Bill gates

Biography
1. William Henry Gates III (Bill) was born on October 28, 1955, in Seattle, Washington. Bill was the second of three children in an upper middle class family. He enjoyed playing games with the family and was very competitive. He also loved to read. Bill became bored in public school so his family sent him to Lakeside School, a private school, where he excelled in math and science and did well in drama and English.

Gates became interested in computer programming when he was 13, during the era of giant mainframe computers. His school held a fund raiser to purchase a teletype terminal so students could use computer time that was donated by General Electric. Using this time, Gates wrote a tic tac toe program using BASIC, one of the first computer languages. Later he created a computer version of Risk, a board game he liked in which the goal is world domination. At Lakeside, Bill met Paul Allen, who shared his interest in computers. Gates and Allen and two other students hacked into a computer belonging to Computer Center Corporation (CCC) to get free computer time but were caught. After a period of probation, they were allowed back in the computer lab when they offered to fix glitches in CCCs software. At age 17, Gates and Allen were paid $20,000 for a program called Traf O Data that was used to count traffic.

In early 1973, Bill Gates served as a congressional page in the U.S. House of Representatives. He scored 1590 out of 1600 on the SAT and was accepted by Harvard University. Steve Ballmer, who became CEO of Microsoft after Bill retired, was also a Harvard student. Meanwhile, Paul Allen dropped out of Washington College to work on computers at Honeywell Corporation and convinced Gates to drop out of Harvard and join him in starting a new software company in Albuquerque, New Mexico. They called it Micro Soft. This was soon changed to Microsoft, and they moved their company to Bellevue, Washington.

In 1980, IBM, one of the largest technology companies of the era, asked Microsoft to write software to run their new personal computer, the IBM PC. Microsoft kept the licensing rights for the operating system (MS DOS) so that they earned money for every computer sold first by IBM, and later by all the other companies that made PC computers. Microsoft grew quickly from 25 employees in 1978 to over 90,000 today. Over the years, Microsoft developed many new technologies and some of the worlds most popular software and products such as Word and Power Point. Although some have criticized Gates for using questionable business practices, he built Microsoft into one of the largest companies in the world. He has been described as brilliant but childlike, driven, competitive, intense, fun, but lacking in empathy.

Bill Gates is one of the richest men in the world. In 2012, his $61 billion dollars in assets made him the worlds second richest man according to Forbes Magazine. In 2006, Gates announced that he would cut back his involvement at Microsoft to spend more time on philanthropy and his foundation. The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation supports many causes including the quest to eradicate Polio, fighting AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis; providing vaccinations for children; and even reinventing the toilet among many other things. .....

Synopsis
2. Born on October 28, 1955, in Seattle, Washington, famed entrepreneur Bill Gates began to show an interest in computer programming at age 13. Through technological innovation, keen business strategy and aggressive business tactics, he and partner Paul Allen built the worlds largest software business, Microsoft. In the process, Gates became one of the richest men in the world. In February 2014, Gates announced that he was stepping down as Microsofts chairman. .....
Early Life
3. Bill Gates was born William Henry Gates III on October 28, 1955, in Seattle, Washington. Gates began to show an interest in computer programming at the age of 13 at the Lakeside School. He pursued his passion through college. Striking out on his own with his friend and business partner Paul Allen, Gates found himself at the right place at the right time. Through technological innovation, keen business strategy and aggressive business tactics, he built the worlds largest software business, Microsoft. In the process, Gates became one of the richest men in the world.Bill Gates grew up in an upper middle class family with two sisters Kristianne, who is older, and Libby, who is younger. Their father, William H. Gates Sr., was a promising, if somewhat shy, law student when he met his future wife, Mary Maxwell. She was an athletic, outgoing student at the University of Washington, actively involved in student affairs and leadership. The Gates family atmosphere was warm and close, and all three children were encouraged to be competitive and strive for excellence. Bill showed early signs of competitiveness when he coordinated family athletic games at their summer house on Puget Sound. He also relished in playing board games (Risk was his favorite) and excelled at Monopoly.

Bill had a very close relationship with his mother, Mary, who after a brief career as a teacher devoted her time to helping raise the children and working on civic affairs and with charities. She also served on several corporate boards, including those of the First Interstate Bank in Seattle (founded by her grandfather), the United Way and International Business Machines (IBM). She would often take Bill along when she volunteered in schools and at community organizations.Bill was a voracious reader as a child, spending many hours pouring over reference books such as the encyclopedia. Around the age of 11 or 12, Bills parents began to have concerns about his behavior. He was doing well in school, but he seemed bored and withdrawn at times. His parents worried he might become a loner. Though they were strong believers in public education, when Bill turned 13, they enrolled him at Seattles Lakeside School, an exclusive preparatory school. He blossomed in nearly all his subjects, excelling in math and science, but also doing very well in drama and English.While at Lakeside School, a Seattle computer company offered to provide computer time for the students. The Mothers Club used proceeds from the schools rummage sale to purchase a teletype terminal for students to use. Bill Gates became entranced with what a computer could do and spent much of his free time working on the terminal. He wrote a tic tac toe program in BASIC computer language that allowed users to play against the computer.

It was at Lakeside School where Bill met Paul Allen, who was two years his senior. The two became fast friends, bonding on their common enthusiasm over computers, even though they were very different. Allen was more reserved and shy. Bill was feisty and at times combative. They both spent much of their free time together working on programs. Occasionally, they disagreed and would clash over who was right or who should run the computer lab. On one occasion, their argument escalated to the point where Allen banned Gates from the computer lab. On another occasion, Gates and Allen had their school computer privileges revoked for taking advantage of software glitches to obtain free computer time from the company that provided the computers. After their probation, they were allowed back in the computer lab when they offered to debug the program. During this time, Gates developed a payroll program for the computer company the boys hacked into, and a scheduling program for the school.In 1970, at the age of 15, Bill Gates went into business with his pal, Paul Allen. They developed Traf o Data, a computer program that monitored traffic patterns in Seattle, and netted $20,000 for their efforts. Gates and Allen wanted to start their own company, but Gatess parents wanted him to finish school and go on to college where they hoped he would work to become a lawyer.Bill Gates graduated from Lakeside in 1973. He scored 1590 out of 1600 on the college SAT test, a feat of intellectual achievement that for several years he boasted about when introducing himself to new people. .....

Early Career
4. Gates enrolled at Harvard University in the fall, originally thinking of a career in law. But his freshman year saw him spend more of his time in the computer lab than in class. Gates did not really have a study regimen. Instead, he could get by on a few hours of sleep, cram for a test, and pass with a reasonable grade.Gates remained in contact with Paul Allen, who, after attending Washington State University for two years, dropped out and moved to Boston, Massachusetts, to work for Honeywell. In the summer of 1974, Gates joined Allen at Honeywell. During this time, Allen showed Gates an edition of Popular Electronics magazine featuring an article on the Altair 8800 mini computer kit. Both boys were fascinated with the possibilities that this computer could create in the world of personal computing. The Altair was made by a small company in Albuquerque, New Mexico, called Micro Instrumentation and Telemetry Systems (MITS). Gates and Allen contacted the company, proclaiming that they were working on a BASIC software program that would run the Altair computer. In reality, they didnt have an Altair to work with or the code to run it. But they wanted to know if MITS was interested in someone developing such software. MITS was, and its president Ed Roberts asked the boys for a demonstration. Gates and Allen scrambled, spending the next two months writing the software at Harvards computer lab. Allen traveled to Albuquerque for a test run at MITS, never having tried it out on an Altair computer. It worked perfectly. Allen was hired at MITS and Gates soon left Harvard to work with him, much to his parents dismay. In 1975, Gates and Allen formed a partnership they called Micro Soft, a blend of micro computer and software.

Microsoft (Gates and Allen dropped the hyphen in less than a year) started off on shaky footing. Though their BASIC software program for the Altair computer netted the company a fee and royalties, it wasnt meeting their overhead. Microsofts BASIC software was popular with computer hobbyists who obtained pre market copies and were reproducing and distributing them for free. According to Gatess later account, only about 10 percent of the people using BASIC in the Altair computer had actually paid for it. At this time, much of the personal computer enthusiasts were people not in it for the money. They felt the ease of reproduction and distribution allowed them to share software with friends and fellow computer enthusiasts. Bill Gates thought differently. He saw the free distribution of software as stealing, especially when it involved software that was created to be sold.In February of 1976, Gates wrote an open letter to computer hobbyists saying that continued distribution and use of software without paying for it would prevent good software from being written. In essence, pirating software would discourage developers from investing time and money into creating quality software. The letter was unpopular with computer enthusiasts, but Gates stuck to his beliefs and would use the threat of innovation as a defense when faced with charges of unfair business practices.

Gates had a more acrimonious relationship with MITS president Ed Roberts, often resulting in shouting matches. The combative Gates clashed with Roberts on software development and the direction of the business. Roberts considered Gates spoiled and obnoxious. In 1977, Roberts sold MITS to another computer company, and went back to Georgia to enter medical school and become a country doctor. Gates and Allen were on their own. The pair had to sue the new owner of MITS to retain the software rights they had developed for Altair.Microsoft wrote software in different formats for other computer companies and, at the end of 1978, Gates moved the companys operations to Bellevue Washington, just east of Seattle. Bill Gates was glad to be home again in the Pacific Northwest, and threw himself into his work. All 25 employees of the young company had broad responsibilities for all aspects of the operation, product development, business development, and marketing. With his acumen for software development and a keen business sense, Gates placed himself as the head of Microsoft, which grossed $2.5 million in 1978. Gates was only 23. .....

The Rise of Microsoft
5. Gatess acumen for not only software development but also business operations put him in the position of leading the company and working as its spokesperson. He personally reviewed every line of code the company shipped, often rewriting code when he saw it necessary. As the computer industry began to grow with companies like Apple, Intel, and IBM developing hardware and components, Bill was continuously out on the road touting the merits of Microsoft software applications. He often took his mother with him. Mary was highly respected and well connected with her membership on several corporate boards including IBM. It was through Mary that Bill Gates met the CEO of IBM.In November 1980, IBM was looking for software that would operate their upcoming personal computer (PC) and approached Microsoft. Legend has it that at the first meeting with Bill Gates someone at IBM mistook him for an office assistant and asked him to serve coffee. Gates did look very young, but he quickly impressed IBM, convincing them that he and his company could meet their needs. The only problem was that Microsoft had not developed the basic operating system that would run IBMs new computers. Not to be stopped, Gates bought an operating system that was developed to run on computers similar to IBMs PC. He made a deal with the softwares developer, making Microsoft the exclusive licensing agent and later full owner of the software but not telling them of the IBM deal. The company later sued Microsoft and Gates for withholding important information. Microsoft settled out of court for an undisclosed amount, but neither Gates nor Microsoft admitted to any wrong doing.

Gates had to adapt the newly purchased software to work for the IBM PC. He delivered it for a $50,000 fee, the same price he had paid for the software in its original form. IBM wanted to buy the source code, which would have given them the information to the operating system. Gates refused, instead proposing that IBM pay a licensing fee for copies of the software sold with their computers. Doing this allowed Microsoft to license the software they called MS DOS to any other PC manufacturer, should other computer companies clone the IBM PC, which they soon did. Microsoft also released software called Softcard, which allowed Microsoft BASIC to operate on Apple II machines.Between 1978 and 1981, Microsofts growth exploded, and staff increased from 25 to 128. Revenue also shot up from $4 million to $16 million. In mid 1981 Gates and Allen incorporated Microsoft, and Gates was appointed president and chairman of the board. Allen was named executive vice president.

By 1983, Microsoft was going global with offices in Great Britain and Japan, and with 30 percent of the worlds computers running on its software. But 1983 also brought news that rocked Microsoft to its very foundation. Paul Allen was diagnosed with Hodgkins disease. Though his cancer went into remission a year later with intensive treatment, Allen resigned from company that same year. Rumors abound as to why Allen left Microsoft. Some say Bill Gates pushed him out, but many say it was a life changing experience for Allen and he saw there were other opportunities that he could invest his time in. .....

The Invention of Microsoft Windows
6. Though their rivalry is legend, Microsoft and Apple shared many of their early innovations. In 1981 Apple invited Microsoft to help develop software for Macintosh computers. Some developers were involved in both Microsoft develeopment, and the development of Microsoft applications for Macintosh. The collaboration could be seen in some shared names between the Microsoft and Macintosh systems.It was through this knowledge sharing that Microsoft was to develop Windows. A system was that used a mouse to drive a graphic interface, displaying text and images on the screen. This differed greatly from the text and keyboard driven MS DOS system where all text formatting showed on the screen as code and not what actually would be printed. Bill Gates quickly recognized the threat this kind of software might pose for MS DOS and Microsoft overall. For the unsophisticated user which was most of the buying public the graphic imagery of the VisiCorp software would be so much easier to use. Gates announced in an advertising campaign that a new Microsoft operating system was about to be developed that would use a graphic interface. It was to be called Windows, and would be compatible with all PC software products developed on the MS DOS system. The announcement was a bluff, in that Microsoft had no such program under development. But as a marketing tactic it was sheer genius as nearly 30 percent of the computer market was using the MS DOS system and would wait for Windows software rather than change to a new system. Without people willing to change formats, software developers were unwilling to write programs for the VisiCorp system and it lost momentum by early 1985.

In November 1985, Bill Gates and Microsoft launched Windows; nearly two years after his announcement. Visually the Windows system looked very similar to the Macintosh system Apple Computer Corporation had introduced nearly two years earlier. Apple had earlier given Microsoft full access to their technology while it was working on making Microsoft products compatible for Apple computers. Gates had advised Apple to license their software but they ignored the advice, being more interested in selling computers. Once again, Gates took full advantage of the situation and created a software format that was strikingly similar to the Macintosh. Apple threatened to sue and Microsoft retaliated, saying it would delay shipment of its Microsoft compatible software for Macintosh users. In the end, Microsoft prevailed in the courts because it could prove that while there were similarities in how the two software systems operated, each individual function was distinctly different.In 1986, Bill Gates took Microsoft public with an initial public offering (IPO) of $21 per share. Gates held 45 percent of the companys 24.7 million shares and became an instant millionaire at age 31. Gatess stake at that time was $234 million of Microsofts $520 million. Over time, the companys stock increased in value and split numerous times. In 1987, Bill Gates became a billionaire when the stock raised to $90.75 a share. Since then, Gates has been at the top, or at least near the top, of Forbes annual list of the top 400 wealthiest people in America. In 1999, with stock prices at an all time high and the stock splitting eight fold since its IPO, Gatess wealth briefly topped $101 billion.

et, Bill Gates never felt totally secure about the status of his company. Always having to look over his shoulder to see where the competition was, he developed a white hot drive and competitive spirit. Gates expected everyone in the company to have the same drive and dedication. One story goes that one of Gatess assistants had come to work early to find someone sleeping under a desk. She considered calling security or the police when she discovered it was Gates.Bill Gatess intelligence allowed him to be able to see all sides of the software industry product development and corporate strategy. When analyzing any corporate move, he would develop a profile of all the possible cases and run through them, asking questions about anything that could possibly happen. His confrontational management style became legend as he would challenge employees and their ideas to keep the creative process going. An unprepared presenter would hear, Thats the stupidest thing Ive ever heard! from Gates. But this was as much a test of the rigor of the employee as it was Gatess passion for his company. He was constantly testing the people around him to see if they were really convinced of their ideas.

Outside the company, Bill Gates was gaining a reputation as a ruthless competitor. Several tech companies led by IBM began to develop their own operating system called OS/2 to replace MS DOS. Rather than give into the pressure, Gates pushed ahead with the Windows software, improving its operation and expanding its uses. In 1989, Microsoft introduced Microsoft Office which bundled office productivity applications such as Microsoft Word and Excel into one system that was compatible with all Microsoft products. The applications were not as easily compatible with OS/2. Microsofts new version of Windows sold 100,000 copies in just two weeks and OS/2 soon faded away. This left Microsoft with a virtual monopoly on operating systems for PCs. Soon the Federal Trade Commission began to investigate Microsoft for unfair marketing practices.Microsoft faced a string of Federal Trade Commission and Justice Department investigations throughout the 1990s. Some related allegations that Microsoft made unfair deals with computer manufactures who installed the Windows operating system on their computers. Other charges involved Microsoft forcing computer manufactures to sell Microsofts Internet Explorer as a condition for selling the Windows operating system with their computers.

At one point, Microsoft faced a possible break up of its two divisions operating systems and software development. Microsoft defended itself, harking back to Bill Gatess earlier battles with software piracy, and proclaiming that such restrictions were a threat to innovation. Eventually, Microsoft was able to find a settlement with the federal government to avoid a breakup. Through it all, Gates found some inventive ways to deflect the pressure with light hearted commercials and public appearances at computer trade shows posing as Star Treks Mr. Spock. Gates continued to run the company and weather the federal investigations through the 1990s. .....

Personal Life
7. In 1989, a 28 year old Microsoft executive named Melinda French caught the eye of Bill Gates, then 37. The very bright and organized Melinda was a perfect match for Gates. In time, their relationship grew as they discovered an intimate and intellectual connection. On January 1, 1994, Melinda and Bill were married in Hawaii. But only a few months later heartbreak struck Bill Gates as his mother was diagnosed with breast cancer. She died in June 1994. Gates was devastated.

Bill and Melinda took some time off in 1995 to travel to several countries and get a new perspective on life and the world. In 1996, their first daughter, Jennifer, was born. A year later, Gates moved his family into a 55,000 square foot, $54 million house on the shore of Lake Washington. Though the house serves as a business center, it is said to be a very cozy home for the couple and their three children. .....

Philanthropic Efforts
8. With wife Melindas influence, Gates took an interest in filling his mothers role as a civic leader. He began to realize that he had an obligation to give more of his wealth to charity. Being the consummate student he was, Gates studied the philanthropic work of Andrew Carnegie and John D. Rockefeller, titans of the American industrial revolution. In 1994, Gates and his wife established the William H. Gates Foundation which was dedicated to supporting education, world health, and investment in low income communities. In 2000, the couple combined several family foundations to form the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. They started out by making a $28 billion contribution to set up the foundation.Bill Gates stepped down from the day to day operations of Microsoft in 2000, turning over the job of CEO to college friend Steve Ballmer who had been with Microsoft since 1980. He positioned himself as chief software architect so he could concentrate on what was for him the more passionate side of the business. He still remains chairman of the board. Over the next few years, his involvement with the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation occupied much of his time and even more of his interest. In 2006, Gates announced he was transitioning himself from full time work at Microsoft, to devote more quality time to the Foundation. His last full day at Microsoft was June 27, 2008.

In addition to all the accolades of being one of the most successful and richest businessmen in the history of the world, Bill Gates has also received numerous awards for philanthropic work. Time magazine named Gates one of the most influential people of the 20th century. The magazine also named Gates, his wife Melinda, and rock band U2s lead singer Bono as the 2005 Persons of the Year.Gates also holds several honorary doctorates from universities throughout the world and an honorary Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire by Queen Elizabeth II. In 2006, Gates and his wife were awarded the Order of the Aztec Eagle by the Mexican government for their philanthropic work throughout the world in the areas of health and education.In February 2014, Gates announced that he would be stepping down as chairman of Microsoft in order to move into a new position as technology adviser. In addition to Gatess transition, it was reported that longtime Microsoft CEO Steve Ballmer would be replaced by 46 year old Satya Nadella. .....

Dead Giveaway
9. As a child, Bill Gates two favorite games were Risk (where the object is world domination) and Monopoly.Microsofts Other Billionaire Bill Gates has become the singular face of Microsoft, but the company wouldnt be what it is today without Paul Allen. It was Allen who primarily wrote Microsofts first program, and according to Microsoft veterans, he championed the companys biggest successes, including MS DOS, Windows and Microsoft Word. But Allen reached a turning point in 1983, when he was diagnosed with Hodgkins disease.Forced to rethink his priorities, Allen resigned from his day to day duties at Microsoft and resolved to spend more time enjoying the luxuries his great wealth could afford. He pursued the good life for two or three years, during which time the cancer went into remission. Rather than return to Microsoft, however, he plunged into another start up, founding Asymetrix in 1985, and has since gone on to become one of the countrys most successful high tech venture capitalists. .....
Co founder of Microsoft Corp Founded 1975
10. Ultimately, the PC will be a window to everything people are interested in and everything we need to know. Bill GatesSome see him as an innovative visionary who sparked a computer revolution. Others see him as a modern day robber baron whose predatory practices have stifled competition in the software industry. Regardless of what his supporters and detractors may think, few can argue that Bill Gates is one of, if not the most successful entrepreneur of the 20th century. In just 25 years, he built a two man operation into a multibillion dollar colossus and made himself the richest man in the world somewhere along the way. Yet he accomplished this feat not by inventing new technology, but by taking existing technology, adapting it to a specific market, and then dominating that market through innovative promotion and cunning business savvy.Gates first exposure to computers came while he was attending the prestigious Lakeside School in Seattle. A local company offered the use of its computer to the school through a Teletype link, and young Gates became entranced by the possibilities of the primitive machine. Along with fellow student Paul Allen, he began ditching class to work in the schools computer room. Their work would soon pay off. When Gates was 15, he and Allen went into business together. The two teens netted $20,000 with Traf O Data, a program they developed to measure traffic flow in the Seattle area.

Despite his love and obvious aptitude for computer programming, and perhaps because of his fathers influence, Gates entered Harvard in the fall of 1973. By his own admission, he was there in body but not in spirit, preferring to spend his time playing poker and video games rather than attending class. All that changed in December 1974, when Allen showed Gates a magazine article about the worlds first microcomputer, the Altair 8800. Seeing an opportunity, Gates and Allen called the manufacturer, MITS, in Albuquerque, New Mexico, and told the president they had written a version of the popular computer language BASIC for the Altair. When he said hed like to see it, Gates and Allen, who actually hadnt written anything, starting working day and night in Harvards computer lab. Because they did not have an Altair to work on, they were forced to simulate it on other computers. When Allen flew to Albuquerque to test the program on the Altair, neither he nor Gates was sure it would run. But run it did. Gates dropped out of Harvard and moved with Allen to Albuquerque, where they officially established Microsoft. MITS collapsed shortly thereafter, but Gates and Allen were already writing software for other computer start ups including Commodore, Apple and Tandy Corp.

The duo moved the company to Seattle in 1979, and thats when Microsoft hit the big time. When Gates learned IBM was having trouble obtaining an operating system for its new PC, he bought an existing operating system from a small Seattle company for $50,000, developed it into MS DOS (Microsoft Disk Operating System), then licensed it to IBM. The genius of the IBM deal, masterminded by Gates, was that while IBM got MS DOS, Microsoft retained the right to license it to other computer makers.Much as Gates had anticipated, after the first IBM PCs were released, cloners such as Compaq began producing compatible PCs, and the market was soon flooded with clones. Like IBM, rather than produce their own operating systems, the cloners decided it was cheaper to purchase MS DOS off the shelf. As a result, MS DOS became the standard operating system for the industry, and Microsofts sales soared from $7 million in 1980 to $16 million in 1981.

Microsoft expanded into applications software and continued to grow unchecked until 1984, when Apple introduced the first Macintosh computer. The Macintoshs sleek graphical user interface (GUI) was far easier to use than MS DOS and threatened to make the Microsoft program obsolete. In response to this threat, Gates announced that Microsoft was developing its own GUI based operating system called Windows. Gates then took Microsoft public in 1986 to generate capital. The IPO was a roaring success, making Gates one of the wealthiest people in the country overnight.When Windows was finally released in 1985, it wasnt exactly the breakthrough Gates had predicted. Critics claimed it was slow and cumbersome. Apple wasnt exactly pleased either. They saw Windows as a rip off of the Macintosh operating system and sued. The case would drag on until the mid 1990s, when the courts finally decided that Apples suit had no merit.Meanwhile, Gates worked on improving Windows. Subsequent versions of the program ran faster and froze less frequently. Third party programmers began developing Windows based programs, and Microsofts own applications became hot sellers. By 1993, Windows was selling at a rate of 1 million copies per month and was estimated to be running on nearly 85 percent of the worlds computers.

Microsoft solidified its industry dominance in the mid 1990s by combining Windows with its other applications into suites and persuading leading computer makers to preload their software on every computer they sold. The strategy worked so well that by 1999 Microsoft was posting sales of $19.7 billion, and Gates personal wealth had grown to a phenomenal $90 billion.But with success has come scrutiny. Microsofts competitors have complained that the company uses its operating system monopoly to retard the development of new technology a claim Gates soundly refutes. Nevertheless, the U.S. Justice Department filed an antitrust lawsuit against the company in 1998 over its practice of bundling software with Windows.

In November 1999, a U.S. District Court ruled that Microsoft indeed had a monopoly in the market for desktop computer operating systems. The court also found that Microsoft engaged in tactics aimed at snuffing out any innovation that threatened its dominance of the multibillion dollar computer industry. A federal mediator was appointed to oversee voluntary settlement talks between the government and the software giant. (As of press time, a settlement had not yet been reached.)Attempting to explain his tremendous success, industry experts have pointed out that there are really two Bill Gateses. One is a consummate computer geek who can hack code with the best of them. The other is a hard driven businessman who, unlike most of his fellow Silicon Valley superstars, took readily to commerce and has an innate instinct for the marketplace. This combination enabled Gates to see what his competitors could not. While they were focusing on selling software, Gates was focusing on setting standards, first with MS DOS and later with Windows. The standards he helped set shaped the modern computer industry and will continue to influence its growth well into the next century. .....

A precocious pioneer
11. Gates grew up in a prosperous area of Seattle, Washington, with his parents and two sisters. The son of a lawyer and a schoolteacher, Gates attended a public grade school and then the Lakeside School, a private college preparatory institution. It was at Lakeside that he first became interested in the relatively new field of computer programming, met his friend and future business partner Paul Allen, and developed his first computer software program at the age of 13.In 1968 the Lakeside School was still purchasing computer time on a machine owned by General Electric, as computers were extremely expensive in the late 1960s. Gates and his friends from Lakeside became fascinated with the machines and formed the Lakeside Programmers Group to try to make money in the computer field. The Programmers Group primarily earned its founders free computing time on machines owned by a company in Seattle. Gates and Allen then formed a company that they called Traf O Data. They put together a small computer for measuring traffic flow and made about $20,000. The company remained in business until Gates and Allen graduated from high school. Although Gates was interested in computers, he enrolled at Harvard University with the intention of becoming a lawyer like his father. By the time he was a sophomore in 1975, however, Gates was more interested in computers and electronics than in his pre law studies.

What became the Microsoft Corporation grew out of two college undergraduates bluff and bravado. Gatess old friend Allen showed him an advertisement for a kit to build a home computer. The two called the computers manufacturer, MITS, saying that Gates had taken a primary computer language called BASIC and adapted it for the machine. When MITS expressed interest, Gates and Allen ignored their studies and spent the next four weeks frantically working on turning their boast into reality. In an interview in Money, Gates later recalled, One little mistake would have meant the program wouldnt have run. The first time we tried it was at MITS, and it came home without a glitch (July 1986). Having written the first computer language for a personal computer, Gates and Allen established the Microsoft Corporation in 1975. The name Microsoft was formed from the words microcomputer and software. Gates then dropped out of Harvard in 1976 and focused on building the new business. He believed that there was a market for computer software and that the market was going to expand rapidly as affordable computers were developed for home use. .....

Right place right time
12. Although Gates rightfully earned credit for building one of the fastest growing and most profitable companies ever established, Microsoft started out on a shaky foundation. Gates and Allen had sold their first commercially developed software for $3,000 and royalties. Before long, however, Microsoft found itself unable to cover its overhead. Even though Gates and Allen received royalties, their software was also pirated by computer hackers. This piracy led Gates to write an Open Letter to Hobbyists, which said that computer software should not be copied by the then relatively small computer community without the developers permission. Gates also recognized at this point in time that the future of computer software lay in owning a standard software package to be used on most computers.By the late 1970s the computing giant IBM had plans for marketing a personal computer for home use. They approached Microsoft to develop the standard operating system for their home computer models. Gates and Allen then went out and purchased for $50,000 an operating system called Q Dos, which had been developed by Seattle Computer. Q Dos was compatible with the Intel processor that IBM intended to use. The two then adapted the Q Dos system and presented it to IBM. Money magazine quoted Gates as recalling, We bet all our resources on that system (July 1986).

Gates had learned well his early lessons in the software business. He insisted that IBM make Microsoft the exclusive software licensee for their home computers, meaning that all IBM products would have Microsoft operating systems. Furthermore, Gates negotiated a contract that allowed Microsoft to retain the right to manufacture and license the software, which he and Allen had named MS DOS, to other manufacturers. Because there were three other operating systems for microprocessors at that time, Gates didnt own the sole industry standard. But he was well on his way. He and Allen made MS DOS the most attractive system to computer manufacturers because Microsoft offered a flat fee license rather than a per unit contract. Gates and Allen also encouraged software developers to create programs that would broaden their systems capabilities. Their strategy was a huge success because manufacturers initially saved money. In addition, the software developers had an easier job designing such single applications as word processing for use on computers made by other manufacturers.These negotiations demonstrated that Gates was willing to defer immediate earnings for much greater future profits. His plan was based on building a mass of users for Microsoft products, which would mean the company would own the industry standard. Once Gatess company owned the standard, it could then revert to selling its software at per unit prices rather than general licenses.

While the contract with IBM placed Microsoft on its way to legendary business growth, it also established a precedent for what some considered Gatess unsavory business practices. When he and Allen had approached Seattle Computer, the softwares original developer, they omitted to mention that they were in negotiations with IBM to develop their operating system. Seattle Computer later sued Microsoft on the grounds that it had hidden its relationship with IBM in order to purchase Seattles system at what turned out to be a bargain basement price. The two companies came to an out of court settlement without Gates or Microsoft admitting to any guilt or duplicity in the original purchase. .....

Marketing trumps challengers
13. Paul Allen, who had been serving as Microsofts head of research and new product development, left the company in 1982 after being diagnosed with Hodgkins disease. The following year, Gates faced a major challenge to Microsofts domination of operating systems for home computers when a company called VisiCorp developed a mouse driven computer system with a user interface based on graphics rather than the keyboard based and text driven system of MS DOS. Gates quickly recognized that VisiCorps system would be the wave of the future because it was much easier for technologically unsophisticated people to use. Even though Microsoft did not have such a system in the works at that point, Gates started an advertising campaign with an announcement at the Plaza Hotel in New York City that a new Microsoft operating system with graphical user interface (GUI) would soon be marketed. This next generation system was to be called Windows.Gatess announcement was a bluff; the truth was that Microsoft was nowhere near developing such a system. But the marketing ploy worked because people preferred to wait for a system designed to be compatible with their existing Microsoft products rather than undergo the trouble and expense of installing an entirely new operating system. Furthermore, Windows allowed users to avoid buying new software applications to replace the DOS compatible programs they currently owned.

Windows 1.0 was finally released in 1985. That same year Microsoft reported $140 million in revenue, including $46.6 million from overseas users.Microsofts growth continued to be relatively smooth in spite of several challenges, in part because the fiscally conservative Gates had financed most of the companys expansion entirely from its earnings. This cautious approach to financing, however, did not reflect an unwillingness to take risks. In January 1986 Gates launched an ambitious long term project to develop a new data storage system based on a compact disk, or CD ROM, that could hold any type of computer file, including music and visual files. In March of that same year, he took the company public. His 40 percent ownership of Microsoft shares made his net worth $390 million by June 1986. Gates had effectively cornered the market for operating software for the vast majority of personal computers (PCs) as well as developing a wide range of other popular programs. He effectively became a billionaire in March 1987, when his companys stock rose to $90.75 per share, up from $21.50 per share when the company went public. Brian OReilly commented a few months later in Fortune, [Gates] apparently has made more money than anyone else his age, ever, in any business (October 12, 1987). .....

Gates switches gears
14. Industry analysts had praised Gates for guiding his company on a path of growth that saw its revenue stream increasing by more than 50 percent per year in a extremely competitive, even cutthroat, market. They credited much of this success to Gatess ability to capitalize early and effectively on industry trends and his willingness to take risks on such fledgling technologies as Microsofts CD ROM based software packages, which became industry standards. Furthermore, Gates had organized the companys structure so that it worked concurrently on all phases of a software products business cycle from development to distribution. Larry Michels, an early software developer, told Mary Jo Foley of Electronic Business, Other software vendors have modeled themselves after the hardware business. Microsoft created its own model of how to do business (August 15, 1988). Although Gates had established himself as a visionary, he did not always hit the mark. For years he had paid little attention to the business potential of the Internet, which led him to say later that he regretted not having focused more closely on Microsofts capabilities for e mail and networking. In 1995, however, he did an about face and began to redirect the companys efforts in this area. His success was measured by the fact that Microsofts Internet Explorer Web browser had become the industry leader by 2000.

Gatess success in developing a competitive Internet browser, as well as coming out on top of the desktop database and office suite wars of the 1990s, proved that he had formed a company nimble enough to jump into a market that others were developing and take the lead away from the competition.In 1998 Gates announced a new phase in Microsofts expansion that would allow him to concentrate his energies on strategy and product development. At the same time the company funneled larger amounts of money into improving customer support and feedback. Gates planned to direct the companys work in such areas as intelligent telephones and television, as well as the integration of such new computer input techniques as speech, vision, and handwriting. Although Windows had already gone through several upgrades, Gates wanted to continue improving its ease of use and reliability. To free himself up for this work, he stepped down as president, a position he had held since 1992, but remained Microsofts chairman and CEO. .....

Showdown with the government
15. Microsoft earned $19.75 billion in revenue during the fiscal year 1999. Bill Gates had become an icon not only in the computer and business worlds but also in the eyes of the general public. His ghostwritten book The Road Ahead, which outlined his vision of the future, topped many best seller lists for more than three months. In spite of Gatess financial and literary success, however, he found himself facing his biggest challenge yet as the 1990s came to an end.The challenge came this time from the United States government rather than from Microsofts competitors. Gates and Microsoft had come under increasing scrutiny for unfair business practices from the time of the court case that followed Microsofts purchase of the Q Dos operating system from Seattle Computer in 1980. In 1993 the U.S. Justice Department began an investigation into Microsofts contracts with other computer manufacturers that led to an agreement from Gates in 1994 to eliminate some of Microsofts restrictions on the use of its products by other software makers. In 1997, however, the Justice Department sued Microsoft for forcing computer makers to sell its Internet browser as a condition of using the Windows system a de facto violation of the 1994 consent decree. In December 1997 a U.S. district judge issued a preliminary injunction forcing Microsoft to temporarily stop requiring manufactures who sold Windows 95 or any successor [program] to install its Internet Explorer.

Microsoft appealed the injunction, but the following year the Justice Department and 20 state attorneys general sued Microsoft, charging that it illegally thwarted competition to protect and extend its software monopoly. Although Microsoft won its initial appeal in 1998 to reverse the 1997 decision, Gates soon found himself being questioned for 30 hours over a three day period in a videotaped deposition for the upcoming antitrust trial. The government finally rested its case on January 13, 1999, and the Microsoft defense team ended its case on February 26. The final oral arguments from each side were presented on September 21, 1999.After the judge presented his findings of fact on the case on November 5, Gates issued a response disagreeing with many of the findings that went against Microsoft. In a statement released to the press as reported by Court TV Online, Gates noted, Microsoft competes vigorously and fairly. Microsoft is committed to resolving this case in a fair and a factual manner, while ensuring that the principles of consumer benefits and innovation are protected (November 6, 1999).

U.S. District Judge Thomas Penfield Jackson ruled in June 2000 that Microsoft was a monopoly which had illegally exploited the dominance of Windows, at that point installed on over 95 percent of the worlds personal computers. Judge Jackson then ordered Microsoft to be broken up into several smaller companies. It was the most severe antitrust ruling since the breakup of AT&T in 1984. Jacksons decision was reversed on appeal, however, and the company received a far less severe punishment directed toward restricting some of its business practices. In spite of this relatively favorable outcome, however, Gates continued to battle competitors in American courtrooms over Microsofts business practices. In addition, he found himself subjected to litigation in Europe, where Microsoft was once again accused of exploiting its monopoly of Windows to control other computer related industries, including media player and server software companies.Despite the controversy over whether Gates had created a company that used its dominance of the desktop computer system to obtain unfair control of newer computer related markets, Microsoft continued to prosper. Gates stepped down as CEO in 2000 but kept his position as chairman of Microsoft as well as its chief software architect. In 2004 he doubled the companys research and development budget to $6.8 billion and began pushing a new Windows personal computer operating system code named Longhorn. .....

Management style workaholic
16. Although Gates was long known as a boy wonder in the computer and business worlds, his management style was anything but immature. As was noted in a BBC News article, Gates has come to be known for his aggressive business tactics and confrontational style of management (January 26, 2004). Although he was considered a charismatic leader within his own company, he was also extremely tough he fired Microsofts first company president after only 11 months on the job.An intense businessman who typically put in 16 hour days and took only two three day vacations in the first five years after establishing the corporation, Gates was demanding and strong willed about implementing his vision. Coworkers, clients, and industry analysts also remarked, however, that he did not surround himself with yes sayers but was more than willing to change his mind if someone convinced him of a better alternative. Analysts also observed that one of the keys to Gatess success was his ability to focus on the fundamentals of the business while keeping office politics or his own ego from getting in the way. Most of what I do is leading, Gates once said in Electronic Business. Managing applies to the people who work directly for me (August 15, 1988).

Gates was known from the beginning of his career as the epitome of a hard driving businessman respected by his allies and feared by his competitors. It was his vision that guided Microsofts immense success. In addition, Gates had an uncanny ability to tackle both the managerial and technical sides of Microsofts operations. He was especially noted for his success as a marketing strategist who priced his products for the mass market rather than computer specialists. In 1999 the Journal of Business Strategy listed Gates among a handful of people who had the greatest influence on business strategy over the last century.Gates also had his fair share of critics. In addition to accusations of predatory and possibly illegal business practices, some analysts remarked that Gates did not really foster in house product innovation but tended to focus his attention instead on blocking advances by other companies.

On the other hand, supporters of Gatess managerial style and business acumen pointed out that Microsoft continued to prosper even in the midst of the 2002 information technology slump, growing at 20 percent each quarter and posting a phenomenal 35 percent after tax profit margin. Despite all his financial success, however, Gates remained a fiscal conservative. He was renowned for his penny pinching traveling habits, demanding that his schedule be filled for the entire day when he was on the road promoting his company. .....

No time to rest
17. Gates was still the worlds wealthiest person in early 2004, with a personal fortune estimated at $60.56 billion. He remained a hands on leader at Microsoft, however, maintaining an active work schedule as the companys chairman and chief software architect. As noted by Ron Anderson in Network Computer, .....
Appearance in ads
18. Gates appeared in a series of ads to promote Microsoft in 2008. The first commercial, co starring Jerry Seinfeld, is a 90 second talk between strangers as Seinfeld walks up on a discount shoe store (Shoe Circus) in a mall and notices Gates buying shoes inside. The salesman is trying to sell Mr. Gates shoes that are a size too big. As Gates is buying the shoes, he holds up his discount card, which uses a slightly altered version of his own mugshot of his arrest in New Mexico in 1977 for a traffic violation.As they are walking out of the mall, Seinfeld asks Gates if he has melded his mind to other developers, after getting a Yes, he then asks if they are working on a way to make computers edible, again getting a Yes. Some say that this is an homage to Seinfelds own show about nothing (Seinfeld). In a second commercial in the series, Gates and Seinfeld are at the home of an average family trying to fit in with normal people. .....
Bill melinda gates foundation
19. Gates studied the work of Andrew Carnegie and John D. Rockefeller, and in 1994 sold some of his Microsoft stock to create the William H. Gates Foundation. In 2000, Gates and his wife combined three family foundations to create the charitable Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, which was identified by the Funds for NGOs company in 2013 as the worlds wealthiest charitable foundation, with assets reportedly valued at more than US$34.6 billion. The Foundation allows benefactors to access information that shows how its money is being spent, unlike other major charitable organizations such as the Wellcome Trust.Gates has credited the generosity and extensive philanthropy of David Rockefeller as a major influence. Gates and his father met with Rockefeller several times, and their charity work is partly modeled on the Rockefeller familys philanthropic focus, whereby they are interested in tackling the global problems that are ignored by governments and other organizations. As of 2007, Bill and Melinda Gates were the second most generous philanthropists in America, having given over US$28 billion to charity; the couple plan to eventually donate 95 percent of their wealth to charity. .....
Criticism
20. The foundation has been criticized by the Los Angeles Times for investing its assets in companies that have been accused of worsening poverty, polluting heavily, and pharmaceutical companies that do not sell into the developing world. In response to press criticism, the foundation announced in 2007 a review of its investments, to assess social responsibility. It subsequently canceled the review and stood by its policy of investing for maximum return, while using voting rights to influence company practices. The Gates Millennium Scholars program has been criticized by Ernest W. Lefever for its exclusion of Caucasian students. The scholarship program is administered by the United Negro College Fund. .....
Early experience
21. Gatess early experiences with computers included debugging (eliminating errors from) programs for the Computer Center Corporations PDP 10, helping to computerize electric power grids for the Bonneville Power Administration, and founding with Allen a firm called Traf O Data while still in high school. Their small company earned them twenty thousand dollars in fees for analyzing local traffic patterns.While working with the Computer Centers PDP 10, Gates was responsible for what was probably the first computer virus, a program that copies itself into other programs and ruins data. Discovering that the machine was connected to a national network of computers called Cybernet, Gates invaded the network and installed a program on the main computer that sent itself to the rest of the networks computers, making it crash (became damaged). When Gates was found out, he was severely punished, and he kept away from computers for his entire junior year at Lakeside. Without the lure of computers, Gates made plans for college and law school in 1970. But by 1971 he was back helping Allen write a class scheduling program for their schools computer. .....
The future for microsoft
22. Many criticize Gates not just for his success, but because they feel he tries to unfairly and maybe even illegally dominate the market. As a result of Microsofts market control, the U.S. Department of Justice brought an antitrust lawsuit (a lawsuit that is the result of a company being accused of using unfair business practices) against the company in 1998, saying the company had an illegal stronghold on the software industry.Gates maintained Microsofts success over rivals such as Oracle and IBM was simply the result of smart, strategic decision making. U.S. District Judge Thomas P. Jackson did not agree, and in November 1999, he found Microsoft to be a monopoly (a company with exclusive control) that used its market power to harm competing companies. Because of the ruling, Gates faced the prospect of breaking up Microsoft.On January 13, 2000, Gates handed off day to day management of Microsoft to friend and right hand man Steve Ballmer, adding chief executive officer to his existing title of president. Gates held on to his position as chairman in the reshuffle, and added the title of chief software architect.In the spring of 2002 Gates himself was scheduled to testify on behalf of Microsoft. The final ruling on the fate of Microsoft has the potential to be a landmark decision on the future of the computer industry. .....
Gates as philanthropist
23. Aside from being the most famous businessman of the late 1990s, Gates also has distinguished himself as a philanthropist (someone working for charity). He and wife Melinda established the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, which focuses on helping to improve health care and education for children around the world. The foundation has donated $4 billion since its start in 1996. Recent pledges include $1 billion over twenty years to fund college scholarships for about one thousand minority students; $750 million over five years to help launch the Global Fund for Childrens Vaccines; $50 million to help the World Health Organizations efforts to eradicate polio, a crippling disease that usually attacks children; and $3 million to help prevent the spread of acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS; an incurable disease that destroys the bodys immune system) among young people in South Africa. In November 1998 Gates and his wife also gave the largest single gift to a U.S. public library, when they donated $20 million to the Seattle Public Library. Another of Gatess charitable donations was $20 million given to the Massachusetts Institute of Technology to build a new home for its Laboratory for Computer Science.

In July 2000 the foundation gave John Hopkins University a five year, $20 million grant to study whether or not inexpensive vitamin and mineral pills can help save lives in poor countries. On November 13, 2000, Harvard Universitys School of Public Health announced it had received $25 million from the foundation to study AIDS prevention in Nigeria. The grant was the largest single private grant in the schools history. It was announced on February 1, 2001, that the foundation would donate $20 million to speed up the global eradication (to completely erase) of the disease commonly known as elephantiasis, a disease that causes disfigurement. In 2002 Gates, along with rock singer Bono, announced plans for DATA Agenda, a $24 billion fund (partially supported by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation) that seeks to improve health care in Africa. Although many describe Gates as cold and distant, his friends find him friendlier since his marriage and since the birth of his daughter, Jennifer, in April 1996. Further, he recognizes his overall contribution to both the world of technology and his efforts in philanthropy. In Forbes magazines 2002 list of the two hundred richest people in the world, Gates was number one for the eighth straight year, coming in with a net worth of $52.8 billion. Read more http //www.notablebiographies.com/Fi Gi/Gates Bill.html#ixzz39QEeHTJj .....

College
24. After graduating from high school in 1973, Gates attended Harvard University. At first he planned to study as a lawyer, but he continued to spend much of his time on computers. He also kept in touch with his friend Paul Allen who was working for Honeywell.When the Altair personal computer came out in 1974, Gates and Allen decided they could write a BASIC software program to run on the computer. They called up Altair and told them they were working on the program. Altair wanted a demonstration in a few weeks, but Gates hadnt even started on the program. He worked hard over the next month or so and, when they finally went to New Mexico to run the software, it worked perfectly the first time. .....
Windows
25. In 1985, Gates and Microsoft took another risk. They released the Microsoft Windows operating system. This was Microsofts answer to a similar operating system introduced by Apple in 1984. At first, many people complained that Microsoft Windows wasnt as good as the Apple version. However, Gates continued to press the open PC concept. Microsoft Windows could run on a variety of PC compatible machines, while the Apple operating system only ran on Apple machines. Microsoft won the operating system battle and was soon installed on nearly 90% of the worlds personal computers. .....
Why was bill gates successful
26. Like most successful entrepreneurs, Bill Gates success came from a combination of hard work, intelligence, timing, business sense, and luck. Gates constantly challenged his employees to work harder and innovate, but he also worked as hard or harder than the people who worked for him. Gates also wasnt afraid to take risks. He took a risk when he dropped out of Harvard to start his own company. He also took a risk when he changed Microsofts operating system from MS DOS to Windows. However, his risks were calculated. He had confidence in himself and his product. .....
Benefits of Watermelons
Heart attack. The combination of folate and the other essential vitamins in this fruit plays an important role in reducing the risks of heart attacks, strokes and colon cancer. These seeds can be used for treating diabetes. Boil a handful of watermelon seeds in 1 .....
Healthy Brow
Use the Right Tweezers. Rounded tip or pointy Experts like a pointed, slanted tip, especially if you havent plucked before. You can hold that shape easily and grab longer hairs. For those short, stubborn hairs, turn the tweezer at an angle and pull from the pointed edge. .....
Benefits of Strawberries
Caution. Strawberries are one of the foods most commonly associated with allergic reactions, but this is only because of its very potent and powerful anti-oxidant agents that reacts with a toxic body, triggering bodily reaction with symptoms like hives and it .....
Tatoo Designs
Dragonfly Tattoos. The dragonfly represents fertility because of its ability to lay thousands of eggs at once.It may also be a representation of transformation, much like the butterfly.Native American culture gives us the dragonfly as a symbol of inspiration and the re .....
Tips to Feng Shui Your Home
Lets move to the bedroom Overall tips. Its best to have an interplay of masculine and feminine details .....
Forever Young Naturally Exercise
Exercising the Brain Scent your day. Perfume various times of day with different aromas to establish associations that trigger new neural pathways. Scent the car with 2 drops of essential oil of basil. Follow your morning shower with a distinctly scented body oil. .....
How to Care for Your Nails
Acrylic or Gel Nails. Even though I personally don t like any kind of artificial nails, a lot of my friends who have really weak nails swear that acrylic and gel nails keep them from breaking their natural nails. So, if your nails are weak too, maybe you can opt for one o .....
Hair Accessories For Girls
Bobby Pin. Sometimes referred to as hair pin but the technical name for a piece of metal bent in half, sometimes with the top half crimped.Useful for keep small bits of hair close to the scalp. .....
Craziest Perfume Bottle
Inspired by nature. A Kazakh designer by the name of Igor Mitin came up with these perfume bottles that would look great around the house as decorations whilst still serving their main function to carry perfume. .....
Portrait Photography tips for Beginners
Put three photos in a row. I love shooting in continuous high mode when I photograph kids. Inevitably, they dump a bucket of sand on their head, trip, or do something funny. Take the three or four pictures and combine them into a little film strip in Photoshop to show the shor .....
Healthy Summer Drinks
Cherry Cooler. Puree 1/2 pound pitted cherries, 1/2 cup sugar and 1 cup strong hibiscus tea. Serve over ice and garnish with cherries. .....
Tips to succeed in an Interview
Plan Your Professional outfit. The night before the interview day, it is always good to plan what you are going to wear. It need not be expensive clothing; just something neat, formal and professionallooking is enough. Make sure, however, that you feel comfortable in what you are .....
Rules to play Synchronized Swimming
Technical vs free routines. Depending on the competition level, swimmers will perform a technical routine with predetermined elements that must be performed in a specific order. The technical routine acts as a replacement for the figure event, and is usually used only in senior .....
New Year Poems
Hit the target. t a r g XXXXXXXX .....
Xmas Food Ideas
Roast Turkey. Roast Turkey with Sherry, Pancetta, Anchovy and Rosemary Stuffing A delicious roast turkey with sherry, pancetta, anchovy and rosemary stuffing recipe. .....
The Best Pokemon
Empoleon. When you are playing the Pokemon game and are looking for a water starter to beat and thrash all your opponents, then you must look no further than the Empoleon. As far as the Pokemon game is concerned, nothing could be better than having the Empoleo .....
Amazing Animals
Jellies In Leopard Print. These leopard spotted jellies are appropriately decorated, considering they re terrifying predators if you re a plankton. This species, Mastigias papuais known as the spotted jelly or the lagoon jelly. They live in coastal waters in the South Pacif .....
Must Have iPhone Accessories
Zagg Sparq. There is nothing worse than having your iPhone die on you while you are traveling and the Zagg Sparq makes sure that doesn t happen. As one of the most convenient portable power sources on the market, the Sparq is small, compact, and capable of charg .....
Rules to play Equestrianism
Gloves. Polo players have different preferences regarding the style, flexibility, and weight of their equestrian riding gloves. Designed to fit like a second layer of skin, a riding glove provides a secure grip to aid in user confidence and performance. The .....
Precaution while using LPG
Cylinder is kept upright. As long as the cylinder is kept upright any leaks will generally be of LPG vapour. If liquid LPG leaks it can cause cold burns to the skin and rapidly expand to produce a large volume of vapour. Check for any visible signs of leakage .....
Bollywood Hits
Dil Chahta Hai. This film was released in the year 2001 starring Aamir Khan, Saif Ali Khan, Akshay Khanna, Preity Zinta, Sonali Kulkarni, and Dimple Kapadia. The first film written and directed by Farhan Akhtar, the film is about three friends and the journey of the .....
Daily Health Tips
Breathe right . Enhance your health with proper breathing. Breathing is so simple we often take it for granted, but it has fundamental influence on body, mind, and spirit. Every time we breathe in air, we bring oxygen into the body and spark the transformation of nu .....
Important Tips for Hiring the Best Employees
Full Time Employee. The Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) does not define full time employee or part time employee. What is counted as a full time employee is generally defined by the employer by policy. The definition of a full time employee is often published in the emp .....
Abraham Lincoln
Bid for the Presidency 1860. Lincoln was nominated for the presidency by the Republican Party with Hannibal Hamlin as his running mate. He ran on a platform denouncing disunion and calling for an end to slavery in the territories. The Democrats were divided with Stephen Douglas .....
Tips to success in MAT Exam
The verbal section matters more than you think. While there may be an emphasis on mathematics in many business school classes, precise communication skills are a necessity if you want to be a success in the business world. Not only that, they re much needed if you wish to score high marks on the .....
Tips to get ready for Study Abroad
Google your new town. You can find more information on their holidays, their weather, and their population. Use Google Street to get a real life view of the towns streets. Its good to picture yourself walking there, imagine yourself smiling and having the time of your lif .....
Beautiful Reasons to Visit Australia
DAMPIER. Dampieris a major industrial port in Western Australia that services petrochemical, salt, iron ore and natural gas export industries. (Pictured) An aerial view of roads intersecting at a Rio Tinto Group salt operation in Dampier. .....
Handprint Crafts
Autumn Tree Handprint Painting. Go wild with some bright autumn colours to create this autumn tree painting, and capture your childs hands in time! .....
Hair Accessories For Girls
Boar Bristle Brush. A type of brush meant not to detangle, but to smooth out hair and distribute oils from the scalp.Not often made from real boar bristles, anymore. .....
Life Secrets And Tips
Think positive thoughts. When you find yourself thinking a negative thought, stop it immediately by any means necessary. Slap yourself in the face, yell something positive at the top of your lungs or jump up and down. Do whatever it takes to get back to a positive mindset as .....
Benefits of Bitter Gourd
Eye problems. The high beta carotene and other properties in bitter gourd makes it one of the finest vegetable fruit that help alleviate eye problems and improving eyesight. Bitter gourd is a known remedy for curing various skin diseases and skin infections, such .....
Romantic Things To Buy Love
Heart pillow. Remind her how much you love her with this cute red heart pillow. Measuring 16.5? x 12.6? (or 42 cm x 32 cm), this soft plush pillow by ACYstore makes a perfect gift for any romantic occasion. .....
Digital Marketing Trends
Video is growing as an exciting opportunity. 5% of marketers believe that video is the single most exciting initiative in 2015 compared to 3% in 2014. .....
Crazy Bike Designs
The twin seater bike. You better hope your partner doesnt abandon you because riding this with only one person seems as though it would a bit challenging. .....
Valentines Day Party Idea
Throw a Quirkyalone Day party. As much as we love batting heart shaped piatas during Singles Awareness parties, well concede that hating Valentines Day can be just as trite and obnoxious as the day itself. Instead of throwing an anti Valentines party, participate in International .....
Most Photogenic and breathtaking places in the world
Beachy Head England. Beachy Head is a chalk headland in Southern England close to the town of Eastbourne in the county of East Sussex immediately east of the Seven Sisters. Beachy Head is located within the administrative area of Eastbourne Borough Council which owns the .....
Cute Nail Art Designs
Beautiful Nail Designs. If you are going to ask me, all nail designs are beautiful.but of course, for most of you, there maybe particular nail designs that you will truly consider as beautiful.As for me, this one.The intricate patterns are simply amazing, breathtaking. .....
Astrology
Friendship Compatibility between Virgo and Sagittarius. Virgo and Sagittarius - Friendship Compatibility Profile : When Virgo and Sagittarius become friends, they generally have a well-rounded relationship. Sagittarius loves exploring and socializing, while Virgo would rather study and analyze Sag's disco .....
Gym guide Ideas
Stretch only after training. Stretching right before weightlifting can actually make you weaker during training. Researchers from the University of Texas Austin reported that athletes who stretched after their workouts were more flexible than when they stretched beforehand. Plus .....
Exam Tips
Make a Cheat Sheet. No, were not saying your teen should smuggle in bits of paper into the exam. A Cheat Sheet is something your teen should prepare in the last few days before each exam. Its purpose is to help your teen remember things that are hard to remember. Conten .....
Ways to Make This the Best Christmas Season
No last minute shopping. If you find yourself without a gift for someone at the last minute, dont rush out and buy something so you wont be empty handed. Instead, create your own gift card for someone offering something special they would enjoy a dinner out, a coupo .....
Kitchen Design Ideas
Pump Up the Personality. Faux bois tiles from 14Ora Italiana create a functional focal point in the kitchen of this beachy bungalow, while a cheery red mixer, mugs, and vintage stools pop against the ocean inspired backdrop. .....
Precautions while using Pesticides
Treatment. Specific treatments for acute pesticide poisoning are often dependent on the pesticide or class of pesticide responsible for the poisoning. However, there are basic management techniques that are applicable to most acute poisonings, including skin de .....
School Lunch Tips
Heat up soup or pasta in the morning and pack it in a thermos to stay warm. No waiting in line to microwave it later. Just keep in mind that you may want to preheat the thermos and heat the food hotter than you normally would so that it stays warm until lunch time. Here are some helpful tips. .....
Technologically Advanced Wrist Watches
Samsung Galaxy Gear. It is the flagship attempt at a smart watch from a big brand. It comes with 1.6 inch Super AMOLED 320 x 320 pixel touchscreen and 1.9MP primary camera on the wrist strap. The Galaxy Gear pairs with other Samsung devices via NFC and Bluetooth, and aut .....
Tips to get ready for Foreign Trip
Check the visa requirements for your destination. Countries participating in the Visa Waiver Program do not require citizens of reciprocating countries to pre-arrange a visa, but other countries may require a visa to be in your passport before you arrive. .....
Valentines Day Cake Ideas
Valentine Assembly Line Cake. Create a fondant centerpiece that will amaze your guests. Three angels are hard at work turning blocks of fondant into heart shaped Valentines. A Horseshoe Cake forms the edible worktable. .....
Street Food in India
Paneer Tikka Kathi Roll. Paneer roll, a tongue tickling and spicy masala of grated or crumbled paneer wrapped in chapati or paratha, is a treat to taste buds at anytime anywhere. .....
Foods That Are So Much Better Fried
Cheese. Melty, stringy, gooey goodness...cheese needs no justification for being better fried. I don t think a single person in the history of the world has ever refused a cheesestick. .....
Benefits of Gooseberry
Amla Recipe. Amla or Indian .....
Antioxidant rich foods
Russet putatoes. The Russet potato is a large potato with dark brown skin and few eyes. Its flesh is white, dry, and mealy, and it is good for baking, mashing, and french fries. It is a common and popular potato. To improve the disease resistance of Irish potatoes, L .....
What to Eat in Jharkhand
Bharwan karela. This is a traditional and authentic bharwa karela recipe from Uttar Pradesh.We follow this same recipe from generations in my community and my household. Addition of raw mangoes and fennel powder make it different and special .Try this you will surel .....
Best outdoor Cinema in the world
Hot Tub Cinema London UK. Eat your heart out couple couches hot tubs are the way of the future. At least according to the Hot Tub Cinema. Returning to Rockwell House rooftop in the heart of Shoreditch, the unique open air cinema experience will be screening a number of cult .....
Foods to help you win the war on Weight
CEREAL. A bowl of high fibercerealat breakfast can help ward offunhealthy snacking. A group of researchers at the VA Medical Center in Minneapolis offered a group of people one of five cereals for breakfast in addition to milk and orange juice. The same grou .....
New Year Celebration Ideas
Celebration ideas 2. Planning a trip may be a bit of a headache, but nothing else will matter once you are sitting on a beach with warm, thin, white sand under your feet and the sun soothing your skin. Toast the New Year by the ocean. .....
Terrifying Demons That Wont Let You Sleep At Night
Pontianak. According to Malay and Indonesian religious traditions a demon named pontianak usually did horrible things to men. It was believed that the spirits of women who died while pregnant transformed into this kind of ghost demon entity and then looked for .....
Movies for Valentines Day
Sweet November. Director Pat OConnor Cast Keanu Reeves and Charlize Theron, This romantic melodrama reunites The Devils Advocate 1997 co stars Keanu Reeves and Charlize Theron, and is directed by Irish filmmaker Pat OConnor Circle of Friends. Plot Nelson is a man .....
Global Dial Code
St Lucia. Exit Country Code + 1 + 758 + The Number The St. Lucia country code is 758. The nationality of St. Lucia is St. Lucians.The capital of St. Lucia is CastriesLargest Cities in St. Lucia by population: Castries, Gros Islet, Vieux Fort, Micoud, Dennery .....
Valentines Day Crafts
Star Wars Valentine. This is the perfect valentine craft for Star Wars enthusiasts! The saber stick is awesome with the glow stick attached. I love the idea of the treat being a glow stick instead of candy. Simply download the free file and print the cards yourself. .....
Rules to play Ultimate Frisbee
Spirit of the Game. Ultimate is known for its Spirit of the Game, often abbreviated SOTG. Ultimates self officiated nature demands a strong spirit of sportsmanship and respect. .....
Crazy Facts About The Universe
Einsteins Theory of Relativity. Without getting too complex, Einstein essentially came forward with the revolutionary idea that not only is motion relative, but time is too. In fact, they are linked together. The faster you move, the slower others will perceive that time has passed .....
Global Dial Code
Czech Republic. Exit Country Code + 420 + Area Code + The Number The Czech Republic country code is 420. The nationality of Czech Republic is Czechs.The capital of Czech Republic is PragueLargest Cities in Czech Republic by population: Prague, Brno, Ostrava, Plzen, .....
Largest Wrestlers in WWE History
King Kong Bundy. King Kong Bundy liked making statements. Thats why the 445pound man mountain demanded that the official count to five after Bundy had flattened an opponent with his devastating Avalanche splash. Often referred to as a walking condominium by Gorilla M .....
Simple Science
Strings and their Tones. Musical Instruments: Fasten a violin string to a wooden frame or box, as shown in Figure, stretching it by means of some convenient weight; then lay a yardstick along the box in order that the lengths may be determined accurately. If the stretched st .....
Precaution while using Microscope
FOCUS ON SPECIMEN. FOCUS ON SPECIMEN, FIRST USING THE COARSE AND THEN THE FINE FOCUS CONTROLS. YOU MAY HAVE TO MOVE THE SLIDE AROUND ON THE STAGE OF THE MICROSCOPE TO BRING THE SPECIMEN INTO THE VIEWING AREA. Microscopy is the technical field of using microscopes to vi .....
Management Mantras
Processes. Rely more on the process than people, when you have a strong system and process in place, you provide equal opportunity to all. Whenever faced with problems, try fixing the process and system first, than people. .....
Dance Styles
Cha Cha Dance. The Cha Cha is a vibrant, flamboyant and playful dance. The light and bubbly feel of the Cha Cha gives it a unique sense of fun for dancers throughout the world. The Cha Cha requires small steps and lots of hip motion, as it is danced in 4/4 time. Th .....
Interior Essentials
Modern Style Living Room. The best thing about Modern Style is it is bang on, straightforward. It goes beyond the conventions and standard ideas. With more focus on form and function, it embraces simplicity and clarity rather than artistry. It gives a very unique statement, b .....
Most Player of the Match Award Winners in ODIs
Sachin Tendulkar India. The master bluster, the most complete batsman and the most worshiped cricketer in the world, Tendulkar holds just about every batting record worth owning in the game, including those for most runs and hundreds in Tests and ODIs, and most internationa .....
Weird cars in the world
Zoo Car. Most of us have very usual cars maybe an old VW, or a red fancy Ferrari. Our roads are full of those, but they rarely catch our attention. While VW can mean, that you have some financial problems, Ferrari shows that you are a rich lucky bastard. Bu .....
Animation Tips and Tricks
Use shadows to ground your characters. Shadows are crucial elements to reality -- unless youre creating a vampire, the viewer expects to see your character cast a shadow. They give a sense of depth by anchoring characters to the ground and thus are important elements to character placemen .....
Benefits of Fenugreek Seeds and Leaves
Adverse Reactions. Dyspepsia and mild abdominal distention have been reported in studies using large doses of the seeds. Culinary quantities are essentially devoid of adverse effects; however, a case of hypersensitivity to fenugreek in curry powder has been reported. .....
World Architecture
CN Canadian National Tower. Toronto, Canada The CN Tower, next to the city hall on Front Street, Toronto, stands on the shore of Lake Ontario. It transmits television and FM radio for more than twenty broadcasters, as well as serving various other communications purposes. Incl .....
Interior Design Ideas
Window seat. Interior designer Ilse Crawford has created a perfect little nook by installing a wooden bench in an awkward corner at the bottom of a staircase. .....
Chourishi Systems