Atal bihari vajpayee

Biography
1. Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee Born on December 25, 1924 at Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh to Shri Krishna Bihari Vajpayee and Smt. Krishna Devi.Educated at Victoria (now Laxmi Bai) College, Gwalior and DAV College, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, Shri Vajpayee holds an M.A (Political Science) degree and has many literary, artistic and scientific accomplishments to his credit.He brings with him a long parliamentary experience spanning over four decades. He has been a Member of Parliament since 1957. He was elected to the 5th, 6th and 7th Lok Sabha and again to the 10th, 11th 12th and 13th Lok Sabha and to Rajya Sabha in 1962 and 1986. He has again been elected to Parliament from Lucknow in Uttar Pradesh for the fifth time consecutively. He is the only parliamentarian elected from four different States at different times namely UP, Gujarat, MP and Delhi.

Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee was Prime Minister of India from May 16 31, 1996 and a second time from March 19, 1998 to May 13, 2004. With his swearing in as Prime Minister, he has been the only Prime Minister since Jawaharlal Nehru to occupy the office of the Prime Minister of India through three successive mandates. Shri Vajpayee has also been the first Prime Minister since Smt. Indira Gandhi to lead his party to victory in successive elections. .....

Childhood Early Life
2. Atal Bihari Vajpayee was born into a middle class family in Gwalior. His father was Krishna Bihari Vajpayee, a school teacher and poet, and his mother was Krishna Devi.He attended the Saraswati Shishu Mandir and later went to Victoria College from where he graduated with distinction in Hindi, English and Sanskrit.

He enrolled at DAV College, Kanpur to complete his post graduation and earned his M.A. in Political science. He was a patriot at heart and participated in Indias struggle for freedom even as a student and edited several nationalist Hindi newspapers. .....

Political Career
3. He became associated with the Bharatiya Jana Sangh (BJS), a right wing political party founded by Syama Prasad Mookerjee in 1951. He became a loyal follower of Mookerjee and supported him during his fast unto death in Kashmir in 1954.Vajpayee was elected to the Lok Sabha for the first time from Balrampur (U.P.) in 1957. He proved himself to be an excellent orator and gave powerful speeches.He was made the national president of the Jana Sangh in 1968 after the death of Deendayal Upadhyaya. Over the next few years he worked tirelessly with Nanaji Deshmukh, Balraj Madhok and Lal Krishna Advani to make the Jana Sangh a prominent presence in Indian politics.In 1977, the BJS was united with the Bharatiya Lok Dal and the Socialist Party to form the Janata Party. After the victory of the Janata Party in the general elections, Vajpayee became the Minister of External Affairs in Prime Minister Morarji Desais government.The Janata Party was dissolved following Morarji Desais resignation as Prime Minister in 1979. Vajpayee, in collaboration with Lal Krishna Advani and Bhairon Singh Shekhawat formed the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) in 1980 and became the partys first president.

After the 1984 elections, when BJP was reduced to two seats, Vajpayee worked tirelessly to build the party and in the next parliamentary elections in 1989 BJP won 88 seats.By 1991, BJP had emerged as the principal opposition party and the party won 120 seats in 1991 parliamentary elections.He became the Leader of the Opposition in Parliament in 1993 and in November 1995 at a BJP conference in Mumbai, he was declared as the Prime Ministerial candidate of BJP. .....

Career as the Prime Minister
4. The BJP emerged the single largest party in Lok Sabha in the 1996 general elections. Vajpayee was sworn in as the Prime Minister in May 1996. However, he resigned after 13 days since BJP could not obtain a majority.He was again sworn in as the Prime Minister in 1998 after BJP emerged as the single largest party and formed the National Democratic Alliance (NDA) with other political parties. This government lasted for a little over a year when fresh elections were held.

It was during his tenure that India conducted underground nuclear tests in Pokhran in May 1998, just a month after the government came into power. These tests were regarded a national milestone.The Kargil War between India and Pakistan took place between May and July 1999. By the end of the war, the Indian Army and Air force had recaptured the areas infiltrated by the Pakistani militants. The Kargil victory cemented the reputation of Vajpayee as a strong and able leader of the nation.The BJP led NDA again emerged as the largest political alliance in the 1999 general elections in the wake of the Kargil War victory. Vajpayee was made the Prime Minister for the third time in October 1999.

He introduced many economic and infrastructural reforms like strengthening of private sectors, encouraging private research and development, bringing about privatization of certain government owned corporations, etc. His major projects were National Highway Development Project and Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana.U.S. President Bill Clinton paid a state visit to India in March 2000. Clintons visit to India was viewed as very significant in improving the foreign trade and economic relations between the two nations.

Vajpayees privatization campaigns were criticized by trade unions and government employees as excessive privatization was not in their favour.In 2001, he invited the Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf to India with a view to improve Indo Pak relations. However, this attempt could not achieve much success for India.He launched the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan in 2001, with the aim of universalization of elementary education.

The Parliament House in New Delhi was attacked in December 2001 by Pakistan trained terrorists. Investigations pointed to a conspiracy hatched in Pakistan. For a long time the threat of a full fledged war between the two nations loomed. The Prevention of Terrorism Act, 2002 (POTA) was enacted in the aftermath of the attack. The Vajpayee government implemented several economic reforms during 2002 03 which resulted in a record growth rate of 6 7% in the GDP. The international image of India also improving due to the rapid developments that took place in the country during this perios.Vajpayee resigned as Prime Minister in 2004 after Congress emerged as the single largest party in the general elections.He announced his retirement from active politics in 2005 and didnt contest the 2009 parliamentary elections. .....

Major Works
5. Nuclear tests conducted in 1998 during his reign unambiguously established India as a nuclear state and the country was able to develop a minimum credible deterrent to ward off threats to its security.The National Highways Develop Project (NHDP) and Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY) were two projects that were very close to his heart. NHDP involves connecting the four major cities of Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai and Kolkata. PMGSY is a nationwide plan to provide good all weather road connectivity to unconnected villages. He is highly respected for the economic reforms and privatization campaigns he brought about during his tenure as the Prime Minister of India. His diplomacy and leadership while handling political issues during the Kargil War and terrorist attacks further strengthened his image as a wise and capable leader of India. .....
Awards Achievements
6. He was awarded the Padma Vibhushan, the second highest civilian award in India in 1992 for his distinguished contribution in public affairs.He was honored with Best Parliamentarian Award in 1994. .....
Personal Life Legacy
7. Vajpayee is a bachelor. He has one adopted daughter, Namita, and is very close to his friends and relatives.He has a deep love for the Hindi language and has written several poems.He is nearing 90 years of age and suffers from various health problems including dementia and diabetes. .....
Trivia
8. Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh called him the Bhishma Pitamah of Indian Politics.His favourite singers are Lata Mangeshkar, Mukesh and Mohd. Rafi.This towering political personality is the only parliamentarian to have been elected from four different states at different times namely UP, MP, Gujarat and Delhi. .....
Bharatiya Janata Party
9. Atal Bihari Vajpayee, Bihari also spelled Behari (born December 25, 1924, Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh, India), leader of the pro Hindu Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and twice prime minister of India (1996; 1998?2004).Vajpayee was first elected to Parliament in 1957 as a member of the Bharatiya Jana Sangh (BJS), a forerunner of the BJP. In 1977 the BJS joined three other parties to form the Janata Party, which led a government that lasted until July 1979. As foreign minister in the Janata government, Vajpayee earned a reputation for improving relations with Pakistan and China. In 1980, following a split in the Janata Party, Vajpayee helped the BJS to reorganize itself as the BJP. In 1992 he was one of the few Hindu leaders to speak out against the destruction of the historic mosque at Ayodhya by anti Muslim extremists.

Vajpayee was sworn in as prime minister in May 1996 but was in office only 13 days, after failing to attract support from other parties. In early 1998 he again became prime minister, in elections in which the BJP won a record number of seats, but he was forced to make a shaky alliance with regional parties. In 1999 the BJP increased its seats in Parliament and consolidated its hold on government.Although considered a pragmatist, Vajpayee assumed a defiant posture in the face of Western criticism of Indias testing of several nuclear weapons in 1998. He had earlier been praised for his conciliatory gestures toward Indias Muslim minority. In 2000 his government began an extensive program of divestment of public funds from several key state run industries. In 2002 Vajpayees government was criticized for its slowness in reacting to riots in Gujarat in which some 1,000 people (primarily Muslims) died. Nevertheless, in 2003 Vajpayee made a concerted effort to resolve Indias long running feud with Pakistan over the Kashmir region. Under his leadership, India achieved steady economic growth, and the country became a world leader in information technology, though the poorer elements of Indian society often felt left out of the economic prosperity. In 2004 his coalition was defeated in the parliamentary election, and he resigned from office. .....

Education
10. Atal Bihari Vajpayee was born to Krishna Devi and Krishna Bihari Vajpayee on 25 December 1924 in a middle class Brahmin family in Gwalior. His grandfather, Pandit Shyam Lal Vajpayee, had migrated to Gwalior from his ancestral village of Bateshwar, Uttar Pradesh. His father, Krishna Bihari Vajpayee, was a poet and a schoolmaster in his hometown. Vajpayee studied from the Saraswati Shishu Mandir, Gorkhi, Bara, Gwalior. Vajpayee attended Gwaliors Victoria College (now Laxmi Bai College) and graduated with distinction in Hindi, English and Sanskrit. He completed his post graduation with an M.A. in Political Science from DAV College, Kanpur, and was awarded a first class degree.

Later he became a full time worker of the Hindu nationalist rganisation[citation needed] Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS). For a while Vajpayee studied law, but midstream he chose to become a journalist. This choice was largely influenced by the fact that as a student he had been an activist in Indias struggle for freedom. He edited Rashtradharma (a Hindi monthly), Panchjanya (a Hindi weekly) and the dailies Swadesh and Veer Arjun. Vajpayee never married and has remained a bachelor his entire life. .....

As prime minister of India
11. First term May 1996 The BJP grew in strength in the early 1995s riding on pro nationalistic sentiments. In the 1996 general elections, the BJP emerged as the single largest party in the Lok Sabha. The then president Shankar Dayal Sharma invited Vajpayee to form the government. Vajpayee was sworn in as the 10th Prime Minister of India, but the BJP failed to muster enough support from other parties to obtain a majority. He resigned after 13 days, when it became clear that he could not garner a majority.

Second term 1998 1999 After the fall of the two United Front governments between 1996 and 1998, the Lok Sabha was dissolved and fresh elections were held. The 1998 general elections again put the BJP ahead of others. This time, a cohesive bloc of political parties joined the BJP to form the National Democratic Alliance (NDA), and Vajpayee was sworn in as the Prime Minister.The NDA proved its majority in the parliament. The government lasted 13 months until mid 1999 when the All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK) under J. Jayalalitha withdrew its support to the government. The government lost the ensuing vote of confidence motion in the Lok Sabha by a single vote. As the Opposition was unable to come up with the numbers to form the new government, the Lok Sabha was again dissolved and fresh elections were held. Vajpayee remaining the Prime Minister until the elections were held.

Third term 1999 2004 In the 1999 general elections, the BJP led NDA won 303 seats out of the 543 seats in the Lok Sabha, in the aftermath of the Kargil operations, thereby securing a comfortable and stable majority. On 13 October 1999, Atal Bihari Vajpayee took oath as Prime Minister of India for the third time. .....

The Lahore summit
12. In late 1998 and early 1999, Vajpayee began a push for a full scale diplomatic peace process with Pakistan. With the historic inauguration of the Delhi Lahore bus service in February 1999, Vajpayee initiated a new peace process aimed towards permanently resolving the Kashmir dispute and other conflicts with Pakistan. The resultant Lahore Declaration espoused a commitment to dialogue, expanded trade relations and mutual friendship and envisaged a goal of denuclearised South Asia. This eased the tension created by the 1998 nuclear tests, not only within the two nations but also in South Asia and the rest of the world.

The Vajpayee led government was faced with two crises in mid 1999. The AIADMK had continually threatened to withdraw from the coalition and national leaders repeatedly flew down from Delhi to Chennai to pacify the AIADMK chief J. Jayalalitha. However, in May 1999, the AIADMK did pull the plug on the NDA, and the Vajpayee administration was reduced to a caretaker status pending fresh elections scheduled for October 1999. .....

Kargil War
13. It was revealed that militants and non uniformed Pakistani soldiers (many with official identifications and Pakistan Armys custom weaponry) had infiltrated into the Kashmir Valley and captured control of border hilltops, unmanned border posts and were spreading out fast. The incursion was centred around the town of Kargil, but also included the Batalik and Akhnoor sectors and artillery exchanges at the Siachen Glacier.

Indian army units were swiftly rushed into Kashmir in response. Operation Vijay, launched in June 1999, saw the Indian military fighting thousands of militants and soldiers in the midst of heavy artillery shelling and while facing extremely cold weather, snow and treacherous terrain at the high altitude. Over 500 Indian soldiers were killed in the three month long Kargil War, and it is estimated around 600 4,000 Pakistani militants and soldiers died as well. India pushed back the Pakistani militants and Northern Light Infantry soldiers. Almost 70% of the territory was recaptured by India. With news of Pakistan planning to launch a nuclear attack in the face of a loss in the war with India, Pakistans Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif was summoned to the US by Bill Clinton and warned against any such action.

After Pakistan suffered heavy losses, and with both the United States and China refusing to condone the incursion or threaten India to stop its military operations, General [Musharraf] was recalcitrant and Nawaz Sharif asked the remaining militants to stop and withdraw to positions along the LoC. The militants were not willing to accept orders from Sharif while the NLI soldiers withdrew. The militants were killed by the army or forced to withdraw in skirmishes which went beyond the announcement of withdrawal by Pakistan. The victory in Kargil bolstered the image of Vajpayee and he was hailed across the country for his bold and strong leadership. In 26 July 2012, designated as Kargil Vijay Diwas, BJP President Nitin Gadkari unveiled a wax statue of Atal Bihari Vajpayee in Mumbai. The statue is to be put up at a wax museum in Lonavala. .....

Indian Airlines hijack
14. A national crisis emerged in December 1999, when Indian Airlines flight IC 814 from Kathmandu to New Delhi was hijacked by five terrorists and flown to Taliban ruled Afghanistan.The hijackers made several demands including the release of certain terrorists like Maulana Masood Azhar from prison. Under extreme pressure, the government ultimately caved in. Jaswant Singh, the Minister for External Affairs at the time, flew with the terrorists to Afghanistan and exchanged them for the passengers. .....
2001 attack on Parliament
15. On 13 December 2001, a group of masked, armed men with fake IDs stormed the Parliament building in Delhi. The terrorists managed to kill several security guards, but the building was sealed off swiftly and security forces cornered and killed the men, who were later proven to be Pakistan nationals. Coming just three months after the September 11 attacks upon the United States, this fresh escalation instantly enraged the nation. Although the Government of Pakistan officially condemned the attack, Indian intelligence reports pointed to a conspiracy rooted in Pakistan.Prime Minister Vajpayee ordered a mobilisation of Indias military forces, and as many as 500,000 servicemen amassed along the international boundary bordering Punjab, Rajasthan, Gujarat and Kashmir. Pakistan responded with the same. Vicious terrorist attacks and an aggressive anti terrorist campaign froze day to day life in Kashmir, and foreigners flocked out of both India and Pakistan, fearing a possible war and nuclear exchange. For as long as two years, both nations remained perilously close to a terrible war.

The Vajpayee administration also passed the Prevention of Terrorist Act against vigorous opposition of non NDA parties. Human rights groups have condemned the act which gives wide authority to the government to crack down and hold anybody. Its repeal was advocated by human rights organisations.But the biggest political disaster hit his government between December 2001 and March 2002 the VHP held the Government hostage in a major standoff in Ayodhya over the Ram temple. At the 10th anniversary of the destruction of the Babri mosque, the VHP wanted to perform a shila daan, or a ceremony laying the foundation stone of the cherished temple at the disputed site. Tens of thousands of VHP activists amassed and threatened to overrun the site and forcibly build the temple. A grave threat of not only communal violence, but an outright breakdown of law and order owing to the defiance of the government by a religious organisation hung over the nation. But to the relief of Vajpayee, his government was able to tide over this crisis rather smoothly. .....

2002 Gujarat violence
16. In 2002, Hindu Muslim violence in the state Gujarat killed more than 1,000 people. Vajpayee officially condemned the violence.Later, Vajpayee is said to have made controversial remarks Wherever there are Muslims in large numbers, they do not want to live in peace. The remarks were clarified by the Prime Ministers Office as being taken out of context.Vajpayee was accused of doing nothing to stop the violence, and later admitted mistakes in the handling the events. K.R. Narayanan, then president of India, also blamed Vajpayees government for failing to quell the violence. .....
Travel and diplomatic assignments
17. Vajpayee has visited several countries, first in 1965 as a member of the Parliamentary Goodwill Mission to East Africa. He was also part of the Parliamentary Delegations to Australia in 1967, the European Parliament in 1983, and Canada in 1987. He was part of the official Indian Delegation to Commonwealth Parliamentary Association meetings held in Canada in 1966 and 1994, Zambia in 1980, and the Isle of Man in 1984. He was in the Indian delegation to the Inter Parliamentary Union Conference, Japan in 1974, Sri Lanka in 1975; and Switzerland in 1984. He was a regular at the UN General Assembly, having been part of the Indian Delegations in 1988, 1990, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994 and 1996. He led the Indian Delegation to the Human Rights Commission Meeting at Geneva in 1993 and the Delegation of Standing Committees of External Affairs to Gulf countries i.e. Bahrain, Oman and Kuwait. .....
Later career
18. In December 2005, Vajpayee announced his retirement from active politics, declaring that he would not contest in the next general election. In a famous statement at the BJPs silver Jubilee rally at Mumbais historic Shivaji Park, Vajpayee announced that Henceforth, Lal Krishna Advani and Pramod Mahajan will be the Ram Laxman (the two godly brothers much revered and worshipped by Hindus) of the BJP.

Vajpayee was referred to as the Bhishma Pitamah of Indian Politics by Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh during his speech in the Rajya Sabha.Vajpayee was hospitalised at AIIMS for chest infection and fever on 6 February 2009. He was put on ventilator support as his condition worsened but he eventually recuperated and was later discharged.Unable to participate in the campaign for the 2009 general election due to his poor health, he wrote a letter urging voters to back the BJP. His protege Lalji Tandon was able to retain the Lucknow seat even though the NDA suffered electoral reverses all over the country. The tall apolitical image of Vajpayee was said to be the main reason behind Laljis success in Lucknow even though BJPs performance was poor elsewhere in Uttar Pradesh. .....

Personal life and interests
19. Vajpayee has an adopted daughter, Namita. He is fond of Indian music and dance. He loves nature and one of his favourite retreats is Manali in Himachal Pradesh.Vajpayee has said about his poetry, My poetry is a declaration of war, not an exordium to defeat. It is not the defeated soldiers drumbeat of despair, but the fighting warriors will to win. It is not the despirited voice of dejection but the stirring shout of victory. .....
Health issues
20. Vajpayee underwent knee replacement surgery at Breach Candy Hospital in Mumbai in 2001. He suffered a stroke in 2009 which impaired his speech. His health has been a major source of concern and those in the know say he is often confined to a wheelchair and fails to recognise people. He is said to be suffering from dementia and long term diabetes. He is not known to have attended any public event in recent years. He rarely ventures out of the house, except for checkups at the All India Institute of Medical Sciences.Not many people visit him these days. The only regular visitors are N M Ghatate, Vajpayees friend of nearly six decades, Advani and B C Khanduri, who come to sit by his side or ask his daughter about his health. Dr. Manmohan Singh makes regular inquiries about his health and never misses wishing Vajpayee personally on his birthday. .....
personal background
21. Atal Bihari Vajpayee was born on 25 December 1924 in Gwalior to a middle class Brahmin family of Shri Krishna Bihari Vajpayee and Smt. Krishna Devi. Pandit Shyam Lal Vajpayee, grandfather of Atal Bihari Vajpayee, migrated to Gwalior from their ancestral village Bateshwar in Uttar Pradesh. His father was a school master and a poet. Atalji completed his schooling from Saraswati Shishu Mandir, Gorkhi in Gwalior. He completed his graduation in Hindi, Sanskrit and English from the Victoria College in Gwalior, now known as the Laxmi Bai College. Thereafter, he studied in DAV College, Kanpur and completed his M.A. in Political Science with a first class degree.

He is fondly called Baapji by his close relatives and friends. He remained single for his entire life and later adopted a daughter, Namita. He loves Indian music and dance. Atal Bihari Vajpayee is a nature lover and Manali in Himachal Pradesh is one of his favoured retreats.He has retired from politics due to health issues and is currently known to be suffering from dementia and diabetes. Close aides say he fails to recognize people and mostly stays at home, except for his check ups that are conducted at the All India Institute of Medical Sciences. .....

Professional Life of Atal Bihari Vajpayee
22. His first encounter with politics was during August 1942 at the time of the Quit India Movement. Vajpayee and his elder brother Prem faced arrest for 23 days. He joined the Bharatiya Jana Sangh when it was newly formed in 1951 and subsequently became motivated by the party leader Shri Shyama Prasad Mookerjee. He was with Shri Shyama Prasad Mookerjee when the latter observed a fast unto death in 1951 in Kashmir against the supposed inferior treatment shown towards non Kashmiri visitors. During this strike Shri Shyama Prasad Mookerjee died in prison. .....
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Understanding hearing loss. The concept of permanent hearing damage for most people involves sounds present at or above the threshold of pain, which occurs at 130dB. Such damage is generally reversed in 16 to 48 hours, but hearing loss can be irreversible if the cochlear cells .....
Enjoy Christmas Day
Spread good cheer. Many people do have a hard time with the holidays. If you don t, let your light shine on the corners of others darkness. When I hear someone say, I can t handle this, or I m overwhelmed, or There s too much to do and I m tired. Aren t you? I b .....
Car Maintenance
Spare Tyre. Often we ignore checking the spare tyre. Do check your spare tyre before making any long journey. Also, check if the jack is still working. If you have wheel locks installed, make sure you have the key and the wrench to open the wheel nuts. .....
What to Eat in West Bengal
mishti doi. The last item before the sweets is Doi or yogurt.It is generally of two varieties, either natural flavour and taste or Mishti Doi .....
Business Success Tips
Get cash flowing ASAP. Cash flow is the lifeblood of business, and is absolutely essential to feed bottom-line profits. So you need to find ways to jump start cash flow immediately.How do you do that? In a professional services business, you can ask for deposits on work up .....
Astounding Facts about the human body
Astounding Facts 73. ?Our eyes never grow, and our nose and ears never stop growing. .....
Healthy Mouth
Avoid Gingivitis. Who wants to kiss a mouth full of bloody gums Gingivitis, the first stage of gum disease, is characterized by swollen and bleeding gums. It is uncomfortable and can be the first step toward tooth loss. Gingivitis is caused by plaque irritating the gu .....
Homeopathy
CUBEBA. Piper cubebaCubeb, tailed pepper.Key Uses:CystitisGonorrheaMucous membrane inflammation, particularly in the urinary tractProstatitisOrigin : Native to Indonesia and widely cultivated in tropical Asia.Background : The antiseptic and diuretic proper .....
Precautions while using Shampoo
STORAGE. Store at 20 25 .....
Benefits of Radicchio
Varieties. The varieties of radicchio are named after the Italian regions where they originate: the most ubiquitous variety in the United States is radicchio diChioggia, which is maroon, round, and about the size of a grapefruit. Radicchio is burgundyred with w .....
Cartoons Characters That You Wish Were Real
Alvin and the Chipmunks. Even though Alvin is the main character in the bunch, you cant just have him without Theodore and Simon. The musical trio started in as a comic strip in the late 50s. It then went on to become The Alvin Show and eventually Alvin and the Chipmunks. Th .....
What to Eat in Andhra Pradesh
Boondi. Boondi is a Rajasthani snack food made from sweetened, fried chickpea flour. Being very sweet, it can be stored for a week or so. Due to the need for preserving food in arid regions of Rajasthan, boondi laddu are preferred. There is also a savory ver .....
Best Cricket Player
Kapil Dev. Kapil Dev Ramlal Nikhanj, better known as Kapil Dev, is a former Indian cricketer. He captained the Indian cricket team which won the 1983 Cricket World Cup.Born: January 6, 1959 (age 57), Chandigarh Height: 1.83 m Spouse: Romi Bhatia (m. 1980) Child .....
Billiards Pool Game for Beginners
Pool Shots. The following tips will take your pool playing to the next level.As with most things, repetition is the key.With pool you need to structure the repetition by playing certain pool scenarios until they become muscle memory. .....
Precautions while using Garden Tools
Tool Maintenance and Good Practice. Keeping your tools well maintained makes them last longer and makes them safer to use. For example, close the blades on secateurs shut with the safety catch when the job s done and keep the blades of your shears and sharp by using a sharpening stone. .....
Simple Science
Headache Powders. Drugs and Patent Medicines: The stress and strain of modern life has opened wide the door to a multitude of bodily ills, among which may be mentioned headache. Work must be done and business attended to, and the average sufferer does not take time fr .....
Healthy Foot
Avoid loose or tight fitting socks. Socks that are too loose can cause friction inside your shoes, which can lead to blisters and other irritations. Socks that are too tight can restrict blood circulation. .....
Benefits of Papayas
Great for your eyes. Papaya is rich in Vitamin A which helps protect your vision from degenerating. Nobody wants to lose their ability to see due to diseases like agerelated macular degeneration, and eating papayas will ensure that you do not see a day where you cannot s .....
Best Valentines Day Gifts
Sterling Silver I Love You To the Moon and Back Pendant Necklace. This simple necklace has an andI Love You To the Moon and Back inscription around the rim. This is a nice gift for a romantic partner, or for any female members of your family that you want to buy a gift for. The andI Love You To the Moon and Back se .....
Delicious Cookie Recipes
Peach Drop Cookies. Unlike recipes which call for dried fruit, these soft cookies feature fresh peaches .....
Tips to Feng Shui Your Home
What if you like uncovered windows but your view is of a brick wall or your neighbors rusty swing set. You can use sheers to soften the view and divert attention Im not a big doodad person but for an unpleasant sight line you could hang a crystal in the window to redirect the energy Any clear multifaceted crystal will work .....
Ways to Overcome Anger
Identify and Eliminate Your Triggers. Sit down and brainstorm a list of reminders and activities that will trigger this negative emotion in us. It might be hearing the word .....
Forever Young Naturally Exercise
Which Exercise. The most effective way to ensure you work out consistently is to choose activities that make you feel positive and confident about yourself, and to train in a place convenient to home or work. If you struggle to keep up with your class or you have to .....
The Best Value Summer Destinations
TOP THREE THINGS TO SEE IN PARIS. 1. Eiffel Tower2. Musee dOrsay3. Notre Dame Cathedral (pictured) .....
Marriage Tips
Never begin a sentence with the word you. Instead start with the word I and then share your feelings instead of your thoughts. This is not as easy as it sounds because we all disguise a lot of thoughts as feelings, as in I feel like you are avoiding me. Genuine feelings are sad, angry, happy .....
Most Popular Newspaper In The World
Nihon Keizai Shimbun. Nikkei Inc is one of the largest media corporations in Japan. Nikkei specializes in publishing financial, business and industry news. Its main news publications include Nikkei Asian Review, English language business journal, launched in November 2013 .....
Celebrities Who Had Unbelievable Jobs
Michelle Keegan worked as a check in agent at Manchester Airport. Michelle Elizabeth Keegan, the award winning British actress best known as Tina McIntyre in Coronation Street. During her struggling period she worked as a check-in girl at Manchester airport. She also worked as a sales assistant in Selfridges, Manch .....
Prosperous Countries In The World
Taiwan. Although both mainland China and Taiwan claim to be the real China, Taiwan has managed to fare much better than its significantly larger counterpart. .....
Cool Inventions
Upside Down Phonograph. Even upside down, a stereophonic turntable continues to play and hold the interest of Helen Sorowitz, a visitor to the New York High Fidelity Show in New York, Sept, 9, 1960. .....
Longest Rail Tunnels In the World
Gotthard Base Tunnel Switzerland. Once completed in 2016, the Gotthard Base Tunnel will be the longest railway tunnel in the world. The 35 mile tunnel cuts under the Swiss Alps at 8,000 feet below sea level and is expected to reduce travel time between Zurich and Milan by about an ho .....
Tips to get ready for New Year
Purchase flowers. Bulbs, such as daffodils or hyacinths, are especially auspicious. Display these bulbs or other flowers such as azalea, pussy willow, lotus, or peony. .....
Daily Health Tips
Avoid acidosis. Acidosis is the enemy of the healthy, alkalising diet. Whenever the alkalinity of the blood is reduced, even slightly, its ability to transport the carbon dioxide gets reduced. This results in the accumulation of acid in the tissues. This condition i .....
World Wonders
Pyramid at Chichen Itza. The site exhibits a multitude of architectural styles, reminiscent of styles seen in central Mexico and of the Puuc and Chenes styles of the northern Maya lowlands. Chichen Itza is one of the most visited archaeological sites in Mexico; an estimated .....
How to Remove Dark Circles Tips
Tomatoes. Tomatoes are an excellent solution for getting rid of dark circle, as it naturally helps to decrease the dark circles and also makes the skin soft and supple. All you need to do is mix one teaspoon of tomato juice with a teaspoon of lemon juice and a .....
Simple Science
Chemical Effects. Some Uses of Electricity: The Plating of Gold, Silver, and Other Metals. If strips of lead or rods of carbon are connected to the terminals of an electric cell, as in Figure 208, and are then dipped into a solution of copper sulphate, the strip in co .....
Benefits of Tamarillo fruits
Description. The Tamarillo belongs to the solanaceaes family. This fruit is oval shaped, it is 79cm long and 100 to 150gr in weight. The crust is smooth, thin and red. The exterior part of the pulp is firm and fleshy. In the centre, the fruit has a soft and jelly .....
Benefits of Carrots
Prevents Cancer. Carrots can reduce the risk of lung cancer, breast cancer and colon cancer. This is because carrots are rich in the polyacetylene antioxidant, falcarinol which fights against cancers by destroying precancerous cells in the tumors. In this way, carrot .....
Rules to play Foosball
Resuming play after time out. Following a time out, the ball shall be put back into play by the player who had possession when the time out was called. If the ball was in play when the time out was called, the player [B must have the assurance that the opposing team is ready bef .....
Benefits of Cinnamon
It reduces pain linked to arthritis. Cinnamon has been shown in studies at the Department of Internal Medicine, Kangnam Korean Hospital, to reduce cytokines linked to arthritic pain. cinnamon may reduce the proliferation of cancer cells, holding promise for cancer prevention and suffere .....
Strange Smelling Fragrances You Wont Believe Exist
Bacon. If a burgers scent doesnt really satisfy you, there is always Fargginays Bacon, which brings to mind frying bacon. A good gift for people who love the taste and smell of bacon. .....
Ways To Live Differently
Dont rely on the government. Want to take life into your own hands? Dont leave it up to a bureaucracy. If you expect the government to take care of you, its simply not going to happen. If you want to live differently, remember that nobody will look out for your well being like y .....
Amazing Animals
Happy Hitchhikers. A load of round yellow eggs weighs down this Hemiphractus fasciatus , the casque headed tree frog. Mama frog will carry these eggs on her back until they hatch as mini frogs no tadpoles here! These frogs are threatened with extinction and are one o .....
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