Benefits of cumin
. Cumin or jeera is a common ingredient in Indian kitchens. Apart from adding flavor to a dish, it has got health benefits too. Cumin (also known as Jeera) has a richness of history to give it a special place in the world of spices. Ancient Egyptians used it for the mummification process. And the humble jeera is a part of almost every Indian kitchen and on a hot summer day it s sheer bliss to have a glass of buttermilk with a dash of cumin powder.
. Cumin has been in use since ancient times. Seeds excavated at the Indian site have been dated to the second millennium BC. They have also been reported from several New Kingdom levels of ancient Egyptian archaeological sites. In the ancient Egyptian civilisation cumin was used as spice and as preservative in mummification
. The main producer and consumer of cumin is India. It produces 70% of the world production and consumes 90% of its own production (which is 63% of the world production). Other producers are Syria (7%), Turkey (6%) and Iran (6%). The remaining 11% production is assigned to other countries. Totally, around 300,000 tons of cumin per year are produced worldwide. 2007 India produced around 175,000 tons of cumin on an area of about 410,000 ha. I.e. the average yield is 0.43 tons per hectare.
. Cumin is a drought tolerant, tropic or semi tropic crop. Its origin is most probably Egypt, Turkmenistan and the east Mediterranean. Cumin has a short growth season of 100
. Cumin is grown from seeds. The seeds need 2 to 5?C (36 to 41?F) for emergence, an optimum of 20
. Indian cuisine is the renowned name for the foods of the India. The various spices, herbs, and vegetables, including fruits grown in India, and are used to practice vegetarianism in Indian society. Indian Cuisine includes a variety of dishes and cooking techniques. Highly aromatic and delicate spices reflect Indian food
Iron for Energy and Immune Function
. Cumin seeds, whose scientific name is Cuminum cyminum, are an excellent source of iron, a mineral that plays many vital roles in the body. Iron is an integral component of hemoglobin, which transports oxygen from the lungs to all body cells, and is also part of key enzyme systems for energy production and metabolism. Additionally, iron is instrumental in keeping your immune system healthy. Iron is particularly important for menstruating women, who lose iron each month during menses.
Seeds of Good Digestion
. Cumin seeds have traditionally been noted to be of benefit to the digestive system, and scientific research is beginning to bear out cumin s age old reputation. Research has shown that cumin may stimulate the secretion of pancreatic enzymes, compounds necessary for proper digestion and nutrient assimilation.
. Cumin seeds may also have anti carcinogenic properties. In one study, cumin was shown to protect laboratory animals from developing stomach or liver tumors. This cancer protective effect may be due to cumin s potent free radical scavenging abilities as well as the ability it has shown to enhance the liver s detoxification enzymes.
. Cumin seeds resemble caraway seeds, being oblong in shape, longitudinally ridged, and yellow brown in color. Although the small cumin seed looks rather unassuming, it packs a punch when it comes to flavor, which can be described as penetrating and peppery with slight citrus overtones. Cumin s unique flavor complexity has made it an integral spice in the cuisines of Mexico, India and the Middle East.
Select and Store
. Cumin seeds and cumin powder should be kept in a tightly sealed glass container in a cool, dark and dry place. Ground cumin will keep for about six months, while the whole seeds will stay fresh for about one year.
Preparing and Cooking
. To bring out the fullness of their aroma and flavor, lightly roast whole cumin seeds before using them in a recipe. As the taste of cumin is a great complement to the hearty flavor of legumes such as lentils, garbanzo beans and black beans, add this spice when preparing a recipe with these foods.
. Cumin seeds are not a commonly allergenic food and are not known to contain measurable amounts of oxalates or purines. Cumin or jeera is a common ingredient in Indian kitchens. Apart from adding flavor to a dish, it has got health benefits too.
. Cumin seeds are an excellent of iron, a very good source of manganese, and a good source of calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, and vitamin B1. Roasted jeera has a very unique flavor and adds much taste to an ordinary dish like aloo ki sabzi. Apart from taste, cumin has lots of health benefits and that s why you should ass it in your diet.
In Depth Nutritional Profile
. In depth nutritional profile for Cumin seeds is also available. This profile includes information on a full array of nutrients, including carbohydrates, sugar, soluble and insoluble fiber, sodium, vitamins, minerals, fatty acids, amino acids and more.
. Caraway seeds (use half as much); or caraway seeds plus anise seeds; or chili powder; or Amber cumin seeds may be substituted for white cumin seeds and vice versa.
Cumin seeds powder
. To make cumin seeds powder, dry roast the cumin seeds in a hot non stick pan till it releases aroma. Cool down completely and grind to a fine powder. Alternatively, use a mortar pestle to do the same. Always store in an dry, air tight container. Cumin powder is widely used in preparing curry powders.
Roasted and crushed cumin seeds
. Dry roast the cumin seeds in a hot non stick pan till it releases aroma. Cool down slightly, place them in a clean dry plastic sheet and crush the seeds using rolling pin into a coarse powder. Always store in an dry, air tight container. Roasted and crushed cumin seeds are used as seasoning and also added to buttermilk, salads, raitas etc.
. Cumin is a good source of Iron, Manganese, and other vitamins and minerals. Some research shows that cumin can stimulate the production of pancreatic enzymes and help digestion. One study found that cumin was protective against memory loss and the damaging effects of stress on the body.
Increasing insulin sensitivity
. Cumin effective in increasing insulin sensitivity, thus beneficial for diabetics. Still more research found anti asthmatic properties in Cumin since it works as a brochiodiator and can help asthmatic patients.
. Cumin extract
. An extract of cumin
. Cumin helps to lower blood sugar levels and thus helps in maintaining proper blood content levels in the body. This is a great boon for people suffering from Diabetes. Cumin seeds are not a commonly allergenic food and are not known to contain measurable amounts of oxalates or purines.
. These seeds are very rich in Iron, which makes it an essential natural health ingredient. This iron content helps to treat anaemia, makes blood rich in haemoglobin content and also helps in acting as a carrier of oxygen to the cells in the body.
. Cumin seeds contain Thymoquinone, which reduces inflammatory processes and other mediators that cause asthma. They also act as a bronchodilator. Cumin
. This is achieved by its anti oxidant characteristics that fight against impurities and free radicals thereby making the body immunity better in combating diseases. One of the good benefits of jeera.
. Cumin is healthy for women of all age groups and is known to influence healthy menstrual cycle in them. cumin can stimulate the production of pancreatic enzymes and help digestion.
Cold And Respiration
. Cuminis rich in Vitamin C and anti fungal properties which helps it cure Cold and other respiratory problems. Cumin seeds are also suggested for kidney health. Cumin protected the livers of rats from ethanol and rancid sunflower oil induced toxicity.
. Good metabolism process helps to keep all the other body processes in check. Iron present in Cumin helps to properly maintain our metabolic activity. Cumin
. Enzymes present in Cumin helps to breakdown foods and thus aids in digestion. cumin extract reduced total cholesterol, triglycerides, and pancreatic inflammatory markers in diabetic rats. It also prevented excessive weight loss. Again, it beat out glibenclamide.
Treatment of Boils
. Regular usage of cumin in your food helps in keeping your skin free from boils, rashes, pimples etc. This is because it has components such as Cuminaldehyde, Thymol and phosphorus which are good detoxifying agents, facilitating regular removal of toxins from the body through the excretory system and not through boils. If you are suffering from acne or boils, you can try applying vinegar with ground cumin seeds.
Treatment of Skin Disorders
. Cumin has a high content of vitamin E which keeps your skin healthy and glowing. Besides, the essential oils in cumin have disinfectant and anti fungal properties which protect your skin from fungal and microbial infections. Topical application of cumin paste on boils, pimples, eczema, psoriasis and other skin disorders facilitates quick healing. A dash of ground cumin powder can also be added to your face pack to treat skin issues.
Anti ageing Benefits
. Vitamin E present in cumin triggers the anti ageing processes within the body, thus preventing pre mature ageing symptoms. It acts as an antioxidant to combat the free radicals that attack the skin and cause signs of ageing like wrinkles, age spots and sagging skin. This combination of antioxidant effect and antibacterial capacity of cumin provides you with a healthy, beautiful skin that lasts far into your old age.
Cures Itchiness and Body Heat
. If you are suffering from body heat and skin itchiness, you can put some cumin seeds in boiled water. After cooling it, take a bath with that water. cumin in weaning addicts off of opiates here
Treatment of Burning Sensation
. Drinking cumin/jeera water can relieve the burning sensation of the palms and the soles. All you need to do is add one teaspoon of cumin seeds to 4 litres of water and boil. Remove it from the stove and keep it covered. You can drink this water whenever you feel thirsty as well as after your meals. It is advisable to drink it warm in order to reap greater benefits.
Cumin Face Pack for Glowing Skin
. Apply this on your face till it dries up. This will make your skin smooth and glowing. Honey can soothe the inflamed tissue and prevents the spices from becoming too dry. If you have sunburns or acne prone or blotchy skin, you can mix plain organic yoghurt with the spices. Apply some jojoba oil after washing off your face.
Treatment of Hair Loss
. After a bath, apply this on your hair or on the bald portion of your head. This will promote hair growth as well as treat hair loss. You can also consume black cumin oil in the form of capsules for a few months.
Long and Shiny Hair
. Black cumin seeds can provide you with those long and lustrous tresses. For this purpose, boil 1.5 tablespoons of black cumin seeds in ? cup of water for 10 minutes. When the mixture cools down, use a strainer to separate the seeds from the water. Add a raw egg yolk to the black cumin water and mix well to get a homogeneous creamy solution.
Treatment of Dandruff
. Oil extract from cumin is a great stimulant, carminative, antioxidant and diuretic. It is often used for massage in aromatherapy and scalp treatments to get rid of dandruff.
. Jeera rice is a common dish in India which is prepared by roasting cumin seeds in butter, frying rice in it and cooking it with water. It is a tasty combination that can be used to flavour vegetables, chicken and fish dishes. Cumin seeds can also be added to brown rice along with dried apricots and almonds.
Flavour In Dal And Curry Varieties
. This spice is a healthy addition to enhance the flavour of legumes such as lentils, garbanzo beans etc. Its aroma and taste greatly complements the recipe made from these foods.
Chilli Cumin Bean Salad
. Chilli cumin bean salad is a healthy meal that requires minimal preparation. You can prepare this salad by mixing some pinto beans, black beans, drained hominy, chopped onions and tomatoes, and fresh cilantro in a salad bowl. Combine lime juice, canola oil, onions, ground cumin, chilli powder, salt and pepper in a jar. Seal this jar and shake it well. Toss your salad with this cumin mixture and refrigerate it for two hours before serving.
Seasoning In Sauteed Vegetables
. Healthy saut
. Cumin can be used in preparing chicken. For this purpose, grease a large skillet with butter and cook chicken leg quarters in it until they turn brown. Place the chicken pieces on a greased baking dish. Saute the mushroom pieces, chopped apples and sliced onions until the apple pieces become crisp. Add some flour, condensed cream of mushroom, ground cumin, Worcestershire sauce, salt and pepper to this mixture and pour it over the chicken pieces.
. Cumin seeds are used in preparing Bengali spice mixture known as
. A warming and soothing cumin tea can be prepared by boiling cumin seeds in water and allowing it to steep for 8 to 10 minutes. cumin with ghee is smoked to relieve hiccups. According to the Bible, cumin was so valuable that it could be used in the place of money when it came time to tithe in church.
Flavouring In Rasam
. Roasted cumin seeds along with ground black pepper are used in flavouring rasams.
Preparation Of Soups Sauces And Pickles
. Cumin seeds are used in the preparation of soups, barbecue sauces, pickling and is one of the ingredients in curry powder. Black cumin seeds are used as a spice in Persian and Mughlai cuisine.
. This spice is widely available in supermarkets, local spice stores and ethnic markets in both whole and ground form. When buying cumin, always prefer whole seeds rather than cumin powder as the latter loses its flavour more quickly and may contain adulterated inferior quality spice mixtures. If you need it in powdered form, these seeds can be ground at home with a mortar and pestle.
Black cumin seeds
. Black cumin seeds contain about 100 chemical compounds including vitamins, proteins, carbohydrates, minerals and fatty acids. They are known for their healing qualities. In Islam, it is believed that they can heal any type of disease except death while in Bible they are referred to as the curative black seeds.
Three colours of cumin
. Cumin seeds are generally available in three colours amber, white and black. The amber seeds are the most common. this aromatic spice is known for its medicinal properties since ancient times. Being an excellent source of iron, it aids in digestion, boosts the immune system and has anti carcinogenic properties.
. Whole cumin seeds have a shelf life of at least a year if you store them in an airtight jar or container. Ground cumin loses its strong flavor and aroma after a few months, even if you store it well. Grinding your own cumin from whole seeds allows you to store the whole spice in your cupboard and have it on hand when you need it, while still enjoying the flavor and texture of the ground version.
Grind Your Own
. Grind your own cumin using a mortar and pestle, or a spice grinder or coffee grinder. Your regular coffee grinder will work in a pinch, but make sure to clean it well afterward so your coffee doesn t taste like cumin. Consider investing in a separate, dedicated grinder for spices if you plan to grind cumin and other spices regularly.
. The main cause behind piles (hemorrhoids) is constipation added with infections in the wound in the anal tract, which are also caused by constipation. Cumin, because of its dietary fiber content and carminative, stimulating, antifungal and antimicrobial properties, acts as a natural laxative in powdered form.
. Diabetes can have a powerful effect in preventing diabetes by reducing the chances of hypoglycemia. The animals that were tested showed a sharp decline in hypoglycemia when fed cumin seeds in their diet, and they also showed a decrease in glucosuria, which is a condition where the urine contains too much glucose, also resulting in hypoglycemia and diabetes.
. This is a very peculiar property of cumin. It is a stimulant as well as a relaxant at the same time. This property cannot be attributed to a single component alone, just as causes of insomnia cannot be attributed to a single cause.
Respiratory Disorders Asthma Bronchitis
. The presence of caffeine (the stimulating agent), and the richly aromatic essential oils (the disinfectants) make cumin an ideal anticongestive combination for those suffering from respiratory disorders such as asthma and bronchitis. It acts as an expectorant, meaning that it loosens up the accumulated phlegm and mucus in the respiratory tracts and makes it easier to eliminate them from the system via sneezing or coughing up and spitting.
. Cumin is rich in iron and thus very good for lactating mothers as well as for women who are undergoing menses or who are pregnant, since they are more in need of iron than others. Moreover, cumin is said to help ease and increase secretion of milk in lactating women due to the presence of thymol, which tends to increase secretions from our glands, including milk, which is a secretion from the mammary glands.
. As stated above, cumin is very rich in iron (more than 66 mg. in every 100 grams) which is more than 5 times the daily requirement of iron for an adult. This iron is the main constituent of hemoglobin in the red blood corpuscles of blood. It is hemoglobin which transfers oxygen (as the oxide of iron) to the body
Concentration and Cognitive Malfunction
. The amount of iron in cumin leads to increased hemoglobin production and subsequent prevention of anemia, but that increased blood flow has other benefits as well. When your blood circulation is in top form, adequate amounts of oxygen are able to reach the organs and the brain, leading to optimal performance of those bodily systems.
. Cumin is also beneficial in treating renal coli, weak memory, insect bites and painful stings. With all of these benefits, how could you say no? Add some cumin to your diet as soon as you can!
. Cumin essential oil is a good bactericide that can be used in the treatment of diarrhea and cholera, which are caused by bacteria. Furthermore, it can cure internal bacterial infections like those in the colon, stomach, intestines and urinary tract, as well as external infections on the skin, ears, eyes, and in wounds.
. Cumin oil has strong carminative properties and effectively drives away gases from the intestines. It also prevents any further formation of gases. Essential Oil can be attributed to its properties as a bactericidal, carminative, digestive, diuretic, antiseptic, anti spasmodic, detoxifier, emenagogue, stimulant, nervine, and tonic substance.
. Cumin Oil increases urination, both in frequency and in quantity. This may sound not that important, but it can be very beneficial for health. Along with urine, fats are lost from the body, up to 4% of the volume of urine. Therefore, it is obvious that the more you urinate, the more fat you lose. Urination also promotes digestion and keeps gas from forming. It removes excess water from the body and reduces swelling.
. The antiseptic properties of Cumin oil do not let the external and internal cuts and wounds become septic. Cumin is quite popular as a spice all over the world, and it hardly needs any introduction. However, cumin essential oil does.
. This oil has very effective anti spasmodic properties. It can be used in treatment for nearly all sorts of spasms and associated troubles such as cramps, convulsions, non stop coughs, pains, and cramps.
. Cumin oil is an efficient detoxifier. It removes toxins, including those which are produced by the body, such as some excess hormones and metabolic byproducts, as well as those which get into the blood stream through food, such as uric acid, insecticides, synthetic colors, and fertilizers. It promotes sweating and urination, thereby removing the toxins with them.
. Cumin oil can help maintain a regular menstruation cycle and can open obstructed menses. It also helps in recovering from Post Menopause Syndromes. It has a very distinct flavor, and in the US is most often used in packaged taco seasonings (don
. It particularly stimulates the digestive and excretory system and keeps them in order. Cumin is a good source of Iron, Manganese, and other vitamins and minerals. Some research shows that cumin can stimulate the production of pancreatic enzymes and help digestion.
. Cumin oil is good for the nerves and helps to cure nervous disorders such as convulsions, anxiety, and stress. Cumin essential oil can be used against colic, dyspepsia, flatulence, and depression.
. Cumin oil tones up muscles, tissues, and skin, as well as the various systems functioning inside the body, such as the respiratory, circulatory, nervous, digestive, and excretory systems. This tonic effect helps to retain your youth for a long.
A Few Words of Caution
. Cumin oil shows photo toxicity when exposed to sunlight and should therefore not be exposed to sunlight after external application. It should be used in low or mild doses because the very strong smell can cause headaches and nausea. Pregnant women should avoid using this oil as well.
. Its seeds are used to prepare decoction, which is sometimes used in treating flatulence and indigestion in traditional medicine. The seeds are used in traditional medicines to stave off common cold.
Plant Description and Cultivation
. Cumin is grown from seed. A hot climate is preferred, but it can be grown in cooler regions if started under glass in spring. A sandy soil is best; when the seedlings have hardened, transplant carefully to a sunny aspect, planting out 15cm (6 in) apart. Seed regularly. The plants bloom in June and July. The seeds are normally ready four months after planting. Cut the plants when the seeds turn to brown, thresh and dry like the other Umbelliferae.
. Cumin seeds are used in cooking and the oil is used to flavor food. Components may have antioxidant, anticancer, antibacterial, and larvicidal effects. Cumin may lower blood sugar, reduce seizures, strengthen bones, and treat the eye; however, there is no clinical evidence to support these claims. Cumin is generally recognized as safe for human consumption as a spice and flavoring.
Pregnancy and breast feeding
. Not enough is known about the use of cumin during pregnancy and breast feeding. Stay on the safe side and avoid use. Jeera is also found to be effective in stimulating menstrual cycle in women. Cumin can be used in the treatment of piles due to its fibre content, anti fungal, laxative and carminative properties.
. Cumin might lower blood sugar levels. Some experts worry that it might interfere with blood sugar control during and after surgery. Stop using cumin at least 2 weeks before a scheduled surgery.
. dose of cumin depends on several factors such as the user s age, health, and several other conditions. At this time there is not enough scientific information to determine an appropriate range of doses for cumin. Keep in mind that natural products are not always necessarily safe and dosages can be important.
Cooking with Cumin
. It s always best to use whole cumin seeds that you grind with a mortar and pestle, but cumin powder is more convenient though it loses its flavor faster than whole seeds. Whole seeds will keep for a year, when stored in a cool, dark place, while powder should be used within six months. For enhanced flavor, you may roast cumin seeds before using them.
. Extracts from two frequently consumed spices cumin (Cuminum cyminum) and turmeric inhibit platelet aggregation and alter eicosanoid biosynthesis in human blood platelets.In the traditional Indian system of medicine, Ayurveda, several spices and herbs are claimed to possess medicinal properties, such as being antithrombotic, antiatherosclerotic, hypolipidemic, anti inflammatory etc.
. cumin seed is an appetizer, eliminates formation of excessive wind humor and bile humor. It cures enlargement of skin and colic in stomach. Cumin seed strengthens the stomach, liver and intestines. It eliminates the worms, which are present in the intestines. It also cures flatulation, stomachache etc. Cumin seed is very beneficial for a woman after childbirth.
According to Ayurveda
. According to Ayurveda, each food has at least one of six tastes or rasas: sweet, sour, salty, bitter, pungent, and astringent. We require each taste in our diet.
Attenuates all your stomachic problems
. Cumin essential oil is known for its pitta enhancing properties that are responsible for metabolism and body temperature. With the Sanskrit name Jiraka, which literally means digestion, Cumin seed oil enhances the metabolism and alleviates all kinds of digestive disorders.
Helps in alleviating womanly concerns
. As a natural stimulant, Cumin seed oil induces and regulates the secretion of hormones and enzymes especially in women. Flavonoids and monoterpenes present in this oil have an estrogenic effect that corrects hormonal imbalances and cures blocked menses and irregularities in the menstrual cycle.
Detoxifies the body
. Cumin seed oil aids in increasing the quantity and frequency of urinating. It is for this important reason, it is often recommended for people with high pressure and rheumatism. It aids in cleansing the system by reducing the bad cholesterol, fatty acids, urea and acid levels in the body.
Alleviates the respiratory tract infections
. Cumin seed oil helps in treating common cold, bronchitis, asthma, coughs and other respiratory tract infections, which are caused by excess of kapha dosha causing phlegm and mucus deposits to block the nasal passages, bronchial tubes and the respiratory tract.
Soothes the mind and strengthens the intellectual power
. Cumin seed oil is a natural relaxant and with its unique aroma, this oil instills a calming effect on the mind and it acts as an effective stress reducer. The presence of rich nutrients and other therapeutic chemical constituents make Cumin seed oil a powerhouse of energy that reinforces your mind and relaxes your body and results in sound sleep.
Cumin Drink as a substitute for water
. Cumin seed water is very common in Kerala. Even in all hotels, they serve only cumin seed water instead of ordinary water for consuming. Consuming this boosts the immune system of the body. Take about a teaspoon of cumin seeds and boil it in about 5 litres of water. Allow it to cool. This is consumed instead of normal water.
. Cumin seeds provide vitality to the body when taken regularly. It also brings freshness to the body. Take cumin spice in powdered form along with palm candy for good results.
. Those who suffer from lack of sleep can consume cumin spice on a regular basis. The essential vitamins and the enhanced digestion produced by them make sure that you get good night
. Boil water and add powdered jeera in it. Cool the boiled water. Add a pinch of cardamom to it. Gargle your mouth with this water. This helps keep the mouth fresh and cures from mouth ulcers, foul smell, etc
Bleeding of gums
. If you are suffering from bleeding of gums, grind the Jeera spice with rock salt. Appy it over the infected area. This prevents bleeding of gums and also strengthens them.
. When taken regularly, the seeds get rid of the worms present in the intestines. Cumin seeds and cumin powder should be kept in a tightly sealed glass container in a cool, dark and dry place. Ground cumin will keep for about six months, while the whole seeds will stay fresh for about one year.
. You can boil 100 grams of cumin seeds in about 2 litres of sesame oil. Once the cumin seeds start to break, you can take the oil and preserve it in bottle. Apply it regularly over the scalp. This is a great remedy for headache.
. If you are stung by a scorpion, take a mixture of powdered cumin seeds, honey, salt and butter and apply it over the infected area. It neutralizes the venom of the scorpion.
. Cumin seeds are good to be consume by those who sufer from respiratory problems like asthma, bronchitis, etc. Cumin seeds were highly honored as a culinary seasoning in both ancient Greek and Roman kitchens. Cumin s popularity was partly due to the fact that its peppery flavor made it a viable replacement for black pepper, which was very expensive and hard to come by.
. Cumin seeds are rich in thymol, iron and calcium. Lactating mothers can mix powdered cumin seeds with honey and consume them. Cumin seeds may also have anti carcinogenic properties. In one study, cumin was shown to protect laboratory animals from developing stomach or liver tumors.
. Smoke Jira seeds in ghee to get immediate relief from hiccups.The other benefits of using cumin seeds include enhanced memory, increased concentration, treating colon cancer, Reduces superficial inflammation, pain, reduces uterus inflammation, sexual stimulant, reduces cholesterol, reduces body weight, cures the swellings in the breasts and testicles, stress reliever, etc
Sweet Voice for singers
. Cumin seeds have the property of bringing sweet voice and hence suited for consumption for those who aspire to be singers. Cumin seeds, whose scientific name is Cuminum cyminum, are an excellent source of iron, a mineral that plays many vital roles in the body.