Akbar

Biography
1. Akbar(born Oct. 15, 1542, Umarkot, Sindh [India] died 1605, Agra), greatest of the Mughal emperors of India, who reigned from 1556 to 1605 and who extended Mughal power over most of the Indian subcontinent. In order to preserve the unity of his empire, Akbar adopted programs that won the loyalty of the non Muslim populations of his realm. He reformed and strengthened his central administration and also centralized his financial system and reorganized tax collection processes. Although he never renounced Islam, he took an active interest in other religions, persuading Hindus, Parsis, and Christians, as well as Muslims, to engage in religious discussion before him. Illiterate himself, he encouraged scholars, poets, painters, and musicians, making his court a centre of culture. .....
Akbars Early Life
2. Akbar was born to the second Mughal Emperor Humayan and his teenaged bride Hamida Banu Begum on October 14, 1542 in Sindh, now in Pakistan. Although his ancestors included both Genghis Khan and Timur (Tamerlane), the family was on the run after losing Baburs newly established empire. Humayan would not regain northern India until 1555.

With his parents in exile in Persia, little Akbar was raised by an uncle in Afghanistan, with help from a series of nursemaids. He practiced key skills like hunting, but never learned to read (perhaps due to a learning disability). Nonetheless, throughout his life, Akbar had texts on philosophy, history, religion, science and other topics read to him, and could recite long passages of what he had heard from memory. .....

Akbar Takes Power
3. In 1555, Humayan died just months after retaking Delhi. Akbar ascended the Mughal throne at the age of 13, and became Shahanshah (King of Kings). His regent was Bayram Khan, his childhood guardian and an outstanding warrior statesman.The young emperor almost immediately lost Delhi once more to the Hindu leader Hemu. However, in November of 1556, Generals Bayram Khan and Khan Zaman I defeated Hemus much larger army at the Second Battle of Panipat. Hemu himself was shot through the eye as he rode into battle atop an elephant; the Mughal army captured and executed him.

When he came of age at 18, Akbar dismissed the increasingly overbearing Bayram Khan and took direct control of the empire and army. Bayram was ordered to make the hajj to Mecca; instead, he started a rebellion against Akbar. The young emperors forces defeated Bayrams rebels at Jalandhar, in the Punjab; rather than executing the rebel leader, Akbar mercifully allowed his former regent another chance to go to Mecca. This time, Bayram Khan went. .....

Intrigue and Further Expansion
4. Although he was out from under Bayram Khans control, Akbar still faced challenges to his authority from within the palace. The son of his nursemaid, a man called Adham Khan, killed another adviser in the palace after the victim discovered that Adham was embezzling tax funds. Enraged both by the murder and by the betrayal of his trust, Akbar had Adham Khan thrown from the parapets of the castle. From that point forward, Akbar was in control of his court and country, rather than being a tool of palace intrigues.The young emperor set out on an aggressive policy of military expansion, both for geo strategic reasons and as a way to get troublesome warrior advisers away from the capital. In the following years, the Mughal army would conquer much of northern India (including what is now Pakistan) and Afghanistan. .....
Akbars Governing Style
5. In order to control his vast empire, Akbar instituted a highly efficient bureaucracy. He appointed mansabars, or military governors, over the various regions; these governors answered directly to him. As a result, he was able to fuse the individual fiefdoms of India into a unified empire that would survive until 1868.Akbar was personally courageous, willing to lead the charge in battle. He enjoyed taming wild cheetahs and elephants, as well. This courage and self confidence allowed Akbar to initiate novel policies in government, and to stand by them over objections from more conservative advisers and courtiers. .....
Matters of Faith and Marriage
6. From an early age, Akbar was raised in a tolerant milieu. Although his family was Sunni, two of his childhood tutors were Persian Shias. As an emperor, Akbar made the Sufi concept of Sulh e Kuhl, or peace to all, a founding principle of his law.Akbar displayed remarkable respect for his Hindu subjects and their faith. His first marriage in 1562 was to Jodha Bai or Harkha Bai, who was a Rajput princess from Amber. As with the families of his later Hindu wives, her father and brothers joined Akbars court as advisers, equal in rank to his Muslim courtiers. In total, Akbar had 36 wives of various ethnic and religious backgrounds.Probably even more importantly to his ordinary subjects, Akbar in 1563 repealed a special tax placed on Hindu pilgrims who visited sacred sites, and in 1564 completely repealed the jizya, or yearly tax on non Muslims. What he lost in revenue by these acts, he more than regained in good will from the Hindu majority of his subjects.

Even beyond the practical realities of ruling an enormous, predominantly Hindu empire with just a small band Muslim elite, however, Akbar himself had an open and curious mind on questions of religion. As he mentioned to Philip II of Spain in his letter, cited above, he loved to meet with learned men and women of all faiths to discuss theology and philosophy. From the female Jain guru Champa to Portuguese Jesuit priests, Akbar wanted to hear from them all. .....

Foreign Relations
7. As Akbar solidified his rule over northern India, and began to extend his power south and west to the coast, he became aware of the new Portuguese presence there. Although the initial Portuguese approach to India had been all guns blazing, they soon realized that they were no match militarily for the Mughal Empire on land. The two powers made treaties, under which the Portuguese were allowed to maintain their coastal forts, in exchange for which the promised not to harass Mughal ships that set out from the west coast carrying pilgrims to Arabia for the hajj.Interestingly, Akbar even formed an alliance with the Catholic Portuguese to punish the Ottoman Empire, which controlled the Arabian Peninsula at that time. The Ottomans were concerned that the huge numbers of pilgrims flooding in to Mecca and Medina each year from the Mughal Empire were overwhelming the resources of the holy cities, so the Ottoman sultan rather firmly requested that Akbar quit sending people on the hajj.

Outraged, Akbar asked his Portuguese allies to attack the Ottoman navy which was blockading the Arabian Peninsula. Unfortunately for him, the Portuguese fleet was completely routed off of Yemen. This signaled the end of the Mughal Portuguese alliance.Akbar maintained more enduring relations with other empires, however. Despite the Mughal capture of Kandahar from the Persian Safavid Empire in 1595, for example, those two dynasties had cordial diplomatic ties throughout Akbars rule. The Mughal Empire was such a rich and important potential trading partner that various European monarchs sent emissaries to Akbar, as well, including Elizabeth I of England and Henry IV of France. .....

Early Rule
8. The first battle fought by Akbar was against Sikandar Shah Suri of Punjab. However, when Akbar was busy leading assault against Sikandar Shah, Hemu, a Hindu warrior, launched an attack on Delhi, which was then under the regency of Tardi Beg Khan. Tardi fled from the city and Hemu claimed the capital. On the advice of his general, Bairam, Akbar launched an attack on Delhi and reclaimed the city. On 5th November 1556, Akbar the Great fought the Second Battle of Panipat against General Hemu.

Following soon after was the battle with Sikandar Shah at Mankot. In 1557, Adil Shah, who was the brother of Sikandar, died in a battle in Bengal. Along with fighting against the other rulers, Akbar also solidified his support by revoking the jizya tax on non Muslims. At the same time, he started wooing the favor of the powerful Rajput caste, at times by marrying Rajput princesses. He expanded the Mughal Empire by including Malwa, Gujarat, Bengal, Kabul, Kashmir and Kandesh, amongst others. In no time, the rule of Akbar was firmly established over the entire Hindustan (India). .....

Imperial expansion
9. Akbar first attacked Malwa, a state of strategic and economic importance commanding the route through the Vindhya Range to the Deccan plateau and containing rich agricultural land; it fell to him in 1561.Toward the zealously independent Hindu Rajputs (warrior ruling class) inhabiting rugged, hilly Rajasthan, Akbar adopted a policy of conciliation and conquest. Successive Muslim rulers had found the Rajputs dangerous, however weakened by disunity. But in 1562, when Raja Bihari Mal of Amber (now Jaipur), threatened by a succession dispute, offered Akbar his daughter in marriage, Akbar accepted the offer. The Raja acknowledged Akbars suzerainty, and his sons prospered in Akbars service. Akbar followed the same feudal policy toward the other Rajput chiefs. They were allowed to hold their ancestral territories, provided that they acknowledged Akbar as emperor, paid tribute, supplied troops when required, and concluded a marriage alliance with him. The emperors service was also opened to them and their sons, which offered financial rewards as well as honour.

However, Akbar showed no mercy to those who refused to acknowledge his supremacy. When, after protracted fighting in Mewar, Akbar captured the historic fortress of Chitor in 1568, he massacred its inhabitants. Even though Mewar did not submit, the fall of Chitor prompted other Rajput rajas to accept Akbar as emperor in 1570 and to conclude marriage alliances with him, although the state of Marwar held out until 1583.One of the notable features of Akbars government was the extent of Hindu, and particularly Rajput, participation. Rajput princes attained the highest ranks, as generals and as provincial governors, in the Mughal service. Discrimination against non Muslims was reduced by abolishing the taxation of pilgrims and the tax payable by non Muslims in lieu of military service. Yet Akbar was far more successful than any previous Muslim ruler in winning the cooperation of Hindus at all levels in his administration. The further expansion of his territories gave them fresh opportunities.

In 1573 Akbar conquered Gujarat, an area with many ports that dominated Indias trade with western Asia, and then turned east toward Bengal. A rich country with a distinctive culture, Bengal was difficult to rule from Delhi because of its network of rivers, always apt to flood during the summer monsoon. Its Afghan ruler, declining to follow his fathers example and acknowledge Mughal suzerainty, was forced to submit in 1575. When he rebelled and was defeated and killed in 1576, Akbar annexed Bengal.Toward the end of his reign, Akbar embarked on a fresh round of conquests. Kashmir was subjugated in 1586, Sind in 1591, and Kandahar (Afghanistan) in 1595. Mughal troops now moved south of the Vindhya Range into the Deccan in peninsular India. By 1601 Khandesh, Berar, and part of Ahmadnagar were added to Akbars empire. His last years were troubled by the rebellious behaviour of his son, Prince Sal?m, who was eager for power. .....

Administrative reform
10. Previous Indian governments had been weakened by the disintegrating tendencies characteristic of pre modern states the tendency of armies to split up into the private forces of individual commanders and the tendency of provincial governors to become hereditary local rulers. Akbar combatted these trends by instituting comprehensive reforms that involved two fundamental changes. First, every officer was, at least in principle, appointed and promoted by the emperor instead of his immediate superior. Second, the traditional distinction between the nobility of the sword and that of the pen was abolished: civil administrators were assigned military ranks, thus becoming as dependent on the emperor as army officers.

These ranks were systematically graded from commanders of 10 persons to commanders of 5,000 persons, with higher ranks being allotted to Mughal princes. Officers were paid either in cash from the emperors treasury or, more frequently, by the assignment of lands from which they had to collect the revenue, retaining the amount of their salary and remitting the balance to the treasury. Such lands seem to have been transferred frequently from one officer to another; this increased the officers dependence on the emperor, but it may also have encouraged them to squeeze as much as they could from the peasants with whom their connection might be transitory. Politically, the greatest merit of the system was that it enabled the emperor to offer attractive careers to the able, ambitious, and influential. In this way, Akbar was able to enlist the loyal services of many Rajput princes.

Akbars reforms required a centralized financial system, and thus by the side of each provincial governor (s?badar, later called nawab) was placed a civil administrator (d?wan, or divan) who supervised revenue collection, prepared accounts, and reported directly to the emperor. As a further safeguard against abuses, Akbar reorganized the existing network of newswriters, whose duty it was to send regular reports of important events to the emperor. Akbar also seems to have instituted more efficient revenue assessment and collection in an effort to safeguard the peasants from excessive demands and the state from loss of money. But such efficiency could only have been enforced in the areas directly administered by the central government. This excluded the lands under tributary rulers such as the Rajputs and also the lands assigned for the maintenance of Mughal officers.

Yet, notwithstanding Akbars reforms, travelers accounts indicate that the Indian peasants remained impoverished. The official elite, on the other hand, enjoyed great wealth; liberal patronage was given to painters, poets, musicians, and scholars, and luxury industries flourished. Akbar also supported state workshops for the production of high quality textiles and ornaments. .....

Personality and assessment
11. Akbar maintained a luxurious and brilliant court at which elaborate ceremonies emphasized his distance from other men, though he was careful to cultivate public opinion outside court circles. Every morning at dawn he stood at an open window to be seen and reverenced by the people. Foreign observers commented on the graceful manner in which he accepted little gifts from the people and showed himself ready to hear the complaint of any man who dared to approach him.

Physically, he was strong and could withstand hardship on campaigns. Although he seems to have been no more than five feet seven inches tall, he impressed observers as a dominating personality. Clearly, although he was illiterate, he had a powerful and original mind. His unprejudiced inquiries into Christian doctrines misled the Jesuit missionaries he invited to his court into thinking that he was on the point of conversion. He persuaded the Muslim theologians at his court to accept him as arbiter on points of Islamic law in dispute among them. Although this seems to have been little more than an expression of his systematic approach to problems, the orthodox were offended. He gave further offense by the religious discussions he encouraged between Muslims, Hindus, Parsis, and Christians. These discussions were continued by a small group of courtiers who shared with Akbar a taste for mysticism. Although their doctrines and ceremonies, known as the Divine Faith (D?n e Ilah?), assigned a central place to Akbar himself, it would be an oversimplification to ascribe political motives to these developments.

Begun in 1570 and abandoned in 1586, Akbars capital of Fatehpur Sikri, near Delhi, is evidence of the resources he could command. Its combination of Hindu and Muslim architectural styles symbolizes the contact of cultures that he encouraged. Similarly, he commissioned the translation of Sanskrit classics into Persian, giving illustrated copies to his courtiers. He also received with enthusiasm the European pictures brought by the Jesuits, and his painters incorporated European techniques of realism and perspective into the distinctive Mughal style (characterized by a vivid treatment of the physical world) that began to develop during his reign. Akbars reign was an example of the stimulating effects of cultural encounter. It has also often been portrayed as a model for future governments strong, benevolent, tolerant, and enlightened. Effective government in a country as geographically vast and as socially complex as India demands a wide measure of social support. Akbar understood this need and satisfied it. .....

Military innovations
12. Akbar was accorded the epithet the Great due to his many accomplishments,among which was his record of unbeaten military campaigns that both established and consolidated Mughal rule in the Indian subcontinent. The basis of this military prowess and authority was Akbars skillful structural and organisational calibration of the Mughal army.The Mansabdari system in particular has been acclaimed for its role in upholding Mughal power in the time of Akbar. The system persisted with few changes down to the end of the Mughal Empire, but was progressively weakened under his successors.Organisational reforms were accompanied by innovations in cannons, fortifications, and the use of elephants.Akbar also took an interest in matchlocks and effectively employed them during various conflicts. He sought the help of Ottomans, and also increasingly of Europeans, especially Portuguese and Italians, in procuring firearms and artillery.Mughal firearms in the time of Akbar came to be far superior to anything that could be deployed by regional rulers, tributaries, or by zamindars.Such was the impact of these weapons that Akbars Vizier, Abul Fazl, once declared that with the exception of Turkey, there is perhaps no country in which its guns has more means of securing the Government than [India].The term Gunpower Empire has thus often been used by scholars and historians in analysing the success of the Mughals in India. Mughal power has been seen as owing to their mastery of the techniques of warfare, especially the use of firearms encouraged by Akbar. .....
Capital
13. Akbar was a follower of Salim Chishti, a holy man who lived in the region of Sikri near Agra. Believing the area to be a lucky one for himself, he had a mosque constructed there for the use of the priest. Subsequently, he celebrated the victories over Chittor and Ranthambore by laying the foundation of a new walled capital, 23 miles (37 km) west of Agra in 1569, which was named Fatehpur (town of victory) after the conquest of Gujarat in 1573 and subsequently came to be known as Fatehpur Sikri in order to distinguish it from other similarly named towns.Palaces for each of Akbars senior queens, a huge artificial lake, and sumptuous water filled courtyards were built there. However, the city was soon abandoned and the capital was moved to Lahore in 1585. The reason may have been that the water supply in Fatehpur Sikri was insufficient or of poor quality. Or, as some historians believe, Akbar had to attend to the northwest areas of his empire and therefore moved his capital northwest. Other sources indicate Akbar simply lost interest in the city or realised it was not militarily defensible. In 1599, Akbar shifted his capital back to Agra from where he reigned until his death. .....
Din i Ilahi
14. Akbar was deeply interested in religious and philosophical matters. An orthodox Muslim at the outset, he later came to be influenced by Sufi mysticism that was being preached in the country at that time, and moved away from orthodoxy, appointing to his court several talented people with liberal ideas, including Abul Fazl, Faizi and Birbal. In 1575, he built a hall called the Ibadat Khana (House of Worship) at Fatehpur Sikri, to which he invited theologians, mystics and selected courtiers renowned for their intellectual achievements and discussed matters of spirituality with them.These discussions, initially restricted to Muslims, were acrimonious and resulted in the participants shouting at and abusing each other. Upset by this, Akbar opened the Ibadat Khana to people of all religions as well as atheists, resulting in the scope of the discussions broadening and extending even into areas such as the validity of the Quran and the nature of God. This shocked the orthodox theologians, who sought to discredit Akbar by circulating rumours of his desire to forsake Islam.Akbars choices, decisions, decrees, discussions and regulations on religious matters even caused some of his brilliant courtiers like Qutb ud din Khan Koka and Shahbaz Khan Kamboh to criticize the emperor in the court.

Akbars effort to evolve a meeting point among the representatives of various religions was not very successful, as each of them attempted to assert the superiority of their respective religions by denouncing other religions. Meanwhile, the debates at the Ibadat Khana grew more acrimonious and, contrary to their purpose of leading to a better understanding among religions, instead led to greater bitterness among them, resulting to the discontinuance of the debates by Akbar in 1582.However, his interaction with various religious theologians had convinced him that despite their differences, all religions had several good practices, which he sought to combine into a new religious movement known as Din i Ilahi. However, some modern scholars claim that Akbar did not initiate a new religion and did not use the word Din i Ilahi.According to the contemporary events in the Mughal court Akbar was indeed angered by the acts of embezzlement of wealth by many high level Muslim clerics. .....

Akbar the Polemic
15. It is widely known that unlike his processors and successors, Akbar was tolerant towards all religions. It is less known that in 1563, Akbar was the king who repealed the law to collect tax from Hindu pilgrims if they visited their holy places. He had a liberal attitude towards all religions. This liberal attitude also helped him a lot in the expansion of his territory. Later, he went on lay the foundation of a new religion Din e Illahi. Although Din e Illahi was not a religion in the true sense of the term since it didnt have any holy book or formal base. He founded this religion to create a unified social order which could transcend the difference based on religion. Din e Illahi was based on the basic principles of the major religions such a Hinduism, Islam and Parsi faith. Though his religion failed and hence, had to be abolished soon. If Akbar could have succeeded in propagating his religion, he could have created a unified social order which could endure differences based on religion. .....
Akbar the Expansionist
16. After Akbar had established the Mughal Empire in the northern India, he commenced the expansion of his territorial boundary to the southern part of India. As a result, such was the might of his empire that it stretched from Sindh in the western part of India to Bengal in the eastern part of India and from present day Afghanistan to the Godavari basin in south. His tolerant and liberal attitude towards other faiths also helped him a great deal in the expansion of his territory. .....
Akbar the Architect
17. Akbar, apart from being an able administrator and founder of a religion, was also fond of great architectural structures. During his reign, he built many great architectural masterpieces and this also became a legacy for the Mughal rulers. It is evident from the fact that his successors Jahangir and Shah Jahan went on to build many architectural masterpieces. On his watch, Akbar made many historical monuments like Agra Fort, Fatehpur Sikri, Buland Darwaza, and Lahore Palace etc. .....
Akbars trustable the Navratanas
18. Akbar was a great patron of art and culture. Hence, his court was home to many extraordinary talents from the field of arts and culture. Among his trustable, he had a special category of men called as the Navratanas or the nine gems. Each of these nine gems was genius in his own right. The most notable among them was Birbal, whose is well known for his wit. Another was Tansen, who was a singer. It is said that he could bring the clouds to rain with his songs. Abul Fazl was the chief advisor to Akbar. He also went on to write Akbars biography which is titled Ain i Akbari. Raja Todar Mal was another trustable of Akbar who used to be the finance minister of Akbar. Raja Man Singh served as the General in Akbars court and he used to assist Akbar in administration of the kingdom. .....
Akbar the Intellectual
19. Having spent most of his childhood in exile and also being dyslexic, Akbar could read and write but he had a flair for learning and art. He always used to remain in the company of intellectuals and religious leaders. It was because of this only that his court was graced by the presence of the most extraordinary talented individuals of all the times. To keep himself ahead of times, he continuously involved himself in the process of knowledge acquisition through whatever means. .....
Akbar the Warrior
20. To accomplish his expansionist ideas, Akbar didnt only have a liberal attitude that could win the heart of people but he also had all the attributes of a warrior. In the second battle of Panipat, Hemu suffered a huge defeat at the hands of Akbar. He was also victorious in the Battle of Talikota fought in 1576. Akbar also defeated Rana Pratap of Chittod in a battle. Since his childhood, Akbar grew to be fearless. .....
Akbar the Hunter
21. Another attribute of the persona of Akbar was his fearlessness due to which he became a hunter. His courage made hunting a passion for him and his derived great pleasure from hunting. Initially, he was accompanied by his trustable when he went for hunting but later he started going alone for hunting. He also liked to keep wild animals as pets. He relished hunting lions, cheetahs, black bucks, tigers and also elephants sometimes. .....
Akbar the Administrator
22. Akbars administrative acumen was well displayed by his Mansabdari System. This was a system of administration introduced by Akbar to divide the whole territory into small regions and appoint Mansabars to control over the small regions. This system is the model for the present day federal system of governance which is practiced in many countries throughout the world. He was an able administrator in the sense that he could not only retain the huge territory he had but was also able to administer it. .....
Akbar the Statesman
23. Akbar was more than an able administrator in the sense that he could foresee that the path for future of his kingdom lied in creating a social order that could endure the differences of caste, creed, culture and religion. He served as a peoples king who had mastered the art of governing a nation state well before the concept of nation state came into being. It is because of this rule is known as the Golden period of Mughal Empire. .....
Legacy
24. Akbars legacy of religious toleration, firm but fair central control and liberal tax policies that gave commoners a chance to prosper established a precedent in India that can be traced forward in the thinking of later figures such as Mohandas Gandhi. His love of art led to the fusion of Indian and Central Asian Persian styles that came to symbolize the height of Mughal achievement, in forms as varied as miniature painting and grandiose architecture. This lovely fusion would reach its absolute apex under Akbars grandson, Shah Jahan, who designed and had built the world famous Taj Mahal.Perhaps most of all, Akbar the Great showed the rulers of all nations everywhere that tolerance is not weakness, and open mindedness is not the same thing as indecisiveness. As a result, he is honored more than four centuries after his death as one of the greatest rulers in human history. .....
Akbars Death
25. In October of 1605, the 63 year old Emperor Akbar suffered a serious bout of dysentery. After being sick for three weeks, he passed away at the end of that month. The emperor was buried in a beautiful mausoleum in the royal city of Agra. .....
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Valentines Day Lyrics
I Want to Know What Love Is. There wasnt unanimous agreement among the members of Foreigner that this song would be a great single for the group. Lou Gramm thought it might do irreparable damage to their rock image and Rick Willis thought it was fluffy. Mick Jones told Billboard .....
Incredible Animated Movies
TOY STORY. A full-length computer-animated feature which follows the story of a group of toys who fall out with each other when a space ranger threatens the leadership of an old wooden cowboy. .....
New Years Eve Cake Ideas
Decadent Chocolate Cake. This decadent chocolate cake takes only 45 minutes from start to finish. That gets you out of the kitchen and into your favorite chair with a mug of cider or that novel you got for New year. .....
Best Flirting Tips
Ask him out by accident. Text him What r u up to tonite? When he replies, say, Sorry that was for a friendbut yeah, what r u doing? The tiny diss will make him work harder. .....
Biggest things in the World
Largest Cyclist. Ben Bikin is the name given to this 32 foot tall sculpture of a Gay Nineties cyclist atop an old high wheel contraption. Because Victorian era bicycles were so tall anyway, this statue seems less impressive than it probably should. It was built by .....
The Best Fall Shoes
The Patchwork Bootie. Patchwork that doesn t feel sloppy. Gianvito Rossi Patchwork Suede High Heel Boot, $1160, available at Neiman Marcus. .....
Great ways to eat Corn
Corn Relish. Sweetish slightly hot and tangy this corn dish with cherry tomatoes ketchup and wine vinegar is a powerhouse of taste and can be thrown together in 15 minutes. .....
Benefits of Figs
Natural Body Builder. Being rich in carbohydrates and natural sugars, fig juice acts as a natural body builder. Drinking fig juice can boost your vitality, enabling you to exercise more and burn off extra calories. One serving of fig juice provides around 250 kcals of ene .....
Tips to Feng Shui Your Home
Fix whats broken. Broken things have no place in your homeEveryone I know would be upset about a broken car but they have broken door handles broken appliances and all sorts of broken architecture everywhere in their living environment Your space is a mirror of you Do .....
Rules to play Aquatics
Diving board and platform rules. 1. Users must have passed swim test for the managers. 2. Make sure area below board or platform is clear before jumping or diving in. 3. Only one person on board or platform at a time. 4. Only one bounce on diving board is allowed; no double bouncing .....
Mysterious Caves of India
Badami Caves Karnataka 1. The Badami cave temples are a complex of temples located at Badami, a town in the Bagalkot district of Karnataka. The cave temples are composed of four caves, all carved out of the soft Badami sandstone on a hill cliff in the late 6th 7th centuries. .....
Rules to play High Jump
Weight training. During pre season training and early in the competition season weight training tends to play a major role in the sport. It is customary for a high jumper to weight train up to 4 times a week, focusing mainly on quick movements involving the legs and .....
Awesome Mental Health Resources
SMART Recovery. Twelve-step programs not your thing? No problem. SMART recovery offers another alternative to AA and its offshoots. Modeled after research-based cognitive behavioral therapy strategies, SMART meetings do not require you to identify as an addict or al .....
Benefits of Brussel
Glucosinolate content. For total glucosinolate content, Brussels sprouts are now known to top the list of commonly eaten cruciferous vegetables. Their total glucosinolate content has been shown to be greater than the amount found in mustard greens, turnip greens, cabbage, .....
Simple Science
What Becomes of the Carbon Dioxide. Burning or Oxidation: When we reflect that carbon dioxide is constantly being supplied to the atmosphere and that it is injurious to health, the question naturally arises as to how the air remains free enough of the gas to support life. This is large .....
Valentines Day Fashion
Littleuptowngirls. Please like Facebook.com littleuptowngirls for 10% off your first order. Message me on fb for your code.. This listing is for ONE Shirt. These are SO cute and trendy for valentines days. PLUS you can wear them all the time. They are on the popular .....
Weird Books
How to Land a Top Paying Pierogi Makers Job. Unemployment rates are high for everyone right now, dumpling chefs included. With no recipes, this complete guide to opportunities is only good for seasoned pierogi professionals. .....
Party Games
Ring the witch s hat. Halloween PartyMake hats with cardboard paper in different sizes. Put them at a distance. Give colourful plastic rings to the children. Ask them to put the rings around the hats from a distance. Whoever rings the maximum hats gets a prize. .....
What to Eat in Uttara khand
Phaanu. Phaanu is also made of Dals (lentils) like Chainsoo but here the pulses are soaked in water for about a minimum of 4-6 hours before its use. A number of lentils like Arhar, Moong or Urad can be used to make Phaanu. .....
The worlds most Powerful Road Cars
TOYOTA HILUX 6X6. Another six wheeled monster pick up here, the Toyota Hilux 6x6 conquered a 5,900 mile marathon journey across the Antarctic to the south pole. With temperatures as low as 50C, the six wheeled Hilux s 800 litre tank had to be filled with Jet A 1 aero .....
Tea Varieties
Oolong Tea. "The champagne of teas," oolongs are considered to be among the finest and therefore most expensive - teas in the world. Most oolongs hail from Taiwan; but also referred to as pouchongs. Oolong tea is "semi-fermented," meaning that it goes through .....
Eye care tips for Computer users
Physical Exercises. It is better for your eyes when you stay in shape. Being overweight enhances the chance of developing diabetic eye disease or glaucoma. Every day, spend about 30 minutes on exercising. This will be not onlygood for your heartand waist size but also c .....
Benefits of Watermelons
Anti aging agent. The presence of Lycopene in it is also beneficial for the skin as the antioxidants tend to decrease free radicals from the body and retards the process of aging quite effectively. Watermelon is an extremely popular fruit. While we all enjoy eating th .....
Benefits of Zucchinis
Prevents Gout. Gout is a painful condition of the inflammation of the joints, caused due to excessive uric acid in the body. Zucchini is a rich source of Omega 3 fatty acids and anti inflammatory carotenoids that can counter the effects of excessive uric acid.Gout .....
Wildlife Sanctuaries and National Parks of India
Galathea National Park. Galathea National Park is a National Park located in the Union Territory of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, India. It is located on the island of Great Nicobar in the Nicobar Islands, which lie in the eastern Indian Ocean Bay of Bengal. The total area o .....
Narendra Modi
Political Career of Narendra Modi. Narendra Modi always had a zeal to serve and help people. As a young boy during the Indo-Pak war in the mid 60s, Narendra Modi voluntarily offered service to the soldiers in alteration at the railway stations. He also served the people of Gujarat dur .....
Precautions while using Earphones
Quiet to very loud. Think of mellow ambient music on the low end and death metal on the high end. But the classification does not only depend on genre. A jazz album, with a brass section, may be as loud as a hard rock album, and a Mahler symphony can easily hit 120 dB. .....
World Flags
Australia. blue with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant and a large seven-pointed star in the lower hoist-side quadrant known as the Commonwealth or Federation Star, representing the federation of the colonies of Australia in 1901; the star dep .....
Benefits of Bay Leaf
Contraceptive. In few countries, a hot water extract of the leaves is taken and consumed. This acts as a contraceptive. Bay Leaves are used in preparation of many sauces like tomato sauce. .....
Tips to success in Online Business
Make your site different. Many websites have taken search engine optimization efforts too far. They have heard that search engines look for quality text based information that is relevant to the search term entered and turned their website into batches of reading material. Fr .....
Ways To Save Money On Your Dream Wedding
CREATE YOUR OWN DOT COM. Save on paper, printing, and postage by sharing your wedding details online. Many businesses charge only a small fee to use their webpage templates, and some charge nada. On MyWedding for instance, users can pick a design (including ones created by y .....
Benefits of Cardamom
Halitosis and Aphrodisiac. In India they chew cardamom after meals or whenever they need to freshen their breath. Traditional medicine lists cardamom as a powerful aphrodisiac that can help with erectile dysfunction and impotence. .....
Forever Young Naturally Exercise
Building Energy Sealing in energy. After yoga or meditation, lie on your back, legs wider than hip-width apart, toes dropping outward, arms away from your side, palms upward. Close your eyes and follow your breathing until you feel calm. Imagine there is a piece of chalk by your left .....
Greatest Oscar Moments
In And Out. The Moment Tom Hanks takes to the stage at the 66th Academy Awards to accept Best Actor for Philadelphia and, in his rush to show his understanding of gay rights, accidentally outs his high school teacher. Why Its Great The only moment on this list .....
Benefits of Durian
Durian Seeds. We can give added value to durian seeds so that they are more valuable. They can be made into durian flour and durian chips. This is how to make durian flour, Mash the dried seeds with pestle and mortar to make it into powder. Various cakes with part .....
Benefits of Carrots
Immune system. It does wonders for boosting the immune system by increasing the production and performance of white blood cells; building resistance to various kinds of infections. Its antioxidant property helps the human body protect from diseases and cancers by s .....
Rules to play Checkers
Keep a full back row for as long as you can. This is the best way to keep your opponent from crowning his pieces and to capture any opposing pieces that approach the back row. .....
Benefits of Celery
Digestive Tract Support. In addition to its antioxidant and antiinflammatory nutrients that help protect the digestive tract as a whole, celery contains pectinbased polysaccharides that can provide the stomach with special benefits. Weve become accustomed to thinking about p .....
Benefits of Curry Leaves
Tender curry leaves. Tender curry leaves are useful remedy for treating Diarrhoea, Dysentery and Piles. It should be taken and mixed with honey. The bark of the tree is also useful in Bilious Vomiting. A teaspoon of the powder of the dry bark should be given with cold wa .....
Most Attractive People in Sports
Brandon Marshall Chicago Bears. When it comes to Bears wide receiver Brandon Marshall, his attractiveness has as much to do with if not more so his off the field transition as his general good looks. It wasnt that long ago that it looked like Marshalls story was heading for a very .....
Greatest Oscar Moments
Anne Frank Remembered. The Moment Best Documentary winner Jon Blair takes to the stage at the 68th Academy Awards with Miep Gies, the Dutch woman who helped harbour Anne Frank. Why Its Great A reminder that sometimes something more than movie glamour reaches the Oscars w .....
How to Use Social Networking Sites for Beginners
Facebook Apps. Built on the social networks Open Graph (a collection of your preferences, likes, interests and activity on Facebook and from around the web), Facebook apps allow you to personalize and enhance your participation on the social network. They can add a .....
Benefits of Pumpkins
Hair Conditioner. Restore shine and moisture to dry and damaged strands with a homemade pumpkin hair mask. Combine one cup of pumpkin (you can pur .....
Valentines Day Ideas for Couples
Byob. Wine and liquor can easily double your restaurant bill. Check out one of the many online BYOB dining guides to find restaurants in your area that allow you to bring your own, and be certain to call the restaurant ahead of time to check their corkage .....
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