Benefits of maizes
. Maize is popularly known as corn or bhutta, widely found all over the India during summer season (sweet corn) and rainy season (common corn). Corns having high value of sugar are called as sweet corn (used by human) however common corns are generally used for animal feed. It was first originated in the American hills and spread throughout the world to be cultivated.
. While the kernels that we commonly call corn are technically the fruit of the plantorZea mays, corn is widely classified as a grain and is typically included in research studies of whole grain foods like wheat, oats, and barley. Throughout much of the world, corn is referred to as maize. In many ways, maize is the best way of describing this plant since it was first domesticated in Mesoamerica over 8,000 years ago and was originally described using the Spanish word maiz. This remarkable food took on sacred qualities for many Central American and South American cultures, as well as many Native American tribes in what is now the United States.
. Perhaps no other food has been more closely identified with the Americas than corn. Both the Mayan and the Olmec civilizations that date back to 2000 1500 BC in what is now Mexico and Central America (commonly called Mesoamerica) had not only adopted maize as a staple food in the diet but had also developed a reverence for maize that was expressed in everyday rituals, religious ceremonies, and in the arts. The first domestication of maize in Mesoamerica actually dates back even further, to 9000 8000 BC. Corn was equally valued by Native American tribes living in North America, although tribal wisdom about corn was largely ignored by European colonists in the 15th and 16th centuries AD.
Benefits of Corn or Maizeor
. Bhutta or maize come under the category of whole grain food having high amount of dietary fibers, low calorie, low fat and good amount of all the essential nutrients. Carotenoids (lutein and zeaxanthin), vitamins and amino acids found in it help in nourishing the body and preventing from various diseases like diabetes, cancer, hypertension, heart ailments, digestive ailments, Alzheimers disease, birth defects in babies and so many.or
Benefits of Corn for Digestive System
. Its high availability of insoluble dietary fibers makes it able to nourish the lower digestive tract means large intestine as well as enhances the population of friendly bacteria. It lowers the risk of colon cancer by organizing the functioning of intestinal cells if eaten on regular basis. Insoluble dietary fibers regularize the food digestion and prevents from constipation and hemorrhoids by enhancing the absorption of water in large intestine. It normalizes the bowel movements, intestinal peristaltic motion by stimulating the proper production of gastric juice and bile thus reduces the risk of irritable bowel syndrome and diarrhea.
Antioxidant Benefits of Corn
. It has strong antioxidant property as it contains more than one phytonutrients such as anthocyanins, beta carotene, alpha carotene, ferulic acid, lutein, zeaxanthin, vanillic acid, caffeic acid, coumaric acid, syringic acid, protocatechuic acid, hydroxybenzoic acid, protocatechuic acid ad etc. Phytonutrients found in it decreases the risk of cardio vascular problems. It helps in inhibiting the angiotensin I converting enzyme thus lower down the risk of hypertension.
Uses Of Corn
. As a food it is a staple food in many countries around the world. It is consumed in the form of whole grain or ground corn, roasted corncobs, cooking the unripe kernels etc. It is also used to make corn starch, corn oil, maize gluten, beer, alcohol and livestock feed. It is used in herbal medicine and the starch from it is used make chemical products like plastics, adhesives, fabrics etc.
. Corn contains a number of phytonutrients like carotenoids, anthocyanins, ferulic acid, vanillic acid, coumaric acid, syringic acid and caffeic acid. Cooking increases the levels of the antioxidants and beneficial compounds in sweet corn. In fact, it has been found that it raises the ferulic acid content by as much as 550%, with increases in levels of other antioxidants as well. Studies at Cornell University indicate that the excellent antioxidant profile destroys the free radicals that cause different cancers. Ferulic acid is very effective against breast and liver cancer.
. Corn oil has been found to have anti atherogenic effects on the cholesterol levels. Corn husk oil lowers LDL cholesterol since it reduces cholesterol absorption. This was referenced in the Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry. Maize, scientific name Zea mays, also known as corn or mielie/mealie, is one of the most extensively cultivated cereal crops on Earth. More maize is produced, by weight, than any other grain, and almost every country on Earth cultivates maize commercially for a variety of uses. The abundant cultivation of maize globally has led to concerns about monocropping and biodiversity, especially since genetic evidence suggests that maize is radically less diverse than it was originally.
Regulates Blood Sugar
. The high fiber content and protein levels enable just the right pace of digestion leading to a steady absorption of sugars and preventing sudden spikes and drops, in people with type 1 and type 2 diabetes. maize is heavily genetically modified, and the crop has been used as a rallying point by the anti Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs) community.
Benefits The Cardiovascular System
. Some phytochemicals lower high blood pressure while some others reduce the risk of cardiovascular problems. Folates lower the homocysteine levels, higher levels of which are linked to increase in risk of heart disease. maize is a staple crop, and many people rely on it as a primary source of nutrition. In addition to playing a major role in the human diet, maize is also used as livestock fodder. Maize is processed to make an assortment of products ranging from high fructose corn syrup to biofuels, all of which play important roles in human society.
Ensures Digestive Health
. The fiber alleviates constipation and issues with hemorrhoids. It maintains the healthy proliferation of the friendly bacteria in the large intestine. maize is at the forefront of the green revolution with byproducts like compostable containers and biofuel, while simultaneously being used as a controversial food additive in the form of corn syrup and other derivatives.
Benefits In Pregnancy
. The folate levels and the iron content keep the hemoglobin levels up in pregnant women and prevent neural defects in the growing fetus. Domesticated maize grows to a height of eight feet (2.5 meters). It is typically planted in rows to make it easy to harvest the female ears once they mature. The crop is also surprisingly vulnerable to pests and drought, given its global importance as a food source.
Better Bone Health
. Minerals like iron, copper, phosphorus, magnesium and zinc ensure healthy bones. The exact domestication point for maize is unknown, but it is estimated that the crop is at least 5,000 years old. The plant was originally domesticated in Mesoamerica, and appears to be related to species of wild grass which still exist in Central American today. People in many English speaking nations know maize as corn. Originally, the term corn could refer to any type of grain. When maize was brought back to Europe, it was called Indian corn, a reference to the source of the plant. The term was shortened to corn as maize became ubiquitous in many gardens. In Africa, it is known as mealies.
. Boil fresh corn on the cob. Strain out the water. Add candy sugar to this water and drink. This relieves the burning sensation as well as makes the kidneys healthier. When maize was initially cultivated in the Americas, it was grown along with beans and squash. The beans used the stalks of the maize to support themselves as they grew, while the squash offered a ground cover. The combination was also healthy for the soil, which was additionally enriched with alkaline substances. The addition of alkali to the soil proved to be an important part of growing maize, as alkali frees up niacin in the grain.
. Eat Indian flatbread (Roti) made of corn or maize. Maize, being popular as a food item, is enjoyed by people in various forms, like, whole corn, corn flour, cornstarch, corn gluten, corn syrup, cornmeal, corn oil, popcorn, cornflakes, etc. Apart from satisfying the taste buds of its users, maize is also a good source of vitamins, minerals and dietary fiber.
. Boil about 20 grams of corn silk in 500 ml water for about 10 to 15 minutes. Strain out the silk and drink this almost colorless water 2 to 3 times a day. You can use fresh or dried corn silk. Just ensure it has not been sprayed with pesticide. It relieves urinary difficulties, bladder, infections. UTI. It is a diuretic and flushes the entire urinary tract including the kidneys, bladder, prostate and urethra.
Corn is technically a fruit
. Each kernel is a fruit. However it is termed a grain and usually considered one like the other grains wheat, oats ,barley etc. In most parts of the world maize is used to refer to corn while in the U.S. and Canada, corn refers to maize. There are over a 100 varieties of corn with the same genus and species. Thus are seen the various colored corn ranging from white to yellow, pink to red and purple to blue, to black; each with its own unique antioxidant, carotenoid and phytonutrient combination.
Benefits of Corn for Diabetes
. Soluble and insoluble dietary fibers found in it helps in stabilizing the sugar level in the blood vessels by managing the food passage through the digestive tract. High protein content of it manages the digestion of food and sugar absorption into blood stream through the digestive tract thus prevents from sudden rise or down of blood sugar level. Regular consumption of corn helps in controlling the blood sugar level among people with both type 1 and type 2 diabetes. It also manages the secretion of insulin hormone in order to regularize the blood sugar level up to the normal level.
Corn for Heart
. Soluble dietary fibers found in it help to reduce the bad blood cholesterol level which may lower the risk of heart diseases.It antioxidant nature prevents arteries from getting hard thus reduces the risk of heart attack and stroke. When maize was initially exported to other regions, many people suffered from pellagra, or niacin deficiency, until the problem was identified and corrected.
Cornor Maize for Weight Loss
. It is a fiber rich whole grain food which makes stomach feel full for longer period of time and manage appetite thus assists in the weight management strategy. However, it is also good to increase weight among underweight people because of its richness in carbohydrates.
Cornor Maize for Skin
. It has lots of cosmetic benefits for skin because of it antioxidant and phytonutrients availability. It is used in many cosmetic products manufacturing for the topical application to soothe skin problems like rashes, irritation and pimples. It contains good level of vitamins C and B which is very essential for the healthy skin. It prevents skin damage from the free radicals produced by the ultraviolet rays as well as enhances the production of collagen to make smooth skin.
Cornor Maize Hair
. It contains lycopene and vitamin C in the form of potential antioxidant thus regular consumption of the corn helps in strengthening the hair follicles. It also assists in the collagen production which is necessary for the hair growth and maintenance. Corn oil is also very beneficial for the hair strength and strongness. It is a rich source of the vitamin E which helps in hydrating and nourishing the hair follicles and prevents from the premature hair graying and ageing. It prevents from the scalp dryness and hair loss by reducing hair damage due to the free radicals. Vitamin K found in it helps in better calcium absorption which reduces hair loss.
Cornor Maize in Pregnancy
. Its richness in the vitamin B9 or folates supports the better growth and development of the cardiovascular system in the babies and reduces the risk of variety of birth defects like neural tube defects and etc. It contains rich amount of B group vitamins which enhances the conversion of carbohydrate into instant energy thus helps pregnant women by instantly energizing them. It prevents from the heart disorders, muscles spasm and nervous system ailments during pregnancy. It contains vitamin B12 and folic acid which enhances the blood hemoglobin count and prevents from the iron deficiency anemia.
Other Health Benefits of Cornor Maize
. It is a food rich in lutein and zeaxanthin phytonutrients which plays great role in maintaining the health of eyes and reduces the risk of age related chronic eye diseases (macular degeneration). It slows down the development of cataracts and other eye disorders due to the availability of powerful antioxidants. Vitamin A found in it slows down the age related bone loss process and eye disorders. It reduces the risk of early ageing, inflammatory diseases (rheumatoid arthritis, cancer) and etc. It contains phosphorous mineral which plays essential role in regulating the normal growth and development of bone. It helps in strengthening connective tissues, bones, tendons, ligaments, muscles and cartilages as it is the rich source of trace minerals like manganese, magnesium, phosphorus, copper and calcium.
Corn or Maize Oil
. Corn oil protects the heart from many problems because of its anti atherogenic effect. It reduces the cholesterol level and maintains the health of cardiovascular system. It is the rich source of fatty acid like omega 3 fatty acid which prevents arteries from the damaging bad cholesterol. It contains linoleic acid which makes skin smooth and bright if applied topically.
Yellow Corn or Maize
. Yellow corn has high concentration of carotenoids like lutein and zeaxanthin which acts as antioxidants. It prevents from the free radicals and other age related health problems. Yellow corn especially contains high amount of beta carotene which maintains good eye vision and skin health.
. Blue corn contains anthocyanins which provide it purple color and acts as strong antioxidant compound. It is also very effective in preventing from the serious health disorders. The nutritional value of cornflakes is almost similar to that of cooked maize. One large ear of cooked yellow maize contains almost 4 grams of protein, 3.5 grams of dietary fiber, around 30 grams of carbohydrates, 1.5 grams of fat, 3.6 grams of sugar, around 100 grams of water, no cholesterol and amounts to 126 calories. Below is more maize nutrition facts and information about the vitamin and mineral content in one large ear of yellow maize, which is cooked without salt.
. It is the richest source dietary fibers, vitamins, antioxidants, unsaturated fatty acids and etc which are required for the good health. It is easily available in the market at cheap price so everyone can be benefited of it. It is very healthy diet fully capable to fulfill the needs of malnourished person.
MaizeCorn Flakes with Milk
. Corn flakes with milk and some sweetener is very healthy and nutritious diet especially for the growing children to get normal growth and development. Antioxidants neutralize the effects of harmful free radicals that cause diseases like cancer. The antioxidant betacryptoxanthin prevents lung cancer, while lutein prevents age related vision loss. Antioxidants slow cognitive decline and conditions like Alzheimers. Vitamin C boosts immunity and fights infections, while the presence of vitamin E gives maize anti aging properties.
Benefits of Corn Soup
. Corn soup is generally prepared using sweet corn (also called as Indian corn, sugar corn or pole corn) which tastes fantastic during winters season and suitable for all occasions. It has numerous health benefits as it stimulates health and restores necessary water balance in the body. It helps in keeping blood pressure under control. It is low in fat, low in sodium, low in calories and easy to digest food most beneficial during illness.
Select and Store
. It should be bought fresh from the market. Exposure to overheat may lead to microbial contamination thus it should be bought fresh which has not been exposed to the heat. It should be bought including husk with fresh and green colored. Always go for the organically grown corns as inorganically grown corns have harmful health effects due to the inorganic compounds availability. It is best to buy and eat fresh corns as it lost its flavor as it gets older. It can be stored for two to three days long in the refrigerator. Well dried corns without husk can be saved at room temperature for year long and can be used as popcorn after roasting.
How to Enjoy
. It can be enjoyed eating cooked, steamed, roasted or boiled including with it husk or without husk with the flavor of lemon and salt. It can also be added as a topping in pizza, pasta, snacks, soup, salad, stews, omelets, pulav, fried rice and etc.
Precautions Side Effects and Disadvantages
. Corn has lots of health benefits however it needs some precautions while eating as over eating may cause some side effects and drawbacks to health. It may be of genetically modified varieties which have insect resistant capacity thus harmful to health as well. A type of lipid transfer protein found in the corn is indigestible protein which may cause allergy to some people and develop allergic reactions like nausea, vomiting, headache, swelling, abdominal pain, skin rashes, itching, diarrhea, bloating, gas, migraine, dizziness, fever, urinary tract infection, asthma, breathing difficulty, hypotension, unconsciousness and etc.
How Much Corn to Eat a Day
. Corn, even after being a good source of the vitamins, minerals, dietary fibers, antioxidants, it is also rich in sugar and starch which is harmful for the person with diabetes if over consumed. Thus it should be consumed within limit to avoid its negative aspects however, one medium sized corn can be eaten by the healthy person. However, it should be properly consulted by the doctor if already have any problem.
. Corn has gathered a diverse reputation in the U.S. For some people, corn is a staple food that provides the foundation for tortillas, burritos, or polenta. For others, corn is a snack food that comes in the form of popcorn and corn chips. For still others, corn is a special summertime food that is essential at barbecues and cookouts. But regardless of its reputation, corn is seldom considered in the U.S. as a unique source of health benefits. Yet thats exactly what research results are telling us about this amazing grain.
. While it might sound surprising to some people who are used to thinking about corn as a plain, staple food, or a snack food, or a summertime party food, corn is actually a unique phytonutrient rich food that provides us with well documented antioxidant benefits. In terms of conventional antioxidant nutrients, corn is a good source of the mineral manganese. But it is corns phytonutrients that have taken center stage in the antioxidant research on corn.or
Antioxidant Phytonutrients in Corn
. Different varieties of corn highlight different combinations of antioxidant phytonutrients. In the case of yellow corn, carotenoids lead the way and provide especially high concentrations of lutein and zeaxanthin. Blue corn is unique in its anthocyanin antioxidants. One particular hydroxybenzoic acid in purple corn
. Anyone who has eaten fresh corn on the cob or freshly popped popcorn knows how satisfying this food can be to chew. Some of that satisfaction comes from corns fiber content. At 4.6 grams of fiber per cup, corn is a good fiber source, and in research studies, corn intake is often associated with good overall fiber intake. For example, persons who eat popcorn tend to have 2 3 times more overall whole grain intake than persons who do not eat popcorn, and they also tend to have higher overall fiber intake as well.
Blood Sugar Benefits
. Given its good fiber content, its ability to provide many B complex vitamins including vitamins B1, B5 and folic acid, and its notable protein content (about 5 6 grams per cup), corn is a food that would be expected to provide blood sugar benefits. Fiber and protein are key macronutrients for stabilizing the passage of food through our digestive tract. Sufficient fiber and protein content in a food helps prevent too rapid or too slow digestion of that food. By evening out the pace of digestion, protein and fiber also help prevent too rapid or too slow uptake of sugar from the digestive tract up into the bloodstream. Once the uptake of sugar is steadied, it is easier to avoid sudden spikes or drops in blood sugar.
Tips for Preparing Corn
. Corn can be cooked either with or without its husk in a variety of different ways. If using the wet heat methods of boiling or steaming, make sure not to add salt or overcook as the corn will tend to become hard and lose its flavor. Or, they can be broiled in the husk. If broiling, first soak the corn in the husk beforehand. When purchasing corn tortillas, purchase those that include lime (the mineral complex calcium hydroxide, not juice from the fruit) in their ingredient list. The addition of lime to the corn meal helps make the niacin (vitamin B3) in the tortilla more available for absorption.
The Healthiest Way of Cooking Corn
. Of all of the cooking methods we tried when cooking corn, our favorite is Healthy Steaming. We think that it provides the greatest flavor and is also a method that allows for good nutrient retention. To Healthy Steam fresh corn, fill the bottom of the steamer with 2 inches of water and bring to a rapid boil. Steam corn for 5 minutes. For extra flavor, dress with extra virgin olive oil, sea salt, and pepper. (See our Steamed Mexican Corn on the Cob recipe for details on how to prepare Healthy Steamed corn with extra flavor.
Genetically Modified Corn
. In 1994, no farm acreage in the U.S. had been planted with genetically modified corn plants, but today more than 70% of all 91 million acres of corn in the U.S. are planted with genetically modified varieties. Genetic modification of corn has been conducted for a wide variety of reasons. Some corn has been modified to become more herbicide tolerant (HT). This GE variety of corn is often referred to as HT corn. Other corn has been modified to become more insect resistant. This GE variety of corn is often referred to as Bt corn. Bt corn gets its name from the transfer of a gene from the soil bacterium,orBacillus thuringiensis, into the corn. A protein toxin produced by this bacterium helps to kill certain insects that might otherwise eat the corn.
. Some animal foods and some plants foods have been the subject of ongoing controversy that extends well beyond the scope of food, nutrient richness, and personal health. This controversy often involves environmental issues, or issues related to the natural lifestyle of animals or to the native habitat for plants. Corn has been a topic of ongoing controversy in this regard. OurControversial Foods Q & Aorwill provide you with more detailed information about these issues.
. Antioxidant phytonutrients are provided by all varieties of corn. The exact phytonutrient combination, however, depends on the variety itself. Yellow corn is richer in carotenoids, especially lutein and zeaxanthin. Blue corn has unique concentrations of anthocyanins. Purple corn provides unusual amounts of the hydroxybenzoic acid called protocatechuic acid. Ferulic acid, beta carotene, vanillic acid, coumaric acid, caffeic acid, and syringic acid are other key phytonutrients provided by corn. Corn is a good source of pantothenic acid, phosphorus, niacin, dietary fiber, manganese, and vitamin B6.
In Depth Nutritional Profile
. In addition to the nutrients highlighted in our ratings chart, an in depth nutritional profile fororCornoris also available. This profile includes information on a full array of nutrients, including carbohydrates, sugar, soluble and insoluble fiber, sodium, vitamins, minerals, fatty acids, amino acids and more.
. (White to yellow),so called because the kernels become indented as the cob matures. This is probably the most commonly grown corn as its uses are very versatile. Dent corn is used for oil, cereals and flour as well as for animal feed, its high cellulose content has also been used to create biodegradable plastics and absorbent material for diapers, the oil is also used in cosmetics, soaps and skin care products and for many other uses.
. All colors; shrinks on drying. This type of corn has very hard kernels and is used for similar purposes as Dent corn. The high fiber content is another characteristic linked to the nutritional benefits of maize. This condition makes it suitable for diets that are made to lose weight and those made with the aim of lowering cholesterol levels.
. This is characterized by a hard outer skin and soft starchy center. This combination gives it its unique popability. Maize has also diuretic properties when taken as a tea and is a component in certain oils, corn oil and syrup. One of the nutritional benefits of maize comes from its rich carbohydrate that is derived from its abundant starch. Maize is also very rich in thiamine or vitamin B1, which is necessary for the brain to absorb glucose and to transform that food into energy.
SWEET or VEGETABLE CORN
. High sugar content. This is the familiar corn on the cob. Most of the carbohydrates in this variety come as sugars, which make it so tasty and sweet. Best enjoyed fresh as storage will slowly turn the sugars into starch. Biotin or Vitamin B7 give nutritional benefits to maize, since the deficiency of this vitamin in the body affects the state of the skin and hair. The nutritional benefits of maize are also determined by its vitamin A, which functions as an antioxidant in preventing diseases such as cancer.
. Starchy with a waxy appearance, is used mainly in the Far East for its tapioca like starch. It is also used as a stabilizing and thickening starch for food products and as an emulsifier for salad dressings. Other industrial uses included remoistening adhesives for gummed tape, in adhesives, and in the paper industry. It is also often used for animal feed. New varieties of corn are continuously created. But today these are born in the test tubes of biotech labs. These modern cobs are no longer simply nourishment thanks to the wonders of biotechnology and the magic of gene manipulation they can now produce hormones and other substances that could be of value to the pharma industry.
. Corn silk is a valuable remedy whether by itself or as an adjunct to other herbs to treat afflictions of the genito urinary system. In particular it soothes the stinging pain of cystitis, can help to flash out gravel and small stones, relieves fluid retention and reduces the frequent urge to urinate in conditions such as prostatitis. By virtue of its diuretic effect it can also lower blood pressure. Native Americans have used it to treat infertility and menstrual pain. Externally the fresh silk has also been used to cleanse wounds. It may be a helpful addition to a blood cleansing herb mix. For bacterial bladder infections it is best used in conjunction with antiseptic herbs, such as Uva Ursi or Boldo leaves. Cornsilk also seems to have an indirect effect on the liver as it increases bile flow. This may also explain the native traditional use for this herb in the treatment of gallbladder stones. Increased bile flow also indirectly improves digestion and absorption of nutrients in the intestines.
Good for Digestion
. Corn is high in dietary fiber which comprises of both soluble and insoluble fiber. Soluble fiber helps in blocking cholesterol absorption by turning into a gel like consistency whereas insoluble fiber prevents constipation and intestinal problems by promoting soft and bulky stool that can move easily through the intestines, thus reducing the chances of Irritable Bowel Syndrome and diarrhea. orThus, it aids in preventing digestive problems like constipation and hemorrhoids as well as colon cancer. Though corn contains both types of fiber, it has a higher content of insoluble fiber.
. Anemia is caused due to the deficiency of vitamin B12 and folic acid. Corn contains a significant amount of these as well as iron which is one of the essential minerals required to form new red blood cells. Deficiency of iron can also cause anemia.
. Corn is considered as a starchy vegetable as it contains a high amount of carbohydrates which provide you with short term and long term energy. They also ensure proper functioning of brain and nervous system. One cup of corn provides around 29 grams of carbs. This is particularly beneficial for athletes as they require more carbs to optimize exercise performance. Moreover, corn is a complex carb so it gets digested at a slow pace, thus providing you with balanced energy levels that are free of peaks and valleys. It is advisable to eat corn a couple of hours before exercising for lasting energy.
Lowers LDL Cholesterol
. Cholesterol is produced by the liver and there are generally two types of cholesterol, HDL or good cholesterol and LDL or bad cholesterol. Bad cholesterol increases due to the intake of fatty food, thus weakening your heart and causing cardiovascular diseases. Sweet corn is rich in vitamin C, carotenoids and bioflavonoid that keep your heart healthy by controlling cholesterol levels and increasing the flow of blood. Corn oil has anti atherogenic effect on the cholesterol levels as it lowers cholesterol levels by reducing cholesterol absorption by the body, thus preventing atherosclerosis and scavenging free radicals throughout the body.
Facilitates Weight Gain
. Corn is a great option for underweight people, referred to as hard gainers. They need to increase their caloric intake so as to put on some pounds on their frames. Corn is rich in carbs as well as calorie dense to bulk up your body. Thus, it can be a healthy addition to your meals if you are underweight. One cup of corn kernels provides as much as 130 calories.
Prevents Diabetes and Hypertension
. Organic fruits and vegetables like corn have proven to be effective in reducing the signs of diabetes. Regular consumption of corn kernels assists in the management of non insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) and protects against hypertension due to the presence of phenolic phytochemicals in whole corn. Phytochemicals regulate the absorption and release of insulin in the body, thus reducing the chances of spikes and drops for diabetic patients and enabling them to maintain a normal lifestyle. Besides, corn is a good source of pantothenic acid. This vitamin B helps in carbohydrate, protein and lipid metabolism. Hence, it prevents stress by supporting the functioning of adrenal glands.
Stronger Connective Tissue
. Connective tissue comprises of bones, ligaments, tendons, muscles and cartilage. Corn contains the trace mineral manganese that strengthens the connective tissue. In addition to these, manganese keeps blood sugar levels stable and breaks down carbs and fat to provide energy. A cup of corn provides about 12 percent of the daily recommended value of manganese. Corn also contains a large proportion of minerals like magnesium, iron, copper and phosphorus which is needed for healthy bones. These nutrients prevent your bones form cracking as you grow older.
. The yellow kernels of corn contain substances called carotenoids which reduce the risk of macular degeneration i.e. impairment of vision at the center of your line of sight. Beta carotene helps in producing vitamin A, thus supporting better vision.
Anti cancer Properties
. Research has proved that antioxidants found in corn can fight and eliminate cancer causing free radicals. Moreover, this grain is a good source of phenolic compound, ferulic acid which is effective in fighting tumors in the breast and liver. It can be determined that consumed in moderation and in its fresh form, maize is a great option for a healthy and tasty snack! As far as the concerns over corn allergy symptoms are concerned, let me tell you it is extremely rare! Different people can be allergic to different things but that doesnt make that thing bad outright! Hey, we all know about people who are lactose intolerant but then the problem is not with milk, it is an issue with those peoples systems which are unable to metabolize dairy!
Beneficial during Pregnancy
. Being a rich source of folic acid, corn is particularly beneficial for pregnant women. Deficiency of folic acid in pregnant women can cause the birth of underweight infants and also cause neural tube defects at birth. Thus, pregnant women should include corn in their diet as it benefits the health of both the child and the expecting mother. However, in case of high blood pressure or swollen hands or feet, it is advisable to consult their doctor first.
Beneficial for Heart
. Corn oil is said to have anti atherogenic effect on cholesterol levels, thus, protecting against cardiovascular diseases. Corn oil is particularly beneficial for heart health as it has an optimal fatty acid combination, thus enabling omega 3 fatty acids to remove the damaging bad cholesterol and replace them at the bonding sites. As a result, it prevents the arteries from becoming clogged, reduces blood pressure and reduces the risk of heart attack and stroke.
Prevents Alzheimers disease
. Corn is a good source of thymine which is an integral participant in enzymatic reactions central to energy production as well as brain cell/cognitive function. It is also needed for the synthesis of acetylcholine, a neurotransmitter essential for memory and whose deficiency can cause age related impairment in mental function (senility) and Alzheimers disease.
Maintenance of Healthy Skin
. Yellow corn is a rich source of beta carotene which forms vitamin A that is vital for the maintenance of healthy skin. Vitamin C and lycopene are potential antioxidants that prevent the UV generated free radicals from damaging the skin and increase the production of collagen that assists in the maintenance of smooth skin. Besides being eaten, corn can also be applied topically as corn oil which is a rich source of linoleic acid.
Prevents Skin Problems
. Corn starch is used as an ingredient in many cosmetic products and can even be applied topically to soothe skin rashes and irritation. Carcinogenic petroleum products can be substituted with corn products in cosmetic preparations as skin creams use petroleum jelly as a base material which can block pores and worsen the skin conditions.
Combats Hair loss and Dryness
. Corn oil offers a great combination of fatty acids and nutrients such as vitamin E. Thus, topical application of this oil helps to keep the hair follicles hydrated, well nourished and prevents premature ageing. The antioxidants prevent cell damage by trapping the free radicals. Hence, it is effective in combating dryness and hair fall due to free radical action. It also contains vitamin K that helps in the absorption of calcium, thus preventing hair loss.
Maintenance of Healthy Hair
. Hot oil treatment with corn oil can give you soft and silky hair. It has a right balance of omega 3 and omega 6 fatty acids that controls inflammation and prevents the scalp from becoming dry and flaky. These fatty acids are important constituents of cell structure facilitating the transport of fat and deficiency of any of these can cause brittle hair or hair fall. For this purpose, heat corn oil for half a minute and massage it on your scalp with the tip of your fingers. Leave it for 15 minutes and then rinse with shampoo to get soft and lustrous hair.
Nutritional Value of Corn
. Corn does not contain large amounts of vitamins and minerals but does contain a lot of water and is rich in dietary fiber. It has a moderate Glycemic Index which enables the body to break it more slowly than other higher glycemic index foods like white bread. It is a great source of vitamin B1, vitamin B5, vitamin C and folate.or
. Corn has a significantly lower content of saturated fat, cholesterol and sodium. It has a high content of carbohydrates which provides nearly 82 percent of calories of this food grain. A half cup of corn contains around 80 calories out of which 10 calories are from fat whereas a 5 inch ear of corn contains 65 calories.
. Corn is high in dietary fiber and sweet corn contains both soluble and insoluble fiber. A medium sized ear of corn provides nearly 10 percent of required daily value (DV) of corn. Canned sweet corn can be high in salt, with some brands containing as much as 545 mg of sodium per cup close to a quarter of the recommended dietary allowance. MayoClinic.com reports that excessive dietary salt can lead to fluid retention and increased blood pressure in sodium sensitive individuals; the website recommends getting no more than 2,300 mg of sodium a day.
. Corn is a good source of vitamin C though processed forms such as popcorn or cornmeal contain less of this nutrient. Corn is also rich in B vitamins such as Thiamin and Niacin. Pantothenic acid is a vitamin that is vital for carbohydrate as well as protein and lipid metabolism in the body and corn contains it in significant amounts. Besides, it provides a large proportion of the daily folate requirement and is a rich source of beta carotene which is required for vitamin A formation. The corn kernels contain vitamin E which is a natural antioxidant for growth.
. Corn contains antioxidant phytochemicals which vary depending upon the different varieties of corn. Yellow corn is rich in carotenoids which provide high concentrations of lutein and zeaxanthin. Blue corn is rich in anthocyanin antioxidants whereas purple corn contains a particular acid called protocatechuic acid which is a strong antioxidant. Ferulic acid is natural antioxidant occurring in plants that helps to neutralize free radicals. Corn contains very high levels of this acid which can increase up to 900 percent on cooking it.
. Corn belongs to the grass familyorGraminae. Nowadays, farmers grow hybrid corns, which are developed by breeding two or more different types. These hybrids are superior to the pure cultivars in terms of traits, like tolerance to low temperature, disease and pest resistance. Corn is produced in a higher amount than any other grains. America is the highest producer of this valuable crop, contributing to about half of the global production. It is grown all over the world except in Antarctica. Peak season for corn production is May through September.
Corn Side Effects
. The major points against consumption of corn include a possibility of fungal and microbial infection and toxicity and skewed Omega 6 : Omega 3 ratio. Besides these, some other concerns over consumption of corn happen to stem from the sugar and starch content of corn which gives this grain high calorific value. Not a very good news for weight watchers! This concern also gives rise to a very serious question is corn oil good for you? Considering the ubiquity of corn oil in just about every processed and fried food and given its high trans fat content, corn oil is not at all a good option for daily cooking purposes. If you are a discretionary snacker and binge on those fries not more twice or thrice a month then it wont be very harmful for you! Regular consumption should be avoided. Is corn good for you? Not always!
Corn is also used in everything imaginable
. Corn is also used in everything imaginable. In addition to being eaten straight off the cob or popped, corn is used to manufacture corn syrup, a wildly successful artificial sweetener. Corn is also used to synthesize a number of compounds used in manufacturing processes, such as corn starch, which is in everything from cardboard to biodegradable containers. Corn is extensively cultivated to produce animal feed, with all feedlot animals consuming pounds of the crop each day. In addition, corn is used in the manufacture of alcohol and ethanol, a commonly used alternative fuel.
Rich source of calories
. Corn is a rich source of calories and is a staple among dietary habits in many populations. Theorcalorific content of cornoris 342 calories per 100 grams, which is among the highest for cereals. It is why corn is often turned to for quick weight gain, and combined with the ease and flexibility of growing conditions for corn, the high calorie content makes it vital for the survival of dozens of agricultural based nations.
Reduces risk of hemorrhoids and colorectal cancer
. The fiber content of one cup of corn amounts to 18.4% of the daily recommended amount. This aids in alleviatingordigestive problems such as constipationorand hemorrhoids, as well as lowering the risk of colon cancer due to corn being a whole grain. Fiber has long been promoted as a way to reduce colon risk, but insufficient and conflicting data exists for fibers relationship withorpreventing cancer, although whole grain consumption, on the whole, has been proven to reduce that risk. Fiber helps to bulk up bowel movements, which stimulates peristaltic motion and even stimulates the production of gastric juice and bile. It can also add bulk to overly loose stools, which can slow reduce the chances of Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) and diarrhea.
Rich source of vitamins
. Corn is rich inorvitamin B constituents, especially Thiamin and Niacin. Thiamin is essential for maintaining nerve health and cognitive function. Niacin deficiency leads to Pellagra; a disease characterized by diarrhea, dementia and dermatitis that is commonly observed in malnourished individuals. Corn is also a good source of Pantothenic acid, which is an essential vitamin for carbohydrate, protein, and lipid metabolism in the body. Deficiency of folic acid in pregnant women can lead to the birth of underweight infants and may also result in neural tube defects in newborns. Corn provides a large percentage of the daily folate requirement, while the kernels of corn are rich in vitamin E, a natural antioxidant that is essential for growth and protection of the body from illness and disease.
Provides necessary minerals
. Corn containsorabundant mineralsorwhich positively benefit the bodies in a number of ways. phosphorous, along with magnesium, manganese, zinc, iron and copper are found in all varieties of corn. It also contains trace minerals like selenium, which are difficult to find in most normal diets. Phosphorous is essential for regulating normal growth, bone health and optimal kidney functioning. Magnesium is necessary for maintaining a normal heart rate and for increasing bone strength.
Vitamin A Content
. Yellow corn is aorrich source of beta carotene, which forms vitamin A in the body and is essential for the maintenance of good vision and skin. Beta carotene is a great source of vitamin A because it is converted within the body, but only in the amounts that the body requires. Vitamin A can be toxic if too much is consumed, so deriving vitamin A through beta carotene transformation is ideal. Vitamin A will also benefit the health of skin and mucus membranes, as well as boosting the immune system.
Controls diabetes and hypertension
. In recent decades, the world has seemed to suffer from an epidemic of diabetes. Although the exact mechanism for this cannot be pinpointed, it is generally assumed to relate to nutrition.or Eating more organic fruits and vegetables, like corn, has been thought to be a return to an older style of diet, and it has been linked to reduced signs of diabetes.or Studies have shown that the consumption of corn kernels assists in the management of non insulin dependentordiabetes mellitusor(NIDDM) and is effective against hypertension due to the presence of phenolic phytochemicals in whole corn. Phytochemicals can regulate the absorption andorrelease of insulin in the body, which can reduce the chance of spikes and drops for diabetic patients and help them maintain a more normal lifestyle.
. Corn starch is used in the manufacturing of many cosmetic products and may also be applied topically tosoothe skin rashes and irritation. Corn products can be used to replace carcinogenic petroleum products which are major components of many cosmetic preparations. Many of the traditional skin creams contain petroleum jelly as a base material, which can often block pores and make skin conditions even worse.
. Clean the fresh corns and cook them in a container filled with water. Add butter, lime, salt to the cooked corn for additional flavour. maize isnt fattening, it is a starchy vegetable, meaning it does contain carbohydrates. Consuming too many carbohydrates and overall calories can lead to weight and fat gain. If youre overweight, the American Dietetic Association encourages you to reduce your daily calorie intake by 500 to 1,000 calories per day for a weight loss of one to two pounds per week.
Soups and salads
. Add cooked corn kernels to salads and soups for additional flavor. Mix chopped onion, tomato, lettuce, cooked corn kernels in a bowl. Season with salt, pepper, lime juice and olive oil. Corn allergies are seen in adults as well as in children. When a person becomes allergic to corn, his body develops antibodies against corn proteins. Therefore, as soon as the person consumes corn products or even inhales corn particles or pollen, the immune system reacts against it, which gives rise to allergic reactions on the body. As corn is consumed by a large number of people, the number of corn allergy cases is increasing.
A Few Words of Warning
. Corn does contain large amounts of fatty acid, so for people who are already at high risk for heart disease, excess corn or corn oil can dangerously exacerbate those conditions and risks. Also, corn is frequently turned into high fructose corn syrup, which is extracted from corn to use as a cheap sweetener. Itor is worse than table sugar and is a cause of obesity, as well as having a negative impact on your blood sugar levels. It is found in many artificially sweetened foods and syrups, so avoid these if you want to only get the positive benefits of corn.
A power house of minerals
. Those little yellow kernels contain more minerals than you can ever think of! Corn contains a large proportion of magnesium, iron, copper and most importantly phosphorus, which is needed for healthy bones. These nutrients not only prevents your bones from cracking as you grow older but also enhances the normal kidney functioning.
. Cholesterol is a substance that is produced by the liver. There are two types of cholesterol; good cholesterol (HDL) and bad cholesterol (LDL). Increase in the bad cholesterol due to the intake of fatty foods weakens your heart and can also lead to cardiovascular diseases. The vitamin C, carotenoids and bioflavinoids contained in sweet corn keep your heart healthy by controlling cholesterol levels and increasing the flow of blood in the body.
Protein and Fat
. Protein is a second macronutrient that the body also needs in high amounts. It functions to repair cells, build muscles and boost the immune system. Sweet corn has a moderate amount of protein for a vegetable. A 1 cup serving contains just over 5 grams. The total recommended daily intake of protein is 46 grams for women and 56 grams for men. If you are looking to boost the protein content, use sweet corn as a side dish with a lean beef steak, chicken breast or pork loin. Sweet corn is also low in fat. A 1 cup serving contains about 2.5 grams of total fat and less than a 0.5 grams of saturated fat. Adding butter to your corn will impact the fat content. A single tablespoon adds over 11 grams of total fat and 7 grams of saturated fat.
. Potassium is an electrolyte mineral commonly lost through sweat during long bouts of exercise. It is needed for heart function, muscle contractions and bone strength. Corn has a moderate amount of potassium. A 1 cup serving contains 325 milligrams. The total recommended intake is 4,700 milligrams for adults over 19 years old. Pairing sweet corn with beans, potatoes or spinach will boost the potassium content.
EYES ON CORN FOR HEALTHY EYES
. Studies have shown that a high intake of lutein and zeaxanthin is associated with a significant reduction in the risk of a chronic eye disease called macular degeneration. Age related macular degeneration (ARMD) is not some obscure medical condition
. Cornmealoris made by grinding whole corn. The coarsest meal is called grits, which is used to make corn flakes. A somewhat finer grade is sold in stores to make cornbread, deep fry batter, and hushpuppies. Even more finely ground meal is calledorcorn cones, and is used for baking and for dusting pizza dough. The finest grade of ground corn is corn flour, used for pancakes, donuts, breading, and baby food. Another type of cornmeal is calledormasa flour, which is made byortreating cornorwith lime (alkalai). This releases the corns niacin into a form the body can use. The resulting whole corn is calledorhominy, and ground treated corn is dried and powdered to make masa flour, which is then used to make tortillas and tamales.
. Corn Starchoris made from theorendospermorof the corn, the part of the seed that exists to nourish the potential new plant. After the hull and germ are removed, the endosperm is ground up and the gluten is separated from the starch, leaving nothing but carbohydrate. Corn starch is used as a thickening agent for liquid food and an alternative to talc in body powder. It is mixed with sugar to make confectioners sugar and was once used to make clothing keep a nicely pressed look. Corn starch is also the main ingredient inorbiodegradable plastic.
. Corn syruporis made from corn starch. Starch is a carbohydrate, a molecular chain of sugars. Enzymes are added to the starch to break the chains into sugars, mainly glucose. Further processing can change the sugars intoorhigh fructose corn syrup. HFCS is used to sweeten a variety of products, most notably soft drinks. Corn syrup is much cheaper and sweeter than cane sugar. A number of studies have linked the use of HFCS to the rise in obesity. Whether this correlation (which does not prove causation) is due to any organic differences between HFCS and cane sugarorororto the quantity consumed is still under debate. The Corn Refiners Association has asked the FDA for permission to change the term used for high fructose corn syrup toorcorn sugar.
. People have made liquor from their crops for thousands of years, and in the western hemisphere that meant whiskey distilled from corn. During the settlement of the Appalachian Mountains by European immigrants, farmers found it much easier to transport their corn crop to distant markets when they distilled it first (and just as profitable,orif not more so). Taxes imposed during the Civil War and later liquor prohibition laws split the corn whiskey industry into the legal distilling oforBourbonorand the illegal distilling oformoonshine, so called because it was produced at night to evade notice.
. Distilled alcohol from grain is called ethanol. The word in modern usage usually refers toethanol fueloror biofuel made by distilling corn. Regular gasoline powered cars can run on gas blended with up to 10% ethanol. Corn is a renewable resource, so biofuels are seen as a replacement for fossil fuels. However, the growing use of corn for biofuel raises concerns about theordiminishing availability of corn for food. Also, the production of biofuels usesoras much or more energy than it produces.
. Tea brewed from cornsilkoris used as a remedy for urinary tract infections, as it has diuretic properties. The tea has been marketed to help everything from bedwetting to diabetes to cancer, but the medical community says there isorinsufficient evidenceorfor such claims. Cornsilk is not harmful to most people, but there are someorwarningsorfor those with some health conditions or who are takingorcertain medications.
. Corn cobs might seem like the throwaway part of corn, but have their uses and more uses are discovered or developed all the time. Ground cobs are used for livestock feed. Traditional farm uses include animal bedding,ortoilet paper substitute, landfill, fuel, and to makeorcorn cob jelly. Modernorindustrial productsormade from corn cobs include absorbents for oil and hazardous waste, insecticides, fertilizer, and grit for tumbling and blasting. Cobs, as well as corn stalks, are starting to be used to produceorethanol. And you can stillormake a pipeorout of a corn cob.
. Oil is produced by squeezing the germ of the corn. It is used as a food ingredient and for frying food in (most appropriately for popping popcorn). Margarine is often made from corn oil, althoughorother oils are usedoras well. Corn oil is also used in many cosmetics, soaps, medicines, and other products.
. Corn germ is a waste product of the separation of corn components. It isorwhats leftorof the plant germ after the oil has been pressed out, and is used for livestock feed. However, components of corn germ can be used toormake industrial glue stronger. This reduces the amount of resin required in the glue formula, which should make the adhesive less expensive to produce.
. The flow oforbileorfrom the liver through the bile ducts is believed to be increased and affected by the corn silk, and the remedy is said to be capable of stimulating the production of bile in the liver this property is very important and can benefit a lot of people affected by poor digestion. The effect of corn silk onorbloodorpressure is currently being researched in China, corn silk has been found to be capable of reducing elevated blood pressures in patients, and it is also known to reduce the time that blood takes to clotting thus decreasing blood loss during injury.
. The corn silk can be taken in different forms for different disorders it is usually taken in the form of an herbal infusion, though it can also be used either fresh or dried in these remedies. Dosage of the herbal corn silk infusion for the treatment of urinary tract infections is one cup, containing 200 ml or 8 fl oz, taken thrice each day of the treatment period until full recovery. For making a poultice, a decoction derived from the corn meal can be thickened and used; this can be applied directly on wounds and sores affecting the person. The herbal corn silk tincture is excellent in the treatment of disorders like cystitis, this herbal tincture of corn silk can also be taken at dosages of three ml about 50 drops at least thrice every day of the treatment period. Dosages of the same herbal tincture in the Chinese system of medicine is 15 to 30 g of the tincture oror 3/4 1 1/2 oz per dose, taken thrice every day of the treatment period.
HOW IT WORKS IN THE BODY
. The urinary tract region is the main area where the remedial actions of the corn silk are felt to the greatest extent. Various constituents of the corn silk perform different roles in the body, for example, the compounds called theorsaponinsorare said to be mainly responsible for all the anti inflammatory action of the remedy and the compounds called theorallantoinorare the main healing agent in the corn silk remedy, a soothing effect as well as a demulcent action arises from the abundant mucilage in the corn silk, this serves to heal the irritated tissues and helps in tissue recovery. The overall diuretic effects of the herb is balanced by the presence of abundant quantities of the mineral potassium, the diuretic action affects the conditions of water retention in the body. The combination of an overall diuretic action and the presence of the mineral potassium benefits a variety of urinary tract disorders, and useful in the treatment of cystitis and prostatitis and all other urinary tract infections. An essential blood clotting factor in the body is theorvitamin K, which is a fat soluble vitamin found in corn this vitamin is essential for normal clotting of blood and the prevention of excessive bleeding following injuries.
. Being a diuretic and urinary demulcent, infusion or decoction of corn silk, when taken, helps to soothe the irritation in the bladder and along the genitourinary tract which causes frequent burning and painful urination in cases of:or Cystitis (chromicor acute inflammation of the bladder) caused by infections e.g. E. coli. In this condition, corn silk combines very well with Rosalle.
. The hard part at the center of the corn resembles aorbarleyorseed, that is like a funnel with a broad raised top and a pointed bottom. Because of their shape, corns intensify the pressure at the tip and can cause deep tissue damage andorulceration.orHard corns are especially problematic for people with insensitive skin due toordiabetesoretc. The scientific name for a corn isorhelomaor(pluralorhelomata). A hard corn is called aorheloma durum, while a soft corn is called aorheloma molle.