ya Devi sarva bhuteshu Shakti rupena samsthita
Ya Devi sarva bhutesu Shanti rupena samsthita
Namestasyai Namestasyai Namestasyai Namoh Namah .....

Durga Puja Fast
9. Durga Puja has been one of the most important Hindu festivals since time immemorial. Today, Durga Puja is celebrated on a grand scale by innumerable devotees all over the country. Mata Durga is worshipped on a grand scale and her idols are consecrated. The idol of Durga Maa is elaborately adorned with magnificent jewelery and embroidered saris. Prayers are offered and rituals are performed to honor the Goddess Durga. People also observe fast during the puja as part of the rituals. The custom of fasting during Durga puja has been followed for centuries with complete sincerity and devotion. There are many devotees who fast during Navaratri 9 days every year. The fast is observed to please Goddess Durga and to seek her blessings. There are different methods of fasting, followed by different people, but the purpose is the same for all, which is seeking the blessings of goddess Durga. Read further to learn about the significance of fasting during the holy occasion of Durga puja. .....
Durga Puja Thali
10. Durga Puja or Durgotsava is one of the most prominent Hindu festivals and is celebrated in various parts of the country with great vigor and fanfare. Like all other festivals, Durga Puja has also been associated with mythological folklore. It is believed that the dwellers of the earth and heavens were tormented by a demon called Mahisasura. He was so powerful that even the Gods trembled in his presence. Out of earnest prayers, Maa Durga rose from the fire to vanquish the demon Mahisasura. An embodiment of Shakti and valor, Maa Durga attacked the demon and an intense m .....
Nine Forms Of Durga
11. ShailputriThe first form of Durga, Shailputri, is the Daughter of the Himalaya Mountain. She is the quintessence of Mother Nature and is also referred to as Sati, the wife of Lord Shiva.

BrahmachariniThe second form of Durga is the one who performs penance. Goddess Parvati is just another form of Brahmacharini. She is depicted as a Devi, holding a rosary in her right hand and a Kamandal on her left.

ChandraghantaThe third form of Devi Durga, Chandraghanta, the radiant woman with golden hair, holds weapons in each of her ten hands, and a halfmoon on her forehead. She is the symbol of bravery and valor, and is a fiercer avatar of Goddess Durga.

KushmandaDepicted as a beautiful woman mounted on a lion, Goddess Kushmanda resides in the core of the sun. She created the entire universe in the shape of an egg and gave it life with her radiating smile. She is the fourth incarnation of Goddess Durga.

Skanda MataSkanda Mata is the fifth form of Durga. She is accompanied by her infant son Skanda or Karthikeya, who is the commander in chief of Gods in battle against demons. She is portrayed as a woman with bright complexion with three eyes and four arms.

KatyayaniKatyayani was the sixth form of Goddess Durga. The Rishi pined for a daughter in the form of a Goddess, which Durga graciously granted. As a result, Goddess Katyayani was born to the great Rishi Kata.

KalratriKalratri, the dark Goddess of the night, is depicted as a frightening woman with three eyes, with fire emanating from her nostrils and a long sword in her right hand. She is the seventh form of Goddess Durga and is also known as Shubhamkari the one who does good deeds.

Maha GauriMaha Gauri is the eighth form of Goddess Durga. She got this name when Lord Shiva cleansed her with water from the Ganges. She is portrayed in a white sari, riding a bull and is the embodiment of peace and tranquility.

SiddhidatriThe ninth form of Durga Maa seated on the lotus, is worshipped by all, including the Gods. She was blessed with supernatural powers Siddhis Mahima, Laghima, Prakamya, Anima, Prapti, Garima, Vashitva and Lishitya.

Durga Devi, the powerful Goddess, is worshipped in all her nine forms through Navaratri. In her different incarnations, Goddess Durga vanquishes all evil and showers wealth and prosperity upon her devotees. .....

Maa Durga Aarti
12. Jai ambe gauri, mayya jai shyama gauri Tumko nishdin dhyavat, hari brahma shivji Jai ambe gauri
Maang sindoor virajat, tiko mrigmad ko Ujjwal se dou naina, chandra vadan niko Jai ambe gauri
Kanak samaan kalewar, raktaambar raaje Rakt pushp galmala, kanthan par saaje Jai ambe gauri
Kehri vahan rajat, kharag khapar dhaari Sur nar muni jan sevat, tinke dukh haari Jai ambe gauri
Kanan kundal shobhit, naasagre moti Kotik chandra divakar, sum rajat jyoti Jai ambe gauri
Shumbh nishumbh vidare, mahisha sur ghati Dhumravilochan naina, nishdin mad mati Jai ambe gauri
Chandh mundh sanghhaare, shonit beej hare Madhu kaitabh dou maare, sur bhe heen kare Jai ambe gauri
Brahmani rudrani, tum kamla rani Aagam nigam bakhani, tum shiv patrani Jai ambe gauri
Chonsath yogini gavat, nritya karat bhairon Baajat taal mridanga, aur baajat damaroomaroo Jai ambe gauri
Tum ho jag ki maata, tum hi ho bharta Bhakto ki dukh harata, sukh sampati karata Jai ambe gauri
Bhuja chaar ati shobit, var mudra dhaari Man vaanchit phal pavat, sevat nar naari Jai ambe gauri
Kanchan thaal virajat, agar kapoor baati Shri maalketu me rajat, kotik ratan jyoti Jai ambe gauri
Shri ambejiki aaarti, jo koi nar gaave Kahat shivanand swami, sukh sampati paave Jai ambe gauri .....
Durga Chalisa
13. Chalisa is religious, archaic verse recited to please the gods and seek their blessings. The 40 verse prayer is poetry that esteems and compliments the deity. These verses are recited by priests in temples. The chanting of the Durga Chalisa is one that is practiced commonly by many in India. Some say that the recitation of these holy verses brings success and prosperity in the lives of the devotees. The Durga Chalisa is 40 verses long prayer and praises the qualities of Goddess Durga in a poetic manner. By singing these 40 verses, one pleases the Goddess and she dispels all negativity and evils around the worshipper. During Durga Puja, the Durga Chalisa is chanted with great devotion. .....
Story Of Durga Puja
14. The Creation Of Goddess Durga
Lord Shiva, Lord Vishnu and Lord Brahma decided to create a powerful force to destroy the invincible Mahishasura, as they were unable to vanquish him themselves. The unified powers of all the Gods resulted in the creation of a fiery mass from which, a magnificent Goddess was born. With the light of Lord Shiva, her face was created, Lord Vishnu gave her his arms, and Lord Brahma provided her legs. She was blessed with all the powers given to her by the Gods. She also acquired her weaponry from the Devas. She was decked with jewelery, a sari and garlands. Maa Durga was also given a lion by Lord Himalaya, the God of the Mountains. This Goddess came to be known as Mahadevi Goddess Durga, the most powerful and invincible of them all.

The Death Of Mahishasura
Mahishasura, was a demon who unleashed evil and terror all over the world. He could not be killed by Lord Shiva, Lord Brahma and Lord Vishnu. This was because of a boon granted by God Brahma to Mahishasura according to which he would not be destroyed by any deity or man. With the combined forces of all the Gods, Mahadevi was created who was neither goddess nor human. With her fierce lion as her carrier, Goddess Durga Mahadevi rode towards the lair of Mahishasura. After 9 days of continuous battle the demon was finally beaten. Thus, Mahadevi also came to be known as Mahishasura Mardhini the slayer of Mahishasura.

Lord Rams Victory
Before confronting Ravana, Lord Ram sought the blessings of Goddess Durga by performing the Chandi Puja. To perform the Puja, Rama required 108 blue lotuses, but he had only 107 of them. Instead, he offered his own eye that resembled a lotus and placed it at the feet of the Goddess. Pleased with his devotion and pure mind, Goddess Durga saved Rama while he was at battle and blessed him with power of being invincible. Thus, Lord Ram defeated the 10 headed demon king Ravana with Goddess Durgas blessings.

Devi Durga is known as the Goddess of eternal power. Durga puja is an ageold festival and is celebrated with great fanfare all over the country. Goddess Durga is vanquisher of all evil. Every year, Durga Puja is celebrated throughout the country and devotees pray to the Goddess and seek her blessings and protection. .....

Durga Puja Cards
15. One of the most awaited festivals, Durga Puja is celebrated with immense zeal and enthusiasm. It is an ideal way to send an ecard to express your wishes and emotions on this auspicious day. Though, most people prefer ecards considering its flexibility, but they are not the only option. There are other ample options which include physical cards, photo greeting cards and personalized cards. Consider sending a card which has your signature or your personalized message. There is no reason why your relatives wouldnt love these cards as they certainlyare the best bet during the festival.Durga Puja cards are available for all the nine days of the festival including Mahalaya, Sashthi, Saptami, Ashtami, Navami and Dashami or Vijayadashami.Effective and amazing, these cards are best way to convey your wishes. .....
Decorations
16. Making of Durga Puja Pandal
Pandals are canopies for housing Durga idol during the Durga Puja festival. These large canopies are supported by sets of bamboo poles adorned with multicolored fabrics. The making of Pandal involves lot of work, using wooden planks, bamboo poles and fabrics. Sometimes pandals are built on themes inspired by ancient civilizations such as Incas or Egyptian civilization. Today, people choose many modern and contemporary themes such as Harry Potter and RMS Titanic. The d?cor of pandals are generally prepared by architecture and art students in Kolkata. However, the expenses for theme based pandals are usually higher than traditional pandals. They also draw large crowds during the celebration. Today, themebased pandals have become rage all over Bengal and in other parts of India. Many of the Durga Pandals being financed by rich have also become trends in Barwari Puja that is community celebration of Durga Puja. Of late, there are even luxury designer pandals strewn with intricate patterns, flowers and lightings so much so that the pandals almost appear like palaces. In these elegantly designed pandals, the goddess Durga is worshipped and hordes of people pour in to pay visit and pray to the goddess to seek her blessings.Durga Idols seen in West Bengal are very famous and are made by skilled artisans. These artisans follow strict rules that each and every material that goes into the making of idols are obtained from the proper sources as per the traditions. They take almost several months to form beautiful idols of Durga. Often bamboo sticks are utilized to create the interiors of the idol and also to get the correct shape for the idol. Jutes ropes, strings and straw are also being used for the making of idol. .....
What to Expect During Durga Puja
17. The Durga Puja festival is an extremely social and theatrical event. Drama, dance, and cultural performances are widely held. Food is a huge part of the festival, and street stalls blossom all over Kolkata. In the evenings, the streets of Kolkata fill with people, who come to admire the statues of Goddess Durga, eat, and celebrate. .....
Where is Durga Puja Celebrated
18. Durga Puja is celebrated in West Bengal, particularly in the city of Kolkata. Its the biggest and most important occasion of the year there. .....
When is Durga Puja Celebrated
19. Durga Puja is celebrated during the last five days of Navaratri and Dussehra. In 2014, Durga Puja takes place from September 29October 4. The Grand immersion of Durga idols will happen on October 4, 2014. The dates of the festival are determined according to the lunar calendar. .....
Countdown begins for Durga Puja celebration in West Bengal
20. One of the most famous festivals of West Bengal cum India is Durga Puja. Kolkata, the capital of West Bengal is all set to enjoy the great carnival with all zeal, enthusiasm and fervor.The celebration continues for four days. Schools, colleges and government offices remain closed for these days. The puja shopping a must for the youngsters and the folks oust their feelings throughout the entire month before the actual celebration. The underconstruction pandals adds to the fervor of the celebration and reminds of the countdown.Being celebrated in the autumn season, the weather generally remains calm and cool.
For those who stay away from their family members, Durga Puja brings in a great chance to meet up. The tourists, both domestic and international visit the state during the festive season. For these four days, the Bengalis generally are seen in their traditional attires.West Bengal Durga puja industry is growing at a compound annual growth rate of about 35 percent and is expected to touch Rs.40,000 crore by 2015 from its current size of Rs.25,000 crore.Despite falling rupee, rising inflation and slowdown in the economy, the large business industries are targeting high profits margins during Durga Puja in West Bengal which is growing at a compound annual growth rate of about 35 percent, as revealed by a latest survey by the Associated Chambers of Commerce and Industry of India ASSOCHAM. .....
Celebration of various type
21. The day of Durgas victory is celebrated as Vijayadashami Bengali, Dashain Nepali or Dussehra Hindi these words literally mean the Victory of Tenth day.In North India, the tenth day, signifying Ramas victory in his battle against the demon, is celebrated as gigantic straw effigies of Ravana are burnt in designated open spaces.In Mysore Karnataka, she is worshipped as Chamundeshwari, the patron goddess of the city during Dussehra.In Gujarat it is celebrated as the last day of Navaratri, during which the Garba dance is performed to celebrate the vigorous victory of Mahishasuramardini Durga.In Maharashtra Tulja Bhavani and Ambabai is worshipped as Mahishasur Mardini and is patron goddess of land. Bhavani is known as Tulaja, Amba, Renuka, Yamai, Saptshrungi, Jogai in different places of Maharashtra. .....
India Celebrates Durga Puja
22. The fiveday Durga Puja begins Saturday, forming part of the Navratri, nine nights of Hindu fasting and worship.Durga Puja honors the female deity Durga, who is depicted as a warrior, symbolic of power and rage. Durga is revered across much of India, but perhaps most in West Bengal, the state governed by India most outspoken female politician, Mamata Banerjee.Devotees believe that Durga came to earth and defeated the shapeshifting demon Mahishasura, slaying him with a spear whilst astride a lion.Huge, painted mud and straw statues of the deity are made for the festival. The idol is often cast with ten arms, with each hand clasping a different weapon. The towering height of the statues is intended to indicate the triumph of good over evil.Sacrificial animals and hot foods are offered during Durga Puja in order to stimulate her vengeful violence, according to Chris.J. Fuller in his book, The Camphor Flame Popular Hinduism and Society in India. The writer describes Durga as ferocious and quickly angered.During Durga Puja, devotees submerge the statues of Durga in rivers and lakes to symbolize her return to mud from which she was made. Kolkata Hooghly River is a focal point during this part of the festival.Durga Puja is carried out with different customs depending on the state.Bengalis, particularly women living away from home, often return to families during the festival. .....
Transform of the community or Sarbajanin puja
23. Initially the Puja was organised by rich families since they had the money to organise the festival. During the late 19th and early 20th century, a burgeoning middle class, primarily in Calcutta, wished to observe the Puja. They created the community or Sarbojanin Pujas.These Pujas are organised by a committee which represents a locality or neighbourhood. They collect funds called chaanda through doortodoor subscriptions, lotteries, concerts etc. These funds are pooled and used for the expenses of pandal construction, sculpture construction, ceremonies etc. The balance of the fund is generally donated to a charitable cause, as decided by the committee. Corporate sponsorships of the Pujas have gained momentum since the late 1990s. Major Pujas in Calcutta and in major metro areas such as Delhi and Chennai now derive almost all of their funds from corporate sponsorships. Community fund drives have become a formality.Despite the resources used to organise a Puja, entry of visitors into the Pandal is always free. Pujas in Calcutta and elsewhere experiment with innovative concepts every year. Communities have created prizes for Best Pandal, Best Puja, and other categories. .....
Creation of the sculptures
24. The entire process of creation of the sculptures murti from the collection of clay to the ornamentation is a holy process, supervised by rites and other rituals. On the Hindu date of Akshaya Tritiya when the Ratha Yatra is held, clay for the sculptures is collected from the banks of a river, preferably the Ganges. There is ageold custom of collecting a handful of soil punya mati from the nishiddho pallis of Calcutta, literally forbidden territories, where sex workers live, and adding it to the clay mixture which goes into the making of the Durga sculpture.[citation needed] After the required rites, the clay is transported. An important event is Chakkhu Daan, literally donation of the eyes. Starting with Devi Durga, the eyes of the sculptures are painted on Mahalaya or the first day of the pujas. Before painting on the eyes, the artisans fast for a day and eat only vegetarian food.Many Pujas in and around Kolkata buy their sculptures from Kumartuli also Kumortuli, an artisans town in north Calcutta. .....
Environmental impact
25. Environmental hazards from the materials used to make and colour the sculptures pollute local water sources, as the sculptures are brought directly into the river at the end of festivities. Efforts are underway to introduce ecofriendly materials to the artisans who make the sculptures. West Bengal has been credited by its own environmental agency as being possibly the first Indian State to successfully curb the use of hazardous paints. However, by their own account, only twothirds of the sculptures made are currently coloured with ecofriendly paints.Commercialization of Hindu festivals like Durga Puja in the last quarter of 20th century have become a major environmental concern as devout Hindus want bigger and brighter sculptures. Environmentalists say the sculptures are often made from hazardous materials like cement, plastic, plaster of Paris, and toxic paints. .....
Themebased pujas and pandals
26. Pandals and sculptures inspired by a particular theme have been the hallmark of many community or Sarbajanin Pujas in Kolkata since the 1990s. Puja committees decide on a particular theme, whose elements are incorporated into the pandal and the sculptures. Popular themes include ancient civilisations like the Egyptians or Incas. Contemporary subjects like the RMS Titanic and Harry Potter have also been the subject in some pandals.The design and decoration is usually done by art and architecture students based in the city. The budget required for such themebased pujas is often higher than traditional pujas.
They attract crowds and are well received. Inspired by Kolkata, themebased pandals are becoming popular in cities in neighbouring states, particularly Odisha see above. Experimentation with the sculptures does not happen much outside Calcutta. Rapid growth of competitiveness in theme pandals, and also rapid growth of massive billboards that come up at strategic junctions, prior to Puja and allied commercial activities, has also created a cultural backlash from citys traditional Puja pandals, which now claim, We do not do theme puja, we do Durga puja, according to one hoarding put up in Salt Lake, Kolkata. .....
Popular culture specific to the puja
27. Durga Puja is one of the most important events in the Bengali societys calendar. Many Bengali films, albums and books are released to coincide with the Puja. The West Bengal government gives a fortnight of holidays for the Pujas. This time is used in various ways. Many people travel in India or abroad. Gatherings of friends called Aadda in Bengali is common in many homes and restaurants. A lot of shopping is done, and retailers cash in on this opportunity with special offers.Visiting pandals with friends and family, talking and sampling the food sold near them is known as pandal hopping. Young people embrace this activity. Pujor Gaan Songs of Puja are the Adhunik Bengali songs that come out every year during this time. .....
Media attention
28. TV and radio channels telecast Puja celebrations. Many Bengali channels devote whole days to the Pujas. Bengali and Oriya weekly magazines bring out special issues for the Puja known as Pujabarshiki or Sharadiya Sankhya. These contain the works of many writers both established and upcoming and are thus much bigger than the regular issues. Some notable examples are Anandamela, Shuktara, Desh, Sarodiya Anandabazar Patrika, Sananda, Nabakallol, Bartaman All major local news publications are closed on the last day of the festivities. .....
Durga Puja in West Bengal
29. The worship of Durga in the autumn Shrot is the years largest Hindu festival of Bengal. Durga Puja is also celebrated in Nepal and Bhutan according to local traditions and variations. Puja means worship, and Durgas Puja is celebrated from the sixth to tenth day of the waning moon in the month of Ashvin Ashshin, which is the sixth month in the Bengali calendar. Occasionally however, due to shifts in the lunar cycle relative to the solar months, it may also be held in the following month, Kartika. In the Gregorian calendar, these dates correspond to the months of September and October.In the Krittibas Ramayana, Rama invokes the goddess Durga in his battle against Ravana. Although she was traditionally worshipped in the spring, due to contingencies of battle, Rama had to invoke her in the autumn akaal bodhan.Today it is this Ramas date for the puja that has gained ascendancy, although the spring puja, known as Basanti Puja [One of the oldest sabeki Basanti Puja is held every year at spring in Barddhaman Pal Bari at Raniganga Bazar, M.K. Chatterjee Rd near Karjon Gate], is also present in the Hindu almanac. Another famous portrait of Basanti Puja, can be found in Tangra Rakhal Chandra Das Bari, which is more than half and a century old. Since the season of the puja is autumn, it is also known as Sharodia. .....
Durga Puja in Kolkata
30. In Kolkata alone more than two thousand pandals are set up, all clamouring for the admiration and praise of the populace.The city is adorned with lights. People from all over the country visit the city at this time, and every night is one mad carnival where thousands of people go pandalhopping with their friends and family. Traffic comes to a standstill, and indeed, most people abandon their vehicles to travel by foot after a point. A special task force is deployed to control law and order. Durga Puja in Kolkata is often referred to as the Rio Carnival of the Eastern Hemisphere. .....
Durga Puja in Siliguri
31. Hundreds of puja pandals are set up every year in the Siliguri Mahakuma area. The city is adorned with many colourful pandal, glorious Protima, colourful lighting and sounds. The puja in Saktigarh, DeshbandhuPara, Hakimpara, Rabindra Sangha, Rathkhola, Champashari, Central Colony N.R.I, SilpanchalBurdwan Road and Saktigarh Utjal Sangha, sorojini sangha[shivmandir] are famous and the oldest durga puja in this area.Silpanchal Durga Puja committee is recognised as one of the oldest puja is town which was established in 1955 and is famous for the Protima and many other social activities they undertake during Pujas.The oldest puja in Siliguri is of Swastika Yubak Sangha. Its one of the most crowd gathering puja of the region. The Puja Committee completed its 50th year of celebrations in 2007. Sorjini sangha completed its 150th year recently. .....
Durga Puja in Cooch Behar
32. One of the oldest Durga pujas of Bengal. It has been said that this puja is started in 1510, by the founder of Cooch dynasty Raja Biswa Singha on the same year of his accession to the throne with the help of his younger brother Sishya Singha.The gigantic sized Durga sculpture, popularly known as Borodebi The Great Goddess, made with clay comprises only Maa Durgas image with Mahishasura and JayaBijaya, her consorts excluding her childrens sculptures is vermilion red in colour. As a part of tradition, humansacrifice is done there in the night of Ashtami on a secluded puja attended only by the members of the royal family which still has been observing. Obviously, now it took a ritualistic form only offering blooddrops from one of the royal family member everyyear. Other than this, many buffaloes, goats, pigeons are sacrificed in front of the deity. Not only the royal family, all the people of Coochbehar regarded her as the supreme deity, calling as Borodevi Suprememother. .....
Durga Puja in Badkulla Nadia
33. Badkulla is famous in Nadia district for smallscale weaving industry and large pandals during DurgaPuja.During the four days of DurgaPuja Badkulla becomes alive. Every year thousands of people gather here from the nearby places to see the huge pandals, beautiful light works, amazing idols.Once upon a time here Durgapuja was started after getting sound of Cannon from the Royal Palace of Krishnachandra of Krishnagar. Apart from the DurgaPuja, it also well known for its cultural devotion. Here all the clubs organize annual functions to encourage the common people to take participation in different social and cultural events.Laxmi Puja, Rathyatra and Rashyatra is also very famous of here. .....
In other parts of India
34. AssamIn Silchar more than 300 exhibits, known as pandals, decorated with lights, sculptures and other art forms are created. After Bihu, Durga Puja is the most popular festival of Assam. According to historian Late Benudhar Sarma, the present form of worship of Durga with earthen sculpture in Assam was started during the reign of Ahom King Susenghphaa or Pratap Singha.

BiharDurga Puja is one of the major festivals in Bihar. Bhagvati Durga Puja and NouDurga along with Vijaya Dashami is an important festival of the Maithili Community. Hundreds of pandals are set up with carnivals.

GujaratNavaratri is devoted to Amba mataji. In some homes, images of mataji are worshiped in accordance with accepted practice.

JharkhandDurga Puja is celebrated with many carnivals. The festival mood starts from Mahalaya, a huge surge in visitors is witnessed during the last four days of the festival, arriving from cities like Jamshedpur TATA, Ranchi, Bokaro, Dhanbad, Sisai, etc. After offering puja, thousands of people set out in the evening to have a darshan of pandals.

KarnatakaDurga Puja is celebrated in a grand way in this state. In Mysore, Dussehra is easily the most popular festival. Elephants are decked up with robes and jewellery and taken in processions through the streets of the city.

KashmirHindus in Jammu and Kashmir celebrate their festivals with pomp and show. These days, festivities are more subdued. The favourite deities of Kashmir are Lord Shiva and Serawali Ma Durga, the one who rides the tiger.PunditsDogris and Muslims alike vouch that Navratri is important.

KeralaIn Kerala, Durga Puja signifies the beginning of formal education for every child aged 35 years. While puja goes on in the temple for all ten days, it is the concluding three days which are most important. Ashtami is the day of Ayudya Puja, when all the tools at home are worshipped. .....

Durga Puja in United Kingdom
35. Bengalis from state of West Bengal India migrated to the UK from early 1960s and contributed as doctors, engineers and skilled work force. They brought with them Ma Durga, and Durga Puja is celebrated all over UK with much gusto and enthusiasm. From north of UK, to South there are scores of Durga Puja, and these 4/5 days makes one feel part of West Bengal. The celebration includes not only the Bengalis but many other Hindus as well. During the same period, the Gujarati community also celebrates 9 nights of Puja Goddesses Ame, similar to Goddesses Durga and famous Gurba community dance, culminating in to Dashera festival.Amongst the noteworthy Pujas in London, London Sharad Utsav Puja hosted at Ealing Town Hall has attracted Londons Bengalis due to jovial atmosphere, well organised cultural programs by renowned artists, and excellent food arrangements. .....
Durga Puja in China
36. In 2004, a group of Indians residing in China came together and organised Durga puja in Shanghai. Since then it has become an yearly affair and has got bigger with active participation from the Indian, expat and the Chinese community. The sculpture of Ma Durga has been brought in from Kumartuli. Every year purohit from India is flown in to perform the puja. Elaborate decoration are done at the venue to give a very distinct look of a pandal interior. Men, women and children turn up in traditional Indian dress at the event. Dhaks are played and Dhunuchi dances are performed. Bhog is served to all guests.The evenings are occupied with community cultural program and performance from visiting overseas artist.The event receives a fair bit of support from personal and corporate sponsors. .....
Durga Puja in Middle East
37. In Muscat, Bongiyo Parishad Bengali Association of Muscat celebrates Durga Puja with Bhog distribution Astomi & Navami and Anjali in Shiva Temple. Vijaya sammilani cultural programs on the event of Vijaya Dashami/ Dussehra is also a part of this celebration. Hundreds of Bengalis and others are found to enjoy these days here. Traditional Dhak is not played here but these days, recorded beats of Dhak add a separate dimension to the beats of the devotees hearts. .....
Durga Puja in Nepal
38. Dussehra in Nepal is called Dashain. As it is chiefly a Hindu nation, the pattern and dates of the festivals coincide with those of India. The King of Nepal plays a key role in the festivities, particularly during Saptami or the Seventh day of the pujas. Despite the overthrow of monarchy in Nepal, the Royal Family still has a significant cultural role in the nation. .....
Durga Puja in United States and Europe and Australia
39. In the United States the pujas are often hosted during weekends with few exceptions. The puja weekends are time for Bengal friends and family to gather together to spend the weekend savouring Bengali culture. Cultural programs are held there is food stalls selling ethnic clothes, jewellery, books, music DVDs etc. There is a general atmosphere of festivity.In Australia, the major Durga Puja festival were held in Sydney and Melbourne. They are also held very grandly in Perth, the capital of Western Australia. Bhog Distribution, Cultural Programmes, anjali and dhunuchi naach were the main events. BANSW and BPCSV were the main organizers in Sydney and Melbourne respectively.In Germany several Durga Pujas are celebrated along with Bhog distribution and Anjali in Bremen, Berlin over 40 years old, FrankfurtMain, Hamburg, Koln Cologne, Stuttgart and Munich Munchen. In France, the Sammilani association has been celebrating Durga Puja in Paris for 27 years as of 2013, for the whole five days of Mahashashti to Mahadashami. This festival, which includes diverse cultural programmes, is the social epicentre of Bengali Hindus in France and a major attraction for all others interested in Bengali and Indian culture. .....
Durga Puja in Indonesia
40. Although Durga Puja is not a major festival among the Hindus in Bali dan Tengger, the Sindhi and South Indian community have constructed many Maa Durga temples in Jakarta and Tangerang, where Durga Puja is a major celebration here. Sindhis end their Durga Puja on the Ashtmi Day, marked by Havan and Nyari Seva feeding food to young girls while South Indians continue till the 10th day. On these days garba and dandia events are also held which ends with a grand celebration of Dassera, where images of Ravan are burned in the Shiva Mandhir, the largest Mandhir in Jakarta. .....
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MTT Turbine Streetfighter. It is one of the strongest and fastest bikes in the world. It has Rolls Royce Turbine Engine and clocks 249 miles per hour as the highest speed. The bike with 17 inches wheels is priced at $175,000. .....
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Safety Boats. At least one safety boat shall be used during all events unless a majority of the Event Judges and Safety Director agree that they are not necessary, in which case safety people will be positioned on shore.The suggested positioning of the boat or Saf .....
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Peermade. Peermade gets its name from the famous Sufi saint Peer Mohammad who is said to have visited the hills. It is known throughout the world for its marvelous medical treatments. The scenic vista is over-awed by the fragrance of Cardamom that trails throu .....
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Treats Bronchial Infections. The soothing qualities of fig juice helps in reducing the irritation caused in the throat and nasal passages due to bronchitis and thus help in treating the problem quite effectively and in a 100 percent natural way. .....
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The Kinds of Stringed Instruments. Musical Instruments: Stringed instruments may be grouped in the following three classes: - a. Instruments in which the strings are set into motion by hammers - piano. b. Instruments in which the strings are set into motion by bowing - violin, viola, .....
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Apples. Add peanut butter for extra protein and a controlled energy release. .....
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Baboon. Baboons are the most aggressive primates on the planet. When they feel threatened they flash their eyelids and teeth and are known to chase possible enemies in hoards. But they are known to fight each other just as willingly as they would fight anoth .....
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mix honey and alum. Combine the two ingredients into a thick paste and paint the mixture on with your fingertips. Sit in the sun for 45 minutes, then shampoo and rinse your hair. You should have highlights three shades lighter than your natural hair color. .....
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Good digestion When emotions play a part. If you are aware of a link between digestive symptoms and your emotions, consider hypnotherapy. Research suggests this is one of the most effective treatments for any form of irritable bowel syndrome. .....
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Neck pieces. The neck pieces probably have been in existence since the Stone Age.Necklaces, pendants, lockets are being worn by both men and women since a very long time.(Proves that we had fashionable ancestors!).There are different types of necklaces according .....
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Health benefits. Further adding to the health benefits of beetroot, the vegetable is also great forproviding energy and boosting stamina. In one study, participants consumed a selection of baked beetroot (200 grams) before one run and the same amount of cranberries b .....
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Prizes. Grand Prize The 2014 Grand Prize is a trip for two to Turtle Bay Resort on the North Shore of Oahu. The Grand Prize is determined by the top nine scores of the 2014 season on the mens side of Fantasy Surfer. This excludes all womens events. In the ev .....
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Examination preparation begins on the first day of batch. This is one of the most main pieces of information for a college freshman to understand. On most college level exam everything mentioned in class is fair game. It .....
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Buddha head on lotus flower tattoo. The lotus flower has a great significance in the Buddhism religion. .....
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Keep Your Fridge Safe. Attack of the killer refrigerator bugs may sound like a bad B movie, but scarily enough the bacteria that cause food poisoning can thrive in any fridge. More worrisome is a laundry list of nasty (and invisible) microbes, the kind that like to set up .....
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Imam Reza Shrine. Imam Reza Shrine in Mashhad, Iran is a complex which contains the mausoleum of Im?m Ridha, the eighth Imam of Twelver Shi ites and known as third largest mosque of the world. Also contained within the complex include: the Goharshad Mosque, a museum, .....
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Dumbbell Alternating Side Lunge. Stand tall, holding a pair of dumbbells at arms length at your sides. Take a big step to your left and lower your body by pushing your hips backward and bending your left knee. As you lower your body, bend forward at your hips and touch the dumbbell .....
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Haritaki. Chebulic myrobalan (E), Harde (H), Hara (E):Haritaki is described as the 'remover of diseases'. Hara is also the name of Lord Shiva, thus reflecting the sacred nature and exalted position of the plant but it literally means 'green' like the fruit. It .....
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Green tea. Packed with a number of health benefits, green tea helps in weight loss, improves eyesight, prevents cardiovascular problems and fights ageing. The antioxidants present in green tea help clear and regulate your system to function at an optimum level .....
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Nodding the head. Head nodding can occur when invited for a response, or voluntarily while listening. Head nodding when talking face-to-face one-to-one is easy to see, but you also detect tiny head nods when addressing or observing a group. .....
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Study. It is advised to start studying at least a few days before a test. Make a study schedule. If an extracurricular activity gets in the way of your studying, tell the person in charge of that certain event that you will not be able to attend that event, .....
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Ninth day. The ninth day of the New Year is a day for Chinese to offer prayers to the Jade Emperor of Heaven in the Daoist Pantheon.The ninth day is traditionally the birthday of the Jade Emperor. This day, called Ti Kong Dan, Ti Kong Si or Pai Ti Kong , is esp .....
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Papaya. The papaya was the first fruit tree to have its genome mapped. Originally cultivated in Mexico and South America, papayas are now grown in almost all tropical countries. Papayas are a rich source of antioxidants and anti-inflammatories, including lut .....
Xmas Food Ideas
Sprouts with Crunchy Bacon and Chestnuts. Make this sprouts with crunchy bacon and chestnuts recipe an interesting and tasty accompaniment to your Christmas lunch. .....
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Fish tank bed. Forget counting sheep to fall asleep. Watching the underwater life right from your bed is a guaranteed way to make you doze off. .....
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Ty Cobb. Ty Cobb was the second greatest hitter that the game of baseball has ever seen. Cobb holds the all time record for career batting average (.367), batting titles (12) and he is second in hits (4,191). In addition to being the second best hitter of all .....
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USB Car Adapter. Along the same lines, a good USB car charger is key. Dont trust the USB output built into your car (if it even has one) to charge your phone at a good rate. Worse, if youre using your phone for navigation (with the screen on), the built in USB might .....
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Rudolfinerhaus Austria. This superb hospital with a strange name is located in Austria s capital, Vienna, and is considered the best private hospital in the country. The hospital s modern equipment is in perfect harmony with the superior ambiance offered by a natural and gr .....
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Their innate ability to do and understand things we can t. We hate having to rely on anyone but ourselves but, sometimes it's just easier to ask him to take care of it. We beg forgiveness for the gross generalizations that are about to follow, but we always ask him to carry heavy objects up the stairs (that .....
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Trimming of Nails. Health Tips : Nails of all the pets should be regularly trimmed as they have a scratching habit. When trimming the nails, be careful not to cut them too short and cause bleeding. Cut the nails until you see a dark circle appearing in the center of th .....
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Spa La La Perfumery Kit. Ever wonder how perfume is made? With this kit, you can find out for yourself by actually creating your very own perfume mixture. Open up the detailed instruction booklet and start learning all about the science behind mixing chemicals to create be .....
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Give Mom A Day Off. Plan an outing with your kids and give mom a day off and the house to herself. Come back at night with dinner in your hands, and youll have created a day truly to remember. Mom can have time to do exactly as she wants: go to a yoga class, stay in and .....
Benefits of Turmeric
Weight Loss. Turmeric milk helps in the breakdown of dietary fat. This can be useful to control weight. .....
Healthy Ear
Check the ingredients in your shampoo. This tip is less common, but it could help you avoid discomfort and discourage you from scratching your ear canal. Watch out for shampoo that contains methylparabens, Dr. Alexiades says. Shampoos that have those tend to be very drying and irritating .....
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Treat your card like cash. Always keep your card in a safe place. Recent incident that skimming machines were installed at some ATMs in Mumbai and money running into lakhs was withdrawn abroad, has come as a shock to many. The use of ATM machines by people has reduced a great .....
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Nina Agdal. Nina Agdal is one of those women who can do no wrong in my eyes. Shes stunningly beautiful and has a body that stops someones heart. Nina is a new face in the fashion world, yet the Danish model has managed to attract loads of attention. The Sports I .....
Benefits of Cumin
Nervine. Cumin oil is good for the nerves and helps to cure nervous disorders such as convulsions, anxiety, and stress. Cumin essential oil can be used against colic, dyspepsia, flatulence, and depression. .....
What to Eat in Madhya Pradesh
Samosa Chaat. Chaat is a popular Indian savory snack available in several variations. It is spicy, tangy and sweet and a popular street food in India.Samosa Chaat is served by adding a plate full of peas or chole masala, mashed samosa with freshly cut veggie toppi .....
Benefits of Cumin
Preparing and Cooking. To bring out the fullness of their aroma and flavor, lightly roast whole cumin seeds before using them in a recipe. As the taste of cumin is a great complement to the hearty flavor of legumes such as lentils, garbanzo beans and black beans, add this .....
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Chew chew chew for it s the thing to do. The process of digestion begins in the mouth. The saliva in the moth, besides helping to masticate the food, carries an enzyme called ptyalin which begins the chemical action of digestion. It initiates the catabolism (breakdown) of carbohydrates by c .....
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Moisturize post sanitizer. It s a step most of us wouldn t think to do, but it s important: High amounts of alcohol can dehydrate skin and nails, making polish chip faster, says Sally Hansen manicurist Tracylee. Just wait until the sanitizer has dried. .....
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Anna Sidorova and Alexandra Saitova Russian Curlers. On paper, the sport of curling suggests that even at the highest level of competition, the typical .....
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Boot. A device that holds the bow of a boat before a race, then drops below the water on the starting signal. .....
Benefits of Gooseberry
Treats Dry Frizzy Hair. Incorporating gooseberry juice in your daily diet will give you long lustrous hair. It also prevents dryness in hair by restoring the moisture and removing dead cells. Many people sometimes suffer from a burning sensation on their eyes for taking too .....
Benefits of Gooseberry
Amla pickles and chutneys. Amla pickles and chutneys is another wonderful way to include this wonderful fruit in your regular diet. Other popular ways to consume this wonderful fruit is in the form of candies, sweets or murabba. Since these are sweet in taste, many people pref .....
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RainyMood com. I dont actually know how I feel about this website. Created to showcase an online marketing consulting firm, its sad and uplifting at the same time. What do you think? .....
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Benefits of Black Pepper
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Dont compare yourself to others. Everyone is born with different strengths and weakness. Otherwise we wouldnt be individuals and how much fun would that be? Consequently dont hold yourself to the standards of others; youll never measure up to everyone. .....
Start a Hobby
Wait For What You Really Want. Do not be afraid to look for the right farm for you for a while. Months, maybe a year or more, depending on the area where you are looking.Do not settle for second best. Buying a hobby farm is a big investment and not one that is easily reversed. Ma .....
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Reading but not understanding. For some students, their trouble spot arises early on in the study process. They sit down at the desk, pull out the books, but dont make sure they understand what theyre studying. Whether youre reading, writing study notes, or making diagrams, it is .....
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