Dr bhimrao ambedkar

Biography
1. Born April 14, 1891
Died December 6, 1956
Achievements Dr. B.R. Ambedkar was elected as the chairman of the drafting committee that was constituted by the Constituent Assembly to draft a constitution for the independent India; he was the first Law Minister of India; conferred Bharat Ratna in 1990.Dr. B.R. Ambedkar is viewed as messiah of dalits and downtrodden in India. He was the chairman of the drafting committee that was constituted by the Constituent Assembly in 1947 to draft a constitution for the independent India. He played a seminal role in the framing of the constitution. Bhimrao Ambedkar was also the first Law Minister of India. For his yeoman service to the nation, B.R. Ambedkar was bestowed with Bharat Ratna in 1990.

Dr.Bhimrao Ambedkar was born on April 14, 1891 in Mhow (presently in Madhya Pradesh). He was the fourteenth child of Ramji and Bhimabai Sakpal Ambavedkar. B.R. Ambedkar belonged to the untouchable Mahar Caste. His father and grandfather served in the British Army. In those days, the government ensured that all the army personnel and their children were educated and ran special schools for this purpose. This ensured good education for Bhimrao Ambedkar, which would have otherwise been denied to him by the virtue of his caste.Bhimrao Ambedkar experienced caste discrimination right from the childhood. After his retirement, Bhimraos father settled in Satara Maharashtra. Bhimrao was enrolled in the local school. Here, he had to sit on the floor in one corner in the classroom and teachers would not touch his notebooks. In spite of these hardships, Bhimrao continued his studies and passed his Matriculation examination from Bombay University with flying colours in 1908. Bhim Rao Ambedkar joined the Elphinstone College for further education. In 1912, he graduated in Political Science and Economics from Bombay University and got a job in Baroda.

In 1913, Bhimrao Ambedkar lost his father. In the same year Maharaja of Baroda awarded scholarship to Bhim Rao Ambedkar and sent him to America for further studies. Bhimrao reached New York in July 1913. For the first time in his life, Bhim Rao was not demeaned for being a Mahar. He immersed himself in the studies and attained a degree in Master of Arts and a Doctorate in Philosophy from Columbia University in 1916 for his thesis National Dividend for India A Historical and Analytical Study. From America, Dr.Ambedkar proceeded to London to study economics and political science. But the Baroda government terminated his scholarship and recalled him back.The Maharaja of Baroda appointed Dr. Ambedkar as his political secretary. But no one would take orders from him because he was a Mahar. Bhimrao Ambedkar returned to Bombay in November 1917. With the help of Shahu Maharaj of Kolhapur, a sympathizer of the cause for the upliftment of the depressed classes, he started a fortnightly newspaper, the Mooknayak (Dumb Hero) on January 31, 1920. The Maharaja also convened many meetings and conferences of the untouchables which Bhimrao addressed. In September 1920, after accumulating sufficient funds, Ambedkar went back to London to complete his studies. He became a barrister and got a Doctorate in science.

After completing his studies in London, Ambedkar returned to India. In July 1924, he founded the Bahishkrit Hitkaraini Sabha (Outcastes Welfare Association). The aim of the Sabha was to uplift the downtrodden socially and politically and bring them to the level of the others in the Indian society. In 1927, he led the Mahad March at the Chowdar Tank at Colaba, near Bombay, to give the untouchables the right to draw water from the public tank where he burnt copies of the Manusmriti publicly.In 1929, Ambedkar made the controversial decision to co operate with the all British Simon Commission which was to look into setting up a responsible Indian Government in India. The Congress decided to boycott the Commission and drafted its own version of a constitution for free India. The Congress version had no provisions for the depressed classes. Ambedkar became more skeptical of the Congresss commitment to safeguard the rights of the depressed classes.

When a separate electorate was announced for the depressed classes under Ramsay McDonald Communal Award, Gandhiji went on a fast unto death against this decision. Leaders rushed to Dr. Ambedkar to drop his demand. On September 24, 1932, Dr. Ambedkar and Gandhiji reached an understanding, which became the famous Poona Pact. According to the pact the separate electorate demand was replaced with special concessions like reserved seats in the regional legislative assemblies and Central Council of States.Dr. Ambedkar attended all the three Round Table Conferences in London and forcefully argued for the welfare of the untouchables. Meanwhile, British Government decided to hold provincial elections in 1937. Dr. B.R. Ambedkar set up the Independent Labor Party in August 1936 to contest the elections in the Bombay province. He and many candidates of his party were elected to the Bombay Legislative Assembly.

In 1937, Dr. Ambedkar introduced a Bill to abolish the khoti system of land tenure in the Konkan region, the serfdom of agricultural tenants and the Mahar watan system of working for the Government as slaves. A clause of an agrarian bill referred to the depressed classes as Harijans, or people of God. Bhimrao was strongly opposed to this title for the untouchables. He argued that if the untouchables were people of God then all others would be people of monsters. He was against any such reference. But the Indian National Congress succeeded in introducing the term Harijan. Ambedkar felt bitter that they could not have any say in what they were called.In 1947, when India became independent, the first Prime Minister Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru, invited Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar, who had been elected as a Member of the Constituent Assembly from Bengal, to join his Cabinet as a Law Minister. The Constituent Assembly entrusted the job of drafting the Constitution to a committee and Dr. Ambedkar was elected as Chairman of this Drafting Committee. In February 1948, Dr. Ambedkar presented the Draft Constitution before the people of India; it was adopted on November 26, 1949.

In October 1948, Dr. Ambedkar submitted the Hindu Code Bill to the Constituent Assembly in an attempt to codify the Hindu law. The Bill caused great divisions even in the Congress party. Consideration for the bill was postponed to September 1951. When the Bill was taken up it was truncated. A dejected Ambedkar relinquished his position as Law Minister.On May 24, 1956, on the occasion of Buddha Jayanti, he declared in Bombay, that he would adopt Buddhism in October. On 0ctober 14, 1956 he embraced Buddhism along with many of his followers. On December 6, 1956, Baba Saheb Dr. B.R. Ambedkar died peacefully in his sleep. .....

His Life
2. Bhimrao Ambedkar was born to Bhimabai Sakpal and Ramji on 14 April 1891 in Madhya Pradesh. He was the fourteenth child of his parents. Ambedkar;s father was a Subedar in the Indian Army and posted at Mhow cantonment, MP. After the retirement of his father in 1894, the family moved to satara. Shortly after, his mother passed away. Four years later, his father remarried and the family shifted to Bombay, where he cleared his matriculation in 1908. His father Bhimabai Sakpal died in Bombay, in 1912.

Ambedkar was a victim of caste discrimination. His parents hailed from the Hindu Mahar caste, which was viewed as untouchable by the upper class. Due to this, Ambedkar had to face severe discriminations from every corners of the society. a The discrimination and humiliation haunted Ambedkar even at the Army school, run by British government. Fearing social outcry, the teachers would segregate the students of lower class from that of Brahmins and other upper classes. The untouchable students were often asked by the teacher to sit outside the class. After shifting to Satara, he was admitted to a local school but the change of school did not change the fate of young Bhimrao. Discrimination followed wherever he went. In 1908, Ambedkar got the opportunity to study at the Elphinstone College. Besides clearing all the exams successfully Ambedkar also obtained a scholarship of twenty five rupees a month from the Gayakwad ruler of Baroda, Sahyaji Rao III. Political Science and Economics were the subjects in which he graduated from the Bombay University in 1912. Ambedkar decided to use the money for higher studies in the USA.

After coming back from the US, Ambedkar was appointed as the Defence secretary to the King of Baroda. Even, there also he had to face the humiliation for being an Untouchable. With the help of the former Bombay Governor Lord Sydenham, Ambedkar obtained the job as a professor of political economy at the Sydenham College of Commerce and Economics in Bombay. In order to continue his further studies, in 1920 he went to England at his own expenses. There he was awarded honor of D.Sc by the London University. Ambedkar also spent few months at the University of Bonn, Germany, to study economics. On 8 June, 1927, he was awarded a Doctorate by the University of Columbia. .....

Dalit Movement
3. After returning to India, Bhimrao Ambedkar decided to fight against the caste discrimination that almost fragmented the nation. Ambedkar opined that there should be separate electoral system for the Untouchables and lower caste people. He also favored the concept of providing reservations for Dalits and other religious communities.Ambedkar began to find ways to reach to the people and make them understand the drawbacks of the prevailing social evils. He launched a newspaper called Mooknayaka (leader of the silent). It was believed that, one day, after hearing his speech at a rally, Shahu IV, an influential ruler of Kolhapur dined with the leader. The incident also created a huge uproar in the socio political arena of the country. .....
Political career
4. In 1936, Ambedkar founded the Independent Labor Party. In the 1937 elections to the Central Legislative Assembly his party won 15 seats. Ambedkar oversaw the transformation of his political party into the All India Scheduled Castes Federation, although it performed poorly in the elections held in 1946 for the Constituent Assembly of India.Ambedkar objected to the decision of Congress and Mahatma Gandhi to call the untouchable community as Harijans. He would say that even the members of untouchable community are same as the other members of the society. Ambedkar was appointed on the Defence Advisory Committee and the Viceroys Executive Council as Minister for Labor. His reputation as a scholar led to his appointment as free Indias first, Law Minister and chairman of the committee responsible to draft a constitution. .....
Framer of Constitution
5. Bhimrao Ambedkar was appointed as the chairman of the constitution drafting committee. He was also a noted scholar and eminent jurist. Ambedkar emphasized on the construction of a virtual bridge between the classes of the society. According to him, it would be difficult to maintain the unity of the country if the difference among the classes were not met. .....
Conversion to Buddhism
6. In 1950, Ambedkar traveled to Sri Lanka to attend a convention of Buddhist scholars and monks. After his return he decided to write a book on Buddhism and soon, converted himself to Buddhism. In his speeches, Ambedkar lambasted the Hindu rituals and caste division. Ambedkar founded the Bharatiya Bauddha Mahasabha In 1955. His book The Buddha and His Dhamma was published posthumously.On October 14, 1956 Ambedkar organized a public ceremony to convert around five lakh of his supporters into Buddhism. Ambedkar traveled to Kathmandu to attend the Fourth World Buddhist Conference. He completed his final manuscript, The Buddha or Karl Marx on December 2, 1956. .....
Early life
7. Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar was born in the British founded town and military cantonment of Mhow in the Central Provinces (now in Madhya Pradesh).He was the 14th and last child of Ramji Maloji Sakpal and Bhimabai Murbadkar. His family was of Marathi background from the town of Ambavade in the Ratnagiri district of modern day Maharashtra. They belonged to the Hindu Mahar caste, who were treated as untouchables and subjected to intense socio economic discrimination. Ambedkars ancestors had for long been in the employment of the army of the British East India Company, and his father served in the Indian Army at the Mhow cantonment, rising to the rank of Subedar. He had received a degree of formal education in Marathi and English, and encouraged his children to learn and work hard at school.

Belonging to the Kabir Panth, Ramji Sakpal encouraged his children to read the Hindu classics. He used his position in the army to lobby for his children to study at the government school, as they faced resistance owing to their caste. Although able to attend school, Ambedkar and other Untouchable children were segregated and given no attention or assistance by the teachers. They were not allowed to sit inside the class. Even if they needed to drink water somebody from a higher caste would have to pour that water from a height as they were not allowed to touch either the water or the vessel that contained it. This task was usually performed for the young Ambedkar by the school peon, and if he could not be found Ambedkar went without water. Ramji Sakpal retired in 1894 and the family moved to Satara two years later. Shortly after their move, Ambedkars mother died. The children were cared for by their paternal aunt, and lived in difficult circumstances. Only three sons Balaram, Anandrao and Bhimrao and two daughters Manjula and Tulasa of the Ambedkars would go on to survive them. Of his brothers and sisters, only Ambedkar succeeded in passing his examinations and graduating to a bigger school. His native village name was Ambavade in Ratnagiri District so he changed his name from Sakpal to Ambedkar with the recommendation and faith of Mahadev Ambedkar, a Deshasta Brahmin teacher who believed in him.

Ramji Sakpal remarried in 1898, and the family moved to Mumbai (then Bombay), where Ambedkar became the first untouchable student at the Government High School near Elphinstone Road.[3] Although excelling in his studies, Ambedkar was increasingly disturbed by the segregation and discrimination that he faced. In 1907, he passed his matriculation examination and entered the University of Bombay, becoming one of the first persons of untouchable origin to enter a college in India. This success provoked celebrations in his community, and after a public ceremony he was presented with a biography of the Buddha by his teacher Krishnaji Arjun Keluskar also known as Dada Keluskar, a Maratha caste scholar. Ambedkars marriage had been arranged the previous year as per Hindu custom, to Ramabai, a nine year old girl from Dapoli. In 1908, he entered Elphinstone College and obtained a scholarship of twenty five rupees a month from the Gayakwad ruler of Baroda, Sahyaji Rao III for higher studies in the USA. By 1912, he obtained his degree in economics and political science, and prepared to take up employment with the Baroda state government. His wife gave birth to his first son, Yashwant, in the same year. Ambedkar had just moved his young family and started work, when he dashed back to Bombay to see his ailing father, who died on February 2, 1913. .....

Pursuit of education
8. A few months later, Ambedkar was selected by the Gayakwad ruler to travel to the United States and enroll at Columbia University, with a scholarship of $11.5 per month. Arriving in New York City, Ambedkar was admitted to the graduate studies programme at the political science department. After a brief stay at the dormitory, he moved to a housing club run by Indian students and took up rooms with a Parsi friend, Naval Bhathena. In 1916, he was awarded a Ph.D. for a thesis which he eventually published in book form as The Evolution of Provincial Finance in British India. His first published work, however, was a paper titled Castes in India Their Mechanism, Genesis and Development. Winning his degree and doctorate, he travelled to London and enrolled at Grays Inn and the London School of Economics, studying law and preparing a doctoral thesis in economics. The expiration of his scholarship the following year forced him to temporarily abandon his studies and return to India amidst World War I.

Returning to work as military secretary for Baroda state, Ambedkar was distressed by the sudden reappearance of discrimination in his life, and left his job to work as a private tutor and accountant, even starting his own consultancy business that failed owing to his social status. With the help of an English acquaintance, the former Bombay Governor Lord Sydenham, he won a post as professor of political economy at the Sydenham College of Commerce and Economics in Mumbai. He was able to return to England in 1920 with the support of the Maharaja of Kolhapur, his Parsi friend and his own savings. By 1923 he completed a thesis on The Problem of the Rupee. He was awarded a D.Sc. by the University of London, and on finishing his law studies, he was simultaneously admitted to the British Bar as a barrister. On his way back to India, Ambedkar spent three months in Germany, where he conducted further studies in economics at the University of Bonn. He was formally awarded a Ph.D. by Columbia University on June 8, 1927. .....

Fight against untouchability
9. As a leading Indian scholar, Ambedkar had been invited to testify before the Southborough Committee, which was preparing the Government of India Act 1919. At this hearing, Ambedkar argued for creating separate electorates and reservations for Dalits and other religious communities. In 1920, he began the publication of the weekly Mooknayak (Leader of the Silent) in Bombay. Attaining popularity, Ambedkar used this journal to criticize orthodox Hindu politicians and a perceived reluctance of the Indian political community to fight caste discrimination. His speech at a Depressed Classes Conference in Kolhapur impressed the local state ruler Shahu IV, who shocked orthodox society by dining with Ambekdar . Ambedkar established a successful legal practise, and also organised the Bahishkrit Hitakarini Sabha to promote education and socio economic uplifting of the depressed classes. In 1926, he became a nominated member of the Bombay Legislative Council. By 1927 Dr. Ambedkar decided to launch active movements against untouchability. He began with public movements and marches to open up and share public drinking water resources, also he began a struggle for the right to enter Hindu temples. He led a satyagraha in Mahad to fight for the right of the untouchable community to draw water from the main water tank of the town.

On January 1, 1927 Ambedkar organised a ceremony at the Koregaon Victory Memorial,which commemorated the Indian soldiers who had died in the Second Anglo Maratha War, during the Battle of Koregaon. Here he inscribed the names of the soldiers from the Mahar community on a marble tablet. In 1927, he began his second journal, Bahiskrit Bharat (Excluded India), later rechristened Janata (The People). He was appointed to the Bombay Presidency Committee to work with the all European Simon Commission in 1928. This commission had sparked great protests across India, and while its report was ignored by most Indians, Ambedkar himself wrote a separate set of recommendations for future constitutional reforms. .....

Poona Pact
10. By now Ambedkar had become one of the most prominent untouchable political figures of the time. He had grown increasingly critical of mainstream Indian political parties for their perceived lack of emphasis for the elimination of the caste system. Ambedkar criticized the Indian National Congress and its leader Mohandas (Mahatma) Gandhi, whom he accused of reducing the untouchable community to a figure of pathos. Ambedkar was also dissatisfied with the failures of British rule, and advocated a political identity for untouchables separate from both the Congress and the British. At a Depressed Classes Conference on August 8, 1930 Ambedkar outlined his political vision, insisting that the safety of the Depressed Classes hinged on their being independent of the Government and the Congress both.

We must shape our course ourselves and by ourselves Political power cannot be a panacea for the ills of the Depressed Classes. Their salvation lies in their social elevation. They must cleanse their evil habits. They must improve their bad ways of living. They must be educated. There is a great necessity to disturb their pathetic contentment and to instill into them that divine discontent which is the spring of all elevation.

In this speech, Ambedkar criticized the Salt Satyagraha launched by Gandhi and the Congress. Ambedkars criticisms and political work had made him very unpopular with orthodox Hindus, as well as with many Congress politicians who had earlier condemned untouchability and worked against discrimination across India. This was largely because these liberal politicians usually stopped short of advocating full equality for untouchables. Ambedkars prominence and popular support amongst the untouchable community had increased, and he was invited to attend the Second Round Table Conference in London in 1931. Here he sparred verbally with Gandhi on the question of awarding separate electorates to untouchables. A fierce opponent of separate electorates on religious and sectarian lines, Gandhi feared that separate electorates for untouchables would divide Hindu society for future generations. When the British agreed with Ambedkar and announced the awarding of separate electorates, Gandhi began a fast unto death while imprisoned in the Yeravada Central Jail of Pune in 1932. Exhorting orthodox Hindu society to eliminate discrimination and untouchability, Gandhi asked for the political and social unity of Hindus. Gandhis fast provoked great public support across India, and orthodox Hindu leaders, Congress politicians and activists such as Madan Mohan Malaviya and Pawlankar Baloo organized joint meetings with Ambedkar and his supporters at Yeravada. Fearing a communal reprisal and killings of untouchables in the event of Gandhis death, Ambedkar agreed under massive coercion from the supporters of Gandhi to drop the demand for separate electorates, and settled for a reservation of seats, which although in the end achieved more representation for the untouchables, resulted in the loss of separate electorates that was promised through the British Communal Award prior to Ambedkars meeting with Gandhi which would end his fast. Ambedkar was later to criticise this fast of Gandhis as a gimmick to deny political rights to the untouchables and increase the coercion he had faced to give up the demand for separate electorates. .....

Aftermath
11. Frequent violent clashes between Buddhist groups and orthodox Hindus have occurred over the years. When in 1994 a garland of shoes was hung around a statue of Ambedkar in Mumbai, sectarian violence and strikes paralyzed the city for over a week. When the following year similar disturbances occurred, a statue of Ambedkar was destroyed. Upper caste groups in Tamil Nadu have also engaged in violence against Buddhists. In addition, some Buddhists who converted to Buddhism have rioted against Hindus (such as the 2006 Dalit protests in Maharashtra) and desecrated Hindu temples, often incited into doing so by anti Hindu elements and replacing deities with pictures of Ambedkar. The radical Ambedkarite Buddhist Panthers Movement has even gone so far as to attempt to assassinate academics who have been critical of Ambedkars understanding of Buddhism. .....
Criticism and legacy
12. This section may contain original research or unverified claims.Please improve the article by adding references. See the talk page for details. (September 2007)Ambedkars legacy as a socio political reformer, had a deep effect on modern India. In post Independence India his socio political thought has acquired respect across the political spectrum. His initiatives have influenced various spheres of life and transformed the way India today looks at socio economic policies, education and affirmative action through socio economic and legal incentives. His reputation as a scholar led to his appointment as free Indias first law minister, and chairman of the committee responsible to draft a constitution. He passionately believed in the freedom of the individual and criticised equally both orthodox casteist Hindu society, as well as exclusivism and narrow doctrinaire positions in Islam. His polemical condemnation of Hinduism and attacks on Islam made him unpopular and controversial, although his conversion to Buddhism sparked a revival in interest in Buddhist philosophy in India.

Ambedkars political philosophy has given rise to a large number of Dalit political parties, publications and workers unions that remain active across India, especially in Maharashtra. His promotion of the Dalit Buddhist movement has rejuvenated interest in Buddhist philosophy in many parts of India. Mass conversion ceremonies have been organized by Dalit activists in modern times, emulating Ambedkars Nagpur ceremony of 1956.Some scholars, including some from the affected castes, took the view that the British were more even handed between castes, and that continuance of British rule would have helped to eradicate many evil practices. This political opinion was shared by quite a number of social activists including Jyotirao Phule.Narayan Rao Kajrolkar criticized Ambedkar because he believed that he was biased to spend government on his own caste, the Mahar, rather than divide the funds equally among others such as the Chambars and the Mangs.[10] Sitaram Narayan Shivtarkar criticised him on the same account at the Chambar conference held at Khond at the Ratnagiri District on 27 October, 1937.The First Chambar Conference at Ratnagiri on December 1937, chaired by S. G. Songaonkar, echoed this yet again. .....

Ambedkar v Gandhi on village life
13. Ambedkar was a fierce critic of Mahatma Gandhi (and the Indian National Congress). He was criticized by his contemporaries and modern scholars for this opposition to Gandhi, who had been one of the first Indian leaders to call for the abolition of untouchability and discrimination.Gandhi had a more positive, arguably romanticised view of traditional village life in India and a sentimental approach to the untouchables, calling them Harijan (children of God) and saying he was of them. Ambedkar rejected the epithet Harijan as condescending. He tended to encourage his followers to leave their home villages, move to the cities, and get an education. .....
Opposition to untouchability
14. As Ambedkar was educated by the Princely State of Baroda, he was bound to serve it. He was appointed as Military Secretary to the Gaikwad but had to quit within a short time. He described the incident in his autobiography, Waiting for a Visa. Thereafter he tried to find ways to make a living for his growing family. He worked as a private tutor, as an accountant, and established an investment consulting business, but it failed when his clients learned that he was an untouchable.In 1918 he became Professor of Political Economy in the Sydenham College of Commerce and Economics in Mumbai. Even though he was successful with the students, other professors objected to his sharing the same drinking water jug that they all used.Ambedkar had been invited to testify before the Southborough Committee, which was preparing the Government of India Act 1919. At this hearing, Ambedkar argued for creating separate electorates and reservations for untouchables and other religious communities.In 1920, he began the publication of the weekly Mooknayak (Leader of the Silent) in Mumbai with the help of Shahaji II (1874 1922), Maharaja of Kolhapur.

Ambedkar went on to work as a legal professional. In 1926 he successfully defended three non Brahmin leaders who had accused the Brahmin community of ruining India and were then subsequently sued for libel. Dhananjay Keer notes that The victory was resounding, both socially and individually, for the clients and the Doctor. .....

Protests
15. While practicing law in the Bombay High Court, he tried to uplift the untouchables in order to educate them. His first organised attempt to achieve this was the Bahishkrit Hitakarini Sabha, which was intended to promote education and socio economic improvement, as well as the welfare of outcastes, at the time referred to as depressed classes. For the protection of Dalit rights he started many periodicals like Mook Nayak, Bahishkrit Bharat, and Equality Janta.He was appointed to the Bombay Presidency Committee to work with the all European Simon Commission in 1925. This commission had sparked great protests across India, and while its report was ignored by most Indians, Ambedkar himself wrote a separate set of recommendations for the future Constitution of India.

By 1927 Ambedkar decided to launch active movements against untouchability. He began with public movements and marches to open up and share public drinking water resources. He also began a struggle for the right to enter Hindu temples. He led a satyagraha in Mahad to fight for the right of the untouchable community to draw water from the main water tank of the town.In a conference in late 1927, Ambedkar public condemned the classic Hindu text, the Manusmrti (Laws of Manu), for ideologically justifying the system of caste discrimination and .....

Drafting Indias Constitution
16. Upon Indias Transfer of Power by British Government to leaders of High Cast on 15 August 1947, the new Congress led government invited Ambedkar to serve as the nations first Law Minister, which he accepted. On 29 August, he was appointed Chairman of the Constitution Drafting Committee, charged by the Assembly to write Indias new Constitution.Granville Austin has described the Indian Constitution drafted by Ambedkar as first and foremost a social document. The majority of Indias constitutional provisions are either directly arrived at furthering the aim of social revolution or attempt to foster this revolution by establishing conditions necessary for its achievement.

The text prepared by Ambedkar provided constitutional guarantees and protections for a wide range of civil liberties for individual citizens, including freedom of religion, the abolition of untouchability and the outlawing of all forms of discrimination. Ambedkar argued for extensive economic and social rights for women, and also won the Assemblys support for introducing a system of reservations of jobs in the civil services, schools and colleges for members of scheduled castes and scheduled tribes and Other Backward Class, a system akin to affirmative action. Indias lawmakers hoped to eradicate the socio economic inequalities and lack of opportunities for Indias depressed classes through these measures.The Constitution was adopted on 26 November 1949 by the Constituent Assembly.

Ambedkar resigned from the cabinet in 1951 following the stalling in parliament of his draft of the Hindu Code Bill, which sought to expound gender equality in the laws of inheritance and marriage. Ambedkar independently contested an election in 1952 to the lower house of parliament, the Lok Sabha, but was defeated in the Bombay (North Central) constituency by a little known Narayan Sadoba Kajrolkar, who polled 138137 votes compared to Ambedkars 123576 votes. He was appointed to the upper house, of parliament, the Rajya Sabha in March 1952 and would remain as member till death. .....

Opposition to Article 370
17. Ambedkar opposed Article 370 in the Constitution, which gives a special status to the State of Jammu and Kashmir, and it was put against his wishes. Balraj Madhok reportedly said, Ambedkar had clearly told Sk. Abdullah You wish India should protect your borders, she should build roads in your area, she should supply you food grains, and Kashmir should get equal status as India. But Government of India should have only limited powers and Indian people should have no rights in Kashmir. To give consent to this proposal, would be a treacherous thing against the interests of India and I, as the Law Minister of India, will never do it. Then Sk. Abdullah went to Nehru, who directed him to Gopal Swami Ayyangar, who approached Sardar Patel asking him to do something as it was a matter of prestige of Nehru, who has promised Sk. Abdullah accordingly. Patel got it passed when Nehru was on foreign tour. On the day this article came up for discussion, Ambedkar did not reply to questions on it though he did participate on other articles. All arguments were done by Krishna Swami Ayyangar. .....
Economic planning
18. Ambedkar was the first Indian to pursue Economics doctorate degree abroad. According to him the industrialization and agricultural industry growth could enhance the economy of the nation.He stressed on money investment in the agricultural industry as the primary industry of India.Accoding to Sharad Pawar, Ambedkars vision benefited the government in accomplishing the food security goal. He supported economic and social development of the society for nations progress. He also emphasised on education, public hygiene, community health, residential facilities as the basic amenities. His DSc thesis The problems of Ruppee, its origin and solution (1923) reveals the factors responsible for Rupee fall. He proved the importance of price stability than exchange stability. He analysed the silver and gold rate exchange and its effect on Indian economy. He found out the reasons for the failure of British Indian economys public treasury.He found the loss made by British rule on Indian development.

He is creditworthy to establish Finance Commission of India. He did not support the income tax policy for the lower income group community. He contributed in Land Revenue Tax and excise duty policies to stabilize Indian economy. He played an important role in the land reform and the state economic development. According to him, the caste system divided labours and it was one of the hurdles for the economic progress. He emphasised on free economy with stable rupee which India has adopted recently. He advocated the birth control rate to develop the Indian economy. This policy has been adopted by Indian government as national policy for family planning. He emphasised on equal rights to women for economic development. He laid the foundation of industrial relations after Indian independence. .....

Second marriage
19. Ambedkars first wife had died in 1935 following long illness. After the completion of the drafting of Indias constitution in late 1940s, Ambedkar went to Bombay for treatment. He was suffering from lack of sleep, had neurotic pain in his legs and was taking both insulin and homeopathic medicines. There he met Dr. Sharada Kabir, a Saraswat Brahmin, whom he married on 15 April 1948, at his home in New Delhi. Doctors recommended that he needed a companion who was both a good cook and a possessor of medical knowledge and could thus take care of him.She adopted the name Savita Ambedkar and took care of him for the rest of his life. .....
Legacy
20. Ambedkars legacy as a socio political reformer, had a deep effect on modern India. In post Independence India his socio political thought has acquired respect across the political spectrum. His initiatives have influenced various spheres of life and transformed the way India today looks at socio economic policies, education and affirmative action through socio economic and legal incentives. His reputation as a scholar led to his appointment as free Indias first law minister, and chairman of the committee responsible to draft a constitution. He passionately believed in the freedom of the individual and criticized equally both caste society. His allegation of Hinduism foundation of caste system, made him controversial and unpopular among the Hindu community.His conversion to Buddhism sparked a revival in interest in Buddhist philosophy in India and abroad. .....
Death
21. Since 1954 55 Ambedkar was suffering from serious health problems including diabetes and weak eyesight. On 6 December, 1956 he died at his home in Delhi. Since, Ambedkar adopted the Buddhism as his religion, a Buddhist style cremation was organized for him. The ceremony was attended by hundreds of thousands of supporters, activists and admirers.Since 1948, Ambedkar had been suffering from diabetes. He was bed ridden from June to October in 1954 owing to clinical depression and failing eyesight.He had been increasingly embittered by political issues, which took a toll on his health. His health worsened as he furiously worked through 1955. Just three days after completing his final manuscript The Buddha and His Dhamma, it is said that Ambedkar died in his sleep on December 6, 1956 at his home in Delhi.

A Buddhist style cremation was organised for him at Chowpatty beach on December 7, attended by hundreds of thousands of supporters, activists and admirers.Ambedkar was survived by his second wife Savita Ambedkar, born as a caste Brahmin and converted to Buddhism with him. His wifes name before marriage was Sharda Kabir. Savita Ambedkar died as a Buddhist in 2002. Ambedkars grandson, Prakash Yaswant Ambedkar leads the Bharipa Bahujan Mahasangha and has served in both houses of the Indian Parliament.

A number of unfinished typescripts and handwritten drafts were found among Ambedkars notes and papers and gradually made available. Among these were Waiting for a Visa, which probably dates from 1935 36 and is an autobiographical work, and the Untouchables, or the Children of Indias Ghetto, which refers to the census of 1951.A memorial for Ambedkar was established in his Delhi house at 26 Alipur Road. His birthdate is celebrated as a public holiday known as Ambedkar Jayanti. He was posthumously awarded Indias highest civilian honour, the Bharat Ratna in 1990. Many public institutions are named in his honour, such as the Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Open University in Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, B. R. Ambedkar Bihar University, Muzaffarpur, the other being Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar International Airport in Nagpur, which was otherwise known as Sonegaon Airport. A large official portrait of Ambedkar is on display in the Indian Parliament building. .....

Ideal for Cooking
Simple Crab Salad. Seafood is a great alternative to regular meat and it feels great in a light salad. Looks good too! .....
Benefits of Sapodilla fruits
High amount of dietary fiber. Sapota fruit provides a high amount of dietary fiber (5.6/100g). Thus, it is regarded as an excellent bulk laxative. The fiber content provides relief from constipation. It supports the colons membrane and makes it resistant to infections. the sapota .....
Enjoy Christmas Day
Get festive. Create the atmosphere and mood by giving out Christmas cards to your friends, getting a tree (find a good place for it where it s not in the way too much) and have fun decorating it. .....
Strangely Unique Schools
Train Platform Schools. India is home to nearly half a billion children, many of whom live in extreme poverty and unfortunately, many of them dont have access to an education. A schoolteacher, Inderjit Khurana, who took the train on a daily basis to work, knew these childre .....
Save Electricity
Unplug battery chargers. when the batteries are fully charged or the chargers are not in use. Many chargers draw power continuously, even when the device is not plugged into the charger. .....
Healthy Mouth
Minimize Sugar Consumption. Whats worse for a kiss (and your health) than a mouthful of decaying teeth Every time you eat, youre providing fuel to the bacteria that attack your tooth enamel. Try to minimize the foods that are primary contributors added, refined and natural su .....
Benefits of Star Anise
Star Anise. Star anise is the star shaped fruit of an evergreen plant known scientifically as Illicium verum. Originating in southern China star anise has a licorice or anise like flavor although it is not related to the true anise plants native to the Medite .....
Most Dangerous Dog Breeds
Rhodesian Ridgeback. Originally from Southern Africa; this dog is known for its ability to keep lions away from prey while the dog s master makes the kill. This semi domesticated ridged hunting dog is loyal and intelligent, but is very aloof to strangers. They also requi .....
Mango Varieties
Van Dyke. Van Dyke is an eye catching Florida cultivar which enjoys wide acceptance throughout Europe. The fiberless fruit has a rich sweet flavor that is both spicy and sweet. Its excellent disease resistance is complemented by exceptional color. The original .....
Ideas to Boost Business
Use Scan Ads. Every state has a State Newspaper Association and offer what are called Scan Ads . A scan ad is a small classified ad that is placed once with a member paper and appears in hundreds of newspapers in that state. For example, in Montana scan ads run a .....
Rules to play Paddleball
Equipment. The official paddleball ball is an unpressurized black ball with a small hole, slightly larger and heavier than a racquetball. Early in the sports history, many of the better players honed their paddles and guarded their designs. Other playersmost no .....
Precautions while using Refrigerators
Refrigeration technology. Before the invention of the refrigerator,icehouseswere used to provide cool storage for most of the year. Placed near freshwater lakes or packed with snow and ice during the winter, they were once very common. Natural means are still used to cool foo .....
Musical Instruments
Harp. Harps are played by strumming or plucking the strings.Concert grand harps have 47 strings and a range of 6 octaves. There are various types of harps:Pedal Harp - or the classical harp, has 7 pedals at the base.Lever Harp - or the folk harp, are non-p .....
Best Eco Friendly Hotels and Resorts in the World
Lodge at Sun Ranch Montana. Latest on the global green hotel map the Lodge at Sun Ranch in Montana is the ultimate American Dream with two magical handandhewn homesteader cabins sitting right on the foothills of the Rocky mountains The organic interiors green setting the imperi .....
Make Up Tips
Use Yellow Tinted Powder. Yellow tinted powder is better than shimmery or translucent powders for pictures. The other powders will reflect the light, leaving you with a shine. They may also leave you looking washed out in pictures. Im sure neither of these looks are what you .....
Home Design Ideas
Top with marble. Buy a piece of marble from a stone yard and have them hone it and make it into a new top for a table you already own. Instant patisserie! .....
Rules to play Goal Ball
Short Ball. Any time a thrown ball stays on the court but the forward motion stops before the defending teams team area. The player that threw the ball will be penalized.The throw counts but cannot score. .....
Tips to succeed in Love
Walk the walk. Youre worthy of being loved and cherished. And if youre worthy of being loved and cherished by a man, youre also worthy of being loved and cherished by yourself. This isnt about having the perfect features or curves of a supermodel. But it is about r .....
Rules to play Trampolining
Using the trampoline. Never allow more than one person on the trampoline at the same time. Children under 6 must only use trampolines designed for their age range and size, trampolines are not suitable for very young children and toddlers. Always supervise children. No so .....
Forever Young Naturally Exercise
Hand and Foot Mobility Spread your toes. Remove your shoes and socks. Look at your toes. Lift them and try to stretch each digit away from its neighbors. Aim for a gap between each toe. It can help to spread the fingers wide as you practice. .....
The Rabbit and Tortoise
The Rabbit and Tortoise Step 1. There was a beautiful forest. .....
Gym guide Ideas
Work your core 85 percent harder. Barbells turn men into mountains because you can load the crap out of them. Adding a single, 45 pound plate to each end takes a barbells weight up to 135. Throw on a few plates, and you suddenly. .....
Most Expensive Motorcycles
1917 Henderson 4. The Henderson Four was the first production motorcycle capable of 100 mph (161 km/h) and many celebrity owners ensued, amongst them Henry Ford (who bought a 1917 model just like this one) and aviator Charles Lindberg. The most important celebrity own .....
Benefits of Cucumber
Cucumbers Make a Great Base for Vegetable Juice. There are many ways to enjoy cucumbers, such asfermentedor raw in vinegar-based salads. If youre looking for something different, cucumbers make an ideal base for yourvegetable juicedue to their mild flavor and high water content. In fact, a simple j .....
Benefits of Hair Straightening
Hair straightening. Hair straightening is very common in fashion these days. All young girls and boys are going after it without even knowing the damages that are caused by the heat and chemicals. If some precaution is taken, you can reduce the damages. Read more to kno .....
Celebration of Rakshabandhan
Historical occurrences and mentions 1. Santoshi MaThe tale of the deity Santoshi Mata, and the narrative of her creation on Raksha Bandhan day, was popularized in the 1975 Bollywood blockbuster Jai Santoshi Maa. Ganesh had two sons, Shubh and Labh. On Raksha Bandhan, Ganesh sister visited .....
Christmas Gifts Ideas She Is Going To Love
Elchim 2001 Professional Hair Dryer. No beauty kit is complete without a hair dryer. Take this Holiday opportunity to rock her world with this Elchim Professional Hair Dryer. .....
What to Eat in Meghalaya
Mango pickle. Mango pickle refers to a variety of pickles prepared using mango. This is a very popular pickle in South Asia and India. These sometimes spicy pickles are also available commercially. .....
Smartphone Photography Tips and Tricks
Dont Add Fake Blur. Depth of field will always be one of the biggest challenges for a smartphone camera. Wide angle lenses and tiny sensors make any substantial background blur difficult to achieve. But faking it almost always makes things worse. First, blur added with .....
Azim Premji
Foundation. Azim Premji Foundation is a not for profit organisation that has been working for more than a decade now towards making deep, large scale and institutionalised impact on the quality and equity of education in India, along with related development are .....
Fitness Stretching
Elbow Extensor Triceps Brachii Stretch. Arm, Wrist, and Hand Stretches: Method:Sit or stand upright with the left arm flexed at the elbow. Raise the left arm until the elbow is next to the left ear and the left hand is near the right shoulder blade. Grasp the left elbow with the right hand .....
Beautiful Steps on Earth
The Libreria Acqua Alta Stairs. Somewhere in Venice, a library took their love of books to the next level by compiling old books and turning them into a unique staircase. Located .....
Habits That Will Make You Successful Early In Life
Habits 13. Track your growth on a daily basis. Are you getting better with time or are you rusting your natural flair? Is what youre doing right now helping you get to the place you want to be in life? Be conscious of everything you do. Itll make sure you dont .....
Fast and Furious Cars in the world
Custom built ramp car. What car can zooms around at impressive speeds and flips other cars to their demise? Why, this bare bone steel cage menace on four wheels of course. This go cart looking ramp car uses the same 6.2 liter LS3 V8 from the GM Performance catalog that McC .....
How to Care for Your Nails
Slather on a mask. Smooth on CND Almond Illuminating Masque ($22.75,cnd.com for salons), then place hands in plastic bags and top with a warm towel for five minutes. Heat helps the mask penetrate, Kyees says. .....
Valentines Day Party Idea
Folded Heart. This folded heart card was based on a card from the librarys vintage collection. .....
Handy Health Advices
Chin Up Bar. Easily and temporarily turn a doorway into a multi-position chin-up bar for a low cost. Just fit the bar in an doorway which has enough space and do chin-ups when you can. .....
What to Eat in Tripura
Roti. Roti is generally an Indian bread, made from stoneground wholemeal flour, traditionally known as atta flour, that originated and is consumed in India, Pakistan, Nepal, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh. It is also consumed in parts of South Africa, the southe .....
Benefits of Lactuca
Lactuca. Lactuca sativa is a small size annual plant that flourishes well under sandy, humus soil. There are about six varieties of cultivars exist based upon their head formation and leaf structure. Leaf varieties with more bitter taste are rather rich in nu .....
Myth about Acne
You can clean up a pimple by scrubbing at it. People will spend hours trying to get goop out of skin to heal the acne But picking your skin is the number one way of getting a scar. If you have a huge pimple and a big date tonight, you can get a single injection from your dermatologist that will .....
Benefits of Kumquat fruit
Prevent early Ageing. Kumquat is a rich sourceof antioxidant Vitamin A and Vitamin C. It fulfills73% of Daily recommendedVitamin C. Such a rich source of antioxidantsprotectskin damage from free radicals. Recent studies have found that eating food rich in antioxidants slo .....
Valentines Day for Kids
Finger Puppet. Owl, bear, fox, oh my! The six soft and cuddly creatures in this set were made for fitting and wiggling on fingers and toes. .....
Benefits of Kale
Kale is Loaded With Powerful Antioxidants Like Quercetin and Kaempferol. Kale, like other leafy greens, is very high in antioxidants. This includes beta carotene, vitamin C, as well as various flavonoids and polyphenols. Antioxidants are substances that help counteract oxidative damage by free radicals in the body.Oxidati .....
Beautiful National Parks Around the World
Naejangsan National Park South Korea. Naejangsan National Park is a famous tourist destination, particularly in autumn due to its beautiful autumn foliage. The park is home to a total of 919 plant species and 1,880 animal species. .....
Selfie Ideas
Have an interesting expression. You cant go wrong with smiling! Maybe smiling for the camera or camera phone, as the case might be makes you feel a little silly, but taking a random photo of yourself with your phone is a silly enough action in itself. If youre on the serious side, .....
Best Time Travel Films
Star Trek First Contact 1996. Where Do They Start? The 24th Century, where Picard (Patrick Stewart) and the Enterprise crew fight off a Borg attack.Where Do They End Up? 2063, when pioneer Zefram Cochrane (James Cromwell) made the historic first contact with aliens.Biggest Cultur .....
Benefits of Beetroot
Lowers cholesterol. Beetroot contains soluble fibre, which has also been shown to have cholesterol lowering capabilities. It also contains carotenoids and flavonoids, which help prevent LDL or .....
Benefits of Black raisins
Protects Eyes. The polyphenolic phytonutrients in raisins also possess antioxidant properties that protect the eyes from harmful free radicals that may cause the development of cataracts, macular degeneration, blindness and other visual disorders. .....
Tips to Improve Your Life
Use the Power of 10 Minutes. 10 Minutes can be even more productive amount of time than 50 minutes, if used properly. .....
Karva Chauth Fast
Henna Designs For Body Decoration. Henna artisans brings along its creative henna art that include all the latest trends that come in, to give a continues variety. From tiny roses on shoulders to full body motifs, tattoos have made their way into the mainstream life as a modern genre .....
American Cities Where You Dont Need A Car
Hoboken New Jersey. This little city is right across from downtown NYC and as you may suspect its neighborhoods are extremely well connected to public transport. .....
Global Dial Code
Guyana. Exit Country Code + 592 + Area Code + The Number The Guyana country code is 592. The nationality of Guyana is Guyanese.The capital of Guyana is GeorgetownLargest Cities in Guyana by population: Georgetown, Linden, New Amsterdam, Anna Regina, Bartica .....
Amazing Treehouses From Around The World
4Treehouse. When Lukasz Kos designed 4Treehouse, he wanted it to be an exercise in minimizing the impact on the trees, the building site and nature itself. With this in mind, the two-ton lattice-frame structure was suspended 20 feet above the forest floor with s .....
Tips to Improve Your Life
Break Habits of Highly Ineffective Emailing. A list of what not to do when emailing, avoiding these habits will take you a long way toward better, more productive email. .....
Latest New Cars
Mercedes C Class saloon. Arguably the biggest launch of the year was the new Mercedes C Class. Mercedes set itself the target of beating both the Audi A4 and the BMW 3 Series with the new car and to do that the C Class has a classy interior, a very comfortable suspension set .....
Ice Cream Flavors
Potatoes and Bacon Ice Cream. Looking for an easy creamy scalloped potato recipe, well this is it. Accented with bacon and sundried tomatoes, you cant go wrong. bacon, to caviar, some of the strangest flavors in the worlds most popular Japan is still the king of weird ice cream f .....
Best Time Travel Films
Austin Powers The Spy Who Shagged Me 1999. Where Do They Start? 1999, where Dr Evil (Mike Myers) hatches a fiendish plan to steal the mojo of Austin Powers (Myers).Where Do They End Up? 1969, where Austin chases Dr Evil in a time machine disguised as a psychedelic VW Beetle.Biggest Culture Cl .....
Benefits of Gooseberry
Cures Sore Throat and Cold. Amla helps to cure sore throat and cold. For this, mix 2 teaspoons of amla powder with 2 teaspoons of honey. Have it 3 4 times in a day for effective results. A great source of vitamin C, consume raw amla daily instead of vitamin C supplements as it .....
Benefits of Watermelons
Get the youthful look. Take one cup of watermelon pulp and apply it on your face and neck. This revitalizing watermelon face pack will give your face a cool, clean and young look. Dirt and pollution close the pores of your skin and make it look dull. To regain your fresh l .....
World Flags
Wake Island. the flag of the US is used .....
Dating Tips For Men
Keep Your Promises. If you say youre going to call later in the week, you better call later in the week. If you say youd love to meet up again, dont disappear like a ghost. .....
Isaac Newton
The calculus priority dispute. Newton had the essence of the methods of fluxions by 1666. The first to become known, privately, to other mathematicians, in 1668, was his method of integration by infinite series. In Paris in 1675 Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz independently evolved the .....
Best Sports Team Nicknames
The Big Blue Wrecking Crew. The Big Blue Wrecking Crew is a nickname used to refer to the defense for the New York Giants during the 1980s that won two Super Bowl Championships, the first in Super Bowl XXI in 1986and the other in Super Bowl XXV in 1990. A 3 4 defense, it was am .....
Amazing Science Images You Must See
Auroras Over America. Undulating high over Quebec and Ontario, the northern lights outshine city lights on Oct. 8, 2012. The strong aurora borealis resulted from a sun stormthree days earlier that sent solar particles on a collision course with Earths atmosphere. The inte .....
Benefits of Radish
Liver and Gallbladder. Radishes are especially beneficial for liver and gallbladder functions. They regulate production and flow of bile and bilirubin, acids, and enzymes. Furthermore, it also removes excess bilirubin from the blood, and it contains enzymes like myrosinase .....
Benefits of Pumpkins
Zinc for Immune Support. Pumpkin seeds are a rich source ofandzincand(one ounce contains more than 2 mg of this beneficial mineral). Zinc is important to your body in many ways, including immunity, cell growth and division, sleep, mood, your senses of taste and smell, eye an .....
Best Street Artists In The World
Oakoak Saint Etienne France. This French artist has specialized in small urban interventions that mix common landscape accidents with pop culture symbols. His work may not be the most visually impressive out there, but its really clever and hilarious. .....
Romantic Valentines Date Ideas
12 Days of Valentines. Why not celebrate your love more than just one night?. Your sweetheart will ADORE this romantic 12 Days of Valentines idea. Shower your spouse with love by giving him one special card including coupons, date activities, etc. each day. .....
Benefits of Beetroot
Cleanses toxins. It purifies the blood from within and cleanses toxins and excess water from the body, imparting a healthy glow to the face. Applying beet juice on the skin will keep the skin hydrated and supple. Regular consumption will give you a fair and glowing c .....
Largest Shopping Malls Of The World
West Edmonton Mall. Located in Edmonton, Canada this is the largest shopping mall in North America. It employs over 23,000 people that work at its over 800 shops, a waterpark, and several other indoor attractions. .....
What to Eat in Himachal Pradesh
Red meat. In gastronomy, red meat is darker-colored meat, as contrasted with white meat. The exact definition varies by time, place, and culture, but the meat from adult mammals such as sheep, and horses is invariably considered red, while chicken and rabbit m .....
Benefits of Jackfruits
Cooking. Jackfruit flesh can be boiled and salted and served like a vegetable. It can be eaten before the fruit is fully ripe or when it is ripened. When not quite ripe, the jackfruit flesh will produce a gummy substance. Jackfruit has been used in both savor .....
Management Mantras
Avoid multi tasking. We are all humans and can't really do too many things at the same time.We have to realize this. If you attempt to do so, you will find that you make mistakes and waste your time in taking corrective actions. .....
Ebola Virus
prognosis. According to the WHO reports, on an average, 80% of the people infected with this virus do die. Their death is usually due to a drop in their blood pressure and failure of organs. .....
Simple Science
Journeys Made by Molecules. Invisible Objects: If a gas jet is turned on and not lighted, an odor of gas soon becomes perceptible, not only throughout the room, but in adjacent halls and even in distant rooms. An uncorked bottle of cologne scents an entire room, the odor of a r .....
Things Successful Teachers Do Differently
Think about teacher student relationships. This may also seem obvious, but the interactions teachers have with students has a big impact on learning as well as the classroom climate. The report said that it was important to create a classroom environment that was constantly demanding more wh .....
Benefits of Elderberry
Healthy Skin. Elderberries are perfect for diets for healthy skin, especially if you're looking for a natural acne remedy. The antioxidants are effective in preventing human cell damage, giving skin a glowing and healthy look. It clears your complexion and dark sp .....
Tips to Improve Your Life
Take Steps to Boost Your Happiness in the Next Hour. You can make yourself happier and this doesnt have to be a long term ambition. You can start right now. .....
Facts About Bees You Probably Didnt Know
Bumble Bees perform small warmup exercises before taking flight. Who knows maybe they have their own weight loss program as well? .....
Chourishi Systems